Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: ia32-libs version File versions

expr.c

/* Convert tree expression to rtl instructions, for GNU compiler.
   Copyright (C) 1988, 92-98, 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GNU CC.

GNU CC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.

GNU CC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU CC; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */


#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "machmode.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "obstack.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "regs.h"
#include "hard-reg-set.h"
#include "except.h"
#include "function.h"
#include "insn-flags.h"
#include "insn-codes.h"
#include "insn-config.h"
/* Include expr.h after insn-config.h so we get HAVE_conditional_move. */
#include "expr.h"
#include "recog.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "typeclass.h"
#include "defaults.h"
#include "toplev.h"

#define CEIL(x,y) (((x) + (y) - 1) / (y))

/* Decide whether a function's arguments should be processed
   from first to last or from last to first.

   They should if the stack and args grow in opposite directions, but
   only if we have push insns.  */

#ifdef PUSH_ROUNDING

#if defined (STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD) != defined (ARGS_GROW_DOWNWARD)
#define PUSH_ARGS_REVERSED    /* If it's last to first */
#endif

#endif

#ifndef STACK_PUSH_CODE
#ifdef STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
#define STACK_PUSH_CODE PRE_DEC
#else
#define STACK_PUSH_CODE PRE_INC
#endif
#endif

/* Like STACK_BOUNDARY but in units of bytes, not bits.  */
#define STACK_BYTES (STACK_BOUNDARY / BITS_PER_UNIT)

/* Assume that case vectors are not pc-relative.  */
#ifndef CASE_VECTOR_PC_RELATIVE
#define CASE_VECTOR_PC_RELATIVE 0
#endif

/* If this is nonzero, we do not bother generating VOLATILE
   around volatile memory references, and we are willing to
   output indirect addresses.  If cse is to follow, we reject
   indirect addresses so a useful potential cse is generated;
   if it is used only once, instruction combination will produce
   the same indirect address eventually.  */
int cse_not_expected;

/* Nonzero to generate code for all the subroutines within an
   expression before generating the upper levels of the expression.
   Nowadays this is never zero.  */
int do_preexpand_calls = 1;

/* Number of units that we should eventually pop off the stack.
   These are the arguments to function calls that have already returned.  */
int pending_stack_adjust;

/* Nonzero means stack pops must not be deferred, and deferred stack
   pops must not be output.  It is nonzero inside a function call,
   inside a conditional expression, inside a statement expression,
   and in other cases as well.  */
int inhibit_defer_pop;

/* Nonzero means __builtin_saveregs has already been done in this function.
   The value is the pseudoreg containing the value __builtin_saveregs
   returned.  */
static rtx saveregs_value;

/* Similarly for __builtin_apply_args.  */
static rtx apply_args_value;

/* Nonzero if the machine description has been fixed to accept
   CONSTANT_P_RTX patterns.  We will emit a warning and continue
   if we find we must actually use such a beast.  */
static int can_handle_constant_p;

/* Don't check memory usage, since code is being emitted to check a memory
   usage.  Used when flag_check_memory_usage is true, to avoid infinite
   recursion.  */
static int in_check_memory_usage;

/* Postincrements that still need to be expanded.  */
static rtx pending_chain;

/* This structure is used by move_by_pieces to describe the move to
   be performed.  */
struct move_by_pieces
{
  rtx to;
  rtx to_addr;
  int autinc_to;
  int explicit_inc_to;
  int to_struct;
  rtx from;
  rtx from_addr;
  int autinc_from;
  int explicit_inc_from;
  int from_struct;
  int len;
  int offset;
  int reverse;
};

/* This structure is used by clear_by_pieces to describe the clear to
   be performed.  */

struct clear_by_pieces
{
  rtx to;
  rtx to_addr;
  int autinc_to;
  int explicit_inc_to;
  int to_struct;
  int len;
  int offset;
  int reverse;
};

extern struct obstack permanent_obstack;
extern rtx arg_pointer_save_area;

static rtx get_push_address   PROTO ((int));

static rtx enqueue_insn       PROTO((rtx, rtx));
static int queued_subexp_p    PROTO((rtx));
static void init_queue        PROTO((void));
static void move_by_pieces    PROTO((rtx, rtx, int, int));
static int move_by_pieces_ninsns PROTO((unsigned int, int));
static void move_by_pieces_1  PROTO((rtx (*) (rtx, ...), enum machine_mode,
                               struct move_by_pieces *));
static void clear_by_pieces   PROTO((rtx, int, int));
static void clear_by_pieces_1 PROTO((rtx (*) (rtx, ...), enum machine_mode,
                               struct clear_by_pieces *));
static int is_zeros_p         PROTO((tree));
static int mostly_zeros_p     PROTO((tree));
static void store_constructor_field PROTO((rtx, int, int, enum machine_mode,
                                 tree, tree, int));
static void store_constructor PROTO((tree, rtx, int));
static rtx store_field        PROTO((rtx, int, int, enum machine_mode, tree,
                               enum machine_mode, int, int, int));
static enum memory_use_mode
  get_memory_usage_from_modifier PROTO((enum expand_modifier));
static tree save_noncopied_parts PROTO((tree, tree));
static tree init_noncopied_parts PROTO((tree, tree));
static int safe_from_p        PROTO((rtx, tree, int));
static int fixed_type_p       PROTO((tree));
static rtx var_rtx            PROTO((tree));
static int get_pointer_alignment PROTO((tree, unsigned));
static tree string_constant   PROTO((tree, tree *));
static tree c_strlen          PROTO((tree));
static rtx get_memory_rtx     PROTO((tree));
static rtx expand_builtin     PROTO((tree, rtx, rtx,
                               enum machine_mode, int));
static int apply_args_size    PROTO((void));
static int apply_result_size  PROTO((void));
static rtx result_vector      PROTO((int, rtx));
static rtx expand_builtin_apply_args PROTO((void));
static rtx expand_builtin_apply     PROTO((rtx, rtx, rtx));
static void expand_builtin_return PROTO((rtx));
static rtx expand_increment   PROTO((tree, int, int));
static void preexpand_calls   PROTO((tree));
static void do_jump_by_parts_greater PROTO((tree, int, rtx, rtx));
static void do_jump_by_parts_equality PROTO((tree, rtx, rtx));
static void do_jump_for_compare     PROTO((rtx, rtx, rtx));
static rtx compare            PROTO((tree, enum rtx_code, enum rtx_code));
static rtx do_store_flag      PROTO((tree, rtx, enum machine_mode, int));

/* Record for each mode whether we can move a register directly to or
   from an object of that mode in memory.  If we can't, we won't try
   to use that mode directly when accessing a field of that mode.  */

static char direct_load[NUM_MACHINE_MODES];
static char direct_store[NUM_MACHINE_MODES];

/* MOVE_RATIO is the number of move instructions that is better than
   a block move.  */

#ifndef MOVE_RATIO
#if defined (HAVE_movstrqi) || defined (HAVE_movstrhi) || defined (HAVE_movstrsi) || defined (HAVE_movstrdi) || defined (HAVE_movstrti)
#define MOVE_RATIO 2
#else
/* If we are optimizing for space (-Os), cut down the default move ratio */
#define MOVE_RATIO (optimize_size ? 3 : 15)
#endif
#endif

/* This array records the insn_code of insns to perform block moves.  */
enum insn_code movstr_optab[NUM_MACHINE_MODES];

/* This array records the insn_code of insns to perform block clears.  */
enum insn_code clrstr_optab[NUM_MACHINE_MODES];

/* SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS is non-zero if unaligned accesses are very slow.  */

#ifndef SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
#define SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS STRICT_ALIGNMENT
#endif

/* Register mappings for target machines without register windows.  */
#ifndef INCOMING_REGNO
#define INCOMING_REGNO(OUT) (OUT)
#endif
#ifndef OUTGOING_REGNO
#define OUTGOING_REGNO(IN) (IN)
#endif

/* This is run once per compilation to set up which modes can be used
   directly in memory and to initialize the block move optab.  */

void
init_expr_once ()
{
  rtx insn, pat;
  enum machine_mode mode;
  int num_clobbers;
  rtx mem, mem1;
  char *free_point;

  start_sequence ();

  /* Since we are on the permanent obstack, we must be sure we save this
     spot AFTER we call start_sequence, since it will reuse the rtl it
     makes.  */
  free_point = (char *) oballoc (0);

  /* Try indexing by frame ptr and try by stack ptr.
     It is known that on the Convex the stack ptr isn't a valid index.
     With luck, one or the other is valid on any machine.  */
  mem = gen_rtx_MEM (VOIDmode, stack_pointer_rtx);
  mem1 = gen_rtx_MEM (VOIDmode, frame_pointer_rtx);

  insn = emit_insn (gen_rtx_SET (0, NULL_RTX, NULL_RTX));
  pat = PATTERN (insn);

  for (mode = VOIDmode; (int) mode < NUM_MACHINE_MODES;
       mode = (enum machine_mode) ((int) mode + 1))
    {
      int regno;
      rtx reg;

      direct_load[(int) mode] = direct_store[(int) mode] = 0;
      PUT_MODE (mem, mode);
      PUT_MODE (mem1, mode);

      /* See if there is some register that can be used in this mode and
       directly loaded or stored from memory.  */

      if (mode != VOIDmode && mode != BLKmode)
      for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
           && (direct_load[(int) mode] == 0 || direct_store[(int) mode] == 0);
           regno++)
        {
          if (! HARD_REGNO_MODE_OK (regno, mode))
            continue;

          reg = gen_rtx_REG (mode, regno);

          SET_SRC (pat) = mem;
          SET_DEST (pat) = reg;
          if (recog (pat, insn, &num_clobbers) >= 0)
            direct_load[(int) mode] = 1;

          SET_SRC (pat) = mem1;
          SET_DEST (pat) = reg;
          if (recog (pat, insn, &num_clobbers) >= 0)
            direct_load[(int) mode] = 1;

          SET_SRC (pat) = reg;
          SET_DEST (pat) = mem;
          if (recog (pat, insn, &num_clobbers) >= 0)
            direct_store[(int) mode] = 1;

          SET_SRC (pat) = reg;
          SET_DEST (pat) = mem1;
          if (recog (pat, insn, &num_clobbers) >= 0)
            direct_store[(int) mode] = 1;
        }
    }

  /* Find out if CONSTANT_P_RTX is accepted.  */
  SET_DEST (pat) = gen_rtx_REG (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                          FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER);
  SET_SRC (pat) = gen_rtx_CONSTANT_P_RTX (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                                SET_DEST (pat));
  if (recog (pat, insn, &num_clobbers) >= 0)
    can_handle_constant_p = 1;

  end_sequence ();
  obfree (free_point);
}

/* This is run at the start of compiling a function.  */

void
init_expr ()
{
  init_queue ();

  pending_stack_adjust = 0;
  inhibit_defer_pop = 0;
  saveregs_value = 0;
  apply_args_value = 0;
  forced_labels = 0;
}

/* Save all variables describing the current status into the structure *P.
   This is used before starting a nested function.  */

void
save_expr_status (p)
     struct function *p;
{
  p->pending_chain = pending_chain;
  p->pending_stack_adjust = pending_stack_adjust;
  p->inhibit_defer_pop = inhibit_defer_pop;
  p->saveregs_value = saveregs_value;
  p->apply_args_value = apply_args_value;
  p->forced_labels = forced_labels;

  pending_chain = NULL_RTX;
  pending_stack_adjust = 0;
  inhibit_defer_pop = 0;
  saveregs_value = 0;
  apply_args_value = 0;
  forced_labels = 0;
}

/* Restore all variables describing the current status from the structure *P.
   This is used after a nested function.  */

void
restore_expr_status (p)
     struct function *p;
{
  pending_chain = p->pending_chain;
  pending_stack_adjust = p->pending_stack_adjust;
  inhibit_defer_pop = p->inhibit_defer_pop;
  saveregs_value = p->saveregs_value;
  apply_args_value = p->apply_args_value;
  forced_labels = p->forced_labels;
}

/* Manage the queue of increment instructions to be output
   for POSTINCREMENT_EXPR expressions, etc.  */

/* Queue up to increment (or change) VAR later.  BODY says how:
   BODY should be the same thing you would pass to emit_insn
   to increment right away.  It will go to emit_insn later on.

   The value is a QUEUED expression to be used in place of VAR
   where you want to guarantee the pre-incrementation value of VAR.  */

static rtx
enqueue_insn (var, body)
     rtx var, body;
{
  pending_chain = gen_rtx_QUEUED (GET_MODE (var),
                          var, NULL_RTX, NULL_RTX, body,
                          pending_chain);
  return pending_chain;
}

/* Use protect_from_queue to convert a QUEUED expression
   into something that you can put immediately into an instruction.
   If the queued incrementation has not happened yet,
   protect_from_queue returns the variable itself.
   If the incrementation has happened, protect_from_queue returns a temp
   that contains a copy of the old value of the variable.

   Any time an rtx which might possibly be a QUEUED is to be put
   into an instruction, it must be passed through protect_from_queue first.
   QUEUED expressions are not meaningful in instructions.

   Do not pass a value through protect_from_queue and then hold
   on to it for a while before putting it in an instruction!
   If the queue is flushed in between, incorrect code will result.  */

rtx
protect_from_queue (x, modify)
     register rtx x;
     int modify;
{
  register RTX_CODE code = GET_CODE (x);

#if 0  /* A QUEUED can hang around after the queue is forced out.  */
  /* Shortcut for most common case.  */
  if (pending_chain == 0)
    return x;
#endif

  if (code != QUEUED)
    {
      /* A special hack for read access to (MEM (QUEUED ...)) to facilitate
       use of autoincrement.  Make a copy of the contents of the memory
       location rather than a copy of the address, but not if the value is
       of mode BLKmode.  Don't modify X in place since it might be
       shared.  */
      if (code == MEM && GET_MODE (x) != BLKmode
        && GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == QUEUED && !modify)
      {
        register rtx y = XEXP (x, 0);
        register rtx new = gen_rtx_MEM (GET_MODE (x), QUEUED_VAR (y));

        MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (new) = MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (x);
        RTX_UNCHANGING_P (new) = RTX_UNCHANGING_P (x);
        MEM_VOLATILE_P (new) = MEM_VOLATILE_P (x);
        MEM_ALIAS_SET (new) = MEM_ALIAS_SET (x);

        if (QUEUED_INSN (y))
          {
            register rtx temp = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (new));
            emit_insn_before (gen_move_insn (temp, new),
                        QUEUED_INSN (y));
            return temp;
          }
        return new;
      }
      /* Otherwise, recursively protect the subexpressions of all
       the kinds of rtx's that can contain a QUEUED.  */
      if (code == MEM)
      {
        rtx tem = protect_from_queue (XEXP (x, 0), 0);
        if (tem != XEXP (x, 0))
          {
            x = copy_rtx (x);
            XEXP (x, 0) = tem;
          }
      }
      else if (code == PLUS || code == MULT)
      {
        rtx new0 = protect_from_queue (XEXP (x, 0), 0);
        rtx new1 = protect_from_queue (XEXP (x, 1), 0);
        if (new0 != XEXP (x, 0) || new1 != XEXP (x, 1))
          {
            x = copy_rtx (x);
            XEXP (x, 0) = new0;
            XEXP (x, 1) = new1;
          }
      }
      return x;
    }
  /* If the increment has not happened, use the variable itself.  */
  if (QUEUED_INSN (x) == 0)
    return QUEUED_VAR (x);
  /* If the increment has happened and a pre-increment copy exists,
     use that copy.  */
  if (QUEUED_COPY (x) != 0)
    return QUEUED_COPY (x);
  /* The increment has happened but we haven't set up a pre-increment copy.
     Set one up now, and use it.  */
  QUEUED_COPY (x) = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (QUEUED_VAR (x)));
  emit_insn_before (gen_move_insn (QUEUED_COPY (x), QUEUED_VAR (x)),
                QUEUED_INSN (x));
  return QUEUED_COPY (x);
}

/* Return nonzero if X contains a QUEUED expression:
   if it contains anything that will be altered by a queued increment.
   We handle only combinations of MEM, PLUS, MINUS and MULT operators
   since memory addresses generally contain only those.  */

static int
queued_subexp_p (x)
     rtx x;
{
  register enum rtx_code code = GET_CODE (x);
  switch (code)
    {
    case QUEUED:
      return 1;
    case MEM:
      return queued_subexp_p (XEXP (x, 0));
    case MULT:
    case PLUS:
    case MINUS:
      return (queued_subexp_p (XEXP (x, 0))
            || queued_subexp_p (XEXP (x, 1)));
    default:
      return 0;
    }
}

/* Perform all the pending incrementations.  */

void
emit_queue ()
{
  register rtx p;
  while ((p = pending_chain))
    {
      rtx body = QUEUED_BODY (p);

      if (GET_CODE (body) == SEQUENCE)
      {
        QUEUED_INSN (p) = XVECEXP (QUEUED_BODY (p), 0, 0);
        emit_insn (QUEUED_BODY (p));
      }
      else
      QUEUED_INSN (p) = emit_insn (QUEUED_BODY (p));
      pending_chain = QUEUED_NEXT (p);
    }
}

static void
init_queue ()
{
  if (pending_chain)
    abort ();
}

/* Copy data from FROM to TO, where the machine modes are not the same.
   Both modes may be integer, or both may be floating.
   UNSIGNEDP should be nonzero if FROM is an unsigned type.
   This causes zero-extension instead of sign-extension.  */

void
convert_move (to, from, unsignedp)
     register rtx to, from;
     int unsignedp;
{
  enum machine_mode to_mode = GET_MODE (to);
  enum machine_mode from_mode = GET_MODE (from);
  int to_real = GET_MODE_CLASS (to_mode) == MODE_FLOAT;
  int from_real = GET_MODE_CLASS (from_mode) == MODE_FLOAT;
  enum insn_code code;
  rtx libcall;

  /* rtx code for making an equivalent value.  */
  enum rtx_code equiv_code = (unsignedp ? ZERO_EXTEND : SIGN_EXTEND);

  to = protect_from_queue (to, 1);
  from = protect_from_queue (from, 0);

  if (to_real != from_real)
    abort ();

  /* If FROM is a SUBREG that indicates that we have already done at least
     the required extension, strip it.  We don't handle such SUBREGs as
     TO here.  */

  if (GET_CODE (from) == SUBREG && SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (from)
      && (GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (SUBREG_REG (from)))
        >= GET_MODE_SIZE (to_mode))
      && SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (from) == unsignedp)
    from = gen_lowpart (to_mode, from), from_mode = to_mode;

  if (GET_CODE (to) == SUBREG && SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (to))
    abort ();

  if (to_mode == from_mode
      || (from_mode == VOIDmode && CONSTANT_P (from)))
    {
      emit_move_insn (to, from);
      return;
    }

  if (to_real)
    {
      rtx value;

      if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode) < GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode))
      {
        /* Try converting directly if the insn is supported.  */
        if ((code = can_extend_p (to_mode, from_mode, 0))
            != CODE_FOR_nothing)
          {
            emit_unop_insn (code, to, from, UNKNOWN);
            return;
          }
      }
 
#ifdef HAVE_trunchfqf2
      if (HAVE_trunchfqf2 && from_mode == HFmode && to_mode == QFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunchfqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_trunctqfqf2
      if (HAVE_trunctqfqf2 && from_mode == TQFmode && to_mode == QFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctqfqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncsfqf2
      if (HAVE_truncsfqf2 && from_mode == SFmode && to_mode == QFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncsfqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncdfqf2
      if (HAVE_truncdfqf2 && from_mode == DFmode && to_mode == QFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdfqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncxfqf2
      if (HAVE_truncxfqf2 && from_mode == XFmode && to_mode == QFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncxfqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_trunctfqf2
      if (HAVE_trunctfqf2 && from_mode == TFmode && to_mode == QFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctfqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_trunctqfhf2
      if (HAVE_trunctqfhf2 && from_mode == TQFmode && to_mode == HFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctqfhf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncsfhf2
      if (HAVE_truncsfhf2 && from_mode == SFmode && to_mode == HFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncsfhf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncdfhf2
      if (HAVE_truncdfhf2 && from_mode == DFmode && to_mode == HFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdfhf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncxfhf2
      if (HAVE_truncxfhf2 && from_mode == XFmode && to_mode == HFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncxfhf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_trunctfhf2
      if (HAVE_trunctfhf2 && from_mode == TFmode && to_mode == HFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctfhf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_truncsftqf2
      if (HAVE_truncsftqf2 && from_mode == SFmode && to_mode == TQFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncsftqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncdftqf2
      if (HAVE_truncdftqf2 && from_mode == DFmode && to_mode == TQFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdftqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncxftqf2
      if (HAVE_truncxftqf2 && from_mode == XFmode && to_mode == TQFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncxftqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_trunctftqf2
      if (HAVE_trunctftqf2 && from_mode == TFmode && to_mode == TQFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctftqf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_truncdfsf2
      if (HAVE_truncdfsf2 && from_mode == DFmode && to_mode == SFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdfsf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncxfsf2
      if (HAVE_truncxfsf2 && from_mode == XFmode && to_mode == SFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncxfsf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_trunctfsf2
      if (HAVE_trunctfsf2 && from_mode == TFmode && to_mode == SFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctfsf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_truncxfdf2
      if (HAVE_truncxfdf2 && from_mode == XFmode && to_mode == DFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncxfdf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_trunctfdf2
      if (HAVE_trunctfdf2 && from_mode == TFmode && to_mode == DFmode)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctfdf2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif

      libcall = (rtx) 0;
      switch (from_mode)
      {
      case SFmode:
        switch (to_mode)
          {
          case DFmode:
            libcall = extendsfdf2_libfunc;
            break;

          case XFmode:
            libcall = extendsfxf2_libfunc;
            break;

          case TFmode:
            libcall = extendsftf2_libfunc;
            break;
            
          default:
            break;
          }
        break;

      case DFmode:
        switch (to_mode)
          {
          case SFmode:
            libcall = truncdfsf2_libfunc;
            break;

          case XFmode:
            libcall = extenddfxf2_libfunc;
            break;

          case TFmode:
            libcall = extenddftf2_libfunc;
            break;
            
          default:
            break;
          }
        break;

      case XFmode:
        switch (to_mode)
          {
          case SFmode:
            libcall = truncxfsf2_libfunc;
            break;

          case DFmode:
            libcall = truncxfdf2_libfunc;
            break;
            
          default:
            break;
          }
        break;

      case TFmode:
        switch (to_mode)
          {
          case SFmode:
            libcall = trunctfsf2_libfunc;
            break;

          case DFmode:
            libcall = trunctfdf2_libfunc;
            break;
            
          default:
            break;
          }
        break;
        
      default:
        break;
      }

      if (libcall == (rtx) 0)
      /* This conversion is not implemented yet.  */
      abort ();

      value = emit_library_call_value (libcall, NULL_RTX, 1, to_mode,
                               1, from, from_mode);
      emit_move_insn (to, value);
      return;
    }

  /* Now both modes are integers.  */

  /* Handle expanding beyond a word.  */
  if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode) < GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode)
      && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode) > BITS_PER_WORD)
    {
      rtx insns;
      rtx lowpart;
      rtx fill_value;
      rtx lowfrom;
      int i;
      enum machine_mode lowpart_mode;
      int nwords = CEIL (GET_MODE_SIZE (to_mode), UNITS_PER_WORD);

      /* Try converting directly if the insn is supported.  */
      if ((code = can_extend_p (to_mode, from_mode, unsignedp))
        != CODE_FOR_nothing)
      {
        /* If FROM is a SUBREG, put it into a register.  Do this
           so that we always generate the same set of insns for
           better cse'ing; if an intermediate assignment occurred,
           we won't be doing the operation directly on the SUBREG.  */
        if (optimize > 0 && GET_CODE (from) == SUBREG)
          from = force_reg (from_mode, from);
        emit_unop_insn (code, to, from, equiv_code);
        return;
      }
      /* Next, try converting via full word.  */
      else if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode) < BITS_PER_WORD
             && ((code = can_extend_p (to_mode, word_mode, unsignedp))
               != CODE_FOR_nothing))
      {
        if (GET_CODE (to) == REG)
          emit_insn (gen_rtx_CLOBBER (VOIDmode, to));
        convert_move (gen_lowpart (word_mode, to), from, unsignedp);
        emit_unop_insn (code, to,
                    gen_lowpart (word_mode, to), equiv_code);
        return;
      }

      /* No special multiword conversion insn; do it by hand.  */
      start_sequence ();

      /* Since we will turn this into a no conflict block, we must ensure
       that the source does not overlap the target.  */

      if (reg_overlap_mentioned_p (to, from))
      from = force_reg (from_mode, from);

      /* Get a copy of FROM widened to a word, if necessary.  */
      if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode) < BITS_PER_WORD)
      lowpart_mode = word_mode;
      else
      lowpart_mode = from_mode;

      lowfrom = convert_to_mode (lowpart_mode, from, unsignedp);

      lowpart = gen_lowpart (lowpart_mode, to);
      emit_move_insn (lowpart, lowfrom);

      /* Compute the value to put in each remaining word.  */
      if (unsignedp)
      fill_value = const0_rtx;
      else
      {
#ifdef HAVE_slt
        if (HAVE_slt
            && insn_operand_mode[(int) CODE_FOR_slt][0] == word_mode
            && STORE_FLAG_VALUE == -1)
          {
            emit_cmp_insn (lowfrom, const0_rtx, NE, NULL_RTX,
                       lowpart_mode, 0, 0);
            fill_value = gen_reg_rtx (word_mode);
            emit_insn (gen_slt (fill_value));
          }
        else
#endif
          {
            fill_value
            = expand_shift (RSHIFT_EXPR, lowpart_mode, lowfrom,
                        size_int (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (lowpart_mode) - 1),
                        NULL_RTX, 0);
            fill_value = convert_to_mode (word_mode, fill_value, 1);
          }
      }

      /* Fill the remaining words.  */
      for (i = GET_MODE_SIZE (lowpart_mode) / UNITS_PER_WORD; i < nwords; i++)
      {
        int index = (WORDS_BIG_ENDIAN ? nwords - i - 1 : i);
        rtx subword = operand_subword (to, index, 1, to_mode);

        if (subword == 0)
          abort ();

        if (fill_value != subword)
          emit_move_insn (subword, fill_value);
      }

      insns = get_insns ();
      end_sequence ();

      emit_no_conflict_block (insns, to, from, NULL_RTX,
                        gen_rtx_fmt_e (equiv_code, to_mode, copy_rtx (from)));
      return;
    }

  /* Truncating multi-word to a word or less.  */
  if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode) > BITS_PER_WORD
      && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode) <= BITS_PER_WORD)
    {
      if (!((GET_CODE (from) == MEM
           && ! MEM_VOLATILE_P (from)
           && direct_load[(int) to_mode]
           && ! mode_dependent_address_p (XEXP (from, 0)))
          || GET_CODE (from) == REG
          || GET_CODE (from) == SUBREG))
      from = force_reg (from_mode, from);
      convert_move (to, gen_lowpart (word_mode, from), 0);
      return;
    }

  /* Handle pointer conversion */               /* SPEE 900220 */
  if (to_mode == PQImode)
    {
      if (from_mode != QImode)
      from = convert_to_mode (QImode, from, unsignedp);

#ifdef HAVE_truncqipqi2
      if (HAVE_truncqipqi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncqipqi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif /* HAVE_truncqipqi2 */
      abort ();
    }

  if (from_mode == PQImode)
    {
      if (to_mode != QImode)
      {
        from = convert_to_mode (QImode, from, unsignedp);
        from_mode = QImode;
      }
      else
      {
#ifdef HAVE_extendpqiqi2
        if (HAVE_extendpqiqi2)
          {
            emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_extendpqiqi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
            return;
          }
#endif /* HAVE_extendpqiqi2 */
        abort ();
      }
    }

  if (to_mode == PSImode)
    {
      if (from_mode != SImode)
      from = convert_to_mode (SImode, from, unsignedp);

#ifdef HAVE_truncsipsi2
      if (HAVE_truncsipsi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncsipsi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif /* HAVE_truncsipsi2 */
      abort ();
    }

  if (from_mode == PSImode)
    {
      if (to_mode != SImode)
      {
        from = convert_to_mode (SImode, from, unsignedp);
        from_mode = SImode;
      }
      else
      {
#ifdef HAVE_extendpsisi2
        if (HAVE_extendpsisi2)
          {
            emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_extendpsisi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
            return;
          }
#endif /* HAVE_extendpsisi2 */
        abort ();
      }
    }

  if (to_mode == PDImode)
    {
      if (from_mode != DImode)
      from = convert_to_mode (DImode, from, unsignedp);

#ifdef HAVE_truncdipdi2
      if (HAVE_truncdipdi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdipdi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif /* HAVE_truncdipdi2 */
      abort ();
    }

  if (from_mode == PDImode)
    {
      if (to_mode != DImode)
      {
        from = convert_to_mode (DImode, from, unsignedp);
        from_mode = DImode;
      }
      else
      {
#ifdef HAVE_extendpdidi2
        if (HAVE_extendpdidi2)
          {
            emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_extendpdidi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
            return;
          }
#endif /* HAVE_extendpdidi2 */
        abort ();
      }
    }

  /* Now follow all the conversions between integers
     no more than a word long.  */

  /* For truncation, usually we can just refer to FROM in a narrower mode.  */
  if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode) < GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode)
      && TRULY_NOOP_TRUNCATION (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode),
                        GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode)))
    {
      if (!((GET_CODE (from) == MEM
           && ! MEM_VOLATILE_P (from)
           && direct_load[(int) to_mode]
           && ! mode_dependent_address_p (XEXP (from, 0)))
          || GET_CODE (from) == REG
          || GET_CODE (from) == SUBREG))
      from = force_reg (from_mode, from);
      if (GET_CODE (from) == REG && REGNO (from) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
        && ! HARD_REGNO_MODE_OK (REGNO (from), to_mode))
      from = copy_to_reg (from);
      emit_move_insn (to, gen_lowpart (to_mode, from));
      return;
    }

  /* Handle extension.  */
  if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode) > GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode))
    {
      /* Convert directly if that works.  */
      if ((code = can_extend_p (to_mode, from_mode, unsignedp))
        != CODE_FOR_nothing)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (code, to, from, equiv_code);
        return;
      }
      else
      {
        enum machine_mode intermediate;

        /* Search for a mode to convert via.  */
        for (intermediate = from_mode; intermediate != VOIDmode;
             intermediate = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (intermediate))
          if (((can_extend_p (to_mode, intermediate, unsignedp)
              != CODE_FOR_nothing)
             || (GET_MODE_SIZE (to_mode) < GET_MODE_SIZE (intermediate)
                 && TRULY_NOOP_TRUNCATION (to_mode, intermediate)))
            && (can_extend_p (intermediate, from_mode, unsignedp)
                != CODE_FOR_nothing))
            {
            convert_move (to, convert_to_mode (intermediate, from,
                                       unsignedp), unsignedp);
            return;
            }

        /* No suitable intermediate mode.  */
        abort ();
      }
    }

  /* Support special truncate insns for certain modes.  */ 

  if (from_mode == DImode && to_mode == SImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_truncdisi2
      if (HAVE_truncdisi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdisi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == DImode && to_mode == HImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_truncdihi2
      if (HAVE_truncdihi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdihi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == DImode && to_mode == QImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_truncdiqi2
      if (HAVE_truncdiqi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncdiqi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == SImode && to_mode == HImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_truncsihi2
      if (HAVE_truncsihi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncsihi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == SImode && to_mode == QImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_truncsiqi2
      if (HAVE_truncsiqi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_truncsiqi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == HImode && to_mode == QImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_trunchiqi2
      if (HAVE_trunchiqi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunchiqi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == TImode && to_mode == DImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_trunctidi2
      if (HAVE_trunctidi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctidi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == TImode && to_mode == SImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_trunctisi2
      if (HAVE_trunctisi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctisi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == TImode && to_mode == HImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_trunctihi2
      if (HAVE_trunctihi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctihi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  if (from_mode == TImode && to_mode == QImode)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_trunctiqi2
      if (HAVE_trunctiqi2)
      {
        emit_unop_insn (CODE_FOR_trunctiqi2, to, from, UNKNOWN);
        return;
      }
#endif
      convert_move (to, force_reg (from_mode, from), unsignedp);
      return;
    }

  /* Handle truncation of volatile memrefs, and so on;
     the things that couldn't be truncated directly,
     and for which there was no special instruction.  */
  if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (to_mode) < GET_MODE_BITSIZE (from_mode))
    {
      rtx temp = force_reg (to_mode, gen_lowpart (to_mode, from));
      emit_move_insn (to, temp);
      return;
    }

  /* Mode combination is not recognized.  */
  abort ();
}

/* Return an rtx for a value that would result
   from converting X to mode MODE.
   Both X and MODE may be floating, or both integer.
   UNSIGNEDP is nonzero if X is an unsigned value.
   This can be done by referring to a part of X in place
   or by copying to a new temporary with conversion.

   This function *must not* call protect_from_queue
   except when putting X into an insn (in which case convert_move does it).  */

rtx
convert_to_mode (mode, x, unsignedp)
     enum machine_mode mode;
     rtx x;
     int unsignedp;
{
  return convert_modes (mode, VOIDmode, x, unsignedp);
}

/* Return an rtx for a value that would result
   from converting X from mode OLDMODE to mode MODE.
   Both modes may be floating, or both integer.
   UNSIGNEDP is nonzero if X is an unsigned value.

   This can be done by referring to a part of X in place
   or by copying to a new temporary with conversion.

   You can give VOIDmode for OLDMODE, if you are sure X has a nonvoid mode.

   This function *must not* call protect_from_queue
   except when putting X into an insn (in which case convert_move does it).  */

rtx
convert_modes (mode, oldmode, x, unsignedp)
     enum machine_mode mode, oldmode;
     rtx x;
     int unsignedp;
{
  register rtx temp;

  /* If FROM is a SUBREG that indicates that we have already done at least
     the required extension, strip it.  */

  if (GET_CODE (x) == SUBREG && SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (x)
      && GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (SUBREG_REG (x))) >= GET_MODE_SIZE (mode)
      && SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (x) == unsignedp)
    x = gen_lowpart (mode, x);

  if (GET_MODE (x) != VOIDmode)
    oldmode = GET_MODE (x);
 
  if (mode == oldmode)
    return x;

  /* There is one case that we must handle specially: If we are converting
     a CONST_INT into a mode whose size is twice HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT and
     we are to interpret the constant as unsigned, gen_lowpart will do
     the wrong if the constant appears negative.  What we want to do is
     make the high-order word of the constant zero, not all ones.  */

  if (unsignedp && GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
      && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) == 2 * HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT
      && GET_CODE (x) == CONST_INT && INTVAL (x) < 0)
    {
      HOST_WIDE_INT val = INTVAL (x);

      if (oldmode != VOIDmode
        && HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT > GET_MODE_BITSIZE (oldmode))
      {
        int width = GET_MODE_BITSIZE (oldmode);

        /* We need to zero extend VAL.  */
        val &= ((HOST_WIDE_INT) 1 << width) - 1;
      }

      return immed_double_const (val, (HOST_WIDE_INT) 0, mode);
    }

  /* We can do this with a gen_lowpart if both desired and current modes
     are integer, and this is either a constant integer, a register, or a
     non-volatile MEM.  Except for the constant case where MODE is no
     wider than HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT, we must be narrowing the operand.  */

  if ((GET_CODE (x) == CONST_INT
       && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) <= HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT)
      || (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
        && GET_MODE_CLASS (oldmode) == MODE_INT
        && (GET_CODE (x) == CONST_DOUBLE
            || (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) <= GET_MODE_SIZE (oldmode)
              && ((GET_CODE (x) == MEM && ! MEM_VOLATILE_P (x)
                   && direct_load[(int) mode])
                  || (GET_CODE (x) == REG
                    && TRULY_NOOP_TRUNCATION (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode),
                                        GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (x)))))))))
    {
      /* ?? If we don't know OLDMODE, we have to assume here that
       X does not need sign- or zero-extension.   This may not be
       the case, but it's the best we can do.  */
      if (GET_CODE (x) == CONST_INT && oldmode != VOIDmode
        && GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) > GET_MODE_SIZE (oldmode))
      {
        HOST_WIDE_INT val = INTVAL (x);
        int width = GET_MODE_BITSIZE (oldmode);

        /* We must sign or zero-extend in this case.  Start by
           zero-extending, then sign extend if we need to.  */
        val &= ((HOST_WIDE_INT) 1 << width) - 1;
        if (! unsignedp
            && (val & ((HOST_WIDE_INT) 1 << (width - 1))))
          val |= (HOST_WIDE_INT) (-1) << width;

        return GEN_INT (val);
      }

      return gen_lowpart (mode, x);
    }

  temp = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
  convert_move (temp, x, unsignedp);
  return temp;
}

/* Generate several move instructions to copy LEN bytes
   from block FROM to block TO.  (These are MEM rtx's with BLKmode).
   The caller must pass FROM and TO
    through protect_from_queue before calling.
   ALIGN (in bytes) is maximum alignment we can assume.  */

static void
move_by_pieces (to, from, len, align)
     rtx to, from;
     int len, align;
{
  struct move_by_pieces data;
  rtx to_addr = XEXP (to, 0), from_addr = XEXP (from, 0);
  int max_size = MOVE_MAX + 1;

  data.offset = 0;
  data.to_addr = to_addr;
  data.from_addr = from_addr;
  data.to = to;
  data.from = from;
  data.autinc_to
    = (GET_CODE (to_addr) == PRE_INC || GET_CODE (to_addr) == PRE_DEC
       || GET_CODE (to_addr) == POST_INC || GET_CODE (to_addr) == POST_DEC);
  data.autinc_from
    = (GET_CODE (from_addr) == PRE_INC || GET_CODE (from_addr) == PRE_DEC
       || GET_CODE (from_addr) == POST_INC
       || GET_CODE (from_addr) == POST_DEC);

  data.explicit_inc_from = 0;
  data.explicit_inc_to = 0;
  data.reverse
    = (GET_CODE (to_addr) == PRE_DEC || GET_CODE (to_addr) == POST_DEC);
  if (data.reverse) data.offset = len;
  data.len = len;

  data.to_struct = MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (to);
  data.from_struct = MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (from);

  /* If copying requires more than two move insns,
     copy addresses to registers (to make displacements shorter)
     and use post-increment if available.  */
  if (!(data.autinc_from && data.autinc_to)
      && move_by_pieces_ninsns (len, align) > 2)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_PRE_DECREMENT
      if (data.reverse && ! data.autinc_from)
      {
        data.from_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (plus_constant (from_addr, len));
        data.autinc_from = 1;
        data.explicit_inc_from = -1;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_POST_INCREMENT
      if (! data.autinc_from)
      {
        data.from_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (from_addr);
        data.autinc_from = 1;
        data.explicit_inc_from = 1;
      }
#endif
      if (!data.autinc_from && CONSTANT_P (from_addr))
      data.from_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (from_addr);
#ifdef HAVE_PRE_DECREMENT
      if (data.reverse && ! data.autinc_to)
      {
        data.to_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (plus_constant (to_addr, len));
        data.autinc_to = 1;
        data.explicit_inc_to = -1;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_POST_INCREMENT
      if (! data.reverse && ! data.autinc_to)
      {
        data.to_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (to_addr);
        data.autinc_to = 1;
        data.explicit_inc_to = 1;
      }
#endif
      if (!data.autinc_to && CONSTANT_P (to_addr))
      data.to_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (to_addr);
    }

  if (! SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
      || align > MOVE_MAX || align >= BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT / BITS_PER_UNIT)
    align = MOVE_MAX;

  /* First move what we can in the largest integer mode, then go to
     successively smaller modes.  */

  while (max_size > 1)
    {
      enum machine_mode mode = VOIDmode, tmode;
      enum insn_code icode;

      for (tmode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT);
         tmode != VOIDmode; tmode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (tmode))
      if (GET_MODE_SIZE (tmode) < max_size)
        mode = tmode;

      if (mode == VOIDmode)
      break;

      icode = mov_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code;
      if (icode != CODE_FOR_nothing
        && align >= MIN (BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT / BITS_PER_UNIT,
                     GET_MODE_SIZE (mode)))
      move_by_pieces_1 (GEN_FCN (icode), mode, &data);

      max_size = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
    }

  /* The code above should have handled everything.  */
  if (data.len > 0)
    abort ();
}

/* Return number of insns required to move L bytes by pieces.
   ALIGN (in bytes) is maximum alignment we can assume.  */

static int
move_by_pieces_ninsns (l, align)
     unsigned int l;
     int align;
{
  register int n_insns = 0;
  int max_size = MOVE_MAX + 1;

  if (! SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
      || align > MOVE_MAX || align >= BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT / BITS_PER_UNIT)
    align = MOVE_MAX;

  while (max_size > 1)
    {
      enum machine_mode mode = VOIDmode, tmode;
      enum insn_code icode;

      for (tmode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT);
         tmode != VOIDmode; tmode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (tmode))
      if (GET_MODE_SIZE (tmode) < max_size)
        mode = tmode;

      if (mode == VOIDmode)
      break;

      icode = mov_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code;
      if (icode != CODE_FOR_nothing
        && align >= MIN (BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT / BITS_PER_UNIT,
                     GET_MODE_SIZE (mode)))
      n_insns += l / GET_MODE_SIZE (mode), l %= GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);

      max_size = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
    }

  return n_insns;
}

/* Subroutine of move_by_pieces.  Move as many bytes as appropriate
   with move instructions for mode MODE.  GENFUN is the gen_... function
   to make a move insn for that mode.  DATA has all the other info.  */

static void
move_by_pieces_1 (genfun, mode, data)
     rtx (*genfun) PROTO ((rtx, ...));
     enum machine_mode mode;
     struct move_by_pieces *data;
{
  register int size = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
  register rtx to1, from1;

  while (data->len >= size)
    {
      if (data->reverse) data->offset -= size;

      to1 = (data->autinc_to
           ? gen_rtx_MEM (mode, data->to_addr)
           : copy_rtx (change_address (data->to, mode,
                               plus_constant (data->to_addr,
                                          data->offset))));
      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (to1) = data->to_struct;

      from1
      = (data->autinc_from
         ? gen_rtx_MEM (mode, data->from_addr)
         : copy_rtx (change_address (data->from, mode,
                               plus_constant (data->from_addr,
                                          data->offset))));
      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (from1) = data->from_struct;

#ifdef HAVE_PRE_DECREMENT
      if (data->explicit_inc_to < 0)
      emit_insn (gen_add2_insn (data->to_addr, GEN_INT (-size)));
      if (data->explicit_inc_from < 0)
      emit_insn (gen_add2_insn (data->from_addr, GEN_INT (-size)));
#endif

      emit_insn ((*genfun) (to1, from1));
#ifdef HAVE_POST_INCREMENT
      if (data->explicit_inc_to > 0)
      emit_insn (gen_add2_insn (data->to_addr, GEN_INT (size)));
      if (data->explicit_inc_from > 0)
      emit_insn (gen_add2_insn (data->from_addr, GEN_INT (size)));
#endif

      if (! data->reverse) data->offset += size;

      data->len -= size;
    }
}

/* Emit code to move a block Y to a block X.
   This may be done with string-move instructions,
   with multiple scalar move instructions, or with a library call.

   Both X and Y must be MEM rtx's (perhaps inside VOLATILE)
   with mode BLKmode.
   SIZE is an rtx that says how long they are.
   ALIGN is the maximum alignment we can assume they have,
   measured in bytes. 

   Return the address of the new block, if memcpy is called and returns it,
   0 otherwise.  */

rtx
emit_block_move (x, y, size, align)
     rtx x, y;
     rtx size;
     int align;
{
  rtx retval = 0;
#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
  static tree fn;
  tree call_expr, arg_list;
#endif

  if (GET_MODE (x) != BLKmode)
    abort ();

  if (GET_MODE (y) != BLKmode)
    abort ();

  x = protect_from_queue (x, 1);
  y = protect_from_queue (y, 0);
  size = protect_from_queue (size, 0);

  if (GET_CODE (x) != MEM)
    abort ();
  if (GET_CODE (y) != MEM)
    abort ();
  if (size == 0)
    abort ();

  if (GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
      && (move_by_pieces_ninsns (INTVAL (size), align) < MOVE_RATIO))
    move_by_pieces (x, y, INTVAL (size), align);
  else
    {
      /* Try the most limited insn first, because there's no point
       including more than one in the machine description unless
       the more limited one has some advantage.  */

      rtx opalign = GEN_INT (align);
      enum machine_mode mode;

      for (mode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT); mode != VOIDmode;
         mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (mode))
      {
        enum insn_code code = movstr_optab[(int) mode];

        if (code != CODE_FOR_nothing
            /* We don't need MODE to be narrower than BITS_PER_HOST_WIDE_INT
             here because if SIZE is less than the mode mask, as it is
             returned by the macro, it will definitely be less than the
             actual mode mask.  */
            && ((GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
               && ((unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT) INTVAL (size)
                   <= (GET_MODE_MASK (mode) >> 1)))
              || GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) >= BITS_PER_WORD)
            && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][0] == 0
              || (*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][0]) (x, BLKmode))
            && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][1] == 0
              || (*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][1]) (y, BLKmode))
            && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][3] == 0
              || (*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][3]) (opalign,
                                                 VOIDmode)))
          {
            rtx op2;
            rtx last = get_last_insn ();
            rtx pat;

            op2 = convert_to_mode (mode, size, 1);
            if (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][2] != 0
              && ! (*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][2]) (op2, mode))
            op2 = copy_to_mode_reg (mode, op2);

            pat = GEN_FCN ((int) code) (x, y, op2, opalign);
            if (pat)
            {
              emit_insn (pat);
              return 0;
            }
            else
            delete_insns_since (last);
          }
      }

#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
      /* It is incorrect to use the libcall calling conventions to call
       memcpy in this context.

       This could be a user call to memcpy and the user may wish to
       examine the return value from memcpy.

       For targets where libcalls and normal calls have different conventions
       for returning pointers, we could end up generating incorrect code. 

       So instead of using a libcall sequence we build up a suitable
       CALL_EXPR and expand the call in the normal fashion.  */
      if (fn == NULL_TREE)
      {
        tree fntype;

        /* This was copied from except.c, I don't know if all this is
           necessary in this context or not.  */
        fn = get_identifier ("memcpy");
        push_obstacks_nochange ();
        end_temporary_allocation ();
        fntype = build_pointer_type (void_type_node);
        fntype = build_function_type (fntype, NULL_TREE);
        fn = build_decl (FUNCTION_DECL, fn, fntype);
        DECL_EXTERNAL (fn) = 1;
        TREE_PUBLIC (fn) = 1;
        DECL_ARTIFICIAL (fn) = 1;
        make_decl_rtl (fn, NULL_PTR, 1);
        assemble_external (fn);
        pop_obstacks ();
      }

      /* We need to make an argument list for the function call. 

       memcpy has three arguments, the first two are void * addresses and
       the last is a size_t byte count for the copy.  */
      arg_list
      = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE,
                      make_tree (build_pointer_type (void_type_node),
                               XEXP (x, 0)));
      TREE_CHAIN (arg_list)
      = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE,
                     make_tree (build_pointer_type (void_type_node),
                              XEXP (y, 0)));
      TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arg_list))
       = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE, make_tree (sizetype, size));
      TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arg_list))) = NULL_TREE;

      /* Now we have to build up the CALL_EXPR itself.  */
      call_expr = build1 (ADDR_EXPR, build_pointer_type (TREE_TYPE (fn)), fn);
      call_expr = build (CALL_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fn)),
                   call_expr, arg_list, NULL_TREE);
      TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (call_expr) = 1;

      retval = expand_expr (call_expr, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
#else
      emit_library_call (bcopy_libfunc, 0,
                   VOIDmode, 3, XEXP (y, 0), Pmode,
                   XEXP (x, 0), Pmode,
                   convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node), size,
                                TREE_UNSIGNED (integer_type_node)),
                   TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
#endif
    }

  return retval;
}

/* Copy all or part of a value X into registers starting at REGNO.
   The number of registers to be filled is NREGS.  */

void
move_block_to_reg (regno, x, nregs, mode)
     int regno;
     rtx x;
     int nregs;
     enum machine_mode mode;
{
  int i;
#ifdef HAVE_load_multiple
  rtx pat; 
  rtx last;
#endif

  if (nregs == 0)
    return;

  if (CONSTANT_P (x) && ! LEGITIMATE_CONSTANT_P (x))
    x = validize_mem (force_const_mem (mode, x));

  /* See if the machine can do this with a load multiple insn.  */
#ifdef HAVE_load_multiple
  if (HAVE_load_multiple)
    {
      last = get_last_insn ();
      pat = gen_load_multiple (gen_rtx_REG (word_mode, regno), x,
                         GEN_INT (nregs));
      if (pat)
      {
        emit_insn (pat);
        return;
      }
      else
      delete_insns_since (last);
    }
#endif

  for (i = 0; i < nregs; i++)
    emit_move_insn (gen_rtx_REG (word_mode, regno + i),
                operand_subword_force (x, i, mode));
}

/* Copy all or part of a BLKmode value X out of registers starting at REGNO.
   The number of registers to be filled is NREGS.  SIZE indicates the number
   of bytes in the object X.  */


void
move_block_from_reg (regno, x, nregs, size)
     int regno;
     rtx x;
     int nregs;
     int size;
{
  int i;
#ifdef HAVE_store_multiple
  rtx pat; 
  rtx last;
#endif
  enum machine_mode mode;

  /* If SIZE is that of a mode no bigger than a word, just use that
     mode's store operation.  */
  if (size <= UNITS_PER_WORD
      && (mode = mode_for_size (size * BITS_PER_UNIT, MODE_INT, 0)) != BLKmode)
    {
      emit_move_insn (change_address (x, mode, NULL),
                  gen_rtx_REG (mode, regno));
      return;
    }
    
  /* Blocks smaller than a word on a BYTES_BIG_ENDIAN machine must be aligned
     to the left before storing to memory.  Note that the previous test
     doesn't handle all cases (e.g. SIZE == 3).  */
  if (size < UNITS_PER_WORD && BYTES_BIG_ENDIAN)
    {
      rtx tem = operand_subword (x, 0, 1, BLKmode);
      rtx shift;

      if (tem == 0)
      abort ();

      shift = expand_shift (LSHIFT_EXPR, word_mode,
                      gen_rtx_REG (word_mode, regno),
                      build_int_2 ((UNITS_PER_WORD - size)
                               * BITS_PER_UNIT, 0), NULL_RTX, 0);
      emit_move_insn (tem, shift);
      return;
    }

  /* See if the machine can do this with a store multiple insn.  */
#ifdef HAVE_store_multiple
  if (HAVE_store_multiple)
    {
      last = get_last_insn ();
      pat = gen_store_multiple (x, gen_rtx_REG (word_mode, regno),
                        GEN_INT (nregs));
      if (pat)
      {
        emit_insn (pat);
        return;
      }
      else
      delete_insns_since (last);
    }
#endif

  for (i = 0; i < nregs; i++)
    {
      rtx tem = operand_subword (x, i, 1, BLKmode);

      if (tem == 0)
      abort ();

      emit_move_insn (tem, gen_rtx_REG (word_mode, regno + i));
    }
}

/* Emit code to move a block SRC to a block DST, where DST is non-consecutive
   registers represented by a PARALLEL.  SSIZE represents the total size of
   block SRC in bytes, or -1 if not known.  ALIGN is the known alignment of
   SRC in bits.  */
/* ??? If SSIZE % UNITS_PER_WORD != 0, we make the blatent assumption that
   the balance will be in what would be the low-order memory addresses, i.e.
   left justified for big endian, right justified for little endian.  This
   happens to be true for the targets currently using this support.  If this
   ever changes, a new target macro along the lines of FUNCTION_ARG_PADDING
   would be needed.  */

void
emit_group_load (dst, orig_src, ssize, align)
     rtx dst, orig_src;
     int align, ssize;
{
  rtx *tmps, src;
  int start, i;

  if (GET_CODE (dst) != PARALLEL)
    abort ();

  /* Check for a NULL entry, used to indicate that the parameter goes
     both on the stack and in registers.  */
  if (XEXP (XVECEXP (dst, 0, 0), 0))
    start = 0;
  else
    start = 1;

  tmps = (rtx *) alloca (sizeof(rtx) * XVECLEN (dst, 0));

  /* If we won't be loading directly from memory, protect the real source
     from strange tricks we might play.  */
  src = orig_src;
  if (GET_CODE (src) != MEM)
    {
      src = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (orig_src));
      emit_move_insn (src, orig_src);
    }

  /* Process the pieces.  */
  for (i = start; i < XVECLEN (dst, 0); i++)
    {
      enum machine_mode mode = GET_MODE (XEXP (XVECEXP (dst, 0, i), 0));
      int bytepos = INTVAL (XEXP (XVECEXP (dst, 0, i), 1));
      int bytelen = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
      int shift = 0;

      /* Handle trailing fragments that run over the size of the struct.  */
      if (ssize >= 0 && bytepos + bytelen > ssize)
      {
        shift = (bytelen - (ssize - bytepos)) * BITS_PER_UNIT;
        bytelen = ssize - bytepos;
        if (bytelen <= 0)
          abort();
      }

      /* Optimize the access just a bit.  */
      if (GET_CODE (src) == MEM
        && align*BITS_PER_UNIT >= GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode)
        && bytepos*BITS_PER_UNIT % GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) == 0
        && bytelen == GET_MODE_SIZE (mode))
      {
        tmps[i] = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
        emit_move_insn (tmps[i],
                    change_address (src, mode,
                                plus_constant (XEXP (src, 0),
                                           bytepos)));
      }
      else
      {
        tmps[i] = extract_bit_field (src, bytelen*BITS_PER_UNIT,
                               bytepos*BITS_PER_UNIT, 1, NULL_RTX,
                               mode, mode, align, ssize);
      }

      if (BYTES_BIG_ENDIAN && shift)
      {
        expand_binop (mode, ashl_optab, tmps[i], GEN_INT (shift),
                  tmps[i], 0, OPTAB_WIDEN);
      }
    }
  emit_queue();

  /* Copy the extracted pieces into the proper (probable) hard regs.  */
  for (i = start; i < XVECLEN (dst, 0); i++)
    emit_move_insn (XEXP (XVECEXP (dst, 0, i), 0), tmps[i]);
}

/* Emit code to move a block SRC to a block DST, where SRC is non-consecutive
   registers represented by a PARALLEL.  SSIZE represents the total size of
   block DST, or -1 if not known.  ALIGN is the known alignment of DST.  */

void
emit_group_store (orig_dst, src, ssize, align)
     rtx orig_dst, src;
     int ssize, align;
{
  rtx *tmps, dst;
  int start, i;

  if (GET_CODE (src) != PARALLEL)
    abort ();

  /* Check for a NULL entry, used to indicate that the parameter goes
     both on the stack and in registers.  */
  if (XEXP (XVECEXP (src, 0, 0), 0))
    start = 0;
  else
    start = 1;

  tmps = (rtx *) alloca (sizeof(rtx) * XVECLEN (src, 0));

  /* Copy the (probable) hard regs into pseudos.  */
  for (i = start; i < XVECLEN (src, 0); i++)
    {
      rtx reg = XEXP (XVECEXP (src, 0, i), 0);
      tmps[i] = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (reg));
      emit_move_insn (tmps[i], reg);
    }
  emit_queue();

  /* If we won't be storing directly into memory, protect the real destination
     from strange tricks we might play.  */
  dst = orig_dst;
  if (GET_CODE (dst) != MEM)
    {
      dst = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (orig_dst));
      /* Make life a bit easier for combine.  */
      emit_move_insn (dst, const0_rtx);
    }
  else if (! MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (dst))
    {
      /* store_bit_field requires that memory operations have
       mem_in_struct_p set; we might not.  */

      dst = copy_rtx (orig_dst);
      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (dst) = 1;
    }

  /* Process the pieces.  */
  for (i = start; i < XVECLEN (src, 0); i++)
    {
      int bytepos = INTVAL (XEXP (XVECEXP (src, 0, i), 1));
      enum machine_mode mode = GET_MODE (tmps[i]);
      int bytelen = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);

      /* Handle trailing fragments that run over the size of the struct.  */
      if (ssize >= 0 && bytepos + bytelen > ssize)
      {
        if (BYTES_BIG_ENDIAN)
          {
            int shift = (bytelen - (ssize - bytepos)) * BITS_PER_UNIT;
            expand_binop (mode, ashr_optab, tmps[i], GEN_INT (shift),
                      tmps[i], 0, OPTAB_WIDEN);
          }
        bytelen = ssize - bytepos;
      }

      /* Optimize the access just a bit.  */
      if (GET_CODE (dst) == MEM
        && align*BITS_PER_UNIT >= GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode)
        && bytepos*BITS_PER_UNIT % GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) == 0
        && bytelen == GET_MODE_SIZE (mode))
      {
        emit_move_insn (change_address (dst, mode,
                                plus_constant (XEXP (dst, 0),
                                           bytepos)),
                    tmps[i]);
      }
      else
      {
        store_bit_field (dst, bytelen*BITS_PER_UNIT, bytepos*BITS_PER_UNIT,
                     mode, tmps[i], align, ssize);
      }
    }
  emit_queue();

  /* Copy from the pseudo into the (probable) hard reg.  */
  if (GET_CODE (dst) == REG)
    emit_move_insn (orig_dst, dst);
}

/* Add a USE expression for REG to the (possibly empty) list pointed
   to by CALL_FUSAGE.  REG must denote a hard register.  */

void
use_reg (call_fusage, reg)
     rtx *call_fusage, reg;
{
  if (GET_CODE (reg) != REG
      || REGNO (reg) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
    abort();

  *call_fusage
    = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode,
                   gen_rtx_USE (VOIDmode, reg), *call_fusage);
}

/* Add USE expressions to *CALL_FUSAGE for each of NREGS consecutive regs,
   starting at REGNO.  All of these registers must be hard registers.  */

void
use_regs (call_fusage, regno, nregs)
     rtx *call_fusage;
     int regno;
     int nregs;
{
  int i;

  if (regno + nregs > FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
    abort ();

  for (i = 0; i < nregs; i++)
    use_reg (call_fusage, gen_rtx_REG (reg_raw_mode[regno + i], regno + i));
}

/* Add USE expressions to *CALL_FUSAGE for each REG contained in the
   PARALLEL REGS.  This is for calls that pass values in multiple
   non-contiguous locations.  The Irix 6 ABI has examples of this.  */

void
use_group_regs (call_fusage, regs)
     rtx *call_fusage;
     rtx regs;
{
  int i;

  for (i = 0; i < XVECLEN (regs, 0); i++)
    {
      rtx reg = XEXP (XVECEXP (regs, 0, i), 0);

      /* A NULL entry means the parameter goes both on the stack and in
       registers.  This can also be a MEM for targets that pass values
       partially on the stack and partially in registers.  */
      if (reg != 0 && GET_CODE (reg) == REG)
      use_reg (call_fusage, reg);
    }
}

/* Generate several move instructions to clear LEN bytes of block TO.
   (A MEM rtx with BLKmode).   The caller must pass TO through
   protect_from_queue before calling. ALIGN (in bytes) is maximum alignment
   we can assume.  */

static void
clear_by_pieces (to, len, align)
     rtx to;
     int len, align;
{
  struct clear_by_pieces data;
  rtx to_addr = XEXP (to, 0);
  int max_size = MOVE_MAX + 1;

  data.offset = 0;
  data.to_addr = to_addr;
  data.to = to;
  data.autinc_to
    = (GET_CODE (to_addr) == PRE_INC || GET_CODE (to_addr) == PRE_DEC
       || GET_CODE (to_addr) == POST_INC || GET_CODE (to_addr) == POST_DEC);

  data.explicit_inc_to = 0;
  data.reverse
    = (GET_CODE (to_addr) == PRE_DEC || GET_CODE (to_addr) == POST_DEC);
  if (data.reverse) data.offset = len;
  data.len = len;

  data.to_struct = MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (to);

  /* If copying requires more than two move insns,
     copy addresses to registers (to make displacements shorter)
     and use post-increment if available.  */
  if (!data.autinc_to
      && move_by_pieces_ninsns (len, align) > 2)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_PRE_DECREMENT
      if (data.reverse && ! data.autinc_to)
      {
        data.to_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (plus_constant (to_addr, len));
        data.autinc_to = 1;
        data.explicit_inc_to = -1;
      }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_POST_INCREMENT
      if (! data.reverse && ! data.autinc_to)
      {
        data.to_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (to_addr);
        data.autinc_to = 1;
        data.explicit_inc_to = 1;
      }
#endif
      if (!data.autinc_to && CONSTANT_P (to_addr))
      data.to_addr = copy_addr_to_reg (to_addr);
    }

  if (! SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
      || align > MOVE_MAX || align >= BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT / BITS_PER_UNIT)
    align = MOVE_MAX;

  /* First move what we can in the largest integer mode, then go to
     successively smaller modes.  */

  while (max_size > 1)
    {
      enum machine_mode mode = VOIDmode, tmode;
      enum insn_code icode;

      for (tmode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT);
         tmode != VOIDmode; tmode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (tmode))
      if (GET_MODE_SIZE (tmode) < max_size)
        mode = tmode;

      if (mode == VOIDmode)
      break;

      icode = mov_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code;
      if (icode != CODE_FOR_nothing
        && align >= MIN (BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT / BITS_PER_UNIT,
                     GET_MODE_SIZE (mode)))
      clear_by_pieces_1 (GEN_FCN (icode), mode, &data);

      max_size = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
    }

  /* The code above should have handled everything.  */
  if (data.len != 0)
    abort ();
}

/* Subroutine of clear_by_pieces.  Clear as many bytes as appropriate
   with move instructions for mode MODE.  GENFUN is the gen_... function
   to make a move insn for that mode.  DATA has all the other info.  */

static void
clear_by_pieces_1 (genfun, mode, data)
     rtx (*genfun) PROTO ((rtx, ...));
     enum machine_mode mode;
     struct clear_by_pieces *data;
{
  register int size = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
  register rtx to1;

  while (data->len >= size)
    {
      if (data->reverse) data->offset -= size;

      to1 = (data->autinc_to
           ? gen_rtx_MEM (mode, data->to_addr)
           : copy_rtx (change_address (data->to, mode,
                               plus_constant (data->to_addr,
                                          data->offset))));
      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (to1) = data->to_struct;

#ifdef HAVE_PRE_DECREMENT
      if (data->explicit_inc_to < 0)
      emit_insn (gen_add2_insn (data->to_addr, GEN_INT (-size)));
#endif

      emit_insn ((*genfun) (to1, const0_rtx));
#ifdef HAVE_POST_INCREMENT
      if (data->explicit_inc_to > 0)
      emit_insn (gen_add2_insn (data->to_addr, GEN_INT (size)));
#endif

      if (! data->reverse) data->offset += size;

      data->len -= size;
    }
}

/* Write zeros through the storage of OBJECT.
   If OBJECT has BLKmode, SIZE is its length in bytes and ALIGN is
   the maximum alignment we can is has, measured in bytes.

   If we call a function that returns the length of the block, return it.  */

rtx
clear_storage (object, size, align)
     rtx object;
     rtx size;
     int align;
{
#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
  static tree fn;
  tree call_expr, arg_list;
#endif
  rtx retval = 0;

  if (GET_MODE (object) == BLKmode)
    {
      object = protect_from_queue (object, 1);
      size = protect_from_queue (size, 0);

      if (GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
        && (move_by_pieces_ninsns (INTVAL (size), align) < MOVE_RATIO))
      clear_by_pieces (object, INTVAL (size), align);

      else
      {
        /* Try the most limited insn first, because there's no point
           including more than one in the machine description unless
           the more limited one has some advantage.  */

        rtx opalign = GEN_INT (align);
        enum machine_mode mode;

        for (mode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT); mode != VOIDmode;
             mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (mode))
          {
            enum insn_code code = clrstr_optab[(int) mode];

            if (code != CODE_FOR_nothing
              /* We don't need MODE to be narrower than
                 BITS_PER_HOST_WIDE_INT here because if SIZE is less than
                 the mode mask, as it is returned by the macro, it will
                 definitely be less than the actual mode mask.  */
              && ((GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
                   && ((unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT) INTVAL (size)
                     <= (GET_MODE_MASK (mode) >> 1)))
                  || GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) >= BITS_PER_WORD)
              && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][0] == 0
                  || (*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][0]) (object,
                                                   BLKmode))
              && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][2] == 0
                  || (*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][2]) (opalign,
                                                   VOIDmode)))
            {
              rtx op1;
              rtx last = get_last_insn ();
              rtx pat;

              op1 = convert_to_mode (mode, size, 1);
              if (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][1] != 0
                  && ! (*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][1]) (op1,
                                                     mode))
                op1 = copy_to_mode_reg (mode, op1);

              pat = GEN_FCN ((int) code) (object, op1, opalign);
              if (pat)
                {
                  emit_insn (pat);
                  return 0;
                }
              else
                delete_insns_since (last);
            }
          }


#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
      /* It is incorrect to use the libcall calling conventions to call
       memset in this context.

       This could be a user call to memset and the user may wish to
       examine the return value from memset.

       For targets where libcalls and normal calls have different conventions
       for returning pointers, we could end up generating incorrect code. 

       So instead of using a libcall sequence we build up a suitable
       CALL_EXPR and expand the call in the normal fashion.  */
      if (fn == NULL_TREE)
      {
        tree fntype;

        /* This was copied from except.c, I don't know if all this is
           necessary in this context or not.  */
        fn = get_identifier ("memset");
        push_obstacks_nochange ();
        end_temporary_allocation ();
        fntype = build_pointer_type (void_type_node);
        fntype = build_function_type (fntype, NULL_TREE);
        fn = build_decl (FUNCTION_DECL, fn, fntype);
        DECL_EXTERNAL (fn) = 1;
        TREE_PUBLIC (fn) = 1;
        DECL_ARTIFICIAL (fn) = 1;
        make_decl_rtl (fn, NULL_PTR, 1);
        assemble_external (fn);
        pop_obstacks ();
      }

      /* We need to make an argument list for the function call. 

       memset has three arguments, the first is a void * addresses, the
       second a integer with the initialization value, the last is a size_t
       byte count for the copy.  */
      arg_list
      = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE,
                      make_tree (build_pointer_type (void_type_node),
                               XEXP (object, 0)));
      TREE_CHAIN (arg_list)
      = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE,
                     make_tree (integer_type_node, const0_rtx));
      TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arg_list))
       = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE, make_tree (sizetype, size));
      TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arg_list))) = NULL_TREE;

      /* Now we have to build up the CALL_EXPR itself.  */
      call_expr = build1 (ADDR_EXPR, build_pointer_type (TREE_TYPE (fn)), fn);
      call_expr = build (CALL_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fn)),
                   call_expr, arg_list, NULL_TREE);
      TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (call_expr) = 1;

      retval = expand_expr (call_expr, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
#else
        emit_library_call (bzero_libfunc, 0,
                       VOIDmode, 2,
                       XEXP (object, 0), Pmode, 
                       convert_to_mode
                       (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node), size,
                        TREE_UNSIGNED (integer_type_node)),
                       TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
#endif
      }
    }
  else
    emit_move_insn (object, CONST0_RTX (GET_MODE (object)));

  return retval;
}

/* Generate code to copy Y into X.
   Both Y and X must have the same mode, except that
   Y can be a constant with VOIDmode.
   This mode cannot be BLKmode; use emit_block_move for that.

   Return the last instruction emitted.  */

rtx
emit_move_insn (x, y)
     rtx x, y;
{
  enum machine_mode mode = GET_MODE (x);

  x = protect_from_queue (x, 1);
  y = protect_from_queue (y, 0);

  if (mode == BLKmode || (GET_MODE (y) != mode && GET_MODE (y) != VOIDmode))
    abort ();

  if (CONSTANT_P (y) && ! LEGITIMATE_CONSTANT_P (y))
    y = force_const_mem (mode, y);

  /* If X or Y are memory references, verify that their addresses are valid
     for the machine.  */
  if (GET_CODE (x) == MEM
      && ((! memory_address_p (GET_MODE (x), XEXP (x, 0))
         && ! push_operand (x, GET_MODE (x)))
        || (flag_force_addr
            && CONSTANT_ADDRESS_P (XEXP (x, 0)))))
    x = change_address (x, VOIDmode, XEXP (x, 0));

  if (GET_CODE (y) == MEM
      && (! memory_address_p (GET_MODE (y), XEXP (y, 0))
        || (flag_force_addr
            && CONSTANT_ADDRESS_P (XEXP (y, 0)))))
    y = change_address (y, VOIDmode, XEXP (y, 0));

  if (mode == BLKmode)
    abort ();

  return emit_move_insn_1 (x, y);
}

/* Low level part of emit_move_insn.
   Called just like emit_move_insn, but assumes X and Y
   are basically valid.  */

rtx
emit_move_insn_1 (x, y)
     rtx x, y;
{
  enum machine_mode mode = GET_MODE (x);
  enum machine_mode submode;
  enum mode_class class = GET_MODE_CLASS (mode);
  int i;

  if (mov_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code != CODE_FOR_nothing)
    return
      emit_insn (GEN_FCN (mov_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code) (x, y));

  /* Expand complex moves by moving real part and imag part, if possible.  */
  else if ((class == MODE_COMPLEX_FLOAT || class == MODE_COMPLEX_INT)
         && BLKmode != (submode = mode_for_size ((GET_MODE_UNIT_SIZE (mode)
                                        * BITS_PER_UNIT),
                                       (class == MODE_COMPLEX_INT
                                        ? MODE_INT : MODE_FLOAT),
                                       0))
         && (mov_optab->handlers[(int) submode].insn_code
             != CODE_FOR_nothing))
    {
      /* Don't split destination if it is a stack push.  */
      int stack = push_operand (x, GET_MODE (x));

      /* If this is a stack, push the highpart first, so it
       will be in the argument order.

       In that case, change_address is used only to convert
       the mode, not to change the address.  */
      if (stack)
      {
        /* Note that the real part always precedes the imag part in memory
           regardless of machine's endianness.  */
#ifdef STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
        emit_insn (GEN_FCN (mov_optab->handlers[(int) submode].insn_code)
                 (gen_rtx_MEM (submode, (XEXP (x, 0))),
                  gen_imagpart (submode, y)));
        emit_insn (GEN_FCN (mov_optab->handlers[(int) submode].insn_code)
                 (gen_rtx_MEM (submode, (XEXP (x, 0))),
                  gen_realpart (submode, y)));
#else
        emit_insn (GEN_FCN (mov_optab->handlers[(int) submode].insn_code)
                 (gen_rtx_MEM (submode, (XEXP (x, 0))),
                  gen_realpart (submode, y)));
        emit_insn (GEN_FCN (mov_optab->handlers[(int) submode].insn_code)
                 (gen_rtx_MEM (submode, (XEXP (x, 0))),
                  gen_imagpart (submode, y)));
#endif
      }
      else
      {
        /* Show the output dies here.  */
        if (x != y)
          emit_insn (gen_rtx_CLOBBER (VOIDmode, x));

        emit_insn (GEN_FCN (mov_optab->handlers[(int) submode].insn_code)
                 (gen_realpart (submode, x), gen_realpart (submode, y)));
        emit_insn (GEN_FCN (mov_optab->handlers[(int) submode].insn_code)
                 (gen_imagpart (submode, x), gen_imagpart (submode, y)));
      }

      return get_last_insn ();
    }

  /* This will handle any multi-word mode that lacks a move_insn pattern.
     However, you will get better code if you define such patterns,
     even if they must turn into multiple assembler instructions.  */
  else if (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) > UNITS_PER_WORD)
    {
      rtx last_insn = 0;
      
#ifdef PUSH_ROUNDING

      /* If X is a push on the stack, do the push now and replace
       X with a reference to the stack pointer.  */
      if (push_operand (x, GET_MODE (x)))
      {
        anti_adjust_stack (GEN_INT (GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (x))));
        x = change_address (x, VOIDmode, stack_pointer_rtx);
      }
#endif
                       
      /* Show the output dies here.  */
      if (x != y)
        emit_insn (gen_rtx_CLOBBER (VOIDmode, x));

      for (i = 0;
         i < (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode)  + (UNITS_PER_WORD - 1)) / UNITS_PER_WORD;
         i++)
      {
        rtx xpart = operand_subword (x, i, 1, mode);
        rtx ypart = operand_subword (y, i, 1, mode);

        /* If we can't get a part of Y, put Y into memory if it is a
           constant.  Otherwise, force it into a register.  If we still
           can't get a part of Y, abort.  */
        if (ypart == 0 && CONSTANT_P (y))
          {
            y = force_const_mem (mode, y);
            ypart = operand_subword (y, i, 1, mode);
          }
        else if (ypart == 0)
          ypart = operand_subword_force (y, i, mode);

        if (xpart == 0 || ypart == 0)
          abort ();

        last_insn = emit_move_insn (xpart, ypart);
      }

      return last_insn;
    }
  else
    abort ();
}

/* Pushing data onto the stack.  */

/* Push a block of length SIZE (perhaps variable)
   and return an rtx to address the beginning of the block.
   Note that it is not possible for the value returned to be a QUEUED.
   The value may be virtual_outgoing_args_rtx.

   EXTRA is the number of bytes of padding to push in addition to SIZE.
   BELOW nonzero means this padding comes at low addresses;
   otherwise, the padding comes at high addresses.  */

rtx
push_block (size, extra, below)
     rtx size;
     int extra, below;
{
  register rtx temp;

  size = convert_modes (Pmode, ptr_mode, size, 1);
  if (CONSTANT_P (size))
    anti_adjust_stack (plus_constant (size, extra));
  else if (GET_CODE (size) == REG && extra == 0)
    anti_adjust_stack (size);
  else
    {
      rtx temp = copy_to_mode_reg (Pmode, size);
      if (extra != 0)
      temp = expand_binop (Pmode, add_optab, temp, GEN_INT (extra),
                       temp, 0, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
      anti_adjust_stack (temp);
    }

#ifdef STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
  temp = virtual_outgoing_args_rtx;
  if (extra != 0 && below)
    temp = plus_constant (temp, extra);
#else
  if (GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT)
    temp = plus_constant (virtual_outgoing_args_rtx,
                    - INTVAL (size) - (below ? 0 : extra));
  else if (extra != 0 && !below)
    temp = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, virtual_outgoing_args_rtx,
                negate_rtx (Pmode, plus_constant (size, extra)));
  else
    temp = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, virtual_outgoing_args_rtx,
                negate_rtx (Pmode, size));
#endif

  return memory_address (GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT), temp);
}

rtx
gen_push_operand ()
{
  return gen_rtx_fmt_e (STACK_PUSH_CODE, Pmode, stack_pointer_rtx);
}

/* Return an rtx for the address of the beginning of a as-if-it-was-pushed
   block of SIZE bytes.  */

static rtx
get_push_address (size)
      int size;
{
  register rtx temp;

  if (STACK_PUSH_CODE == POST_DEC)
    temp = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, stack_pointer_rtx, GEN_INT (size));
  else if (STACK_PUSH_CODE == POST_INC)
    temp = gen_rtx_MINUS (Pmode, stack_pointer_rtx, GEN_INT (size));
  else
    temp = stack_pointer_rtx;

  return copy_to_reg (temp);
}

/* Generate code to push X onto the stack, assuming it has mode MODE and
   type TYPE.
   MODE is redundant except when X is a CONST_INT (since they don't
   carry mode info).
   SIZE is an rtx for the size of data to be copied (in bytes),
   needed only if X is BLKmode.

   ALIGN (in bytes) is maximum alignment we can assume.

   If PARTIAL and REG are both nonzero, then copy that many of the first
   words of X into registers starting with REG, and push the rest of X.
   The amount of space pushed is decreased by PARTIAL words,
   rounded *down* to a multiple of PARM_BOUNDARY.
   REG must be a hard register in this case.
   If REG is zero but PARTIAL is not, take any all others actions for an
   argument partially in registers, but do not actually load any
   registers.

   EXTRA is the amount in bytes of extra space to leave next to this arg.
   This is ignored if an argument block has already been allocated.

   On a machine that lacks real push insns, ARGS_ADDR is the address of
   the bottom of the argument block for this call.  We use indexing off there
   to store the arg.  On machines with push insns, ARGS_ADDR is 0 when a
   argument block has not been preallocated.

   ARGS_SO_FAR is the size of args previously pushed for this call.

   REG_PARM_STACK_SPACE is nonzero if functions require stack space
   for arguments passed in registers.  If nonzero, it will be the number
   of bytes required.  */

void
emit_push_insn (x, mode, type, size, align, partial, reg, extra,
            args_addr, args_so_far, reg_parm_stack_space)
     register rtx x;
     enum machine_mode mode;
     tree type;
     rtx size;
     int align;
     int partial;
     rtx reg;
     int extra;
     rtx args_addr;
     rtx args_so_far;
     int reg_parm_stack_space;
{
  rtx xinner;
  enum direction stack_direction
#ifdef STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
    = downward;
#else
    = upward;
#endif

  /* Decide where to pad the argument: `downward' for below,
     `upward' for above, or `none' for don't pad it.
     Default is below for small data on big-endian machines; else above.  */
  enum direction where_pad = FUNCTION_ARG_PADDING (mode, type);

  /* Invert direction if stack is post-update.  */
  if (STACK_PUSH_CODE == POST_INC || STACK_PUSH_CODE == POST_DEC)
    if (where_pad != none)
      where_pad = (where_pad == downward ? upward : downward);

  xinner = x = protect_from_queue (x, 0);

  if (mode == BLKmode)
    {
      /* Copy a block into the stack, entirely or partially.  */

      register rtx temp;
      int used = partial * UNITS_PER_WORD;
      int offset = used % (PARM_BOUNDARY / BITS_PER_UNIT);
      int skip;
      
      if (size == 0)
      abort ();

      used -= offset;

      /* USED is now the # of bytes we need not copy to the stack
       because registers will take care of them.  */

      if (partial != 0)
      xinner = change_address (xinner, BLKmode,
                         plus_constant (XEXP (xinner, 0), used));

      /* If the partial register-part of the arg counts in its stack size,
       skip the part of stack space corresponding to the registers.
       Otherwise, start copying to the beginning of the stack space,
       by setting SKIP to 0.  */
      skip = (reg_parm_stack_space == 0) ? 0 : used;

#ifdef PUSH_ROUNDING
      /* Do it with several push insns if that doesn't take lots of insns
       and if there is no difficulty with push insns that skip bytes
       on the stack for alignment purposes.  */
      if (args_addr == 0
        && GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
        && skip == 0
        && (move_by_pieces_ninsns ((unsigned) INTVAL (size) - used, align)
            < MOVE_RATIO)
        /* Here we avoid the case of a structure whose weak alignment
           forces many pushes of a small amount of data,
           and such small pushes do rounding that causes trouble.  */
        && ((! SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS)
            || align >= BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT / BITS_PER_UNIT
            || PUSH_ROUNDING (align) == align)
        && PUSH_ROUNDING (INTVAL (size)) == INTVAL (size))
      {
        /* Push padding now if padding above and stack grows down,
           or if padding below and stack grows up.
           But if space already allocated, this has already been done.  */
        if (extra && args_addr == 0
            && where_pad != none && where_pad != stack_direction)
          anti_adjust_stack (GEN_INT (extra));

        move_by_pieces (gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, gen_push_operand ()), xinner,
                    INTVAL (size) - used, align);

        if (flag_check_memory_usage && ! in_check_memory_usage)
          {
            rtx temp;
            
            in_check_memory_usage = 1;
            temp = get_push_address (INTVAL(size) - used);
            if (GET_CODE (x) == MEM && type && AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (type))
            emit_library_call (chkr_copy_bitmap_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                           temp, ptr_mode,
                           XEXP (xinner, 0), ptr_mode,
                           GEN_INT (INTVAL(size) - used),
                           TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
            else
            emit_library_call (chkr_set_right_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                           temp, ptr_mode,
                           GEN_INT (INTVAL(size) - used),
                           TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                           GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_RW),
                           TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
            in_check_memory_usage = 0;
          }
      }
      else
#endif /* PUSH_ROUNDING */
      {
        /* Otherwise make space on the stack and copy the data
           to the address of that space.  */

        /* Deduct words put into registers from the size we must copy.  */
        if (partial != 0)
          {
            if (GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT)
            size = GEN_INT (INTVAL (size) - used);
            else
            size = expand_binop (GET_MODE (size), sub_optab, size,
                             GEN_INT (used), NULL_RTX, 0,
                             OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
          }

        /* Get the address of the stack space.
           In this case, we do not deal with EXTRA separately.
           A single stack adjust will do.  */
        if (! args_addr)
          {
            temp = push_block (size, extra, where_pad == downward);
            extra = 0;
          }
        else if (GET_CODE (args_so_far) == CONST_INT)
          temp = memory_address (BLKmode,
                           plus_constant (args_addr,
                                      skip + INTVAL (args_so_far)));
        else
          temp = memory_address (BLKmode,
                           plus_constant (gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode,
                                                args_addr,
                                                args_so_far),
                                      skip));
        if (flag_check_memory_usage && ! in_check_memory_usage)
          {
            rtx target;
            
            in_check_memory_usage = 1;
            target = copy_to_reg (temp);
            if (GET_CODE (x) == MEM && type && AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (type))
            emit_library_call (chkr_copy_bitmap_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                           target, ptr_mode,
                           XEXP (xinner, 0), ptr_mode,
                           size, TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
            else
              emit_library_call (chkr_set_right_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                           target, ptr_mode,
                           size, TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                           GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_RW),
                           TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
            in_check_memory_usage = 0;
          }

        /* TEMP is the address of the block.  Copy the data there.  */
        if (GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
            && (move_by_pieces_ninsns ((unsigned) INTVAL (size), align)
              < MOVE_RATIO))
          {
            move_by_pieces (gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, temp), xinner,
                        INTVAL (size), align);
            goto ret;
          }
        else
          {
            rtx opalign = GEN_INT (align);
            enum machine_mode mode;
            rtx target = gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, temp);

            for (mode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT);
               mode != VOIDmode;
               mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (mode))
            {
              enum insn_code code = movstr_optab[(int) mode];

              if (code != CODE_FOR_nothing
                  && ((GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
                     && ((unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT) INTVAL (size)
                         <= (GET_MODE_MASK (mode) >> 1)))
                    || GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) >= BITS_PER_WORD)
                  && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][0] == 0
                    || ((*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][0])
                        (target, BLKmode)))
                  && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][1] == 0
                    || ((*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][1])
                        (xinner, BLKmode)))
                  && (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][3] == 0
                    || ((*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][3])
                        (opalign, VOIDmode))))
                {
                  rtx op2 = convert_to_mode (mode, size, 1);
                  rtx last = get_last_insn ();
                  rtx pat;

                  if (insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][2] != 0
                    && ! ((*insn_operand_predicate[(int) code][2])
                        (op2, mode)))
                  op2 = copy_to_mode_reg (mode, op2);

                  pat = GEN_FCN ((int) code) (target, xinner,
                                      op2, opalign);
                  if (pat)
                  {
                    emit_insn (pat);
                    goto ret;
                  }
                  else
                  delete_insns_since (last);
                }
            }
          }

#ifndef ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS
        /* If the source is referenced relative to the stack pointer,
           copy it to another register to stabilize it.  We do not need
           to do this if we know that we won't be changing sp.  */

        if (reg_mentioned_p (virtual_stack_dynamic_rtx, temp)
            || reg_mentioned_p (virtual_outgoing_args_rtx, temp))
          temp = copy_to_reg (temp);
#endif

        /* Make inhibit_defer_pop nonzero around the library call
           to force it to pop the bcopy-arguments right away.  */
        NO_DEFER_POP;
#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
        emit_library_call (memcpy_libfunc, 0,
                       VOIDmode, 3, temp, Pmode, XEXP (xinner, 0), Pmode,
                       convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                                    size, TREE_UNSIGNED (sizetype)),
                       TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
#else
        emit_library_call (bcopy_libfunc, 0,
                       VOIDmode, 3, XEXP (xinner, 0), Pmode, temp, Pmode,
                       convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                                    size,
                                    TREE_UNSIGNED (integer_type_node)),
                       TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
#endif
        OK_DEFER_POP;
      }
    }
  else if (partial > 0)
    {
      /* Scalar partly in registers.  */

      int size = GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) / UNITS_PER_WORD;
      int i;
      int not_stack;
      /* # words of start of argument
       that we must make space for but need not store.  */
      int offset = partial % (PARM_BOUNDARY / BITS_PER_WORD);
      int args_offset = INTVAL (args_so_far);
      int skip;

      /* Push padding now if padding above and stack grows down,
       or if padding below and stack grows up.
       But if space already allocated, this has already been done.  */
      if (extra && args_addr == 0
        && where_pad != none && where_pad != stack_direction)
      anti_adjust_stack (GEN_INT (extra));

      /* If we make space by pushing it, we might as well push
       the real data.  Otherwise, we can leave OFFSET nonzero
       and leave the space uninitialized.  */
      if (args_addr == 0)
      offset = 0;

      /* Now NOT_STACK gets the number of words that we don't need to
       allocate on the stack.  */
      not_stack = partial - offset;

      /* If the partial register-part of the arg counts in its stack size,
       skip the part of stack space corresponding to the registers.
       Otherwise, start copying to the beginning of the stack space,
       by setting SKIP to 0.  */
      skip = (reg_parm_stack_space == 0) ? 0 : not_stack;

      if (CONSTANT_P (x) && ! LEGITIMATE_CONSTANT_P (x))
      x = validize_mem (force_const_mem (mode, x));

      /* If X is a hard register in a non-integer mode, copy it into a pseudo;
       SUBREGs of such registers are not allowed.  */
      if ((GET_CODE (x) == REG && REGNO (x) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
         && GET_MODE_CLASS (GET_MODE (x)) != MODE_INT))
      x = copy_to_reg (x);

      /* Loop over all the words allocated on the stack for this arg.  */
      /* We can do it by words, because any scalar bigger than a word
       has a size a multiple of a word.  */
#ifndef PUSH_ARGS_REVERSED
      for (i = not_stack; i < size; i++)
#else
      for (i = size - 1; i >= not_stack; i--)
#endif
      if (i >= not_stack + offset)
        emit_push_insn (operand_subword_force (x, i, mode),
                    word_mode, NULL_TREE, NULL_RTX, align, 0, NULL_RTX,
                    0, args_addr,
                    GEN_INT (args_offset + ((i - not_stack + skip)
                                      * UNITS_PER_WORD)),
                    reg_parm_stack_space);
    }
  else
    {
      rtx addr;
      rtx target = NULL_RTX;

      /* Push padding now if padding above and stack grows down,
       or if padding below and stack grows up.
       But if space already allocated, this has already been done.  */
      if (extra && args_addr == 0
        && where_pad != none && where_pad != stack_direction)
      anti_adjust_stack (GEN_INT (extra));

#ifdef PUSH_ROUNDING
      if (args_addr == 0)
      addr = gen_push_operand ();
      else
#endif
      {
        if (GET_CODE (args_so_far) == CONST_INT)
          addr
            = memory_address (mode,
                        plus_constant (args_addr, 
                                     INTVAL (args_so_far)));
          else
          addr = memory_address (mode, gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, args_addr,
                                           args_so_far));
        target = addr;
      }

      emit_move_insn (gen_rtx_MEM (mode, addr), x);

      if (flag_check_memory_usage && ! in_check_memory_usage)
      {
        in_check_memory_usage = 1;
        if (target == 0)
          target = get_push_address (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode));

        if (GET_CODE (x) == MEM && type && AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (type))
          emit_library_call (chkr_copy_bitmap_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                         target, ptr_mode,
                         XEXP (x, 0), ptr_mode,
                         GEN_INT (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode)),
                         TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
        else
          emit_library_call (chkr_set_right_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                         target, ptr_mode,
                         GEN_INT (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode)),
                         TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                         GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_RW),
                         TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
        in_check_memory_usage = 0;
      }
    }

 ret:
  /* If part should go in registers, copy that part
     into the appropriate registers.  Do this now, at the end,
     since mem-to-mem copies above may do function calls.  */
  if (partial > 0 && reg != 0)
    {
      /* Handle calls that pass values in multiple non-contiguous locations.
       The Irix 6 ABI has examples of this.  */
      if (GET_CODE (reg) == PARALLEL)
      emit_group_load (reg, x, -1, align);  /* ??? size? */
      else
      move_block_to_reg (REGNO (reg), x, partial, mode);
    }

  if (extra && args_addr == 0 && where_pad == stack_direction)
    anti_adjust_stack (GEN_INT (extra));
}

/* Expand an assignment that stores the value of FROM into TO.
   If WANT_VALUE is nonzero, return an rtx for the value of TO.
   (This may contain a QUEUED rtx;
   if the value is constant, this rtx is a constant.)
   Otherwise, the returned value is NULL_RTX.

   SUGGEST_REG is no longer actually used.
   It used to mean, copy the value through a register
   and return that register, if that is possible.
   We now use WANT_VALUE to decide whether to do this.  */

rtx
expand_assignment (to, from, want_value, suggest_reg)
     tree to, from;
     int want_value;
     int suggest_reg;
{
  register rtx to_rtx = 0;
  rtx result;

  /* Don't crash if the lhs of the assignment was erroneous.  */

  if (TREE_CODE (to) == ERROR_MARK)
    {
      result = expand_expr (from, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      return want_value ? result : NULL_RTX;
    }

  /* Assignment of a structure component needs special treatment
     if the structure component's rtx is not simply a MEM.
     Assignment of an array element at a constant index, and assignment of
     an array element in an unaligned packed structure field, has the same
     problem.  */

  if (TREE_CODE (to) == COMPONENT_REF || TREE_CODE (to) == BIT_FIELD_REF
      || TREE_CODE (to) == ARRAY_REF)
    {
      enum machine_mode mode1;
      int bitsize;
      int bitpos;
      tree offset;
      int unsignedp;
      int volatilep = 0;
      tree tem;
      int alignment;

      push_temp_slots ();
      tem = get_inner_reference (to, &bitsize, &bitpos, &offset, &mode1,
                         &unsignedp, &volatilep, &alignment);

      /* If we are going to use store_bit_field and extract_bit_field,
       make sure to_rtx will be safe for multiple use.  */

      if (mode1 == VOIDmode && want_value)
      tem = stabilize_reference (tem);

      to_rtx = expand_expr (tem, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_DONT);
      if (offset != 0)
      {
        rtx offset_rtx = expand_expr (offset, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

        if (GET_CODE (to_rtx) != MEM)
          abort ();

        if (GET_MODE (offset_rtx) != ptr_mode)
          {
#ifdef POINTERS_EXTEND_UNSIGNED
            offset_rtx = convert_memory_address (ptr_mode, offset_rtx);
#else
            offset_rtx = convert_to_mode (ptr_mode, offset_rtx, 0);
#endif
          }

        if (GET_CODE (to_rtx) == MEM
            && GET_MODE (to_rtx) == BLKmode
            && bitsize
            && (bitpos % bitsize) == 0 
            && (bitsize % GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode1)) == 0
            && (alignment * BITS_PER_UNIT) == GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode1))
          {
            rtx temp = change_address (to_rtx, mode1,
                                 plus_constant (XEXP (to_rtx, 0),
                                            (bitpos /
                                             BITS_PER_UNIT)));
            if (GET_CODE (XEXP (temp, 0)) == REG)
              to_rtx = temp;
            else
            to_rtx = change_address (to_rtx, mode1,
                                 force_reg (GET_MODE (XEXP (temp, 0)),
                                        XEXP (temp, 0)));
            bitpos = 0;
          }

        to_rtx = change_address (to_rtx, VOIDmode,
                           gen_rtx_PLUS (ptr_mode, XEXP (to_rtx, 0),
                                     force_reg (ptr_mode, offset_rtx)));
      }
      if (volatilep)
      {
        if (GET_CODE (to_rtx) == MEM)
          {
            /* When the offset is zero, to_rtx is the address of the
             structure we are storing into, and hence may be shared.
             We must make a new MEM before setting the volatile bit.  */
            if (offset == 0)
            to_rtx = copy_rtx (to_rtx);

            MEM_VOLATILE_P (to_rtx) = 1;
          }
#if 0  /* This was turned off because, when a field is volatile
        in an object which is not volatile, the object may be in a register,
        and then we would abort over here.  */
        else
          abort ();
#endif
      }

      if (TREE_CODE (to) == COMPONENT_REF
        && TREE_READONLY (TREE_OPERAND (to, 1)))
      {
        if (offset == 0)
          to_rtx = copy_rtx (to_rtx);

        RTX_UNCHANGING_P (to_rtx) = 1;
      }

      /* Check the access.  */
      if (flag_check_memory_usage && GET_CODE (to_rtx) == MEM)
      {
        rtx to_addr;
        int size;
        int best_mode_size;
        enum machine_mode best_mode;

        best_mode = get_best_mode (bitsize, bitpos,
                             TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (tem)),
                             mode1, volatilep);
        if (best_mode == VOIDmode)
          best_mode = QImode;

        best_mode_size = GET_MODE_BITSIZE (best_mode);
        to_addr = plus_constant (XEXP (to_rtx, 0), (bitpos / BITS_PER_UNIT));
        size = CEIL ((bitpos % best_mode_size) + bitsize, best_mode_size);
        size *= GET_MODE_SIZE (best_mode);

        /* Check the access right of the pointer.  */
        if (size)
          emit_library_call (chkr_check_addr_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                         to_addr, ptr_mode,
                         GEN_INT (size), TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                         GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_WO),
                         TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
      }

      result = store_field (to_rtx, bitsize, bitpos, mode1, from,
                      (want_value
                       /* Spurious cast makes HPUX compiler happy.  */
                       ? (enum machine_mode) TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (to))
                       : VOIDmode),
                      unsignedp,
                      /* Required alignment of containing datum.  */
                      alignment,
                      int_size_in_bytes (TREE_TYPE (tem)));
      preserve_temp_slots (result);
      free_temp_slots ();
      pop_temp_slots ();

      /* If the value is meaningful, convert RESULT to the proper mode.
       Otherwise, return nothing.  */
      return (want_value ? convert_modes (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (to)),
                                TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (from)),
                                result,
                                TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (to)))
            : NULL_RTX);
    }

  /* If the rhs is a function call and its value is not an aggregate,
     call the function before we start to compute the lhs.
     This is needed for correct code for cases such as
     val = setjmp (buf) on machines where reference to val
     requires loading up part of an address in a separate insn.

     Don't do this if TO is a VAR_DECL whose DECL_RTL is REG since it might be
     a promoted variable where the zero- or sign- extension needs to be done.
     Handling this in the normal way is safe because no computation is done
     before the call.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (from) == CALL_EXPR && ! aggregate_value_p (from)
      && TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (from))) == INTEGER_CST
      && ! (TREE_CODE (to) == VAR_DECL && GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (to)) == REG))
    {
      rtx value;

      push_temp_slots ();
      value = expand_expr (from, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      if (to_rtx == 0)
      to_rtx = expand_expr (to, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_WO);

      /* Handle calls that return values in multiple non-contiguous locations.
       The Irix 6 ABI has examples of this.  */
      if (GET_CODE (to_rtx) == PARALLEL)
      emit_group_load (to_rtx, value, int_size_in_bytes (TREE_TYPE (from)),
                   TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (from)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
      else if (GET_MODE (to_rtx) == BLKmode)
      emit_block_move (to_rtx, value, expr_size (from),
                   TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (from)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
      else
      emit_move_insn (to_rtx, value);
      preserve_temp_slots (to_rtx);
      free_temp_slots ();
      pop_temp_slots ();
      return want_value ? to_rtx : NULL_RTX;
    }

  /* Ordinary treatment.  Expand TO to get a REG or MEM rtx.
     Don't re-expand if it was expanded already (in COMPONENT_REF case).  */

  if (to_rtx == 0)
    {
      to_rtx = expand_expr (to, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_WO);
      if (GET_CODE (to_rtx) == MEM)
      MEM_ALIAS_SET (to_rtx) = get_alias_set (to);
    }

  /* Don't move directly into a return register.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (to) == RESULT_DECL && GET_CODE (to_rtx) == REG)
    {
      rtx temp;

      push_temp_slots ();
      temp = expand_expr (from, 0, GET_MODE (to_rtx), 0);
      emit_move_insn (to_rtx, temp);
      preserve_temp_slots (to_rtx);
      free_temp_slots ();
      pop_temp_slots ();
      return want_value ? to_rtx : NULL_RTX;
    }

  /* In case we are returning the contents of an object which overlaps
     the place the value is being stored, use a safe function when copying
     a value through a pointer into a structure value return block.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (to) == RESULT_DECL && TREE_CODE (from) == INDIRECT_REF
      && current_function_returns_struct
      && !current_function_returns_pcc_struct)
    {
      rtx from_rtx, size;

      push_temp_slots ();
      size = expr_size (from);
      from_rtx = expand_expr (from, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode,
                        EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_DONT);

      /* Copy the rights of the bitmap.  */
      if (flag_check_memory_usage)
      emit_library_call (chkr_copy_bitmap_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                     XEXP (to_rtx, 0), ptr_mode,
                     XEXP (from_rtx, 0), ptr_mode,
                     convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                                  size, TREE_UNSIGNED (sizetype)),
                     TYPE_MODE (sizetype));

#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
      emit_library_call (memcpy_libfunc, 0,
                   VOIDmode, 3, XEXP (to_rtx, 0), Pmode,
                   XEXP (from_rtx, 0), Pmode,
                   convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                                size, TREE_UNSIGNED (sizetype)),
                   TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
#else
      emit_library_call (bcopy_libfunc, 0,
                   VOIDmode, 3, XEXP (from_rtx, 0), Pmode,
                   XEXP (to_rtx, 0), Pmode,
                   convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                                size, TREE_UNSIGNED (integer_type_node)),
                   TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
#endif

      preserve_temp_slots (to_rtx);
      free_temp_slots ();
      pop_temp_slots ();
      return want_value ? to_rtx : NULL_RTX;
    }

  /* Compute FROM and store the value in the rtx we got.  */

  push_temp_slots ();
  result = store_expr (from, to_rtx, want_value);
  preserve_temp_slots (result);
  free_temp_slots ();
  pop_temp_slots ();
  return want_value ? result : NULL_RTX;
}

/* Generate code for computing expression EXP,
   and storing the value into TARGET.
   TARGET may contain a QUEUED rtx.

   If WANT_VALUE is nonzero, return a copy of the value
   not in TARGET, so that we can be sure to use the proper
   value in a containing expression even if TARGET has something
   else stored in it.  If possible, we copy the value through a pseudo
   and return that pseudo.  Or, if the value is constant, we try to
   return the constant.  In some cases, we return a pseudo
   copied *from* TARGET.

   If the mode is BLKmode then we may return TARGET itself.
   It turns out that in BLKmode it doesn't cause a problem.
   because C has no operators that could combine two different
   assignments into the same BLKmode object with different values
   with no sequence point.  Will other languages need this to
   be more thorough?

   If WANT_VALUE is 0, we return NULL, to make sure
   to catch quickly any cases where the caller uses the value
   and fails to set WANT_VALUE.  */

rtx
store_expr (exp, target, want_value)
     register tree exp;
     register rtx target;
     int want_value;
{
  register rtx temp;
  int dont_return_target = 0;

  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == COMPOUND_EXPR)
    {
      /* Perform first part of compound expression, then assign from second
       part.  */
      expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx, VOIDmode, 0);
      emit_queue ();
      return store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), target, want_value);
    }
  else if (TREE_CODE (exp) == COND_EXPR && GET_MODE (target) == BLKmode)
    {
      /* For conditional expression, get safe form of the target.  Then
       test the condition, doing the appropriate assignment on either
       side.  This avoids the creation of unnecessary temporaries.
       For non-BLKmode, it is more efficient not to do this.  */

      rtx lab1 = gen_label_rtx (), lab2 = gen_label_rtx ();

      emit_queue ();
      target = protect_from_queue (target, 1);

      do_pending_stack_adjust ();
      NO_DEFER_POP;
      jumpifnot (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), lab1);
      start_cleanup_deferral ();
      store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), target, 0);
      end_cleanup_deferral ();
      emit_queue ();
      emit_jump_insn (gen_jump (lab2));
      emit_barrier ();
      emit_label (lab1);
      start_cleanup_deferral ();
      store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), target, 0);
      end_cleanup_deferral ();
      emit_queue ();
      emit_label (lab2);
      OK_DEFER_POP;

      return want_value ? target : NULL_RTX;
    }
  else if (queued_subexp_p (target))
    /* If target contains a postincrement, let's not risk
       using it as the place to generate the rhs.  */
    {
      if (GET_MODE (target) != BLKmode && GET_MODE (target) != VOIDmode)
      {
        /* Expand EXP into a new pseudo.  */
        temp = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (target));
        temp = expand_expr (exp, temp, GET_MODE (target), 0);
      }
      else
      temp = expand_expr (exp, NULL_RTX, GET_MODE (target), 0);

      /* If target is volatile, ANSI requires accessing the value
       *from* the target, if it is accessed.  So make that happen.
       In no case return the target itself.  */
      if (! MEM_VOLATILE_P (target) && want_value)
      dont_return_target = 1;
    }
  else if (want_value && GET_CODE (target) == MEM && ! MEM_VOLATILE_P (target)
         && GET_MODE (target) != BLKmode)
    /* If target is in memory and caller wants value in a register instead,
       arrange that.  Pass TARGET as target for expand_expr so that,
       if EXP is another assignment, WANT_VALUE will be nonzero for it.
       We know expand_expr will not use the target in that case.
       Don't do this if TARGET is volatile because we are supposed
       to write it and then read it.  */
    {
      temp = expand_expr (exp, cse_not_expected ? NULL_RTX : target,
                    GET_MODE (target), 0);
      if (GET_MODE (temp) != BLKmode && GET_MODE (temp) != VOIDmode)
      temp = copy_to_reg (temp);
      dont_return_target = 1;
    }
  else if (GET_CODE (target) == SUBREG && SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (target))
    /* If this is an scalar in a register that is stored in a wider mode
       than the declared mode, compute the result into its declared mode
       and then convert to the wider mode.  Our value is the computed
       expression.  */
    {
      /* If we don't want a value, we can do the conversion inside EXP,
       which will often result in some optimizations.  Do the conversion
       in two steps: first change the signedness, if needed, then
       the extend.  But don't do this if the type of EXP is a subtype
       of something else since then the conversion might involve
       more than just converting modes.  */
      if (! want_value && INTEGRAL_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (exp))
        && TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) == 0)
      {
        if (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (exp))
            != SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (target))
          exp
            = convert
            (signed_or_unsigned_type (SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (target),
                                TREE_TYPE (exp)),
             exp);

        exp = convert (type_for_mode (GET_MODE (SUBREG_REG (target)),
                              SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (target)),
                   exp);
      }
       
      temp = expand_expr (exp, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

      /* If TEMP is a volatile MEM and we want a result value, make
       the access now so it gets done only once.  Likewise if
       it contains TARGET.  */
      if (GET_CODE (temp) == MEM && want_value
        && (MEM_VOLATILE_P (temp)
            || reg_mentioned_p (SUBREG_REG (target), XEXP (temp, 0))))
      temp = copy_to_reg (temp);

      /* If TEMP is a VOIDmode constant, use convert_modes to make
       sure that we properly convert it.  */
      if (CONSTANT_P (temp) && GET_MODE (temp) == VOIDmode)
      temp = convert_modes (GET_MODE (SUBREG_REG (target)),
                        TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)), temp,
                        SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (target));

      convert_move (SUBREG_REG (target), temp,
                SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (target));
      return want_value ? temp : NULL_RTX;
    }
  else
    {
      temp = expand_expr (exp, target, GET_MODE (target), 0);
      /* Return TARGET if it's a specified hardware register.
       If TARGET is a volatile mem ref, either return TARGET
       or return a reg copied *from* TARGET; ANSI requires this.

       Otherwise, if TEMP is not TARGET, return TEMP
       if it is constant (for efficiency),
       or if we really want the correct value.  */
      if (!(target && GET_CODE (target) == REG
          && REGNO (target) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
        && !(GET_CODE (target) == MEM && MEM_VOLATILE_P (target))
        && ! rtx_equal_p (temp, target)
        && (CONSTANT_P (temp) || want_value))
      dont_return_target = 1;
    }

  /* If TEMP is a VOIDmode constant and the mode of the type of EXP is not
     the same as that of TARGET, adjust the constant.  This is needed, for
     example, in case it is a CONST_DOUBLE and we want only a word-sized
     value.  */
  if (CONSTANT_P (temp) && GET_MODE (temp) == VOIDmode
      && TREE_CODE (exp) != ERROR_MARK
      && GET_MODE (target) != TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)))
    temp = convert_modes (GET_MODE (target), TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)),
                    temp, TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (exp)));

  if (flag_check_memory_usage
      && GET_CODE (target) == MEM
      && AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (exp)))
    {
      if (GET_CODE (temp) == MEM)
        emit_library_call (chkr_copy_bitmap_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                     XEXP (target, 0), ptr_mode,
                     XEXP (temp, 0), ptr_mode,
                     expr_size (exp), TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
      else
        emit_library_call (chkr_check_addr_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                     XEXP (target, 0), ptr_mode, 
                     expr_size (exp), TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                     GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_WO), 
                     TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
    }

  /* If value was not generated in the target, store it there.
     Convert the value to TARGET's type first if nec.  */
  /* If TEMP and TARGET compare equal according to rtx_equal_p, but
     one or both of them are volatile memory refs, we have to distinguish
     two cases:
     - expand_expr has used TARGET.  In this case, we must not generate
       another copy.  This can be detected by TARGET being equal according
       to == .
     - expand_expr has not used TARGET - that means that the source just
       happens to have the same RTX form.  Since temp will have been created
       by expand_expr, it will compare unequal according to == .
       We must generate a copy in this case, to reach the correct number
       of volatile memory references.  */

  if ((! rtx_equal_p (temp, target)
       || (temp != target && (side_effects_p (temp)
                        || side_effects_p (target))))
      && TREE_CODE (exp) != ERROR_MARK)
    {
      target = protect_from_queue (target, 1);
      if (GET_MODE (temp) != GET_MODE (target)
        && GET_MODE (temp) != VOIDmode)
      {
        int unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (exp));
        if (dont_return_target)
          {
            /* In this case, we will return TEMP,
             so make sure it has the proper mode.
             But don't forget to store the value into TARGET.  */
            temp = convert_to_mode (GET_MODE (target), temp, unsignedp);
            emit_move_insn (target, temp);
          }
        else
          convert_move (target, temp, unsignedp);
      }

      else if (GET_MODE (temp) == BLKmode && TREE_CODE (exp) == STRING_CST)
      {
        /* Handle copying a string constant into an array.
           The string constant may be shorter than the array.
           So copy just the string's actual length, and clear the rest.  */
        rtx size;
        rtx addr;

        /* Get the size of the data type of the string,
           which is actually the size of the target.  */
        size = expr_size (exp);
        if (GET_CODE (size) == CONST_INT
            && INTVAL (size) < TREE_STRING_LENGTH (exp))
          emit_block_move (target, temp, size,
                       TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
        else
          {
            /* Compute the size of the data to copy from the string.  */
            tree copy_size
            = size_binop (MIN_EXPR,
                        make_tree (sizetype, size),
                        convert (sizetype,
                               build_int_2 (TREE_STRING_LENGTH (exp), 0)));
            rtx copy_size_rtx = expand_expr (copy_size, NULL_RTX,
                                     VOIDmode, 0);
            rtx label = 0;

            /* Copy that much.  */
            emit_block_move (target, temp, copy_size_rtx,
                         TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);

            /* Figure out how much is left in TARGET that we have to clear.
             Do all calculations in ptr_mode.  */

            addr = XEXP (target, 0);
            addr = convert_modes (ptr_mode, Pmode, addr, 1);

            if (GET_CODE (copy_size_rtx) == CONST_INT)
            {
              addr = plus_constant (addr, TREE_STRING_LENGTH (exp));
              size = plus_constant (size, - TREE_STRING_LENGTH (exp));
            }
            else
            {
              addr = force_reg (ptr_mode, addr);
              addr = expand_binop (ptr_mode, add_optab, addr,
                               copy_size_rtx, NULL_RTX, 0,
                               OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);

              size = expand_binop (ptr_mode, sub_optab, size,
                               copy_size_rtx, NULL_RTX, 0,
                               OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);

              emit_cmp_insn (size, const0_rtx, LT, NULL_RTX,
                         GET_MODE (size), 0, 0);
              label = gen_label_rtx ();
              emit_jump_insn (gen_blt (label));
            }

            if (size != const0_rtx)
            {
              /* Be sure we can write on ADDR.  */
              if (flag_check_memory_usage)
                emit_library_call (chkr_check_addr_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                               addr, ptr_mode,
                               size, TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                               GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_WO), 
                               TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
              emit_library_call (memset_libfunc, 0, VOIDmode, 3,
                             addr, ptr_mode,
                             const0_rtx, TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                             convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                                          size,
                                          TREE_UNSIGNED (sizetype)),
                             TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
#else
              emit_library_call (bzero_libfunc, 0, VOIDmode, 2,
                             addr, ptr_mode,
                             convert_to_mode (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                                          size,
                                          TREE_UNSIGNED (integer_type_node)),
                             TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
#endif
            }

            if (label)
            emit_label (label);
          }
      }
      /* Handle calls that return values in multiple non-contiguous locations.
       The Irix 6 ABI has examples of this.  */
      else if (GET_CODE (target) == PARALLEL)
      emit_group_load (target, temp, int_size_in_bytes (TREE_TYPE (exp)),
                   TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
      else if (GET_MODE (temp) == BLKmode)
      emit_block_move (target, temp, expr_size (exp),
                   TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
      else
      emit_move_insn (target, temp);
    }

  /* If we don't want a value, return NULL_RTX.  */
  if (! want_value)
    return NULL_RTX;

  /* If we are supposed to return TEMP, do so as long as it isn't a MEM.
     ??? The latter test doesn't seem to make sense.  */
  else if (dont_return_target && GET_CODE (temp) != MEM)
    return temp;

  /* Return TARGET itself if it is a hard register.  */
  else if (want_value && GET_MODE (target) != BLKmode
         && ! (GET_CODE (target) == REG
             && REGNO (target) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER))
    return copy_to_reg (target);
  
  else
    return target;
}

/* Return 1 if EXP just contains zeros.  */

static int
is_zeros_p (exp)
     tree exp;
{
  tree elt;

  switch (TREE_CODE (exp))
    {
    case CONVERT_EXPR:
    case NOP_EXPR:
    case NON_LVALUE_EXPR:
      return is_zeros_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));

    case INTEGER_CST:
      return TREE_INT_CST_LOW (exp) == 0 && TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (exp) == 0;

    case COMPLEX_CST:
      return
      is_zeros_p (TREE_REALPART (exp)) && is_zeros_p (TREE_IMAGPART (exp));

    case REAL_CST:
      return REAL_VALUES_IDENTICAL (TREE_REAL_CST (exp), dconst0);

    case CONSTRUCTOR:
      if (TREE_TYPE (exp) && TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) == SET_TYPE)
      return CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp) == NULL_TREE;
      for (elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp); elt; elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
      if (! is_zeros_p (TREE_VALUE (elt)))
        return 0;

      return 1;
      
    default:
      return 0;
    }
}

/* Return 1 if EXP contains mostly (3/4)  zeros.  */

static int
mostly_zeros_p (exp)
     tree exp;
{
  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == CONSTRUCTOR)
    {
      int elts = 0, zeros = 0;
      tree elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp);
      if (TREE_TYPE (exp) && TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) == SET_TYPE)
      {
        /* If there are no ranges of true bits, it is all zero.  */
        return elt == NULL_TREE;
      }
      for (; elt; elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
      {
        /* We do not handle the case where the index is a RANGE_EXPR,
           so the statistic will be somewhat inaccurate.
           We do make a more accurate count in store_constructor itself,
           so since this function is only used for nested array elements,
           this should be close enough.  */
        if (mostly_zeros_p (TREE_VALUE (elt)))
          zeros++;
        elts++;
      }

      return 4 * zeros >= 3 * elts;
    }

  return is_zeros_p (exp);
}

/* Helper function for store_constructor.
   TARGET, BITSIZE, BITPOS, MODE, EXP are as for store_field.
   TYPE is the type of the CONSTRUCTOR, not the element type.
   CLEARED is as for store_constructor.

   This provides a recursive shortcut back to store_constructor when it isn't
   necessary to go through store_field.  This is so that we can pass through
   the cleared field to let store_constructor know that we may not have to
   clear a substructure if the outer structure has already been cleared.  */

static void
store_constructor_field (target, bitsize, bitpos,
                   mode, exp, type, cleared)
     rtx target;
     int bitsize, bitpos;
     enum machine_mode mode;
     tree exp, type;
     int cleared;
{
  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == CONSTRUCTOR
      && bitpos % BITS_PER_UNIT == 0
      /* If we have a non-zero bitpos for a register target, then we just
       let store_field do the bitfield handling.  This is unlikely to
       generate unnecessary clear instructions anyways.  */
      && (bitpos == 0 || GET_CODE (target) == MEM))
    {
      if (bitpos != 0)
      target = change_address (target, VOIDmode,
                         plus_constant (XEXP (target, 0),
                                    bitpos / BITS_PER_UNIT));
      store_constructor (exp, target, cleared);
    }
  else
    store_field (target, bitsize, bitpos, mode, exp,
             VOIDmode, 0, TYPE_ALIGN (type) / BITS_PER_UNIT,
             int_size_in_bytes (type));
}

/* Store the value of constructor EXP into the rtx TARGET.
   TARGET is either a REG or a MEM.
   CLEARED is true if TARGET is known to have been zero'd.  */

static void
store_constructor (exp, target, cleared)
     tree exp;
     rtx target;
     int cleared;
{
  tree type = TREE_TYPE (exp);

  /* We know our target cannot conflict, since safe_from_p has been called.  */
#if 0
  /* Don't try copying piece by piece into a hard register
     since that is vulnerable to being clobbered by EXP.
     Instead, construct in a pseudo register and then copy it all.  */
  if (GET_CODE (target) == REG && REGNO (target) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
    {
      rtx temp = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (target));
      store_constructor (exp, temp, 0);
      emit_move_insn (target, temp);
      return;
    }
#endif

  if (TREE_CODE (type) == RECORD_TYPE || TREE_CODE (type) == UNION_TYPE
      || TREE_CODE (type) == QUAL_UNION_TYPE)
    {
      register tree elt;

      /* Inform later passes that the whole union value is dead.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (type) == UNION_TYPE
        || TREE_CODE (type) == QUAL_UNION_TYPE)
      emit_insn (gen_rtx_CLOBBER (VOIDmode, target));

      /* If we are building a static constructor into a register,
       set the initial value as zero so we can fold the value into
       a constant.  But if more than one register is involved,
       this probably loses.  */
      else if (GET_CODE (target) == REG && TREE_STATIC (exp)
             && GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (target)) <= UNITS_PER_WORD)
      {
        if (! cleared)
          emit_move_insn (target, CONST0_RTX (GET_MODE (target)));

        cleared = 1;
      }

      /* If the constructor has fewer fields than the structure
       or if we are initializing the structure to mostly zeros,
       clear the whole structure first.  */
      else if ((list_length (CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp))
            != list_length (TYPE_FIELDS (type)))
             || mostly_zeros_p (exp))
      {
        if (! cleared)
          clear_storage (target, expr_size (exp),
                     TYPE_ALIGN (type) / BITS_PER_UNIT);

        cleared = 1;
      }
      else
      /* Inform later passes that the old value is dead.  */
      emit_insn (gen_rtx_CLOBBER (VOIDmode, target));

      /* Store each element of the constructor into
       the corresponding field of TARGET.  */

      for (elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp); elt; elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
      {
        register tree field = TREE_PURPOSE (elt);
        register enum machine_mode mode;
        int bitsize;
        int bitpos = 0;
        int unsignedp;
        tree pos, constant = 0, offset = 0;
        rtx to_rtx = target;

        /* Just ignore missing fields.
           We cleared the whole structure, above,
           if any fields are missing.  */
        if (field == 0)
          continue;

        if (cleared && is_zeros_p (TREE_VALUE (elt)))
          continue;

        bitsize = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (DECL_SIZE (field));
        unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (field);
        mode = DECL_MODE (field);
        if (DECL_BIT_FIELD (field))
          mode = VOIDmode;

        pos = DECL_FIELD_BITPOS (field);
        if (TREE_CODE (pos) == INTEGER_CST)
          constant = pos;
        else if (TREE_CODE (pos) == PLUS_EXPR
               && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (pos, 1)) == INTEGER_CST)
          constant = TREE_OPERAND (pos, 1), offset = TREE_OPERAND (pos, 0);
        else
          offset = pos;

        if (constant)
          bitpos = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (constant);

        if (offset)
          {
            rtx offset_rtx;

            if (contains_placeholder_p (offset))
            offset = build (WITH_RECORD_EXPR, sizetype,
                        offset, make_tree (TREE_TYPE (exp), target));

            offset = size_binop (FLOOR_DIV_EXPR, offset,
                           size_int (BITS_PER_UNIT));

            offset_rtx = expand_expr (offset, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
            if (GET_CODE (to_rtx) != MEM)
            abort ();

              if (GET_MODE (offset_rtx) != ptr_mode)
                {
#ifdef POINTERS_EXTEND_UNSIGNED
                  offset_rtx = convert_memory_address (ptr_mode, offset_rtx);
#else
                  offset_rtx = convert_to_mode (ptr_mode, offset_rtx, 0);
#endif
                }

            to_rtx
            = change_address (to_rtx, VOIDmode,
                          gen_rtx_PLUS (ptr_mode, XEXP (to_rtx, 0),
                                 force_reg (ptr_mode, offset_rtx)));
          }
        if (TREE_READONLY (field))
          {
            if (GET_CODE (to_rtx) == MEM)
            to_rtx = copy_rtx (to_rtx);

            RTX_UNCHANGING_P (to_rtx) = 1;
          }

        store_constructor_field (to_rtx, bitsize, bitpos,
                           mode, TREE_VALUE (elt), type, cleared);
      }
    }
  else if (TREE_CODE (type) == ARRAY_TYPE)
    {
      register tree elt;
      register int i;
      int need_to_clear;
      tree domain = TYPE_DOMAIN (type);
      HOST_WIDE_INT minelt = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TYPE_MIN_VALUE (domain));
      HOST_WIDE_INT maxelt = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TYPE_MAX_VALUE (domain));
      tree elttype = TREE_TYPE (type);

      /* If the constructor has fewer elements than the array,
         clear the whole array first.  Similarly if this is
         static constructor of a non-BLKmode object.  */
      if (cleared || (GET_CODE (target) == REG && TREE_STATIC (exp)))
      need_to_clear = 1;
      else
      {
        HOST_WIDE_INT count = 0, zero_count = 0;
        need_to_clear = 0;
        /* This loop is a more accurate version of the loop in
           mostly_zeros_p (it handles RANGE_EXPR in an index).
           It is also needed to check for missing elements.  */
        for (elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp);
             elt != NULL_TREE;
             elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
          {
            tree index = TREE_PURPOSE (elt);
            HOST_WIDE_INT this_node_count;
            if (index != NULL_TREE && TREE_CODE (index) == RANGE_EXPR)
            {
              tree lo_index = TREE_OPERAND (index, 0);
              tree hi_index = TREE_OPERAND (index, 1);
              if (TREE_CODE (lo_index) != INTEGER_CST
                  || TREE_CODE (hi_index) != INTEGER_CST)
                {
                  need_to_clear = 1;
                  break;
                }
              this_node_count = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (hi_index)
                - TREE_INT_CST_LOW (lo_index) + 1;
            }
            else
            this_node_count = 1;
            count += this_node_count;
            if (mostly_zeros_p (TREE_VALUE (elt)))
            zero_count += this_node_count;
          }
        /* Clear the entire array first if there are any missing elements,
           or if the incidence of zero elements is >= 75%.  */
        if (count < maxelt - minelt + 1
            || 4 * zero_count >= 3 * count)
          need_to_clear = 1;
      }
      if (need_to_clear)
      {
        if (! cleared)
          clear_storage (target, expr_size (exp),
                     TYPE_ALIGN (type) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
        cleared = 1;
      }
      else
      /* Inform later passes that the old value is dead.  */
      emit_insn (gen_rtx_CLOBBER (VOIDmode, target));

      /* Store each element of the constructor into
       the corresponding element of TARGET, determined
       by counting the elements.  */
      for (elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp), i = 0;
         elt;
         elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt), i++)
      {
        register enum machine_mode mode;
        int bitsize;
        int bitpos;
        int unsignedp;
        tree value = TREE_VALUE (elt);
        tree index = TREE_PURPOSE (elt);
        rtx xtarget = target;

        if (cleared && is_zeros_p (value))
          continue;

        mode = TYPE_MODE (elttype);
        bitsize = GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode);
        unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (elttype);

        if (index != NULL_TREE && TREE_CODE (index) == RANGE_EXPR)
          {
            tree lo_index = TREE_OPERAND (index, 0);
            tree hi_index = TREE_OPERAND (index, 1);
            rtx index_r, pos_rtx, addr, hi_r, loop_top, loop_end;
            struct nesting *loop;
            HOST_WIDE_INT lo, hi, count;
            tree position;

            /* If the range is constant and "small", unroll the loop.  */
            if (TREE_CODE (lo_index) == INTEGER_CST
              && TREE_CODE (hi_index) == INTEGER_CST
              && (lo = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (lo_index),
                  hi = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (hi_index),
                  count = hi - lo + 1,
                  (GET_CODE (target) != MEM
                   || count <= 2
                   || (TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (elttype)) == INTEGER_CST
                     && TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TYPE_SIZE (elttype)) * count
                     <= 40 * 8))))
            {
              lo -= minelt;  hi -= minelt;
              for (; lo <= hi; lo++)
                {
                  bitpos = lo * TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TYPE_SIZE (elttype));
                  store_constructor_field (target, bitsize, bitpos,
                                     mode, value, type, cleared);
                }
            }
            else
            {
              hi_r = expand_expr (hi_index, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
              loop_top = gen_label_rtx ();
              loop_end = gen_label_rtx ();

              unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (domain);

              index = build_decl (VAR_DECL, NULL_TREE, domain);

              DECL_RTL (index) = index_r
                = gen_reg_rtx (promote_mode (domain, DECL_MODE (index),
                                     &unsignedp, 0));

              if (TREE_CODE (value) == SAVE_EXPR
                  && SAVE_EXPR_RTL (value) == 0)
                {
                  /* Make sure value gets expanded once before the
                         loop.  */
                  expand_expr (value, const0_rtx, VOIDmode, 0);
                  emit_queue ();
                }
              store_expr (lo_index, index_r, 0);
              loop = expand_start_loop (0);

              /* Assign value to element index.  */
              position = size_binop (EXACT_DIV_EXPR, TYPE_SIZE (elttype),
                               size_int (BITS_PER_UNIT));
              position = size_binop (MULT_EXPR,
                               size_binop (MINUS_EXPR, index,
                                         TYPE_MIN_VALUE (domain)),
                               position);
              pos_rtx = expand_expr (position, 0, VOIDmode, 0);
              addr = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, XEXP (target, 0), pos_rtx);
              xtarget = change_address (target, mode, addr);
              if (TREE_CODE (value) == CONSTRUCTOR)
                store_constructor (value, xtarget, cleared);
              else
                store_expr (value, xtarget, 0);

              expand_exit_loop_if_false (loop,
                                   build (LT_EXPR, integer_type_node,
                                        index, hi_index));

              expand_increment (build (PREINCREMENT_EXPR,
                                 TREE_TYPE (index),
                                 index, integer_one_node), 0, 0);
              expand_end_loop ();
              emit_label (loop_end);

              /* Needed by stupid register allocation. to extend the
                 lifetime of pseudo-regs used by target past the end
                 of the loop.  */
              emit_insn (gen_rtx_USE (GET_MODE (target), target));
            }
          }
        else if ((index != 0 && TREE_CODE (index) != INTEGER_CST)
            || TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (elttype)) != INTEGER_CST)
          {
            rtx pos_rtx, addr;
            tree position;

            if (index == 0)
            index = size_int (i);

            if (minelt)
            index = size_binop (MINUS_EXPR, index,
                            TYPE_MIN_VALUE (domain));
            position = size_binop (EXACT_DIV_EXPR, TYPE_SIZE (elttype),
                             size_int (BITS_PER_UNIT));
            position = size_binop (MULT_EXPR, index, position);
            pos_rtx = expand_expr (position, 0, VOIDmode, 0);
            addr = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, XEXP (target, 0), pos_rtx);
            xtarget = change_address (target, mode, addr);
            store_expr (value, xtarget, 0);
          }
        else
          {
            if (index != 0)
            bitpos = ((TREE_INT_CST_LOW (index) - minelt)
                    * TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TYPE_SIZE (elttype)));
            else
            bitpos = (i * TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TYPE_SIZE (elttype)));
            store_constructor_field (target, bitsize, bitpos,
                               mode, value, type, cleared);
          }
      }
    }
  /* set constructor assignments */
  else if (TREE_CODE (type) == SET_TYPE)
    {
      tree elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp);
      int nbytes = int_size_in_bytes (type), nbits;
      tree domain = TYPE_DOMAIN (type);
      tree domain_min, domain_max, bitlength;

      /* The default implementation strategy is to extract the constant
       parts of the constructor, use that to initialize the target,
       and then "or" in whatever non-constant ranges we need in addition.

       If a large set is all zero or all ones, it is
       probably better to set it using memset (if available) or bzero.
       Also, if a large set has just a single range, it may also be
       better to first clear all the first clear the set (using
       bzero/memset), and set the bits we want.  */
       
      /* Check for all zeros.  */
      if (elt == NULL_TREE)
      {
        if (!cleared)
          clear_storage (target, expr_size (exp),
                     TYPE_ALIGN (type) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
        return;
      }

      domain_min = convert (sizetype, TYPE_MIN_VALUE (domain));
      domain_max = convert (sizetype, TYPE_MAX_VALUE (domain));
      bitlength = size_binop (PLUS_EXPR,
                        size_binop (MINUS_EXPR, domain_max, domain_min),
                        size_one_node);

      if (nbytes < 0 || TREE_CODE (bitlength) != INTEGER_CST)
      abort ();
      nbits = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (bitlength);

      /* For "small" sets, or "medium-sized" (up to 32 bytes) sets that
       are "complicated" (more than one range), initialize (the
       constant parts) by copying from a constant.  */       
      if (GET_MODE (target) != BLKmode || nbits <= 2 * BITS_PER_WORD
        || (nbytes <= 32 && TREE_CHAIN (elt) != NULL_TREE))
      {
        int set_word_size = TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp));
        enum machine_mode mode = mode_for_size (set_word_size, MODE_INT, 1);
        char *bit_buffer = (char *) alloca (nbits);
        HOST_WIDE_INT word = 0;
        int bit_pos = 0;
        int ibit = 0;
        int offset = 0;  /* In bytes from beginning of set.  */
        elt = get_set_constructor_bits (exp, bit_buffer, nbits);
        for (;;)
          {
            if (bit_buffer[ibit])
            {
              if (BYTES_BIG_ENDIAN)
                word |= (1 << (set_word_size - 1 - bit_pos));
              else
                word |= 1 << bit_pos;
            }
            bit_pos++;  ibit++;
            if (bit_pos >= set_word_size || ibit == nbits)
            {
              if (word != 0 || ! cleared)
                {
                  rtx datum = GEN_INT (word);
                  rtx to_rtx;
                  /* The assumption here is that it is safe to use
                   XEXP if the set is multi-word, but not if
                   it's single-word.  */
                  if (GET_CODE (target) == MEM)
                  {
                    to_rtx = plus_constant (XEXP (target, 0), offset);
                    to_rtx = change_address (target, mode, to_rtx);
                  }
                  else if (offset == 0) 
                  to_rtx = target;
                  else
                  abort ();
                  emit_move_insn (to_rtx, datum);
                }
              if (ibit == nbits)
                break;
              word = 0;
              bit_pos = 0;
              offset += set_word_size / BITS_PER_UNIT;
            }
          }
      }
      else if (!cleared)
      {
        /* Don't bother clearing storage if the set is all ones.  */
        if (TREE_CHAIN (elt) != NULL_TREE
            || (TREE_PURPOSE (elt) == NULL_TREE
              ? nbits != 1
              : (TREE_CODE (TREE_VALUE (elt)) != INTEGER_CST
                 || TREE_CODE (TREE_PURPOSE (elt)) != INTEGER_CST
                 || (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_VALUE (elt))
                   - TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_PURPOSE (elt)) + 1
                   != nbits))))
          clear_storage (target, expr_size (exp),
                     TYPE_ALIGN (type) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
      }
        
      for (; elt != NULL_TREE; elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
      {
        /* start of range of element or NULL */
        tree startbit = TREE_PURPOSE (elt);
        /* end of range of element, or element value */
        tree endbit   = TREE_VALUE (elt);
#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
        HOST_WIDE_INT startb, endb;
#endif
        rtx  bitlength_rtx, startbit_rtx, endbit_rtx, targetx;

        bitlength_rtx = expand_expr (bitlength,
                      NULL_RTX, MEM, EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS);

        /* handle non-range tuple element like [ expr ]  */
        if (startbit == NULL_TREE)
          {
            startbit = save_expr (endbit);
            endbit = startbit;
          }
        startbit = convert (sizetype, startbit);
        endbit = convert (sizetype, endbit);
        if (! integer_zerop (domain_min))
          {
            startbit = size_binop (MINUS_EXPR, startbit, domain_min);
            endbit = size_binop (MINUS_EXPR, endbit, domain_min);
          }
        startbit_rtx = expand_expr (startbit, NULL_RTX, MEM, 
                              EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS);
        endbit_rtx = expand_expr (endbit, NULL_RTX, MEM, 
                            EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS);

        if (REG_P (target))
          {
            targetx = assign_stack_temp (GET_MODE (target),
                                 GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (target)),
                                 0);
            emit_move_insn (targetx, target);
          }
        else if (GET_CODE (target) == MEM)
          targetx = target;
        else
          abort ();

#ifdef TARGET_MEM_FUNCTIONS
        /* Optimization:  If startbit and endbit are
           constants divisible by BITS_PER_UNIT,
           call memset instead.  */
        if (TREE_CODE (startbit) == INTEGER_CST
            && TREE_CODE (endbit) == INTEGER_CST
            && (startb = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (startbit)) % BITS_PER_UNIT == 0
            && (endb = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (endbit) + 1) % BITS_PER_UNIT == 0)
          {
            emit_library_call (memset_libfunc, 0,
                         VOIDmode, 3,
                         plus_constant (XEXP (targetx, 0),
                                    startb / BITS_PER_UNIT),
                         Pmode,
                         constm1_rtx, TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                         GEN_INT ((endb - startb) / BITS_PER_UNIT),
                         TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
          }
        else
#endif
          {
            emit_library_call (gen_rtx_SYMBOL_REF (Pmode, "__setbits"),
                         0, VOIDmode, 4, XEXP (targetx, 0), Pmode,
                         bitlength_rtx, TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                         startbit_rtx, TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                         endbit_rtx, TYPE_MODE (sizetype));
          }
        if (REG_P (target))
          emit_move_insn (target, targetx);
      }
    }

  else
    abort ();
}

/* Store the value of EXP (an expression tree)
   into a subfield of TARGET which has mode MODE and occupies
   BITSIZE bits, starting BITPOS bits from the start of TARGET.
   If MODE is VOIDmode, it means that we are storing into a bit-field.

   If VALUE_MODE is VOIDmode, return nothing in particular.
   UNSIGNEDP is not used in this case.

   Otherwise, return an rtx for the value stored.  This rtx
   has mode VALUE_MODE if that is convenient to do.
   In this case, UNSIGNEDP must be nonzero if the value is an unsigned type.

   ALIGN is the alignment that TARGET is known to have, measured in bytes.
   TOTAL_SIZE is the size in bytes of the structure, or -1 if varying.  */

static rtx
store_field (target, bitsize, bitpos, mode, exp, value_mode,
           unsignedp, align, total_size)
     rtx target;
     int bitsize, bitpos;
     enum machine_mode mode;
     tree exp;
     enum machine_mode value_mode;
     int unsignedp;
     int align;
     int total_size;
{
  HOST_WIDE_INT width_mask = 0;

  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == ERROR_MARK)
    return const0_rtx;

  if (bitsize < HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT)
    width_mask = ((HOST_WIDE_INT) 1 << bitsize) - 1;

  /* If we are storing into an unaligned field of an aligned union that is
     in a register, we may have the mode of TARGET being an integer mode but
     MODE == BLKmode.  In that case, get an aligned object whose size and
     alignment are the same as TARGET and store TARGET into it (we can avoid
     the store if the field being stored is the entire width of TARGET).  Then
     call ourselves recursively to store the field into a BLKmode version of
     that object.  Finally, load from the object into TARGET.  This is not
     very efficient in general, but should only be slightly more expensive
     than the otherwise-required unaligned accesses.  Perhaps this can be
     cleaned up later.  */

  if (mode == BLKmode
      && (GET_CODE (target) == REG || GET_CODE (target) == SUBREG))
    {
      rtx object = assign_stack_temp (GET_MODE (target),
                              GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (target)), 0);
      rtx blk_object = copy_rtx (object);

      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (object) = 1;
      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (blk_object) = 1;
      PUT_MODE (blk_object, BLKmode);

      if (bitsize != GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (target)))
      emit_move_insn (object, target);

      store_field (blk_object, bitsize, bitpos, mode, exp, VOIDmode, 0,
               align, total_size);

      /* Even though we aren't returning target, we need to
       give it the updated value.  */
      emit_move_insn (target, object);

      return blk_object;
    }

  /* If the structure is in a register or if the component
     is a bit field, we cannot use addressing to access it.
     Use bit-field techniques or SUBREG to store in it.  */

  if (mode == VOIDmode
      || (mode != BLKmode && ! direct_store[(int) mode])
      || GET_CODE (target) == REG
      || GET_CODE (target) == SUBREG
      /* If the field isn't aligned enough to store as an ordinary memref,
       store it as a bit field.  */
      || (SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
        && align * BITS_PER_UNIT < GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode))
      || (SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS && bitpos % GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) != 0))
    {
      rtx temp = expand_expr (exp, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

      /* If BITSIZE is narrower than the size of the type of EXP
       we will be narrowing TEMP.  Normally, what's wanted are the
       low-order bits.  However, if EXP's type is a record and this is
       big-endian machine, we want the upper BITSIZE bits.  */
      if (BYTES_BIG_ENDIAN && GET_MODE_CLASS (GET_MODE (temp)) == MODE_INT
        && bitsize < GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (temp))
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) == RECORD_TYPE)
      temp = expand_shift (RSHIFT_EXPR, GET_MODE (temp), temp,
                       size_int (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (temp))
                               - bitsize),
                       temp, 1);

      /* Unless MODE is VOIDmode or BLKmode, convert TEMP to
       MODE.  */
      if (mode != VOIDmode && mode != BLKmode
        && mode != TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)))
      temp = convert_modes (mode, TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)), temp, 1);

      /* If the modes of TARGET and TEMP are both BLKmode, both
       must be in memory and BITPOS must be aligned on a byte
       boundary.  If so, we simply do a block copy.  */
      if (GET_MODE (target) == BLKmode && GET_MODE (temp) == BLKmode)
      {
        if (GET_CODE (target) != MEM || GET_CODE (temp) != MEM
            || bitpos % BITS_PER_UNIT != 0)
          abort ();

        target = change_address (target, VOIDmode,
                           plus_constant (XEXP (target, 0),
                                    bitpos / BITS_PER_UNIT));

        emit_block_move (target, temp,
                     GEN_INT ((bitsize + BITS_PER_UNIT - 1)
                            / BITS_PER_UNIT),
                     1);

        return value_mode == VOIDmode ? const0_rtx : target;
      }

      /* Store the value in the bitfield.  */
      store_bit_field (target, bitsize, bitpos, mode, temp, align, total_size);
      if (value_mode != VOIDmode)
      {
        /* The caller wants an rtx for the value.  */
        /* If possible, avoid refetching from the bitfield itself.  */
        if (width_mask != 0
            && ! (GET_CODE (target) == MEM && MEM_VOLATILE_P (target)))
          {
            tree count;
            enum machine_mode tmode;

            if (unsignedp)
            return expand_and (temp, GEN_INT (width_mask), NULL_RTX);
            tmode = GET_MODE (temp);
            if (tmode == VOIDmode)
            tmode = value_mode;
            count = build_int_2 (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (tmode) - bitsize, 0);
            temp = expand_shift (LSHIFT_EXPR, tmode, temp, count, 0, 0);
            return expand_shift (RSHIFT_EXPR, tmode, temp, count, 0, 0);
          }
        return extract_bit_field (target, bitsize, bitpos, unsignedp,
                            NULL_RTX, value_mode, 0, align,
                            total_size);
      }
      return const0_rtx;
    }
  else
    {
      rtx addr = XEXP (target, 0);
      rtx to_rtx;

      /* If a value is wanted, it must be the lhs;
       so make the address stable for multiple use.  */

      if (value_mode != VOIDmode && GET_CODE (addr) != REG
        && ! CONSTANT_ADDRESS_P (addr)
        /* A frame-pointer reference is already stable.  */
        && ! (GET_CODE (addr) == PLUS
            && GET_CODE (XEXP (addr, 1)) == CONST_INT
            && (XEXP (addr, 0) == virtual_incoming_args_rtx
                || XEXP (addr, 0) == virtual_stack_vars_rtx)))
      addr = copy_to_reg (addr);

      /* Now build a reference to just the desired component.  */

      to_rtx = copy_rtx (change_address (target, mode,
                               plus_constant (addr,
                                          (bitpos
                                           / BITS_PER_UNIT))));
      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (to_rtx) = 1;

      return store_expr (exp, to_rtx, value_mode != VOIDmode);
    }
}

/* Given an expression EXP that may be a COMPONENT_REF, a BIT_FIELD_REF,
   or an ARRAY_REF, look for nested COMPONENT_REFs, BIT_FIELD_REFs, or
   ARRAY_REFs and find the ultimate containing object, which we return.

   We set *PBITSIZE to the size in bits that we want, *PBITPOS to the
   bit position, and *PUNSIGNEDP to the signedness of the field.
   If the position of the field is variable, we store a tree
   giving the variable offset (in units) in *POFFSET.
   This offset is in addition to the bit position.
   If the position is not variable, we store 0 in *POFFSET.
   We set *PALIGNMENT to the alignment in bytes of the address that will be
   computed.  This is the alignment of the thing we return if *POFFSET
   is zero, but can be more less strictly aligned if *POFFSET is nonzero.

   If any of the extraction expressions is volatile,
   we store 1 in *PVOLATILEP.  Otherwise we don't change that.

   If the field is a bit-field, *PMODE is set to VOIDmode.  Otherwise, it
   is a mode that can be used to access the field.  In that case, *PBITSIZE
   is redundant.

   If the field describes a variable-sized object, *PMODE is set to
   VOIDmode and *PBITSIZE is set to -1.  An access cannot be made in
   this case, but the address of the object can be found.   */

tree
get_inner_reference (exp, pbitsize, pbitpos, poffset, pmode,
                 punsignedp, pvolatilep, palignment)
     tree exp;
     int *pbitsize;
     int *pbitpos;
     tree *poffset;
     enum machine_mode *pmode;
     int *punsignedp;
     int *pvolatilep;
     int *palignment;
{
  tree orig_exp = exp;
  tree size_tree = 0;
  enum machine_mode mode = VOIDmode;
  tree offset = integer_zero_node;
  int alignment = BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT;

  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == COMPONENT_REF)
    {
      size_tree = DECL_SIZE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1));
      if (! DECL_BIT_FIELD (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
      mode = DECL_MODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1));
      *punsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1));
    }
  else if (TREE_CODE (exp) == BIT_FIELD_REF)
    {
      size_tree = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      *punsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (exp);
    }
  else
    {
      mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp));
      *pbitsize = GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode);
      *punsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (exp));
    }
      
  if (size_tree)
    {
      if (TREE_CODE (size_tree) != INTEGER_CST)
      mode = BLKmode, *pbitsize = -1;
      else
      *pbitsize = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (size_tree);
    }

  /* Compute cumulative bit-offset for nested component-refs and array-refs,
     and find the ultimate containing object.  */

  *pbitpos = 0;

  while (1)
    {
      if (TREE_CODE (exp) == COMPONENT_REF || TREE_CODE (exp) == BIT_FIELD_REF)
      {
        tree pos = (TREE_CODE (exp) == COMPONENT_REF
                  ? DECL_FIELD_BITPOS (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
                  : TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2));
        tree constant = integer_zero_node, var = pos;

        /* If this field hasn't been filled in yet, don't go
           past it.  This should only happen when folding expressions
           made during type construction.  */
        if (pos == 0)
          break;

        /* Assume here that the offset is a multiple of a unit.
           If not, there should be an explicitly added constant.  */
        if (TREE_CODE (pos) == PLUS_EXPR
            && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (pos, 1)) == INTEGER_CST)
          constant = TREE_OPERAND (pos, 1), var = TREE_OPERAND (pos, 0);
        else if (TREE_CODE (pos) == INTEGER_CST)
          constant = pos, var = integer_zero_node;

        *pbitpos += TREE_INT_CST_LOW (constant);
        offset = size_binop (PLUS_EXPR, offset,
                         size_binop (EXACT_DIV_EXPR, var,
                                 size_int (BITS_PER_UNIT)));
      }

      else if (TREE_CODE (exp) == ARRAY_REF)
      {
        /* This code is based on the code in case ARRAY_REF in expand_expr
           below.  We assume here that the size of an array element is
           always an integral multiple of BITS_PER_UNIT.  */

        tree index = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
        tree domain = TYPE_DOMAIN (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
        tree low_bound
          = domain ? TYPE_MIN_VALUE (domain) : integer_zero_node;
        tree index_type = TREE_TYPE (index);
        tree xindex;

        if (TYPE_PRECISION (index_type) != TYPE_PRECISION (sizetype))
          {
            index = convert (type_for_size (TYPE_PRECISION (sizetype), 0),
                         index);
            index_type = TREE_TYPE (index);
          }

        if (! integer_zerop (low_bound))
          index = fold (build (MINUS_EXPR, index_type, index, low_bound));

        if (TREE_CODE (index) == INTEGER_CST)
          {
            index = convert (sbitsizetype, index);
            index_type = TREE_TYPE (index);
          }

        xindex = fold (build (MULT_EXPR, sbitsizetype, index,
                          convert (sbitsizetype,
                               TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (exp)))));

        if (TREE_CODE (xindex) == INTEGER_CST
            && TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (xindex) == 0)
          *pbitpos += TREE_INT_CST_LOW (xindex);
        else
          {
            /* Either the bit offset calculated above is not constant, or
             it overflowed.  In either case, redo the multiplication
             against the size in units.  This is especially important
             in the non-constant case to avoid a division at runtime.  */
            xindex = fold (build (MULT_EXPR, ssizetype, index,
                                    convert (ssizetype,
                                         TYPE_SIZE_UNIT (TREE_TYPE (exp)))));

            if (contains_placeholder_p (xindex))
            xindex = build (WITH_RECORD_EXPR, sizetype, xindex, exp);

            offset = size_binop (PLUS_EXPR, offset, xindex);
          }
      }
      else if (TREE_CODE (exp) != NON_LVALUE_EXPR
             && ! ((TREE_CODE (exp) == NOP_EXPR
                  || TREE_CODE (exp) == CONVERT_EXPR)
                 && ! (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) == UNION_TYPE
                     && (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))
                         != UNION_TYPE))
                 && (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp))
                   == TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))))
      break;

      /* If any reference in the chain is volatile, the effect is volatile.  */
      if (TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (exp))
      *pvolatilep = 1;

      /* If the offset is non-constant already, then we can't assume any
       alignment more than the alignment here.  */
      if (! integer_zerop (offset))
      alignment = MIN (alignment, TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp)));

      exp = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
    }

  if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (exp)) == 'd')
    alignment = MIN (alignment, DECL_ALIGN (exp));
  else if (TREE_TYPE (exp) != 0)
    alignment = MIN (alignment, TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp)));

  if (integer_zerop (offset))
    offset = 0;

  if (offset != 0 && contains_placeholder_p (offset))
    offset = build (WITH_RECORD_EXPR, sizetype, offset, orig_exp);

  *pmode = mode;
  *poffset = offset;
  *palignment = alignment / BITS_PER_UNIT;
  return exp;
}

/* Subroutine of expand_exp: compute memory_usage from modifier.  */
static enum memory_use_mode
get_memory_usage_from_modifier (modifier)
     enum expand_modifier modifier;
{
  switch (modifier)
    {
    case EXPAND_NORMAL:
    case EXPAND_SUM:
      return MEMORY_USE_RO;
      break;
    case EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_WO:
      return MEMORY_USE_WO;
      break;
    case EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_RW:
      return MEMORY_USE_RW;
      break;
    case EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_DONT:
      /* EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS and EXPAND_INITIALIZER are converted into
       MEMORY_USE_DONT, because they are modifiers to a call of
       expand_expr in the ADDR_EXPR case of expand_expr.  */
    case EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS:
    case EXPAND_INITIALIZER:
      return MEMORY_USE_DONT;
    case EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_BAD:
    default:
      abort ();
    }
}

/* Given an rtx VALUE that may contain additions and multiplications,
   return an equivalent value that just refers to a register or memory.
   This is done by generating instructions to perform the arithmetic
   and returning a pseudo-register containing the value.

   The returned value may be a REG, SUBREG, MEM or constant.  */

rtx
force_operand (value, target)
     rtx value, target;
{
  register optab binoptab = 0;
  /* Use a temporary to force order of execution of calls to
     `force_operand'.  */
  rtx tmp;
  register rtx op2;
  /* Use subtarget as the target for operand 0 of a binary operation.  */
  register rtx subtarget = (target != 0 && GET_CODE (target) == REG ? target : 0);

  /* Check for a PIC address load.  */
  if (flag_pic
      && (GET_CODE (value) == PLUS || GET_CODE (value) == MINUS)
      && XEXP (value, 0) == pic_offset_table_rtx
      && (GET_CODE (XEXP (value, 1)) == SYMBOL_REF
        || GET_CODE (XEXP (value, 1)) == LABEL_REF
        || GET_CODE (XEXP (value, 1)) == CONST))
    {
      if (!subtarget)
      subtarget = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (value));
      emit_move_insn (subtarget, value);
      return subtarget;
    }

  if (GET_CODE (value) == PLUS)
    binoptab = add_optab;
  else if (GET_CODE (value) == MINUS)
    binoptab = sub_optab;
  else if (GET_CODE (value) == MULT)
    {
      op2 = XEXP (value, 1);
      if (!CONSTANT_P (op2)
        && !(GET_CODE (op2) == REG && op2 != subtarget))
      subtarget = 0;
      tmp = force_operand (XEXP (value, 0), subtarget);
      return expand_mult (GET_MODE (value), tmp,
                    force_operand (op2, NULL_RTX),
                    target, 0);
    }

  if (binoptab)
    {
      op2 = XEXP (value, 1);
      if (!CONSTANT_P (op2)
        && !(GET_CODE (op2) == REG && op2 != subtarget))
      subtarget = 0;
      if (binoptab == sub_optab && GET_CODE (op2) == CONST_INT)
      {
        binoptab = add_optab;
        op2 = negate_rtx (GET_MODE (value), op2);
      }

      /* Check for an addition with OP2 a constant integer and our first
       operand a PLUS of a virtual register and something else.  In that
       case, we want to emit the sum of the virtual register and the
       constant first and then add the other value.  This allows virtual
       register instantiation to simply modify the constant rather than
       creating another one around this addition.  */
      if (binoptab == add_optab && GET_CODE (op2) == CONST_INT
        && GET_CODE (XEXP (value, 0)) == PLUS
        && GET_CODE (XEXP (XEXP (value, 0), 0)) == REG
        && REGNO (XEXP (XEXP (value, 0), 0)) >= FIRST_VIRTUAL_REGISTER
        && REGNO (XEXP (XEXP (value, 0), 0)) <= LAST_VIRTUAL_REGISTER)
      {
        rtx temp = expand_binop (GET_MODE (value), binoptab,
                           XEXP (XEXP (value, 0), 0), op2,
                           subtarget, 0, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
        return expand_binop (GET_MODE (value), binoptab, temp,
                         force_operand (XEXP (XEXP (value, 0), 1), 0),
                         target, 0, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
      }
                           
      tmp = force_operand (XEXP (value, 0), subtarget);
      return expand_binop (GET_MODE (value), binoptab, tmp,
                     force_operand (op2, NULL_RTX),
                     target, 0, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
      /* We give UNSIGNEDP = 0 to expand_binop
       because the only operations we are expanding here are signed ones.  */
    }
  return value;
}

/* Subroutine of expand_expr:
   save the non-copied parts (LIST) of an expr (LHS), and return a list
   which can restore these values to their previous values,
   should something modify their storage.  */

static tree
save_noncopied_parts (lhs, list)
     tree lhs;
     tree list;
{
  tree tail;
  tree parts = 0;

  for (tail = list; tail; tail = TREE_CHAIN (tail))
    if (TREE_CODE (TREE_VALUE (tail)) == TREE_LIST)
      parts = chainon (parts, save_noncopied_parts (lhs, TREE_VALUE (tail)));
    else
      {
      tree part = TREE_VALUE (tail);
      tree part_type = TREE_TYPE (part);
      tree to_be_saved = build (COMPONENT_REF, part_type, lhs, part);
      rtx target = assign_temp (part_type, 0, 1, 1);
      if (! memory_address_p (TYPE_MODE (part_type), XEXP (target, 0)))
        target = change_address (target, TYPE_MODE (part_type), NULL_RTX);
      parts = tree_cons (to_be_saved,
                     build (RTL_EXPR, part_type, NULL_TREE,
                          (tree) target),
                     parts);
      store_expr (TREE_PURPOSE (parts), RTL_EXPR_RTL (TREE_VALUE (parts)), 0);
      }
  return parts;
}

/* Subroutine of expand_expr:
   record the non-copied parts (LIST) of an expr (LHS), and return a list
   which specifies the initial values of these parts.  */

static tree
init_noncopied_parts (lhs, list)
     tree lhs;
     tree list;
{
  tree tail;
  tree parts = 0;

  for (tail = list; tail; tail = TREE_CHAIN (tail))
    if (TREE_CODE (TREE_VALUE (tail)) == TREE_LIST)
      parts = chainon (parts, init_noncopied_parts (lhs, TREE_VALUE (tail)));
    else
      {
      tree part = TREE_VALUE (tail);
      tree part_type = TREE_TYPE (part);
      tree to_be_initialized = build (COMPONENT_REF, part_type, lhs, part);
      parts = tree_cons (TREE_PURPOSE (tail), to_be_initialized, parts);
      }
  return parts;
}

/* Subroutine of expand_expr: return nonzero iff there is no way that
   EXP can reference X, which is being modified.  TOP_P is nonzero if this
   call is going to be used to determine whether we need a temporary
   for EXP, as opposed to a recursive call to this function.

   It is always safe for this routine to return zero since it merely
   searches for optimization opportunities.  */

static int
safe_from_p (x, exp, top_p)
     rtx x;
     tree exp;
     int top_p;
{
  rtx exp_rtl = 0;
  int i, nops;
  static int save_expr_count;
  static int save_expr_size = 0;
  static tree *save_expr_rewritten;
  static tree save_expr_trees[256];

  if (x == 0
      /* If EXP has varying size, we MUST use a target since we currently
       have no way of allocating temporaries of variable size
       (except for arrays that have TYPE_ARRAY_MAX_SIZE set).
       So we assume here that something at a higher level has prevented a
       clash.  This is somewhat bogus, but the best we can do.  Only
       do this when X is BLKmode and when we are at the top level.  */
      || (top_p && TREE_TYPE (exp) != 0 && TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) != 0
        && TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (exp))) != INTEGER_CST
        && (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) != ARRAY_TYPE
            || TYPE_ARRAY_MAX_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) == NULL_TREE
            || TREE_CODE (TYPE_ARRAY_MAX_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (exp)))
            != INTEGER_CST)
        && GET_MODE (x) == BLKmode))
    return 1;

  if (top_p && save_expr_size == 0)
    {
      int rtn;

      save_expr_count = 0;
      save_expr_size = sizeof (save_expr_trees) / sizeof (save_expr_trees[0]);
      save_expr_rewritten = &save_expr_trees[0];

      rtn = safe_from_p (x, exp, 1);

      for (i = 0; i < save_expr_count; ++i)
      {
        if (TREE_CODE (save_expr_trees[i]) != ERROR_MARK)
          abort ();
        TREE_SET_CODE (save_expr_trees[i], SAVE_EXPR);
      }

      save_expr_size = 0;

      return rtn;
    }

  /* If this is a subreg of a hard register, declare it unsafe, otherwise,
     find the underlying pseudo.  */
  if (GET_CODE (x) == SUBREG)
    {
      x = SUBREG_REG (x);
      if (GET_CODE (x) == REG && REGNO (x) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
      return 0;
    }

  /* If X is a location in the outgoing argument area, it is always safe.  */
  if (GET_CODE (x) == MEM
      && (XEXP (x, 0) == virtual_outgoing_args_rtx
        || (GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == PLUS
            && XEXP (XEXP (x, 0), 0) == virtual_outgoing_args_rtx)))
    return 1;

  switch (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (exp)))
    {
    case 'd':
      exp_rtl = DECL_RTL (exp);
      break;

    case 'c':
      return 1;

    case 'x':
      if (TREE_CODE (exp) == TREE_LIST)
      return ((TREE_VALUE (exp) == 0
             || safe_from_p (x, TREE_VALUE (exp), 0))
            && (TREE_CHAIN (exp) == 0
                || safe_from_p (x, TREE_CHAIN (exp), 0)));
      else if (TREE_CODE (exp) == ERROR_MARK)
      return 1;   /* An already-visited SAVE_EXPR? */
      else
      return 0;

    case '1':
      return safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0);

    case '2':
    case '<':
      return (safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)
            && safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0));

    case 'e':
    case 'r':
      /* Now do code-specific tests.  EXP_RTL is set to any rtx we find in
       the expression.  If it is set, we conflict iff we are that rtx or
       both are in memory.  Otherwise, we check all operands of the
       expression recursively.  */

      switch (TREE_CODE (exp))
      {
      case ADDR_EXPR:
        return (staticp (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))
              || safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)
              || TREE_STATIC (exp));

      case INDIRECT_REF:
        if (GET_CODE (x) == MEM)
          return 0;
        break;

      case CALL_EXPR:
        exp_rtl = CALL_EXPR_RTL (exp);
        if (exp_rtl == 0)
          {
            /* Assume that the call will clobber all hard registers and
             all of memory.  */
            if ((GET_CODE (x) == REG && REGNO (x) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
              || GET_CODE (x) == MEM)
            return 0;
          }

        break;

      case RTL_EXPR:
        /* If a sequence exists, we would have to scan every instruction
           in the sequence to see if it was safe.  This is probably not
           worthwhile.  */
        if (RTL_EXPR_SEQUENCE (exp))
          return 0;

        exp_rtl = RTL_EXPR_RTL (exp);
        break;

      case WITH_CLEANUP_EXPR:
        exp_rtl = RTL_EXPR_RTL (exp);
        break;

      case CLEANUP_POINT_EXPR:
        return safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0);

      case SAVE_EXPR:
        exp_rtl = SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp);
        if (exp_rtl)
          break;

        /* This SAVE_EXPR might appear many times in the top-level
           safe_from_p() expression, and if it has a complex
           subexpression, examining it multiple times could result
           in a combinatorial explosion.  E.g. on an Alpha
           running at least 200MHz, a Fortran test case compiled with
           optimization took about 28 minutes to compile -- even though
           it was only a few lines long, and the complicated line causing
           so much time to be spent in the earlier version of safe_from_p()
           had only 293 or so unique nodes.

           So, turn this SAVE_EXPR into an ERROR_MARK for now, but remember
           where it is so we can turn it back in the top-level safe_from_p()
           when we're done.  */

        /* For now, don't bother re-sizing the array. */
        if (save_expr_count >= save_expr_size)
          return 0;
        save_expr_rewritten[save_expr_count++] = exp;
        TREE_SET_CODE (exp, ERROR_MARK);

        nops = tree_code_length[(int) SAVE_EXPR];
        for (i = 0; i < nops; i++)
          if (TREE_OPERAND (exp, i) != 0
            && ! safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, i), 0))
            return 0;
        return 1;

      case BIND_EXPR:
        /* The only operand we look at is operand 1.  The rest aren't
           part of the expression.  */
        return safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0);

      case METHOD_CALL_EXPR:
        /* This takes a rtx argument, but shouldn't appear here.  */
        abort ();
        
      default:
        break;
      }

      /* If we have an rtx, we do not need to scan our operands.  */
      if (exp_rtl)
      break;

      nops = tree_code_length[(int) TREE_CODE (exp)];
      for (i = 0; i < nops; i++)
      if (TREE_OPERAND (exp, i) != 0
          && ! safe_from_p (x, TREE_OPERAND (exp, i), 0))
        return 0;
    }

  /* If we have an rtl, find any enclosed object.  Then see if we conflict
     with it.  */
  if (exp_rtl)
    {
      if (GET_CODE (exp_rtl) == SUBREG)
      {
        exp_rtl = SUBREG_REG (exp_rtl);
        if (GET_CODE (exp_rtl) == REG
            && REGNO (exp_rtl) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
          return 0;
      }

      /* If the rtl is X, then it is not safe.  Otherwise, it is unless both
       are memory and EXP is not readonly.  */
      return ! (rtx_equal_p (x, exp_rtl)
            || (GET_CODE (x) == MEM && GET_CODE (exp_rtl) == MEM
                && ! TREE_READONLY (exp)));
    }

  /* If we reach here, it is safe.  */
  return 1;
}

/* Subroutine of expand_expr: return nonzero iff EXP is an
   expression whose type is statically determinable.  */

static int
fixed_type_p (exp)
     tree exp;
{
  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == PARM_DECL
      || TREE_CODE (exp) == VAR_DECL
      || TREE_CODE (exp) == CALL_EXPR || TREE_CODE (exp) == TARGET_EXPR
      || TREE_CODE (exp) == COMPONENT_REF
      || TREE_CODE (exp) == ARRAY_REF)
    return 1;
  return 0;
}

/* Subroutine of expand_expr: return rtx if EXP is a
   variable or parameter; else return 0.  */

static rtx
var_rtx (exp)
     tree exp;
{
  STRIP_NOPS (exp);
  switch (TREE_CODE (exp))
    {
    case PARM_DECL:
    case VAR_DECL:
      return DECL_RTL (exp);
    default:
      return 0;
    }
}

#ifdef MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE
void
check_max_integer_computation_mode (exp)
    tree exp;
{
  enum tree_code code = TREE_CODE (exp);
  enum machine_mode mode;

  /* First check the type of the overall operation.   We need only look at
     unary, binary and relational operations.  */
  if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '1'
      || TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '2'
      || TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '<')
    {
      mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp));
      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
        && mode > MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE)
      fatal ("unsupported wide integer operation");
    }

  /* Check operand of a unary op.  */
  if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '1')
    {
      mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
        && mode > MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE)
      fatal ("unsupported wide integer operation");
    }
      
  /* Check operands of a binary/comparison op.  */
  if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '2' || TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '<')
    {
      mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
        && mode > MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE)
      fatal ("unsupported wide integer operation");

      mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)));
      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
        && mode > MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE)
      fatal ("unsupported wide integer operation");
    }
}
#endif


/* expand_expr: generate code for computing expression EXP.
   An rtx for the computed value is returned.  The value is never null.
   In the case of a void EXP, const0_rtx is returned.

   The value may be stored in TARGET if TARGET is nonzero.
   TARGET is just a suggestion; callers must assume that
   the rtx returned may not be the same as TARGET.

   If TARGET is CONST0_RTX, it means that the value will be ignored.

   If TMODE is not VOIDmode, it suggests generating the
   result in mode TMODE.  But this is done only when convenient.
   Otherwise, TMODE is ignored and the value generated in its natural mode.
   TMODE is just a suggestion; callers must assume that
   the rtx returned may not have mode TMODE.

   Note that TARGET may have neither TMODE nor MODE.  In that case, it
   probably will not be used.

   If MODIFIER is EXPAND_SUM then when EXP is an addition
   we can return an rtx of the form (MULT (REG ...) (CONST_INT ...))
   or a nest of (PLUS ...) and (MINUS ...) where the terms are
   products as above, or REG or MEM, or constant.
   Ordinarily in such cases we would output mul or add instructions
   and then return a pseudo reg containing the sum.

   EXPAND_INITIALIZER is much like EXPAND_SUM except that
   it also marks a label as absolutely required (it can't be dead).
   It also makes a ZERO_EXTEND or SIGN_EXTEND instead of emitting extend insns.
   This is used for outputting expressions used in initializers.

   EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS says that it is okay to return a MEM
   with a constant address even if that address is not normally legitimate.
   EXPAND_INITIALIZER and EXPAND_SUM also have this effect.  */

rtx
expand_expr (exp, target, tmode, modifier)
     register tree exp;
     rtx target;
     enum machine_mode tmode;
     enum expand_modifier modifier;
{
  /* Chain of pending expressions for PLACEHOLDER_EXPR to replace.
     This is static so it will be accessible to our recursive callees.  */
  static tree placeholder_list = 0;
  register rtx op0, op1, temp;
  tree type = TREE_TYPE (exp);
  int unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (type);
  register enum machine_mode mode = TYPE_MODE (type);
  register enum tree_code code = TREE_CODE (exp);
  optab this_optab;
  /* Use subtarget as the target for operand 0 of a binary operation.  */
  rtx subtarget = (target != 0 && GET_CODE (target) == REG ? target : 0);
  rtx original_target = target;
  int ignore = (target == const0_rtx
            || ((code == NON_LVALUE_EXPR || code == NOP_EXPR
                 || code == CONVERT_EXPR || code == REFERENCE_EXPR
                 || code == COND_EXPR)
                && TREE_CODE (type) == VOID_TYPE));
  tree context;
  /* Used by check-memory-usage to make modifier read only.  */
  enum expand_modifier ro_modifier;

  /* Make a read-only version of the modifier.  */
  if (modifier == EXPAND_NORMAL || modifier == EXPAND_SUM
      || modifier == EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS || modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
    ro_modifier = modifier;
  else
    ro_modifier = EXPAND_NORMAL;

  /* Don't use hard regs as subtargets, because the combiner
     can only handle pseudo regs.  */
  if (subtarget && REGNO (subtarget) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
    subtarget = 0;
  /* Avoid subtargets inside loops,
     since they hide some invariant expressions.  */
  if (preserve_subexpressions_p ())
    subtarget = 0;

  /* If we are going to ignore this result, we need only do something
     if there is a side-effect somewhere in the expression.  If there
     is, short-circuit the most common cases here.  Note that we must
     not call expand_expr with anything but const0_rtx in case this
     is an initial expansion of a size that contains a PLACEHOLDER_EXPR.  */

  if (ignore)
    {
      if (! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (exp))
      return const0_rtx;

      /* Ensure we reference a volatile object even if value is ignored.  */
      if (TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (exp)
        && TREE_CODE (exp) != FUNCTION_DECL
        && mode != VOIDmode && mode != BLKmode)
      {
        temp = expand_expr (exp, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, ro_modifier);
        if (GET_CODE (temp) == MEM)
          temp = copy_to_reg (temp);
        return const0_rtx;
      }

      if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '1')
      return expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx,
                      VOIDmode, ro_modifier);
      else if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '2'
             || TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == '<')
      {
        expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx, VOIDmode, ro_modifier);
        expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), const0_rtx, VOIDmode, ro_modifier);
        return const0_rtx;
      }
      else if ((code == TRUTH_ANDIF_EXPR || code == TRUTH_ORIF_EXPR)
             && ! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
      /* If the second operand has no side effects, just evaluate
         the first.  */
      return expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx,
                      VOIDmode, ro_modifier);

      target = 0;
    }

#ifdef MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE
  if (target)
    {
      enum machine_mode mode = GET_MODE (target);

      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
        && mode > MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE)
      fatal ("unsupported wide integer operation");
    }

  if (GET_MODE_CLASS (tmode) == MODE_INT
      && tmode > MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE)
    fatal ("unsupported wide integer operation");

  check_max_integer_computation_mode (exp);
#endif

  /* If will do cse, generate all results into pseudo registers
     since 1) that allows cse to find more things
     and 2) otherwise cse could produce an insn the machine
     cannot support.  */

  if (! cse_not_expected && mode != BLKmode && target
      && (GET_CODE (target) != REG || REGNO (target) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER))
    target = subtarget;

  switch (code)
    {
    case LABEL_DECL:
      {
      tree function = decl_function_context (exp);
      /* Handle using a label in a containing function.  */
      if (function != current_function_decl
          && function != inline_function_decl && function != 0)
        {
          struct function *p = find_function_data (function);
          /* Allocate in the memory associated with the function
             that the label is in.  */
          push_obstacks (p->function_obstack,
                     p->function_maybepermanent_obstack);

          p->forced_labels = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode,
                                      label_rtx (exp),
                                      p->forced_labels);
          pop_obstacks ();
        }
      else if (modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
        forced_labels = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode,
                                   label_rtx (exp), forced_labels);
      temp = gen_rtx_MEM (FUNCTION_MODE,
                      gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (Pmode, label_rtx (exp)));
      if (function != current_function_decl
          && function != inline_function_decl && function != 0)
        LABEL_REF_NONLOCAL_P (XEXP (temp, 0)) = 1;
      return temp;
      }

    case PARM_DECL:
      if (DECL_RTL (exp) == 0)
      {
        error_with_decl (exp, "prior parameter's size depends on `%s'");
        return CONST0_RTX (mode);
      }

      /* ... fall through ...  */

    case VAR_DECL:
      /* If a static var's type was incomplete when the decl was written,
       but the type is complete now, lay out the decl now.  */
      if (DECL_SIZE (exp) == 0 && TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) != 0
        && (TREE_STATIC (exp) || DECL_EXTERNAL (exp)))
      {
        push_obstacks_nochange ();
        end_temporary_allocation ();
        layout_decl (exp, 0);
        PUT_MODE (DECL_RTL (exp), DECL_MODE (exp));
        pop_obstacks ();
      }

      /* Only check automatic variables.  Currently, function arguments are
         not checked (this can be done at compile-time with prototypes).
         Aggregates are not checked.  */
      if (flag_check_memory_usage && code == VAR_DECL
        && GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (exp)) == MEM
        && DECL_CONTEXT (exp) != NULL_TREE
        && ! TREE_STATIC (exp)
        && ! AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (exp)))
      {
        enum memory_use_mode memory_usage;
        memory_usage = get_memory_usage_from_modifier (modifier);

        if (memory_usage != MEMORY_USE_DONT)
          emit_library_call (chkr_check_addr_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                         XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0), ptr_mode,
                         GEN_INT (int_size_in_bytes (type)),
                         TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                         GEN_INT (memory_usage),
                         TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
      }

      /* ... fall through ...  */

    case FUNCTION_DECL:
    case RESULT_DECL:
      if (DECL_RTL (exp) == 0)
      abort ();

      /* Ensure variable marked as used even if it doesn't go through
       a parser.  If it hasn't be used yet, write out an external
       definition.  */
      if (! TREE_USED (exp))
      {
        assemble_external (exp);
        TREE_USED (exp) = 1;
      }

      /* Show we haven't gotten RTL for this yet.  */
      temp = 0;

      /* Handle variables inherited from containing functions.  */
      context = decl_function_context (exp);

      /* We treat inline_function_decl as an alias for the current function
       because that is the inline function whose vars, types, etc.
       are being merged into the current function.
       See expand_inline_function.  */

      if (context != 0 && context != current_function_decl
        && context != inline_function_decl
        /* If var is static, we don't need a static chain to access it.  */
        && ! (GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (exp)) == MEM
            && CONSTANT_P (XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0))))
      {
        rtx addr;

        /* Mark as non-local and addressable.  */
        DECL_NONLOCAL (exp) = 1;
        if (DECL_NO_STATIC_CHAIN (current_function_decl))
          abort ();
        mark_addressable (exp);
        if (GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (exp)) != MEM)
          abort ();
        addr = XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0);
        if (GET_CODE (addr) == MEM)
          addr = gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode,
                        fix_lexical_addr (XEXP (addr, 0), exp));
        else
          addr = fix_lexical_addr (addr, exp);
        temp = change_address (DECL_RTL (exp), mode, addr);
      }

      /* This is the case of an array whose size is to be determined
       from its initializer, while the initializer is still being parsed.
       See expand_decl.  */

      else if (GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (exp)) == MEM
             && GET_CODE (XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0)) == REG)
      temp = change_address (DECL_RTL (exp), GET_MODE (DECL_RTL (exp)),
                         XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0));

      /* If DECL_RTL is memory, we are in the normal case and either
       the address is not valid or it is not a register and -fforce-addr
       is specified, get the address into a register.  */

      else if (GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (exp)) == MEM
             && modifier != EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS
             && modifier != EXPAND_SUM
             && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER
             && (! memory_address_p (DECL_MODE (exp),
                               XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0))
               || (flag_force_addr
                   && GET_CODE (XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0)) != REG)))
      temp = change_address (DECL_RTL (exp), VOIDmode,
                         copy_rtx (XEXP (DECL_RTL (exp), 0)));

      /* If we got something, return it.  But first, set the alignment
       the address is a register.  */
      if (temp != 0)
      {
        if (GET_CODE (temp) == MEM && GET_CODE (XEXP (temp, 0)) == REG)
          mark_reg_pointer (XEXP (temp, 0),
                        DECL_ALIGN (exp) / BITS_PER_UNIT);

        return temp;
      }

      /* If the mode of DECL_RTL does not match that of the decl, it
       must be a promoted value.  We return a SUBREG of the wanted mode,
       but mark it so that we know that it was already extended.  */

      if (GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (exp)) == REG
        && GET_MODE (DECL_RTL (exp)) != mode)
      {
        /* Get the signedness used for this variable.  Ensure we get the
           same mode we got when the variable was declared.  */
        if (GET_MODE (DECL_RTL (exp))
            != promote_mode (type, DECL_MODE (exp), &unsignedp, 0))
          abort ();

        temp = gen_rtx_SUBREG (mode, DECL_RTL (exp), 0);
        SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (temp) = 1;
        SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (temp) = unsignedp;
        return temp;
      }

      return DECL_RTL (exp);

    case INTEGER_CST:
      return immed_double_const (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (exp),
                         TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (exp),
                         mode);

    case CONST_DECL:
      return expand_expr (DECL_INITIAL (exp), target, VOIDmode,
                          EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_BAD);

    case REAL_CST:
      /* If optimized, generate immediate CONST_DOUBLE
       which will be turned into memory by reload if necessary. 
     
       We used to force a register so that loop.c could see it.  But
       this does not allow gen_* patterns to perform optimizations with
       the constants.  It also produces two insns in cases like "x = 1.0;".
       On most machines, floating-point constants are not permitted in
       many insns, so we'd end up copying it to a register in any case.

       Now, we do the copying in expand_binop, if appropriate.  */
      return immed_real_const (exp);

    case COMPLEX_CST:
    case STRING_CST:
      if (! TREE_CST_RTL (exp))
      output_constant_def (exp);

      /* TREE_CST_RTL probably contains a constant address.
       On RISC machines where a constant address isn't valid,
       make some insns to get that address into a register.  */
      if (GET_CODE (TREE_CST_RTL (exp)) == MEM
        && modifier != EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS
        && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER
        && modifier != EXPAND_SUM
        && (! memory_address_p (mode, XEXP (TREE_CST_RTL (exp), 0))
            || (flag_force_addr
              && GET_CODE (XEXP (TREE_CST_RTL (exp), 0)) != REG)))
      return change_address (TREE_CST_RTL (exp), VOIDmode,
                         copy_rtx (XEXP (TREE_CST_RTL (exp), 0)));
      return TREE_CST_RTL (exp);

    case EXPR_WITH_FILE_LOCATION:
      {
      rtx to_return;
      char *saved_input_filename = input_filename;
      int saved_lineno = lineno;
      input_filename = EXPR_WFL_FILENAME (exp);
      lineno = EXPR_WFL_LINENO (exp);
      if (EXPR_WFL_EMIT_LINE_NOTE (exp))
        emit_line_note (input_filename, lineno);
      /* Possibly avoid switching back and force here */
      to_return = expand_expr (EXPR_WFL_NODE (exp), target, tmode, modifier);
      input_filename = saved_input_filename;
      lineno = saved_lineno;
      return to_return;
      }

    case SAVE_EXPR:
      context = decl_function_context (exp);

      /* If this SAVE_EXPR was at global context, assume we are an
       initialization function and move it into our context.  */
      if (context == 0)
      SAVE_EXPR_CONTEXT (exp) = current_function_decl;

      /* We treat inline_function_decl as an alias for the current function
       because that is the inline function whose vars, types, etc.
       are being merged into the current function.
       See expand_inline_function.  */
      if (context == current_function_decl || context == inline_function_decl)
      context = 0;

      /* If this is non-local, handle it.  */
      if (context)
      {
        /* The following call just exists to abort if the context is
           not of a containing function.  */
        find_function_data (context);

        temp = SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp);
        if (temp && GET_CODE (temp) == REG)
          {
            put_var_into_stack (exp);
            temp = SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp);
          }
        if (temp == 0 || GET_CODE (temp) != MEM)
          abort ();
        return change_address (temp, mode,
                         fix_lexical_addr (XEXP (temp, 0), exp));
      }
      if (SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp) == 0)
      {
        if (mode == VOIDmode)
          temp = const0_rtx;
        else
          temp = assign_temp (type, 3, 0, 0);

        SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp) = temp;
        if (!optimize && GET_CODE (temp) == REG)
          save_expr_regs = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode, temp,
                                    save_expr_regs);

        /* If the mode of TEMP does not match that of the expression, it
           must be a promoted value.  We pass store_expr a SUBREG of the
           wanted mode but mark it so that we know that it was already
           extended.  Note that `unsignedp' was modified above in
           this case.  */

        if (GET_CODE (temp) == REG && GET_MODE (temp) != mode)
          {
            temp = gen_rtx_SUBREG (mode, SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp), 0);
            SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (temp) = 1;
            SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (temp) = unsignedp;
          }

        if (temp == const0_rtx)
          expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx, VOIDmode,
                   EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_BAD);
        else
          store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), temp, 0);

        TREE_USED (exp) = 1;
      }

      /* If the mode of SAVE_EXPR_RTL does not match that of the expression, it
       must be a promoted value.  We return a SUBREG of the wanted mode,
       but mark it so that we know that it was already extended.  */

      if (GET_CODE (SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp)) == REG
        && GET_MODE (SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp)) != mode)
      {
        /* Compute the signedness and make the proper SUBREG.  */
        promote_mode (type, mode, &unsignedp, 0);
        temp = gen_rtx_SUBREG (mode, SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp), 0);
        SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (temp) = 1;
        SUBREG_PROMOTED_UNSIGNED_P (temp) = unsignedp;
        return temp;
      }

      return SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp);

    case UNSAVE_EXPR:
      {
      rtx temp;
      temp = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), target, tmode, modifier);
      TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0) = unsave_expr_now (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
      return temp;
      }

    case PLACEHOLDER_EXPR:
      {
      tree placeholder_expr;

      /* If there is an object on the head of the placeholder list,
         see if some object in it of type TYPE or a pointer to it.  For
         further information, see tree.def.  */
      for (placeholder_expr = placeholder_list;
           placeholder_expr != 0;
           placeholder_expr = TREE_CHAIN (placeholder_expr))
        {
          tree need_type = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (type);
          tree object = 0;
          tree old_list = placeholder_list;
          tree elt;

          /* Find the outermost reference that is of the type we want.
             If none, see if any object has a type that is a pointer to 
             the type we want.  */
          for (elt = TREE_PURPOSE (placeholder_expr);
             elt != 0 && object == 0;
             elt
             = ((TREE_CODE (elt) == COMPOUND_EXPR
                 || TREE_CODE (elt) == COND_EXPR)
                ? TREE_OPERAND (elt, 1)
                : (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == 'r'
                   || TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == '1'
                   || TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == '2'
                   || TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == 'e')
                ? TREE_OPERAND (elt, 0) : 0))
            if (TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (elt)) == need_type)
            object = elt;

          for (elt = TREE_PURPOSE (placeholder_expr);
             elt != 0 && object == 0;
             elt
             = ((TREE_CODE (elt) == COMPOUND_EXPR
                 || TREE_CODE (elt) == COND_EXPR)
                ? TREE_OPERAND (elt, 1)
                : (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == 'r'
                   || TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == '1'
                   || TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == '2'
                   || TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (elt)) == 'e')
                ? TREE_OPERAND (elt, 0) : 0))
            if (POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (elt))
              && (TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (elt)))
                  == need_type))
            object = build1 (INDIRECT_REF, need_type, elt);

          if (object != 0)
            {
            /* Expand this object skipping the list entries before
               it was found in case it is also a PLACEHOLDER_EXPR.
               In that case, we want to translate it using subsequent
               entries.  */
            placeholder_list = TREE_CHAIN (placeholder_expr);
            temp = expand_expr (object, original_target, tmode,
                            ro_modifier);
            placeholder_list = old_list;
            return temp;
            }
        }
      }

      /* We can't find the object or there was a missing WITH_RECORD_EXPR.  */
      abort ();

    case WITH_RECORD_EXPR:
      /* Put the object on the placeholder list, expand our first operand,
       and pop the list.  */
      placeholder_list = tree_cons (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_TREE,
                            placeholder_list);
      target = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), original_target,
                      tmode, ro_modifier);
      placeholder_list = TREE_CHAIN (placeholder_list);
      return target;

    case EXIT_EXPR:
      expand_exit_loop_if_false (NULL_PTR,
                         invert_truthvalue (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
      return const0_rtx;

    case LOOP_EXPR:
      push_temp_slots ();
      expand_start_loop (1);
      expand_expr_stmt (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
      expand_end_loop ();
      pop_temp_slots ();

      return const0_rtx;

    case BIND_EXPR:
      {
      tree vars = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
      int vars_need_expansion = 0;

      /* Need to open a binding contour here because
         if there are any cleanups they must be contained here.  */
      expand_start_bindings (0);

      /* Mark the corresponding BLOCK for output in its proper place.  */
      if (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2) != 0
          && ! TREE_USED (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2)))
        insert_block (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2));

      /* If VARS have not yet been expanded, expand them now.  */
      while (vars)
        {
          if (DECL_RTL (vars) == 0)
            {
            vars_need_expansion = 1;
            expand_decl (vars);
            }
          expand_decl_init (vars);
          vars = TREE_CHAIN (vars);
        }

      temp = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), target, tmode, ro_modifier);

      expand_end_bindings (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0, 0);

      return temp;
      }

    case RTL_EXPR:
      if (RTL_EXPR_SEQUENCE (exp))
      {
        if (RTL_EXPR_SEQUENCE (exp) == const0_rtx)
          abort ();
        emit_insns (RTL_EXPR_SEQUENCE (exp));
        RTL_EXPR_SEQUENCE (exp) = const0_rtx;
      }
      preserve_rtl_expr_result (RTL_EXPR_RTL (exp));
      free_temps_for_rtl_expr (exp);
      return RTL_EXPR_RTL (exp);

    case CONSTRUCTOR:
      /* If we don't need the result, just ensure we evaluate any
       subexpressions.  */
      if (ignore)
      {
        tree elt;
        for (elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (exp); elt; elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
          expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (elt), const0_rtx, VOIDmode,
                   EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_BAD);
        return const0_rtx;
      }

      /* All elts simple constants => refer to a constant in memory.  But
       if this is a non-BLKmode mode, let it store a field at a time
       since that should make a CONST_INT or CONST_DOUBLE when we
       fold.  Likewise, if we have a target we can use, it is best to
       store directly into the target unless the type is large enough
       that memcpy will be used.  If we are making an initializer and
       all operands are constant, put it in memory as well.  */
      else if ((TREE_STATIC (exp)
            && ((mode == BLKmode
                 && ! (target != 0 && safe_from_p (target, exp, 1)))
                || TREE_ADDRESSABLE (exp)
                || (TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (type)) == INTEGER_CST
                  && (move_by_pieces_ninsns
                      (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TYPE_SIZE (type))/BITS_PER_UNIT,
                       TYPE_ALIGN (type) / BITS_PER_UNIT)
                      > MOVE_RATIO)
                  && ! mostly_zeros_p (exp))))
             || (modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER && TREE_CONSTANT (exp)))
      {
        rtx constructor = output_constant_def (exp);
        if (modifier != EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS
            && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER
            && modifier != EXPAND_SUM
            && (! memory_address_p (GET_MODE (constructor),
                              XEXP (constructor, 0))
              || (flag_force_addr
                  && GET_CODE (XEXP (constructor, 0)) != REG)))
          constructor = change_address (constructor, VOIDmode,
                                XEXP (constructor, 0));
        return constructor;
      }

      else
      {
        /* Handle calls that pass values in multiple non-contiguous
           locations.  The Irix 6 ABI has examples of this.  */
        if (target == 0 || ! safe_from_p (target, exp, 1)
            || GET_CODE (target) == PARALLEL)
          {
            if (mode != BLKmode && ! TREE_ADDRESSABLE (exp))
            target = gen_reg_rtx (tmode != VOIDmode ? tmode : mode);
            else
            target = assign_temp (type, 0, 1, 1);
          }

        if (TREE_READONLY (exp))
          {
            if (GET_CODE (target) == MEM)
            target = copy_rtx (target);

            RTX_UNCHANGING_P (target) = 1;
          }

        store_constructor (exp, target, 0);
        return target;
      }

    case INDIRECT_REF:
      {
      tree exp1 = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
      tree exp2;
      tree index;
      tree string = string_constant (exp1, &index);
      int i;
 
      /* Try to optimize reads from const strings.  */
      if (string
          && TREE_CODE (string) == STRING_CST
          && TREE_CODE (index) == INTEGER_CST
          && !TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (index)
          && (i = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (index)) < TREE_STRING_LENGTH (string)
          && GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
          && GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) == 1
          && modifier != EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_WO)
        return GEN_INT (TREE_STRING_POINTER (string)[i]);

      op0 = expand_expr (exp1, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, EXPAND_SUM);
      op0 = memory_address (mode, op0);

      if (flag_check_memory_usage && !AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (exp)))
        {
          enum memory_use_mode memory_usage;
          memory_usage = get_memory_usage_from_modifier (modifier);

            if (memory_usage != MEMORY_USE_DONT)
            {
            in_check_memory_usage = 1;
            emit_library_call (chkr_check_addr_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                           op0, ptr_mode,
                           GEN_INT (int_size_in_bytes (type)),
                           TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                           GEN_INT (memory_usage),
                           TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
            in_check_memory_usage = 0;
            }
        }

      temp = gen_rtx_MEM (mode, op0);
      /* If address was computed by addition,
         mark this as an element of an aggregate.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (exp1) == PLUS_EXPR
          || (TREE_CODE (exp1) == SAVE_EXPR
            && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp1, 0)) == PLUS_EXPR)
          || AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (exp))
          || (TREE_CODE (exp1) == ADDR_EXPR
            && (exp2 = TREE_OPERAND (exp1, 0))
            && AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (exp2))))
        MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (temp) = 1;

      /* If the pointer is actually a REFERENCE_TYPE, this could be pointing
         into some aggregate too.  In theory we could fold this into the
         previous check and use rtx_addr_varies_p there too.

         However, this seems safer.  */
      if (!MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (temp)
          && (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp1)) == REFERENCE_TYPE
              /* This may have been an array reference to the first element
               that was optimized away from being an addition.  */
              || (TREE_CODE (exp1) == NOP_EXPR
                && ((TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp1, 0)))
                   == REFERENCE_TYPE)
                    || ((TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp1, 0)))
                       == POINTER_TYPE)
                      && (AGGREGATE_TYPE_P
                          (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE
                                  (TREE_OPERAND (exp1, 0))))))))))
        MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (temp) = ! rtx_addr_varies_p (temp);

      MEM_VOLATILE_P (temp) = TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (exp) | flag_volatile;
      MEM_ALIAS_SET (temp) = get_alias_set (exp);

      /* It is incorrect to set RTX_UNCHANGING_P from TREE_READONLY
         here, because, in C and C++, the fact that a location is accessed
         through a pointer to const does not mean that the value there can
         never change.  Languages where it can never change should
         also set TREE_STATIC.  */
      RTX_UNCHANGING_P (temp) = TREE_READONLY (exp) & TREE_STATIC (exp);
      return temp;
      }

    case ARRAY_REF:
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) != ARRAY_TYPE)
      abort ();

      {
      tree array = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
      tree domain = TYPE_DOMAIN (TREE_TYPE (array));
      tree low_bound = domain ? TYPE_MIN_VALUE (domain) : integer_zero_node;
      tree index = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      tree index_type = TREE_TYPE (index);
      HOST_WIDE_INT i;

      /* Optimize the special-case of a zero lower bound.

         We convert the low_bound to sizetype to avoid some problems
         with constant folding.  (E.g. suppose the lower bound is 1,
         and its mode is QI.  Without the conversion,  (ARRAY
         +(INDEX-(unsigned char)1)) becomes ((ARRAY+(-(unsigned char)1))
         +INDEX), which becomes (ARRAY+255+INDEX).  Oops!)

         But sizetype isn't quite right either (especially if
         the lowbound is negative).  FIXME */

      if (! integer_zerop (low_bound))
        index = fold (build (MINUS_EXPR, index_type, index,
                         convert (sizetype, low_bound)));

      /* Fold an expression like: "foo"[2].
         This is not done in fold so it won't happen inside &.
         Don't fold if this is for wide characters since it's too
         difficult to do correctly and this is a very rare case.  */

      if (TREE_CODE (array) == STRING_CST
          && TREE_CODE (index) == INTEGER_CST
          && !TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (index)
          && (i = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (index)) < TREE_STRING_LENGTH (array)
          && GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT
          && GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) == 1)
        return GEN_INT (TREE_STRING_POINTER (array)[i]);

      /* If this is a constant index into a constant array,
         just get the value from the array.  Handle both the cases when
         we have an explicit constructor and when our operand is a variable
         that was declared const.  */

      if (TREE_CODE (array) == CONSTRUCTOR && ! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (array))
        {
          if (TREE_CODE (index) == INTEGER_CST
            && TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (index) == 0)
            {
            tree elem = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));

            i = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (index);
            while (elem && i--)
              elem = TREE_CHAIN (elem);
            if (elem)
              return expand_expr (fold (TREE_VALUE (elem)), target,
                              tmode, ro_modifier);
            }
        }
        
      else if (optimize >= 1
             && TREE_READONLY (array) && ! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (array)
             && TREE_CODE (array) == VAR_DECL && DECL_INITIAL (array)
             && TREE_CODE (DECL_INITIAL (array)) != ERROR_MARK)
        {
          if (TREE_CODE (index) == INTEGER_CST)
            {
            tree init = DECL_INITIAL (array);

            i = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (index);
            if (TREE_CODE (init) == CONSTRUCTOR)
              {
                tree elem = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (init);

                while (elem
                     && !tree_int_cst_equal (TREE_PURPOSE (elem), index))
                  elem = TREE_CHAIN (elem);
                if (elem)
                  return expand_expr (fold (TREE_VALUE (elem)), target,
                                tmode, ro_modifier);
              }
            else if (TREE_CODE (init) == STRING_CST
                   && TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (index) == 0
                   && (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (index)
                       < TREE_STRING_LENGTH (init)))
              return (GEN_INT
                    (TREE_STRING_POINTER
                     (init)[TREE_INT_CST_LOW (index)]));
            }
        }
      }

      /* ... fall through ... */

    case COMPONENT_REF:
    case BIT_FIELD_REF:
      /* If the operand is a CONSTRUCTOR, we can just extract the
       appropriate field if it is present.  Don't do this if we have
       already written the data since we want to refer to that copy
       and varasm.c assumes that's what we'll do.  */
      if (code != ARRAY_REF
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == CONSTRUCTOR
        && TREE_CST_RTL (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == 0)
      {
        tree elt;

        for (elt = CONSTRUCTOR_ELTS (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)); elt;
             elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
          if (TREE_PURPOSE (elt) == TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)
            /* We can normally use the value of the field in the
               CONSTRUCTOR.  However, if this is a bitfield in
               an integral mode that we can fit in a HOST_WIDE_INT,
               we must mask only the number of bits in the bitfield,
               since this is done implicitly by the constructor.  If
               the bitfield does not meet either of those conditions,
               we can't do this optimization.  */
            && (! DECL_BIT_FIELD (TREE_PURPOSE (elt))
                || ((GET_MODE_CLASS (DECL_MODE (TREE_PURPOSE (elt)))
                   == MODE_INT)
                  && (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (DECL_MODE (TREE_PURPOSE (elt)))
                      <= HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT))))
            {
            op0 =  expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (elt), target, tmode, modifier);
            if (DECL_BIT_FIELD (TREE_PURPOSE (elt)))
              {
                int bitsize = DECL_FIELD_SIZE (TREE_PURPOSE (elt));

                if (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_PURPOSE (elt))))
                  {
                  op1 = GEN_INT (((HOST_WIDE_INT) 1 << bitsize) - 1);
                  op0 = expand_and (op0, op1, target);
                  }
                else
                  {
                  enum machine_mode imode
                    = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_PURPOSE (elt)));
                  tree count
                    = build_int_2 (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (imode) - bitsize,
                               0);

                  op0 = expand_shift (LSHIFT_EXPR, imode, op0, count,
                                  target, 0);
                  op0 = expand_shift (RSHIFT_EXPR, imode, op0, count,
                                  target, 0);
                  }
              }

            return op0;
            }
      }

      {
      enum machine_mode mode1;
      int bitsize;
      int bitpos;
      tree offset;
      int volatilep = 0;
      int alignment;
      tree tem = get_inner_reference (exp, &bitsize, &bitpos, &offset,
                              &mode1, &unsignedp, &volatilep,
                              &alignment);

      /* If we got back the original object, something is wrong.  Perhaps
         we are evaluating an expression too early.  In any event, don't
         infinitely recurse.  */
      if (tem == exp)
        abort ();

      /* If TEM's type is a union of variable size, pass TARGET to the inner
         computation, since it will need a temporary and TARGET is known
         to have to do.  This occurs in unchecked conversion in Ada.  */
  
      op0 = expand_expr (tem,
                     (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (tem)) == UNION_TYPE
                      && (TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (tem)))
                        != INTEGER_CST)
                      ? target : NULL_RTX),
                     VOIDmode,
                     modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER
                     ? modifier : EXPAND_NORMAL);

      /* If this is a constant, put it into a register if it is a
         legitimate constant and memory if it isn't.  */
      if (CONSTANT_P (op0))
        {
          enum machine_mode mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (tem));
          if (mode != BLKmode && LEGITIMATE_CONSTANT_P (op0))
            op0 = force_reg (mode, op0);
          else
            op0 = validize_mem (force_const_mem (mode, op0));
        }

      if (offset != 0)
        {
          rtx offset_rtx = expand_expr (offset, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

          if (GET_CODE (op0) != MEM)
            abort ();

          if (GET_MODE (offset_rtx) != ptr_mode)
            {
#ifdef POINTERS_EXTEND_UNSIGNED
            offset_rtx = convert_memory_address (ptr_mode, offset_rtx);
#else
            offset_rtx = convert_to_mode (ptr_mode, offset_rtx, 0);
#endif
            }

          if (GET_CODE (op0) == MEM
            && GET_MODE (op0) == BLKmode
            && bitsize
            && (bitpos % bitsize) == 0 
            && (bitsize % GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode1)) == 0
            && (alignment * BITS_PER_UNIT) == GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode1))
            {
            rtx temp = change_address (op0, mode1,
                                 plus_constant (XEXP (op0, 0),
                                            (bitpos /
                                             BITS_PER_UNIT)));
            if (GET_CODE (XEXP (temp, 0)) == REG)
              op0 = temp;
            else
              op0 = change_address (op0, mode1,
                              force_reg (GET_MODE (XEXP (temp, 0)),
                                       XEXP (temp, 0)));
            bitpos = 0;
            }


          op0 = change_address (op0, VOIDmode,
                          gen_rtx_PLUS (ptr_mode, XEXP (op0, 0),
                                    force_reg (ptr_mode, offset_rtx)));
        }

      /* Don't forget about volatility even if this is a bitfield.  */
      if (GET_CODE (op0) == MEM && volatilep && ! MEM_VOLATILE_P (op0))
        {
          op0 = copy_rtx (op0);
          MEM_VOLATILE_P (op0) = 1;
        }

      /* Check the access.  */
      if (flag_check_memory_usage && GET_CODE (op0) == MEM)
          {
          enum memory_use_mode memory_usage;
          memory_usage = get_memory_usage_from_modifier (modifier);

          if (memory_usage != MEMORY_USE_DONT)
            {
            rtx to;
            int size;

            to = plus_constant (XEXP (op0, 0), (bitpos / BITS_PER_UNIT));
            size = (bitpos % BITS_PER_UNIT) + bitsize + BITS_PER_UNIT - 1;

            /* Check the access right of the pointer.  */
            if (size > BITS_PER_UNIT)
              emit_library_call (chkr_check_addr_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                             to, ptr_mode,
                             GEN_INT (size / BITS_PER_UNIT),
                             TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                             GEN_INT (memory_usage), 
                             TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));
            }
        }

      /* In cases where an aligned union has an unaligned object
         as a field, we might be extracting a BLKmode value from
         an integer-mode (e.g., SImode) object.  Handle this case
         by doing the extract into an object as wide as the field
         (which we know to be the width of a basic mode), then
         storing into memory, and changing the mode to BLKmode.
         If we ultimately want the address (EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS or
         EXPAND_INITIALIZER), then we must not copy to a temporary.  */
      if (mode1 == VOIDmode
          || GET_CODE (op0) == REG || GET_CODE (op0) == SUBREG
          || (modifier != EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS
            && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER
            && ((mode1 != BLKmode && ! direct_load[(int) mode1]
                 && GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) != MODE_COMPLEX_INT
                 && GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) != MODE_COMPLEX_FLOAT)
                /* If the field isn't aligned enough to fetch as a memref,
                   fetch it as a bit field.  */
                || (SLOW_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
                  && ((TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (tem)) < GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode))
                      || (bitpos % GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) != 0))))))
        {
          enum machine_mode ext_mode = mode;

          if (ext_mode == BLKmode)
            ext_mode = mode_for_size (bitsize, MODE_INT, 1);

          if (ext_mode == BLKmode)
            {
            /* In this case, BITPOS must start at a byte boundary and
               TARGET, if specified, must be a MEM.  */
            if (GET_CODE (op0) != MEM
                || (target != 0 && GET_CODE (target) != MEM)
                || bitpos % BITS_PER_UNIT != 0)
              abort ();

            op0 = change_address (op0, VOIDmode,
                              plus_constant (XEXP (op0, 0),
                                         bitpos / BITS_PER_UNIT));
            if (target == 0)
              target = assign_temp (type, 0, 1, 1);

            emit_block_move (target, op0,
                         GEN_INT ((bitsize + BITS_PER_UNIT - 1)
                                / BITS_PER_UNIT),
                         1);
            
            return target;
            }

          op0 = validize_mem (op0);

          if (GET_CODE (op0) == MEM && GET_CODE (XEXP (op0, 0)) == REG)
            mark_reg_pointer (XEXP (op0, 0), alignment);

          op0 = extract_bit_field (op0, bitsize, bitpos,
                             unsignedp, target, ext_mode, ext_mode,
                             alignment,
                             int_size_in_bytes (TREE_TYPE (tem)));

          /* If the result is a record type and BITSIZE is narrower than
             the mode of OP0, an integral mode, and this is a big endian
             machine, we must put the field into the high-order bits.  */
          if (TREE_CODE (type) == RECORD_TYPE && BYTES_BIG_ENDIAN
            && GET_MODE_CLASS (GET_MODE (op0)) == MODE_INT
            && bitsize < GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (op0)))
            op0 = expand_shift (LSHIFT_EXPR, GET_MODE (op0), op0,
                          size_int (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (op0))
                                  - bitsize),
                          op0, 1);

          if (mode == BLKmode)
            {
            rtx new = assign_stack_temp (ext_mode,
                                   bitsize / BITS_PER_UNIT, 0);

            emit_move_insn (new, op0);
            op0 = copy_rtx (new);
            PUT_MODE (op0, BLKmode);
            MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (op0) = 1;
            }

          return op0;
        }

      /* If the result is BLKmode, use that to access the object
         now as well.  */
      if (mode == BLKmode)
        mode1 = BLKmode;

      /* Get a reference to just this component.  */
      if (modifier == EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS
          || modifier == EXPAND_SUM || modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
        op0 = gen_rtx_MEM (mode1, plus_constant (XEXP (op0, 0),
                                       (bitpos / BITS_PER_UNIT)));
      else
        op0 = change_address (op0, mode1,
                        plus_constant (XEXP (op0, 0),
                                     (bitpos / BITS_PER_UNIT)));

      if (GET_CODE (op0) == MEM)
        MEM_ALIAS_SET (op0) = get_alias_set (exp);

      if (GET_CODE (XEXP (op0, 0)) == REG)
        mark_reg_pointer (XEXP (op0, 0), alignment);

      MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (op0) = 1;
      MEM_VOLATILE_P (op0) |= volatilep;
      if (mode == mode1 || mode1 == BLKmode || mode1 == tmode
          || modifier == EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS
          || modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
        return op0;
      else if (target == 0)
        target = gen_reg_rtx (tmode != VOIDmode ? tmode : mode);

      convert_move (target, op0, unsignedp);
      return target;
      }

      /* Intended for a reference to a buffer of a file-object in Pascal.
       But it's not certain that a special tree code will really be
       necessary for these.  INDIRECT_REF might work for them.  */
    case BUFFER_REF:
      abort ();

    case IN_EXPR:
      {
      /* Pascal set IN expression.

         Algorithm:
             rlo       = set_low - (set_low%bits_per_word);
             the_word  = set [ (index - rlo)/bits_per_word ];
             bit_index = index % bits_per_word;
             bitmask   = 1 << bit_index;
             return !!(the_word & bitmask);  */

      tree set = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
      tree index = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      int iunsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (index));
      tree set_type = TREE_TYPE (set);
      tree set_low_bound = TYPE_MIN_VALUE (TYPE_DOMAIN (set_type));
      tree set_high_bound = TYPE_MAX_VALUE (TYPE_DOMAIN (set_type));
      rtx index_val = expand_expr (index, 0, VOIDmode, 0);
      rtx lo_r = expand_expr (set_low_bound, 0, VOIDmode, 0);
      rtx hi_r = expand_expr (set_high_bound, 0, VOIDmode, 0);
      rtx setval = expand_expr (set, 0, VOIDmode, 0);
      rtx setaddr = XEXP (setval, 0);
      enum machine_mode index_mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (index));
      rtx rlow;
      rtx diff, quo, rem, addr, bit, result;

      preexpand_calls (exp);

      /* If domain is empty, answer is no.  Likewise if index is constant
         and out of bounds.  */
      if (((TREE_CODE (set_high_bound) == INTEGER_CST
           && TREE_CODE (set_low_bound) == INTEGER_CST
           && tree_int_cst_lt (set_high_bound, set_low_bound))
           || (TREE_CODE (index) == INTEGER_CST
             && TREE_CODE (set_low_bound) == INTEGER_CST
             && tree_int_cst_lt (index, set_low_bound))
           || (TREE_CODE (set_high_bound) == INTEGER_CST
             && TREE_CODE (index) == INTEGER_CST
             && tree_int_cst_lt (set_high_bound, index))))
        return const0_rtx;

      if (target == 0)
        target = gen_reg_rtx (tmode != VOIDmode ? tmode : mode);

      /* If we get here, we have to generate the code for both cases
         (in range and out of range).  */

      op0 = gen_label_rtx ();
      op1 = gen_label_rtx ();

      if (! (GET_CODE (index_val) == CONST_INT
             && GET_CODE (lo_r) == CONST_INT))
        {
          emit_cmp_insn (index_val, lo_r, LT, NULL_RTX,
                     GET_MODE (index_val), iunsignedp, 0);
          emit_jump_insn (gen_blt (op1));
        }

      if (! (GET_CODE (index_val) == CONST_INT
             && GET_CODE (hi_r) == CONST_INT))
        {
          emit_cmp_insn (index_val, hi_r, GT, NULL_RTX,
                     GET_MODE (index_val), iunsignedp, 0);
          emit_jump_insn (gen_bgt (op1));
        }

      /* Calculate the element number of bit zero in the first word
         of the set.  */
      if (GET_CODE (lo_r) == CONST_INT)
        rlow = GEN_INT (INTVAL (lo_r)
                    & ~ ((HOST_WIDE_INT) 1 << BITS_PER_UNIT));
      else
        rlow = expand_binop (index_mode, and_optab, lo_r,
                         GEN_INT (~((HOST_WIDE_INT) 1 << BITS_PER_UNIT)),
                         NULL_RTX, iunsignedp, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);

      diff = expand_binop (index_mode, sub_optab, index_val, rlow,
                       NULL_RTX, iunsignedp, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);

      quo = expand_divmod (0, TRUNC_DIV_EXPR, index_mode, diff,
                       GEN_INT (BITS_PER_UNIT), NULL_RTX, iunsignedp);
      rem = expand_divmod (1, TRUNC_MOD_EXPR, index_mode, index_val,
                       GEN_INT (BITS_PER_UNIT), NULL_RTX, iunsignedp);

      addr = memory_address (byte_mode,
                         expand_binop (index_mode, add_optab, diff,
                                   setaddr, NULL_RTX, iunsignedp,
                                   OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN));

      /* Extract the bit we want to examine */
      bit = expand_shift (RSHIFT_EXPR, byte_mode,
                      gen_rtx_MEM (byte_mode, addr),
                      make_tree (TREE_TYPE (index), rem),
                      NULL_RTX, 1);
      result = expand_binop (byte_mode, and_optab, bit, const1_rtx,
                         GET_MODE (target) == byte_mode ? target : 0,
                         1, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);

      if (result != target)
        convert_move (target, result, 1);

      /* Output the code to handle the out-of-range case.  */
      emit_jump (op0);
      emit_label (op1);
      emit_move_insn (target, const0_rtx);
      emit_label (op0);
      return target;
      }

    case WITH_CLEANUP_EXPR:
      if (RTL_EXPR_RTL (exp) == 0)
      {
        RTL_EXPR_RTL (exp)
          = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), target, tmode, ro_modifier);
        expand_decl_cleanup (NULL_TREE, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2));

        /* That's it for this cleanup.  */
        TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2) = 0;
      }
      return RTL_EXPR_RTL (exp);

    case CLEANUP_POINT_EXPR:
      {
      extern int temp_slot_level;
      /* Start a new binding layer that will keep track of all cleanup
         actions to be performed.  */
      expand_start_bindings (0);

      target_temp_slot_level = temp_slot_level;

      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), target, tmode, ro_modifier);
      /* If we're going to use this value, load it up now.  */
      if (! ignore)
        op0 = force_not_mem (op0);
      preserve_temp_slots (op0);
      expand_end_bindings (NULL_TREE, 0, 0);
      }
      return op0;

    case CALL_EXPR:
      /* Check for a built-in function.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == ADDR_EXPR
        && (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0))
            == FUNCTION_DECL)
        && DECL_BUILT_IN (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)))
      return expand_builtin (exp, target, subtarget, tmode, ignore);

      /* If this call was expanded already by preexpand_calls,
       just return the result we got.  */
      if (CALL_EXPR_RTL (exp) != 0)
      return CALL_EXPR_RTL (exp);

      return expand_call (exp, target, ignore);

    case NON_LVALUE_EXPR:
    case NOP_EXPR:
    case CONVERT_EXPR:
    case REFERENCE_EXPR:
      if (TREE_CODE (type) == UNION_TYPE)
      {
        tree valtype = TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
        if (target == 0)
          {
            if (mode != BLKmode)
            target = gen_reg_rtx (tmode != VOIDmode ? tmode : mode);
            else
            target = assign_temp (type, 0, 1, 1);
          }

        if (GET_CODE (target) == MEM)
          /* Store data into beginning of memory target.  */
          store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0),
                  change_address (target, TYPE_MODE (valtype), 0), 0);

        else if (GET_CODE (target) == REG)
          /* Store this field into a union of the proper type.  */
          store_field (target, GET_MODE_BITSIZE (TYPE_MODE (valtype)), 0,
                   TYPE_MODE (valtype), TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0),
                   VOIDmode, 0, 1,
                   int_size_in_bytes (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))));
        else
          abort ();

        /* Return the entire union.  */
        return target;
      }

      if (mode == TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
      {
        op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), target, VOIDmode,
                       ro_modifier);

        /* If the signedness of the conversion differs and OP0 is
           a promoted SUBREG, clear that indication since we now
           have to do the proper extension.  */
        if (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) != unsignedp
            && GET_CODE (op0) == SUBREG)
          SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (op0) = 0;

        return op0;
      }

      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), NULL_RTX, mode, 0);
      if (GET_MODE (op0) == mode)
      return op0;

      /* If OP0 is a constant, just convert it into the proper mode.  */
      if (CONSTANT_P (op0))
      return
        convert_modes (mode, TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))),
                   op0, TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))));

      if (modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
      return gen_rtx_fmt_e (unsignedp ? ZERO_EXTEND : SIGN_EXTEND, mode, op0);

      if (target == 0)
      return
        convert_to_mode (mode, op0,
                     TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))));
      else
      convert_move (target, op0,
                  TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))));
      return target;

    case PLUS_EXPR:
      /* We come here from MINUS_EXPR when the second operand is a
         constant.  */
    plus_expr:
      this_optab = add_optab;

      /* If we are adding a constant, an RTL_EXPR that is sp, fp, or ap, and
       something else, make sure we add the register to the constant and
       then to the other thing.  This case can occur during strength
       reduction and doing it this way will produce better code if the
       frame pointer or argument pointer is eliminated.

       fold-const.c will ensure that the constant is always in the inner
       PLUS_EXPR, so the only case we need to do anything about is if
       sp, ap, or fp is our second argument, in which case we must swap
       the innermost first argument and our second argument.  */

      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == PLUS_EXPR
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 1)) == INTEGER_CST
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == RTL_EXPR
        && (RTL_EXPR_RTL (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == frame_pointer_rtx
            || RTL_EXPR_RTL (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == stack_pointer_rtx
            || RTL_EXPR_RTL (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == arg_pointer_rtx))
      {
        tree t = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);

        TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1) = TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0);
        TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0) = t;
      }

      /* If the result is to be ptr_mode and we are adding an integer to
       something, we might be forming a constant.  So try to use
       plus_constant.  If it produces a sum and we can't accept it,
       use force_operand.  This allows P = &ARR[const] to generate
       efficient code on machines where a SYMBOL_REF is not a valid
       address.

       If this is an EXPAND_SUM call, always return the sum.  */
      if (modifier == EXPAND_SUM || modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER
        || mode == ptr_mode)
      {
        if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == INTEGER_CST
            && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) <= HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT
            && TREE_CONSTANT (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
          {
            op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), subtarget, VOIDmode,
                         EXPAND_SUM);
            op1 = plus_constant (op1, TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
            if (modifier != EXPAND_SUM && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
            op1 = force_operand (op1, target);
            return op1;
          }

        else if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == INTEGER_CST
               && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) <= HOST_BITS_PER_INT
               && TREE_CONSTANT (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))
          {
            op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode,
                         EXPAND_SUM);
            if (! CONSTANT_P (op0))
            {
              op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX,
                             VOIDmode, modifier);
              /* Don't go to both_summands if modifier
                 says it's not right to return a PLUS.  */
              if (modifier != EXPAND_SUM && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
                goto binop2;
              goto both_summands;
            }
            op0 = plus_constant (op0, TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)));
            if (modifier != EXPAND_SUM && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
            op0 = force_operand (op0, target);
            return op0;
          }
      }

      /* No sense saving up arithmetic to be done
       if it's all in the wrong mode to form part of an address.
       And force_operand won't know whether to sign-extend or
       zero-extend.  */
      if ((modifier != EXPAND_SUM && modifier != EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
        || mode != ptr_mode)
      goto binop;

      preexpand_calls (exp);
      if (! safe_from_p (subtarget, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1))
      subtarget = 0;

      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, ro_modifier);
      op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, ro_modifier);

    both_summands:
      /* Make sure any term that's a sum with a constant comes last.  */
      if (GET_CODE (op0) == PLUS
        && CONSTANT_P (XEXP (op0, 1)))
      {
        temp = op0;
        op0 = op1;
        op1 = temp;
      }
      /* If adding to a sum including a constant,
       associate it to put the constant outside.  */
      if (GET_CODE (op1) == PLUS
        && CONSTANT_P (XEXP (op1, 1)))
      {
        rtx constant_term = const0_rtx;

        temp = simplify_binary_operation (PLUS, mode, XEXP (op1, 0), op0);
        if (temp != 0)
          op0 = temp;
        /* Ensure that MULT comes first if there is one.  */
        else if (GET_CODE (op0) == MULT)
          op0 = gen_rtx_PLUS (mode, op0, XEXP (op1, 0));
        else
          op0 = gen_rtx_PLUS (mode, XEXP (op1, 0), op0);

        /* Let's also eliminate constants from op0 if possible.  */
        op0 = eliminate_constant_term (op0, &constant_term);

        /* CONSTANT_TERM and XEXP (op1, 1) are known to be constant, so
           their sum should be a constant.  Form it into OP1, since the 
           result we want will then be OP0 + OP1.  */

        temp = simplify_binary_operation (PLUS, mode, constant_term,
                                  XEXP (op1, 1));
        if (temp != 0)
          op1 = temp;
        else
          op1 = gen_rtx_PLUS (mode, constant_term, XEXP (op1, 1));
      }

      /* Put a constant term last and put a multiplication first.  */
      if (CONSTANT_P (op0) || GET_CODE (op1) == MULT)
      temp = op1, op1 = op0, op0 = temp;

      temp = simplify_binary_operation (PLUS, mode, op0, op1);
      return temp ? temp : gen_rtx_PLUS (mode, op0, op1);

    case MINUS_EXPR:
      /* For initializers, we are allowed to return a MINUS of two
       symbolic constants.  Here we handle all cases when both operands
       are constant.  */
      /* Handle difference of two symbolic constants,
       for the sake of an initializer.  */
      if ((modifier == EXPAND_SUM || modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
        && really_constant_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))
        && really_constant_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
      {
        rtx op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), NULL_RTX,
                         VOIDmode, ro_modifier);
        rtx op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX,
                         VOIDmode, ro_modifier);

        /* If the last operand is a CONST_INT, use plus_constant of
           the negated constant.  Else make the MINUS.  */
        if (GET_CODE (op1) == CONST_INT)
          return plus_constant (op0, - INTVAL (op1));
        else
          return gen_rtx_MINUS (mode, op0, op1);
      }
      /* Convert A - const to A + (-const).  */
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == INTEGER_CST)
      {
        tree negated = fold (build1 (NEGATE_EXPR, type,
                               TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)));

        /* Deal with the case where we can't negate the constant
           in TYPE.  */
        if (TREE_UNSIGNED (type) || TREE_OVERFLOW (negated))
          {
            tree newtype = signed_type (type);
            tree newop0 = convert (newtype, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
            tree newop1 = convert (newtype, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1));
            tree newneg = fold (build1 (NEGATE_EXPR, newtype, newop1));

            if (! TREE_OVERFLOW (newneg))
            return expand_expr (convert (type, 
                                   build (PLUS_EXPR, newtype,
                                        newop0, newneg)),
                            target, tmode, ro_modifier);
          }
        else
          {
            exp = build (PLUS_EXPR, type, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), negated);
            goto plus_expr;
          }
      }
      this_optab = sub_optab;
      goto binop;

    case MULT_EXPR:
      preexpand_calls (exp);
      /* If first operand is constant, swap them.
       Thus the following special case checks need only
       check the second operand.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == INTEGER_CST)
      {
        register tree t1 = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
        TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0) = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
        TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1) = t1;
      }

      /* Attempt to return something suitable for generating an
       indexed address, for machines that support that.  */

      if (modifier == EXPAND_SUM && mode == ptr_mode
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == INTEGER_CST
        && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (mode) <= HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT)
      {
        op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode,
                       EXPAND_SUM);

        /* Apply distributive law if OP0 is x+c.  */
        if (GET_CODE (op0) == PLUS
            && GET_CODE (XEXP (op0, 1)) == CONST_INT)
          return gen_rtx_PLUS (mode,
                         gen_rtx_MULT (mode, XEXP (op0, 0),
                                     GEN_INT (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))),
                      GEN_INT (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
                             * INTVAL (XEXP (op0, 1))));

        if (GET_CODE (op0) != REG)
          op0 = force_operand (op0, NULL_RTX);
        if (GET_CODE (op0) != REG)
          op0 = copy_to_mode_reg (mode, op0);

        return gen_rtx_MULT (mode, op0,
                         GEN_INT (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))));
      }

      if (! safe_from_p (subtarget, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1))
      subtarget = 0;

      /* Check for multiplying things that have been extended
       from a narrower type.  If this machine supports multiplying
       in that narrower type with a result in the desired type,
       do it that way, and avoid the explicit type-conversion.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == NOP_EXPR
        && TREE_CODE (type) == INTEGER_TYPE
        && (TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)))
            < TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
        && ((TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == INTEGER_CST
             && int_fits_type_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1),
                           TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)))
             /* Don't use a widening multiply if a shift will do.  */
             && ((GET_MODE_BITSIZE (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))))
                > HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT)
               || exact_log2 (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))) < 0))
            ||
            (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == NOP_EXPR
             && (TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0)))
               ==
               TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0))))
             /* If both operands are extended, they must either both
              be zero-extended or both be sign-extended.  */
             && (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0)))
               ==
               TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)))))))
      {
        enum machine_mode innermode
          = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)));
        optab other_optab = (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)))
                  ? smul_widen_optab : umul_widen_optab);
        this_optab = (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0)))
                  ? umul_widen_optab : smul_widen_optab);
        if (mode == GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (innermode))
          {
            if (this_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code != CODE_FOR_nothing)
            {
              op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0),
                             NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
              if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == INTEGER_CST)
                op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX,
                               VOIDmode, 0);
              else
                op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0),
                               NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
              goto binop2;
            }
            else if (other_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code != CODE_FOR_nothing
                   && innermode == word_mode)
            {
              rtx htem;
              op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0),
                             NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
              if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == INTEGER_CST)
                op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX,
                               VOIDmode, 0);
              else
                op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0),
                               NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
              temp = expand_binop (mode, other_optab, op0, op1, target,
                               unsignedp, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
              htem = expand_mult_highpart_adjust (innermode,
                                          gen_highpart (innermode, temp),
                                          op0, op1,
                                          gen_highpart (innermode, temp),
                                          unsignedp);
              emit_move_insn (gen_highpart (innermode, temp), htem);
              return temp;
            }
          }
      }
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      return expand_mult (mode, op0, op1, target, unsignedp);

    case TRUNC_DIV_EXPR:
    case FLOOR_DIV_EXPR:
    case CEIL_DIV_EXPR:
    case ROUND_DIV_EXPR:
    case EXACT_DIV_EXPR:
      preexpand_calls (exp);
      if (! safe_from_p (subtarget, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1))
      subtarget = 0;
      /* Possible optimization: compute the dividend with EXPAND_SUM
       then if the divisor is constant can optimize the case
       where some terms of the dividend have coeffs divisible by it.  */
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      return expand_divmod (0, code, mode, op0, op1, target, unsignedp);

    case RDIV_EXPR:
      this_optab = flodiv_optab;
      goto binop;

    case TRUNC_MOD_EXPR:
    case FLOOR_MOD_EXPR:
    case CEIL_MOD_EXPR:
    case ROUND_MOD_EXPR:
      preexpand_calls (exp);
      if (! safe_from_p (subtarget, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1))
      subtarget = 0;
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      return expand_divmod (1, code, mode, op0, op1, target, unsignedp);

    case FIX_ROUND_EXPR:
    case FIX_FLOOR_EXPR:
    case FIX_CEIL_EXPR:
      abort ();               /* Not used for C.  */

    case FIX_TRUNC_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      if (target == 0)
      target = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
      expand_fix (target, op0, unsignedp);
      return target;

    case FLOAT_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      if (target == 0)
      target = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
      /* expand_float can't figure out what to do if FROM has VOIDmode.
       So give it the correct mode.  With -O, cse will optimize this.  */
      if (GET_MODE (op0) == VOIDmode)
      op0 = copy_to_mode_reg (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))),
                        op0);
      expand_float (target, op0,
                TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))));
      return target;

    case NEGATE_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      temp = expand_unop (mode, neg_optab, op0, target, 0);
      if (temp == 0)
      abort ();
      return temp;

    case ABS_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);

      /* Handle complex values specially.  */
      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_COMPLEX_INT
        || GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_COMPLEX_FLOAT)
      return expand_complex_abs (mode, op0, target, unsignedp);

      /* Unsigned abs is simply the operand.  Testing here means we don't
       risk generating incorrect code below.  */
      if (TREE_UNSIGNED (type))
      return op0;

      return expand_abs (mode, op0, target, unsignedp,
                   safe_from_p (target, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 1));

    case MAX_EXPR:
    case MIN_EXPR:
      target = original_target;
      if (target == 0 || ! safe_from_p (target, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1)
        || (GET_CODE (target) == MEM && MEM_VOLATILE_P (target))
        || GET_MODE (target) != mode
        || (GET_CODE (target) == REG
            && REGNO (target) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER))
      target = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
      op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), target, VOIDmode, 0);

      /* First try to do it with a special MIN or MAX instruction.
       If that does not win, use a conditional jump to select the proper
       value.  */
      this_optab = (TREE_UNSIGNED (type)
                ? (code == MIN_EXPR ? umin_optab : umax_optab)
                : (code == MIN_EXPR ? smin_optab : smax_optab));

      temp = expand_binop (mode, this_optab, op0, op1, target, unsignedp,
                     OPTAB_WIDEN);
      if (temp != 0)
      return temp;

      /* At this point, a MEM target is no longer useful; we will get better
       code without it.  */
       
      if (GET_CODE (target) == MEM)
      target = gen_reg_rtx (mode);

      if (target != op0)
      emit_move_insn (target, op0);

      op0 = gen_label_rtx ();

      /* If this mode is an integer too wide to compare properly,
       compare word by word.  Rely on cse to optimize constant cases.  */
      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (mode) == MODE_INT && !can_compare_p (mode))
      {
        if (code == MAX_EXPR)
          do_jump_by_parts_greater_rtx (mode, TREE_UNSIGNED (type),
                                target, op1, NULL_RTX, op0);
        else
          do_jump_by_parts_greater_rtx (mode, TREE_UNSIGNED (type),
                                op1, target, NULL_RTX, op0);
        emit_move_insn (target, op1);
      }
      else
      {
        if (code == MAX_EXPR)
          temp = (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
                ? compare_from_rtx (target, op1, GEU, 1, mode, NULL_RTX, 0)
                : compare_from_rtx (target, op1, GE, 0, mode, NULL_RTX, 0));
        else
          temp = (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
                ? compare_from_rtx (target, op1, LEU, 1, mode, NULL_RTX, 0)
                : compare_from_rtx (target, op1, LE, 0, mode, NULL_RTX, 0));
        if (temp == const0_rtx)
          emit_move_insn (target, op1);
        else if (temp != const_true_rtx)
          {
            if (bcc_gen_fctn[(int) GET_CODE (temp)] != 0)
            emit_jump_insn ((*bcc_gen_fctn[(int) GET_CODE (temp)]) (op0));
            else
            abort ();
            emit_move_insn (target, op1);
          }
      }
      emit_label (op0);
      return target;

    case BIT_NOT_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      temp = expand_unop (mode, one_cmpl_optab, op0, target, 1);
      if (temp == 0)
      abort ();
      return temp;

    case FFS_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      temp = expand_unop (mode, ffs_optab, op0, target, 1);
      if (temp == 0)
      abort ();
      return temp;

      /* ??? Can optimize bitwise operations with one arg constant.
       Can optimize (a bitwise1 n) bitwise2 (a bitwise3 b)
       and (a bitwise1 b) bitwise2 b (etc)
       but that is probably not worth while.  */

      /* BIT_AND_EXPR is for bitwise anding.  TRUTH_AND_EXPR is for anding two
       boolean values when we want in all cases to compute both of them.  In
       general it is fastest to do TRUTH_AND_EXPR by computing both operands
       as actual zero-or-1 values and then bitwise anding.  In cases where
       there cannot be any side effects, better code would be made by
       treating TRUTH_AND_EXPR like TRUTH_ANDIF_EXPR; but the question is
       how to recognize those cases.  */

    case TRUTH_AND_EXPR:
    case BIT_AND_EXPR:
      this_optab = and_optab;
      goto binop;

    case TRUTH_OR_EXPR:
    case BIT_IOR_EXPR:
      this_optab = ior_optab;
      goto binop;

    case TRUTH_XOR_EXPR:
    case BIT_XOR_EXPR:
      this_optab = xor_optab;
      goto binop;

    case LSHIFT_EXPR:
    case RSHIFT_EXPR:
    case LROTATE_EXPR:
    case RROTATE_EXPR:
      preexpand_calls (exp);
      if (! safe_from_p (subtarget, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1))
      subtarget = 0;
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      return expand_shift (code, mode, op0, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), target,
                     unsignedp);

      /* Could determine the answer when only additive constants differ.  Also,
       the addition of one can be handled by changing the condition.  */
    case LT_EXPR:
    case LE_EXPR:
    case GT_EXPR:
    case GE_EXPR:
    case EQ_EXPR:
    case NE_EXPR:
      preexpand_calls (exp);
      temp = do_store_flag (exp, target, tmode != VOIDmode ? tmode : mode, 0);
      if (temp != 0)
      return temp;

      /* For foo != 0, load foo, and if it is nonzero load 1 instead.  */
      if (code == NE_EXPR && integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
        && original_target
        && GET_CODE (original_target) == REG
        && (GET_MODE (original_target)
            == TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))))
      {
        temp = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), original_target,
                        VOIDmode, 0);

        if (temp != original_target)
          temp = copy_to_reg (temp);

        op1 = gen_label_rtx ();
        emit_cmp_insn (temp, const0_rtx, EQ, NULL_RTX,
                   GET_MODE (temp), unsignedp, 0);
        emit_jump_insn (gen_beq (op1));
        emit_move_insn (temp, const1_rtx);
        emit_label (op1);
        return temp;
      }

      /* If no set-flag instruction, must generate a conditional
       store into a temporary variable.  Drop through
       and handle this like && and ||.  */

    case TRUTH_ANDIF_EXPR:
    case TRUTH_ORIF_EXPR:
      if (! ignore
        && (target == 0 || ! safe_from_p (target, exp, 1)
            /* Make sure we don't have a hard reg (such as function's return
             value) live across basic blocks, if not optimizing.  */
            || (!optimize && GET_CODE (target) == REG
              && REGNO (target) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)))
      target = gen_reg_rtx (tmode != VOIDmode ? tmode : mode);

      if (target)
      emit_clr_insn (target);

      op1 = gen_label_rtx ();
      jumpifnot (exp, op1);

      if (target)
      emit_0_to_1_insn (target);

      emit_label (op1);
      return ignore ? const0_rtx : target;

    case TRUTH_NOT_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), target, VOIDmode, 0);
      /* The parser is careful to generate TRUTH_NOT_EXPR
       only with operands that are always zero or one.  */
      temp = expand_binop (mode, xor_optab, op0, const1_rtx,
                     target, 1, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
      if (temp == 0)
      abort ();
      return temp;

    case COMPOUND_EXPR:
      expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx, VOIDmode, 0);
      emit_queue ();
      return expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1),
                    (ignore ? const0_rtx : target),
                    VOIDmode, 0);

    case COND_EXPR:
      /* If we would have a "singleton" (see below) were it not for a
       conversion in each arm, bring that conversion back out.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == NOP_EXPR
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2)) == NOP_EXPR
        && (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0))
            == TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), 0))))
      {
        tree true = TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0);
        tree false = TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), 0);

        if ((TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (true)) == '2'
             && operand_equal_p (false, TREE_OPERAND (true, 0), 0))
            || (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (false)) == '2'
              && operand_equal_p (true, TREE_OPERAND (false, 0), 0))
            || (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (true)) == '1'
              && operand_equal_p (false, TREE_OPERAND (true, 0), 0))
            || (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (false)) == '1'
              && operand_equal_p (true, TREE_OPERAND (false, 0), 0)))
          return expand_expr (build1 (NOP_EXPR, type,
                              build (COND_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (true),
                                     TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0),
                                     true, false)),
                        target, tmode, modifier);
      }

      {
      /* Note that COND_EXPRs whose type is a structure or union
         are required to be constructed to contain assignments of
         a temporary variable, so that we can evaluate them here
         for side effect only.  If type is void, we must do likewise.  */

      /* If an arm of the branch requires a cleanup,
         only that cleanup is performed.  */

      tree singleton = 0;
      tree binary_op = 0, unary_op = 0;

      /* If this is (A ? 1 : 0) and A is a condition, just evaluate it and
         convert it to our mode, if necessary.  */
      if (integer_onep (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
          && integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2))
          && TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) == '<')
        {
          if (ignore)
            {
            expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx, VOIDmode,
                       ro_modifier);
            return const0_rtx;
            }

          op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), target, mode, ro_modifier);
          if (GET_MODE (op0) == mode)
            return op0;

          if (target == 0)
            target = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
          convert_move (target, op0, unsignedp);
          return target;
        }

      /* Check for X ? A + B : A.  If we have this, we can copy A to the
         output and conditionally add B.  Similarly for unary operations.
         Don't do this if X has side-effects because those side effects
         might affect A or B and the "?" operation is a sequence point in
         ANSI.  (operand_equal_p tests for side effects.)  */

      if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))) == '2'
          && operand_equal_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2),
                        TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0), 0))
        singleton = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), binary_op = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      else if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2))) == '2'
             && operand_equal_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1),
                             TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), 0), 0))
        singleton = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), binary_op = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2);
      else if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))) == '1'
             && operand_equal_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2),
                             TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0), 0))
        singleton = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), unary_op = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      else if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2))) == '1'
             && operand_equal_p (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1),
                             TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), 0), 0))
        singleton = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), unary_op = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2);

      /* If we are not to produce a result, we have no target.  Otherwise,
         if a target was specified use it; it will not be used as an
         intermediate target unless it is safe.  If no target, use a 
         temporary.  */

      if (ignore)
        temp = 0;
      else if (original_target
             && (safe_from_p (original_target, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 1)
                 || (singleton && GET_CODE (original_target) == REG
                   && REGNO (original_target) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
                   && original_target == var_rtx (singleton)))
             && GET_MODE (original_target) == mode
#ifdef HAVE_conditional_move
             && (! can_conditionally_move_p (mode)
                 || GET_CODE (original_target) == REG
                 || TREE_ADDRESSABLE (type))
#endif
             && ! (GET_CODE (original_target) == MEM
                   && MEM_VOLATILE_P (original_target)))
        temp = original_target;
      else if (TREE_ADDRESSABLE (type))
        abort ();
      else
        temp = assign_temp (type, 0, 0, 1);

      /* If we had X ? A + C : A, with C a constant power of 2, and we can
         do the test of X as a store-flag operation, do this as
         A + ((X != 0) << log C).  Similarly for other simple binary
         operators.  Only do for C == 1 if BRANCH_COST is low.  */
      if (temp && singleton && binary_op
          && (TREE_CODE (binary_op) == PLUS_EXPR
            || TREE_CODE (binary_op) == MINUS_EXPR
            || TREE_CODE (binary_op) == BIT_IOR_EXPR
            || TREE_CODE (binary_op) == BIT_XOR_EXPR)
          && (BRANCH_COST >= 3 ? integer_pow2p (TREE_OPERAND (binary_op, 1))
            : integer_onep (TREE_OPERAND (binary_op, 1)))
          && TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) == '<')
        {
          rtx result;
          optab boptab = (TREE_CODE (binary_op) == PLUS_EXPR ? add_optab
                      : TREE_CODE (binary_op) == MINUS_EXPR ? sub_optab
                      : TREE_CODE (binary_op) == BIT_IOR_EXPR ? ior_optab
                      : xor_optab);

          /* If we had X ? A : A + 1, do this as A + (X == 0).

             We have to invert the truth value here and then put it
             back later if do_store_flag fails.  We cannot simply copy
             TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0) to another variable and modify that
             because invert_truthvalue can modify the tree pointed to
             by its argument.  */
          if (singleton == TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
            TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)
            = invert_truthvalue (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));

          result = do_store_flag (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0),
                            (safe_from_p (temp, singleton, 1)
                             ? temp : NULL_RTX),
                            mode, BRANCH_COST <= 1);

          if (result != 0 && ! integer_onep (TREE_OPERAND (binary_op, 1)))
            result = expand_shift (LSHIFT_EXPR, mode, result,
                             build_int_2 (tree_log2
                                      (TREE_OPERAND
                                       (binary_op, 1)),
                                      0),
                             (safe_from_p (temp, singleton, 1)
                              ? temp : NULL_RTX), 0);

          if (result)
            {
            op1 = expand_expr (singleton, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
            return expand_binop (mode, boptab, op1, result, temp,
                             unsignedp, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
            }
          else if (singleton == TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
            TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)
            = invert_truthvalue (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
        }
          
      do_pending_stack_adjust ();
      NO_DEFER_POP;
      op0 = gen_label_rtx ();

      if (singleton && ! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))
        {
          if (temp != 0)
            {
            /* If the target conflicts with the other operand of the
               binary op, we can't use it.  Also, we can't use the target
               if it is a hard register, because evaluating the condition
               might clobber it.  */
            if ((binary_op
                 && ! safe_from_p (temp, TREE_OPERAND (binary_op, 1), 1))
                || (GET_CODE (temp) == REG
                  && REGNO (temp) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER))
              temp = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
            store_expr (singleton, temp, 0);
            }
          else
            expand_expr (singleton,
                     ignore ? const0_rtx : NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
          if (singleton == TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
            jumpif (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), op0);
          else
            jumpifnot (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), op0);

          start_cleanup_deferral ();
          if (binary_op && temp == 0)
            /* Just touch the other operand.  */
            expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (binary_op, 1),
                     ignore ? const0_rtx : NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
          else if (binary_op)
            store_expr (build (TREE_CODE (binary_op), type,
                         make_tree (type, temp),
                         TREE_OPERAND (binary_op, 1)),
                    temp, 0);
          else
            store_expr (build1 (TREE_CODE (unary_op), type,
                          make_tree (type, temp)),
                    temp, 0);
          op1 = op0;
        }
      /* Check for A op 0 ? A : FOO and A op 0 ? FOO : A where OP is any
         comparison operator.  If we have one of these cases, set the
         output to A, branch on A (cse will merge these two references),
         then set the output to FOO.  */
      else if (temp
             && TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) == '<'
             && integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 1))
             && operand_equal_p (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0),
                             TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0)
             && (! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))
                 || TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == SAVE_EXPR)
             && safe_from_p (temp, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), 1))
        {
          if (GET_CODE (temp) == REG && REGNO (temp) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
            temp = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
          store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), temp, 0);
          jumpif (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), op0);

          start_cleanup_deferral ();
          store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), temp, 0);
          op1 = op0;
        }
      else if (temp
             && TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) == '<'
             && integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 1))
             && operand_equal_p (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0),
                             TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), 0)
             && (! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))
                 || TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2)) == SAVE_EXPR)
             && safe_from_p (temp, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1))
        {
          if (GET_CODE (temp) == REG && REGNO (temp) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
            temp = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
          store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), temp, 0);
          jumpifnot (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), op0);

          start_cleanup_deferral ();
          store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), temp, 0);
          op1 = op0;
        }
      else
        {
          op1 = gen_label_rtx ();
          jumpifnot (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), op0);

          start_cleanup_deferral ();
          if (temp != 0)
            store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), temp, 0);
          else
            expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1),
                     ignore ? const0_rtx : NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
          end_cleanup_deferral ();
          emit_queue ();
          emit_jump_insn (gen_jump (op1));
          emit_barrier ();
          emit_label (op0);
          start_cleanup_deferral ();
          if (temp != 0)
            store_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2), temp, 0);
          else
            expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2),
                     ignore ? const0_rtx : NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
        }

      end_cleanup_deferral ();

      emit_queue ();
      emit_label (op1);
      OK_DEFER_POP;

      return temp;
      }

    case TARGET_EXPR:
      {
      /* Something needs to be initialized, but we didn't know
         where that thing was when building the tree.  For example,
         it could be the return value of a function, or a parameter
         to a function which lays down in the stack, or a temporary
         variable which must be passed by reference.

         We guarantee that the expression will either be constructed
         or copied into our original target.  */

      tree slot = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
      tree cleanups = NULL_TREE;
      tree exp1;

      if (TREE_CODE (slot) != VAR_DECL)
        abort ();

      if (! ignore)
        target = original_target;

      if (target == 0)
        {
          if (DECL_RTL (slot) != 0)
            {
            target = DECL_RTL (slot);
            /* If we have already expanded the slot, so don't do
               it again.  (mrs)  */
            if (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1) == NULL_TREE)
              return target;
            }
          else
            {
            target = assign_temp (type, 2, 0, 1);
            /* All temp slots at this level must not conflict.  */
            preserve_temp_slots (target);
            DECL_RTL (slot) = target;
            if (TREE_ADDRESSABLE (slot))
              {
                TREE_ADDRESSABLE (slot) = 0;
                mark_addressable (slot);
              }

            /* Since SLOT is not known to the called function
               to belong to its stack frame, we must build an explicit
               cleanup.  This case occurs when we must build up a reference
               to pass the reference as an argument.  In this case,
               it is very likely that such a reference need not be
               built here.  */

            if (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2) == 0)
              TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2) = maybe_build_cleanup (slot);
            cleanups = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2);
            }
        }
      else
        {
          /* This case does occur, when expanding a parameter which
             needs to be constructed on the stack.  The target
             is the actual stack address that we want to initialize.
             The function we call will perform the cleanup in this case.  */

          /* If we have already assigned it space, use that space,
             not target that we were passed in, as our target
             parameter is only a hint.  */
          if (DECL_RTL (slot) != 0)
              {
                target = DECL_RTL (slot);
                /* If we have already expanded the slot, so don't do
                   it again.  (mrs)  */
                if (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1) == NULL_TREE)
                  return target;
            }
          else
            {
            DECL_RTL (slot) = target;
            /* If we must have an addressable slot, then make sure that
               the RTL that we just stored in slot is OK.  */
            if (TREE_ADDRESSABLE (slot))
              {
                TREE_ADDRESSABLE (slot) = 0;
                mark_addressable (slot);
              }
            }
        }

      exp1 = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 3) = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      /* Mark it as expanded.  */
      TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1) = NULL_TREE;

      TREE_USED (slot) = 1;
      store_expr (exp1, target, 0);

      expand_decl_cleanup (NULL_TREE, cleanups);
      
      return target;
      }

    case INIT_EXPR:
      {
      tree lhs = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
      tree rhs = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      tree noncopied_parts = 0;
      tree lhs_type = TREE_TYPE (lhs);

      temp = expand_assignment (lhs, rhs, ! ignore, original_target != 0);
      if (TYPE_NONCOPIED_PARTS (lhs_type) != 0 && !fixed_type_p (rhs))
        noncopied_parts = init_noncopied_parts (stabilize_reference (lhs),
                                      TYPE_NONCOPIED_PARTS (lhs_type));
      while (noncopied_parts != 0)
        {
          expand_assignment (TREE_VALUE (noncopied_parts),
                         TREE_PURPOSE (noncopied_parts), 0, 0);
          noncopied_parts = TREE_CHAIN (noncopied_parts);
        }
      return temp;
      }

    case MODIFY_EXPR:
      {
      /* If lhs is complex, expand calls in rhs before computing it.
         That's so we don't compute a pointer and save it over a call.
         If lhs is simple, compute it first so we can give it as a
         target if the rhs is just a call.  This avoids an extra temp and copy
         and that prevents a partial-subsumption which makes bad code.
         Actually we could treat component_ref's of vars like vars.  */

      tree lhs = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
      tree rhs = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
      tree noncopied_parts = 0;
      tree lhs_type = TREE_TYPE (lhs);

      temp = 0;

      if (TREE_CODE (lhs) != VAR_DECL
          && TREE_CODE (lhs) != RESULT_DECL
          && TREE_CODE (lhs) != PARM_DECL
          && ! (TREE_CODE (lhs) == INDIRECT_REF
              && TYPE_READONLY (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0)))))
        preexpand_calls (exp);

      /* Check for |= or &= of a bitfield of size one into another bitfield
         of size 1.  In this case, (unless we need the result of the
         assignment) we can do this more efficiently with a
         test followed by an assignment, if necessary.

         ??? At this point, we can't get a BIT_FIELD_REF here.  But if
         things change so we do, this code should be enhanced to
         support it.  */
      if (ignore
          && TREE_CODE (lhs) == COMPONENT_REF
          && (TREE_CODE (rhs) == BIT_IOR_EXPR
            || TREE_CODE (rhs) == BIT_AND_EXPR)
          && TREE_OPERAND (rhs, 0) == lhs
          && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (rhs, 1)) == COMPONENT_REF
          && TREE_INT_CST_LOW (DECL_SIZE (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 1))) == 1
          && TREE_INT_CST_LOW (DECL_SIZE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (rhs, 1), 1))) == 1)
        {
          rtx label = gen_label_rtx ();

          do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (rhs, 1),
                 TREE_CODE (rhs) == BIT_IOR_EXPR ? label : 0,
                 TREE_CODE (rhs) == BIT_AND_EXPR ? label : 0);
          expand_assignment (lhs, convert (TREE_TYPE (rhs),
                                   (TREE_CODE (rhs) == BIT_IOR_EXPR
                                    ? integer_one_node
                                    : integer_zero_node)),
                         0, 0);
          do_pending_stack_adjust ();
          emit_label (label);
          return const0_rtx;
        }

      if (TYPE_NONCOPIED_PARTS (lhs_type) != 0
          && ! (fixed_type_p (lhs) && fixed_type_p (rhs)))
        noncopied_parts = save_noncopied_parts (stabilize_reference (lhs),
                                      TYPE_NONCOPIED_PARTS (lhs_type));

      temp = expand_assignment (lhs, rhs, ! ignore, original_target != 0);
      while (noncopied_parts != 0)
        {
          expand_assignment (TREE_PURPOSE (noncopied_parts),
                         TREE_VALUE (noncopied_parts), 0, 0);
          noncopied_parts = TREE_CHAIN (noncopied_parts);
        }
      return temp;
      }

    case PREINCREMENT_EXPR:
    case PREDECREMENT_EXPR:
      return expand_increment (exp, 0, ignore);

    case POSTINCREMENT_EXPR:
    case POSTDECREMENT_EXPR:
      /* Faster to treat as pre-increment if result is not used.  */
      return expand_increment (exp, ! ignore, ignore);

    case ADDR_EXPR:
      /* If nonzero, TEMP will be set to the address of something that might
       be a MEM corresponding to a stack slot.  */
      temp = 0;

      /* Are we taking the address of a nested function?  */
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == FUNCTION_DECL
        && decl_function_context (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) != 0
        && ! DECL_NO_STATIC_CHAIN (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))
        && ! TREE_STATIC (exp))
      {
        op0 = trampoline_address (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
        op0 = force_operand (op0, target);
      }
      /* If we are taking the address of something erroneous, just
       return a zero.  */
      else if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == ERROR_MARK)
      return const0_rtx;
      else
      {
        /* We make sure to pass const0_rtx down if we came in with
           ignore set, to avoid doing the cleanups twice for something.  */
        op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0),
                       ignore ? const0_rtx : NULL_RTX, VOIDmode,
                       (modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER
                        ? modifier : EXPAND_CONST_ADDRESS));

        /* If we are going to ignore the result, OP0 will have been set
           to const0_rtx, so just return it.  Don't get confused and
           think we are taking the address of the constant.  */
        if (ignore)
          return op0;

        op0 = protect_from_queue (op0, 0);

        /* We would like the object in memory.  If it is a constant,
           we can have it be statically allocated into memory.  For
           a non-constant (REG, SUBREG or CONCAT), we need to allocate some
           memory and store the value into it.  */

        if (CONSTANT_P (op0))
          op0 = force_const_mem (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))),
                           op0);
        else if (GET_CODE (op0) == MEM)
          {
            mark_temp_addr_taken (op0);
            temp = XEXP (op0, 0);
          }

        else if (GET_CODE (op0) == REG || GET_CODE (op0) == SUBREG
               || GET_CODE (op0) == CONCAT || GET_CODE (op0) == ADDRESSOF)
          {
            /* If this object is in a register, it must be not
             be BLKmode.  */
            tree inner_type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
            rtx memloc = assign_temp (inner_type, 1, 1, 1);

            mark_temp_addr_taken (memloc);
            emit_move_insn (memloc, op0);
            op0 = memloc;
          }

        if (GET_CODE (op0) != MEM)
          abort ();
  
        if (modifier == EXPAND_SUM || modifier == EXPAND_INITIALIZER)
          {
            temp = XEXP (op0, 0);
#ifdef POINTERS_EXTEND_UNSIGNED
            if (GET_MODE (temp) == Pmode && GET_MODE (temp) != mode
              && mode == ptr_mode)
            temp = convert_memory_address (ptr_mode, temp);
#endif
            return temp;
          }

        op0 = force_operand (XEXP (op0, 0), target);
      }

      if (flag_force_addr && GET_CODE (op0) != REG)
      op0 = force_reg (Pmode, op0);

      if (GET_CODE (op0) == REG
        && ! REG_USERVAR_P (op0))
      mark_reg_pointer (op0, TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (type)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);

      /* If we might have had a temp slot, add an equivalent address
       for it.  */
      if (temp != 0)
      update_temp_slot_address (temp, op0);

#ifdef POINTERS_EXTEND_UNSIGNED
      if (GET_MODE (op0) == Pmode && GET_MODE (op0) != mode
        && mode == ptr_mode)
      op0 = convert_memory_address (ptr_mode, op0);
#endif

      return op0;

    case ENTRY_VALUE_EXPR:
      abort ();

    /* COMPLEX type for Extended Pascal & Fortran  */
    case COMPLEX_EXPR:
      {
      enum machine_mode mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (exp)));
      rtx insns;

      /* Get the rtx code of the operands.  */
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0, VOIDmode, 0);
      op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 0, VOIDmode, 0);

      if (! target)
        target = gen_reg_rtx (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)));

      start_sequence ();

      /* Move the real (op0) and imaginary (op1) parts to their location.  */
      emit_move_insn (gen_realpart (mode, target), op0);
      emit_move_insn (gen_imagpart (mode, target), op1);

      insns = get_insns ();
      end_sequence ();

      /* Complex construction should appear as a single unit.  */
      /* If TARGET is a CONCAT, we got insns like RD = RS, ID = IS,
         each with a separate pseudo as destination.
         It's not correct for flow to treat them as a unit.  */
      if (GET_CODE (target) != CONCAT)
        emit_no_conflict_block (insns, target, op0, op1, NULL_RTX);
      else
        emit_insns (insns);

      return target;
      }

    case REALPART_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0, VOIDmode, 0);
      return gen_realpart (mode, op0);
      
    case IMAGPART_EXPR:
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0, VOIDmode, 0);
      return gen_imagpart (mode, op0);

    case CONJ_EXPR:
      {
      enum machine_mode partmode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (exp)));
      rtx imag_t;
      rtx insns;
      
      op0  = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0, VOIDmode, 0);

      if (! target)
        target = gen_reg_rtx (mode);
                                                    
      start_sequence ();

      /* Store the realpart and the negated imagpart to target.  */
      emit_move_insn (gen_realpart (partmode, target),
                  gen_realpart (partmode, op0));

      imag_t = gen_imagpart (partmode, target);
      temp = expand_unop (partmode, neg_optab,
                         gen_imagpart (partmode, op0), imag_t, 0);
      if (temp != imag_t)
        emit_move_insn (imag_t, temp);

      insns = get_insns ();
      end_sequence ();

      /* Conjugate should appear as a single unit 
         If TARGET is a CONCAT, we got insns like RD = RS, ID = - IS,
         each with a separate pseudo as destination.
         It's not correct for flow to treat them as a unit.  */
      if (GET_CODE (target) != CONCAT)
        emit_no_conflict_block (insns, target, op0, NULL_RTX, NULL_RTX);
      else
        emit_insns (insns);

      return target;
      }

    case TRY_CATCH_EXPR:
      {
      tree handler = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);

      expand_eh_region_start ();

      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0, VOIDmode, 0);

      expand_eh_region_end (handler);

      return op0;
      }

    case POPDCC_EXPR:
      {
      rtx dcc = get_dynamic_cleanup_chain ();
      emit_move_insn (dcc, validize_mem (gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, dcc)));
      return const0_rtx;
      }

    case POPDHC_EXPR:
      {
      rtx dhc = get_dynamic_handler_chain ();
      emit_move_insn (dhc, validize_mem (gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, dhc)));
      return const0_rtx;
      }

    case ERROR_MARK:
      op0 = CONST0_RTX (tmode);
      if (op0 != 0)
      return op0;
      return const0_rtx;

    default:
      return (*lang_expand_expr) (exp, original_target, tmode, modifier);
    }

  /* Here to do an ordinary binary operator, generating an instruction
     from the optab already placed in `this_optab'.  */
 binop:
  preexpand_calls (exp);
  if (! safe_from_p (subtarget, TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), 1))
    subtarget = 0;
  op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
  op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
 binop2:
  temp = expand_binop (mode, this_optab, op0, op1, target,
                   unsignedp, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
  if (temp == 0)
    abort ();
  return temp;
}



/* Return the alignment in bits of EXP, a pointer valued expression.
   But don't return more than MAX_ALIGN no matter what.
   The alignment returned is, by default, the alignment of the thing that
   EXP points to (if it is not a POINTER_TYPE, 0 is returned).

   Otherwise, look at the expression to see if we can do better, i.e., if the
   expression is actually pointing at an object whose alignment is tighter.  */

static int
get_pointer_alignment (exp, max_align)
     tree exp;
     unsigned max_align;
{
  unsigned align, inner;

  if (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) != POINTER_TYPE)
    return 0;

  align = TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (exp)));
  align = MIN (align, max_align);

  while (1)
    {
      switch (TREE_CODE (exp))
      {
      case NOP_EXPR:
      case CONVERT_EXPR:
      case NON_LVALUE_EXPR:
        exp = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
        if (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)) != POINTER_TYPE)
          return align;
        inner = TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (exp)));
        align = MIN (inner, max_align);
        break;

      case PLUS_EXPR:
        /* If sum of pointer + int, restrict our maximum alignment to that
           imposed by the integer.  If not, we can't do any better than
           ALIGN.  */
        if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) != INTEGER_CST)
          return align;

        while (((TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) * BITS_PER_UNIT)
              & (max_align - 1))
             != 0)
          max_align >>= 1;

        exp = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
        break;

      case ADDR_EXPR:
        /* See what we are pointing at and look at its alignment.  */
        exp = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
        if (TREE_CODE (exp) == FUNCTION_DECL)
          align = FUNCTION_BOUNDARY;
        else if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (exp)) == 'd')
          align = DECL_ALIGN (exp);
#ifdef CONSTANT_ALIGNMENT
        else if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (exp)) == 'c')
          align = CONSTANT_ALIGNMENT (exp, align);
#endif
        return MIN (align, max_align);

      default:
        return align;
      }
    }
}

/* Return the tree node and offset if a given argument corresponds to
   a string constant.  */

static tree
string_constant (arg, ptr_offset)
     tree arg;
     tree *ptr_offset;
{
  STRIP_NOPS (arg);

  if (TREE_CODE (arg) == ADDR_EXPR
      && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (arg, 0)) == STRING_CST)
    {
      *ptr_offset = integer_zero_node;
      return TREE_OPERAND (arg, 0);
    }
  else if (TREE_CODE (arg) == PLUS_EXPR)
    {
      tree arg0 = TREE_OPERAND (arg, 0);
      tree arg1 = TREE_OPERAND (arg, 1);

      STRIP_NOPS (arg0);
      STRIP_NOPS (arg1);

      if (TREE_CODE (arg0) == ADDR_EXPR
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (arg0, 0)) == STRING_CST)
      {
        *ptr_offset = arg1;
        return TREE_OPERAND (arg0, 0);
      }
      else if (TREE_CODE (arg1) == ADDR_EXPR
             && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (arg1, 0)) == STRING_CST)
      {
        *ptr_offset = arg0;
        return TREE_OPERAND (arg1, 0);
      }
    }

  return 0;
}

/* Compute the length of a C string.  TREE_STRING_LENGTH is not the right
   way, because it could contain a zero byte in the middle.
   TREE_STRING_LENGTH is the size of the character array, not the string.

   Unfortunately, string_constant can't access the values of const char
   arrays with initializers, so neither can we do so here.  */

static tree
c_strlen (src)
     tree src;
{
  tree offset_node;
  int offset, max;
  char *ptr;

  src = string_constant (src, &offset_node);
  if (src == 0)
    return 0;
  max = TREE_STRING_LENGTH (src);
  ptr = TREE_STRING_POINTER (src);
  if (offset_node && TREE_CODE (offset_node) != INTEGER_CST)
    {
      /* If the string has an internal zero byte (e.g., "foo\0bar"), we can't
       compute the offset to the following null if we don't know where to
       start searching for it.  */
      int i;
      for (i = 0; i < max; i++)
      if (ptr[i] == 0)
        return 0;
      /* We don't know the starting offset, but we do know that the string
       has no internal zero bytes.  We can assume that the offset falls
       within the bounds of the string; otherwise, the programmer deserves
       what he gets.  Subtract the offset from the length of the string,
       and return that.  */
      /* This would perhaps not be valid if we were dealing with named
         arrays in addition to literal string constants.  */
      return size_binop (MINUS_EXPR, size_int (max), offset_node);
    }

  /* We have a known offset into the string.  Start searching there for
     a null character.  */
  if (offset_node == 0)
    offset = 0;
  else
    {
      /* Did we get a long long offset?  If so, punt.  */
      if (TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (offset_node) != 0)
      return 0;
      offset = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (offset_node);
    }
  /* If the offset is known to be out of bounds, warn, and call strlen at
     runtime.  */
  if (offset < 0 || offset > max)
    {
      warning ("offset outside bounds of constant string");
      return 0;
    }
  /* Use strlen to search for the first zero byte.  Since any strings
     constructed with build_string will have nulls appended, we win even
     if we get handed something like (char[4])"abcd".

     Since OFFSET is our starting index into the string, no further
     calculation is needed.  */
  return size_int (strlen (ptr + offset));
}

rtx
expand_builtin_return_addr (fndecl_code, count, tem)
     enum built_in_function fndecl_code;
     int count;
     rtx tem;
{
  int i;

  /* Some machines need special handling before we can access
     arbitrary frames.  For example, on the sparc, we must first flush
     all register windows to the stack.  */
#ifdef SETUP_FRAME_ADDRESSES
  if (count > 0)
    SETUP_FRAME_ADDRESSES ();
#endif

  /* On the sparc, the return address is not in the frame, it is in a
     register.  There is no way to access it off of the current frame
     pointer, but it can be accessed off the previous frame pointer by
     reading the value from the register window save area.  */
#ifdef RETURN_ADDR_IN_PREVIOUS_FRAME
  if (fndecl_code == BUILT_IN_RETURN_ADDRESS)
    count--;
#endif

  /* Scan back COUNT frames to the specified frame.  */
  for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
    {
      /* Assume the dynamic chain pointer is in the word that the
       frame address points to, unless otherwise specified.  */
#ifdef DYNAMIC_CHAIN_ADDRESS
      tem = DYNAMIC_CHAIN_ADDRESS (tem);
#endif
      tem = memory_address (Pmode, tem);
      tem = copy_to_reg (gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, tem));
    }

  /* For __builtin_frame_address, return what we've got.  */
  if (fndecl_code == BUILT_IN_FRAME_ADDRESS)
    return tem;

  /* For __builtin_return_address, Get the return address from that
     frame.  */
#ifdef RETURN_ADDR_RTX
  tem = RETURN_ADDR_RTX (count, tem);
#else
  tem = memory_address (Pmode,
                  plus_constant (tem, GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode)));
  tem = gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, tem);
#endif
  return tem;
}

/* __builtin_setjmp is passed a pointer to an array of five words (not
   all will be used on all machines).  It operates similarly to the C
   library function of the same name, but is more efficient.  Much of
   the code below (and for longjmp) is copied from the handling of
   non-local gotos.

   NOTE: This is intended for use by GNAT and the exception handling
   scheme in the compiler and will only work in the method used by
   them.  */

rtx
expand_builtin_setjmp (buf_addr, target, first_label, next_label)
     rtx buf_addr;
     rtx target;
     rtx first_label, next_label;
{
  rtx lab1 = gen_label_rtx ();
  enum machine_mode sa_mode = STACK_SAVEAREA_MODE (SAVE_NONLOCAL);
  enum machine_mode value_mode;
  rtx stack_save;

  value_mode = TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node);

#ifdef POINTERS_EXTEND_UNSIGNED
  buf_addr = convert_memory_address (Pmode, buf_addr);
#endif

  buf_addr = force_reg (Pmode, buf_addr);

  if (target == 0 || GET_CODE (target) != REG
      || REGNO (target) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
    target = gen_reg_rtx (value_mode);

  emit_queue ();

  /* We store the frame pointer and the address of lab1 in the buffer
     and use the rest of it for the stack save area, which is
     machine-dependent.  */

#ifndef BUILTIN_SETJMP_FRAME_VALUE
#define BUILTIN_SETJMP_FRAME_VALUE virtual_stack_vars_rtx
#endif

  emit_move_insn (gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, buf_addr),
              BUILTIN_SETJMP_FRAME_VALUE);
  emit_move_insn (validize_mem
              (gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode,
                        plus_constant (buf_addr,
                                     GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode)))),
              gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (Pmode, lab1));

  stack_save = gen_rtx_MEM (sa_mode,
                      plus_constant (buf_addr,
                                 2 * GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode)));
  emit_stack_save (SAVE_NONLOCAL, &stack_save, NULL_RTX);

  /* If there is further processing to do, do it.  */
#ifdef HAVE_builtin_setjmp_setup
  if (HAVE_builtin_setjmp_setup)
    emit_insn (gen_builtin_setjmp_setup (buf_addr));
#endif

  /* Set TARGET to zero and branch to the first-time-through label.  */
  emit_move_insn (target, const0_rtx);
  emit_jump_insn (gen_jump (first_label));
  emit_barrier ();
  emit_label (lab1);

  /* Tell flow about the strange goings on.  */
  current_function_has_nonlocal_label = 1;

  /* Clobber the FP when we get here, so we have to make sure it's
     marked as used by this function.  */
  emit_insn (gen_rtx_USE (VOIDmode, hard_frame_pointer_rtx));

  /* Mark the static chain as clobbered here so life information
     doesn't get messed up for it.  */
  emit_insn (gen_rtx_CLOBBER (VOIDmode, static_chain_rtx));

  /* Now put in the code to restore the frame pointer, and argument
     pointer, if needed.  The code below is from expand_end_bindings
     in stmt.c; see detailed documentation there.  */
#ifdef HAVE_nonlocal_goto
  if (! HAVE_nonlocal_goto)
#endif
    emit_move_insn (virtual_stack_vars_rtx, hard_frame_pointer_rtx);

#if ARG_POINTER_REGNUM != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
  if (fixed_regs[ARG_POINTER_REGNUM])
    {
#ifdef ELIMINABLE_REGS
      int i;
      static struct elims {int from, to;} elim_regs[] = ELIMINABLE_REGS;

      for (i = 0; i < sizeof elim_regs / sizeof elim_regs[0]; i++)
      if (elim_regs[i].from == ARG_POINTER_REGNUM
          && elim_regs[i].to == HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM)
        break;

      if (i == sizeof elim_regs / sizeof elim_regs [0])
#endif
      {
        /* Now restore our arg pointer from the address at which it
           was saved in our stack frame.
           If there hasn't be space allocated for it yet, make
           some now.  */
        if (arg_pointer_save_area == 0)
          arg_pointer_save_area
            = assign_stack_local (Pmode, GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode), 0);
        emit_move_insn (virtual_incoming_args_rtx,
                    copy_to_reg (arg_pointer_save_area));
      }
    }
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_builtin_setjmp_receiver
  if (HAVE_builtin_setjmp_receiver)
    emit_insn (gen_builtin_setjmp_receiver (lab1));
  else
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_nonlocal_goto_receiver
    if (HAVE_nonlocal_goto_receiver)
      emit_insn (gen_nonlocal_goto_receiver ());
    else
#endif
      {
      ; /* Nothing */
      }

  /* Set TARGET, and branch to the next-time-through label.  */
  emit_move_insn (target, const1_rtx);
  emit_jump_insn (gen_jump (next_label));
  emit_barrier ();

  return target;
}

void
expand_builtin_longjmp (buf_addr, value)
     rtx buf_addr, value;
{
  rtx fp, lab, stack;
  enum machine_mode sa_mode = STACK_SAVEAREA_MODE (SAVE_NONLOCAL);

#ifdef POINTERS_EXTEND_UNSIGNED
  buf_addr = convert_memory_address (Pmode, buf_addr);
#endif
  buf_addr = force_reg (Pmode, buf_addr);

  /* We used to store value in static_chain_rtx, but that fails if pointers
     are smaller than integers.  We instead require that the user must pass
     a second argument of 1, because that is what builtin_setjmp will
     return.  This also makes EH slightly more efficient, since we are no
     longer copying around a value that we don't care about.  */
  if (value != const1_rtx)
    abort ();

#ifdef HAVE_builtin_longjmp
  if (HAVE_builtin_longjmp)
    emit_insn (gen_builtin_longjmp (buf_addr));
  else
#endif
    {
      fp = gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, buf_addr);
      lab = gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, plus_constant (buf_addr,
                                     GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode)));

      stack = gen_rtx_MEM (sa_mode, plus_constant (buf_addr,
                                       2 * GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode)));

      /* Pick up FP, label, and SP from the block and jump.  This code is
       from expand_goto in stmt.c; see there for detailed comments.  */
#if HAVE_nonlocal_goto
      if (HAVE_nonlocal_goto)
      /* We have to pass a value to the nonlocal_goto pattern that will
         get copied into the static_chain pointer, but it does not matter
         what that value is, because builtin_setjmp does not use it.  */
      emit_insn (gen_nonlocal_goto (value, fp, stack, lab));
      else
#endif
      {
        lab = copy_to_reg (lab);

        emit_move_insn (hard_frame_pointer_rtx, fp);
        emit_stack_restore (SAVE_NONLOCAL, stack, NULL_RTX);

        emit_insn (gen_rtx_USE (VOIDmode, hard_frame_pointer_rtx));
        emit_insn (gen_rtx_USE (VOIDmode, stack_pointer_rtx));
        emit_indirect_jump (lab);
      }
    }
}

static rtx
get_memory_rtx (exp)
     tree exp;
{
  rtx mem;
  int is_aggregate;

  mem = gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode,
                 memory_address (BLKmode,
                             expand_expr (exp, NULL_RTX,
                                      ptr_mode, EXPAND_SUM)));

  RTX_UNCHANGING_P (mem) = TREE_READONLY (exp);

  /* Figure out the type of the object pointed to.  Set MEM_IN_STRUCT_P
     if the value is the address of a structure or if the expression is
     cast to a pointer to structure type.  */
  is_aggregate = 0;

  while (TREE_CODE (exp) == NOP_EXPR)
    {
      tree cast_type = TREE_TYPE (exp);
      if (TREE_CODE (cast_type) == POINTER_TYPE
        && AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (cast_type)))
      {
        is_aggregate = 1;
        break;
      }
      exp = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
    }

  if (is_aggregate == 0)
    {
      tree type;

      if (TREE_CODE (exp) == ADDR_EXPR)
      /* If this is the address of an object, check whether the
         object is an array.  */
      type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
      else
      type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (exp));
      is_aggregate = AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (type);
    }

  MEM_IN_STRUCT_P (mem) = is_aggregate;
  return mem;
}


/* Expand an expression EXP that calls a built-in function,
   with result going to TARGET if that's convenient
   (and in mode MODE if that's convenient).
   SUBTARGET may be used as the target for computing one of EXP's operands.
   IGNORE is nonzero if the value is to be ignored.  */

#define CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN(NODE) \
   (!strncmp (IDENTIFIER_POINTER (DECL_NAME (NODE)), "__builtin_", 10))

static rtx
expand_builtin (exp, target, subtarget, mode, ignore)
     tree exp;
     rtx target;
     rtx subtarget;
     enum machine_mode mode;
     int ignore;
{
  tree fndecl = TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0);
  tree arglist = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
  rtx op0;
  rtx lab1, insns;
  enum machine_mode value_mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp));
  optab builtin_optab;

  switch (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl))
    {
    case BUILT_IN_ABS:
    case BUILT_IN_LABS:
    case BUILT_IN_FABS:
      /* build_function_call changes these into ABS_EXPR.  */
      abort ();

    case BUILT_IN_SIN:
    case BUILT_IN_COS:
      /* Treat these like sqrt, but only if the user asks for them.  */
      if (! flag_fast_math)
      break;
    case BUILT_IN_FSQRT:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (! optimize)
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be wrong type if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != REAL_TYPE)
      break;

      /* Stabilize and compute the argument.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_VALUE (arglist)) != VAR_DECL
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_VALUE (arglist)) != PARM_DECL)
      {
        exp = copy_node (exp);
        arglist = copy_node (arglist);
        TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1) = arglist;
        TREE_VALUE (arglist) = save_expr (TREE_VALUE (arglist));
      }
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (arglist), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);

      /* Make a suitable register to place result in.  */
      target = gen_reg_rtx (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp)));

      emit_queue ();
      start_sequence ();

      switch (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl))
      {
      case BUILT_IN_SIN:
        builtin_optab = sin_optab; break;
      case BUILT_IN_COS:
        builtin_optab = cos_optab; break;
      case BUILT_IN_FSQRT:
        builtin_optab = sqrt_optab; break;
      default:
        abort ();
      }

      /* Compute into TARGET.
       Set TARGET to wherever the result comes back.  */
      target = expand_unop (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))),
                      builtin_optab, op0, target, 0);

      /* If we were unable to expand via the builtin, stop the
       sequence (without outputting the insns) and break, causing
       a call to the library function.  */
      if (target == 0)
      {
        end_sequence ();
        break;
        }

      /* Check the results by default.  But if flag_fast_math is turned on,
       then assume sqrt will always be called with valid arguments.  */

      if (! flag_fast_math)
      {
        /* Don't define the builtin FP instructions
           if your machine is not IEEE.  */
        if (TARGET_FLOAT_FORMAT != IEEE_FLOAT_FORMAT)
          abort ();

        lab1 = gen_label_rtx ();

        /* Test the result; if it is NaN, set errno=EDOM because
           the argument was not in the domain.  */
        emit_cmp_insn (target, target, EQ, 0, GET_MODE (target), 0, 0);
        emit_jump_insn (gen_beq (lab1));

#ifdef TARGET_EDOM
        {
#ifdef GEN_ERRNO_RTX
          rtx errno_rtx = GEN_ERRNO_RTX;
#else
          rtx errno_rtx
            = gen_rtx_MEM (word_mode, gen_rtx_SYMBOL_REF (Pmode, "errno"));
#endif

          emit_move_insn (errno_rtx, GEN_INT (TARGET_EDOM));
        }
#else
        /* We can't set errno=EDOM directly; let the library call do it.
           Pop the arguments right away in case the call gets deleted.  */
        NO_DEFER_POP;
        expand_call (exp, target, 0);
        OK_DEFER_POP;
#endif

        emit_label (lab1);
      }

      /* Output the entire sequence.  */
      insns = get_insns ();
      end_sequence ();
      emit_insns (insns);
 
      return target;

    case BUILT_IN_FMOD:
      break;

      /* __builtin_apply_args returns block of memory allocated on
       the stack into which is stored the arg pointer, structure
       value address, static chain, and all the registers that might
       possibly be used in performing a function call.  The code is
       moved to the start of the function so the incoming values are
       saved.  */
    case BUILT_IN_APPLY_ARGS:
      /* Don't do __builtin_apply_args more than once in a function.
       Save the result of the first call and reuse it.  */
      if (apply_args_value != 0)
      return apply_args_value;
      {
      /* When this function is called, it means that registers must be
         saved on entry to this function.  So we migrate the
         call to the first insn of this function.  */
      rtx temp;
      rtx seq;

      start_sequence ();
      temp = expand_builtin_apply_args ();
      seq = get_insns ();
      end_sequence ();

      apply_args_value = temp;

      /* Put the sequence after the NOTE that starts the function.
         If this is inside a SEQUENCE, make the outer-level insn
         chain current, so the code is placed at the start of the
         function.  */
      push_topmost_sequence ();
      emit_insns_before (seq, NEXT_INSN (get_insns ()));
      pop_topmost_sequence ();
      return temp;
      }

      /* __builtin_apply (FUNCTION, ARGUMENTS, ARGSIZE) invokes
       FUNCTION with a copy of the parameters described by
       ARGUMENTS, and ARGSIZE.  It returns a block of memory
       allocated on the stack into which is stored all the registers
       that might possibly be used for returning the result of a
       function.  ARGUMENTS is the value returned by
       __builtin_apply_args.  ARGSIZE is the number of bytes of
       arguments that must be copied.  ??? How should this value be
       computed?  We'll also need a safe worst case value for varargs
       functions.  */
    case BUILT_IN_APPLY:
      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || ! POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist)))
        || TREE_CHAIN (arglist) == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)))) != POINTER_TYPE
        || TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)) == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist))))) != INTEGER_TYPE)
      return const0_rtx;
      else
      {
        int i;
        tree t;
        rtx ops[3];

        for (t = arglist, i = 0; t; t = TREE_CHAIN (t), i++)
          ops[i] = expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (t), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

        return expand_builtin_apply (ops[0], ops[1], ops[2]);
      }

      /* __builtin_return (RESULT) causes the function to return the
       value described by RESULT.  RESULT is address of the block of
       memory returned by __builtin_apply.  */
    case BUILT_IN_RETURN:
      if (arglist
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) == POINTER_TYPE)
      expand_builtin_return (expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (arglist),
                                  NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0));
      return const0_rtx;

    case BUILT_IN_SAVEREGS:
      /* Don't do __builtin_saveregs more than once in a function.
       Save the result of the first call and reuse it.  */
      if (saveregs_value != 0)
      return saveregs_value;
      {
      /* When this function is called, it means that registers must be
         saved on entry to this function.  So we migrate the
         call to the first insn of this function.  */
      rtx temp;
      rtx seq;

      /* Now really call the function.  `expand_call' does not call
         expand_builtin, so there is no danger of infinite recursion here.  */
      start_sequence ();

#ifdef EXPAND_BUILTIN_SAVEREGS
      /* Do whatever the machine needs done in this case.  */
      temp = EXPAND_BUILTIN_SAVEREGS (arglist);
#else
      /* The register where the function returns its value
         is likely to have something else in it, such as an argument.
         So preserve that register around the call.  */

      if (value_mode != VOIDmode)
        {
          rtx valreg = hard_libcall_value (value_mode);
          rtx saved_valreg = gen_reg_rtx (value_mode);

          emit_move_insn (saved_valreg, valreg);
          temp = expand_call (exp, target, ignore);
          emit_move_insn (valreg, saved_valreg);
        }
      else
        /* Generate the call, putting the value in a pseudo.  */
        temp = expand_call (exp, target, ignore);
#endif

      seq = get_insns ();
      end_sequence ();

      saveregs_value = temp;

      /* Put the sequence after the NOTE that starts the function.
         If this is inside a SEQUENCE, make the outer-level insn
         chain current, so the code is placed at the start of the
         function.  */
      push_topmost_sequence ();
      emit_insns_before (seq, NEXT_INSN (get_insns ()));
      pop_topmost_sequence ();
      return temp;
      }

      /* __builtin_args_info (N) returns word N of the arg space info
       for the current function.  The number and meanings of words
       is controlled by the definition of CUMULATIVE_ARGS.  */
    case BUILT_IN_ARGS_INFO:
      {
      int nwords = sizeof (CUMULATIVE_ARGS) / sizeof (int);
      int *word_ptr = (int *) &current_function_args_info;
#if 0 
      /* These are used by the code below that is if 0'ed away */
      int i;
      tree type, elts, result;
#endif

      if (sizeof (CUMULATIVE_ARGS) % sizeof (int) != 0)
        fatal ("CUMULATIVE_ARGS type defined badly; see %s, line %d",
             __FILE__, __LINE__);

      if (arglist != 0)
        {
          tree arg = TREE_VALUE (arglist);
          if (TREE_CODE (arg) != INTEGER_CST)
            error ("argument of `__builtin_args_info' must be constant");
          else
            {
            int wordnum = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (arg);

            if (wordnum < 0 || wordnum >= nwords || TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (arg))
              error ("argument of `__builtin_args_info' out of range");
            else
              return GEN_INT (word_ptr[wordnum]);
            }
        }
      else
        error ("missing argument in `__builtin_args_info'");

      return const0_rtx;

#if 0
      for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
        elts = tree_cons (NULL_TREE, build_int_2 (word_ptr[i], 0));

      type = build_array_type (integer_type_node,
                         build_index_type (build_int_2 (nwords, 0)));
      result = build (CONSTRUCTOR, type, NULL_TREE, nreverse (elts));
      TREE_CONSTANT (result) = 1;
      TREE_STATIC (result) = 1;
      result = build (INDIRECT_REF, build_pointer_type (type), result);
      TREE_CONSTANT (result) = 1;
      return expand_expr (result, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_BAD);
#endif
      }

      /* Return the address of the first anonymous stack arg.  */
    case BUILT_IN_NEXT_ARG:
      {
      tree fntype = TREE_TYPE (current_function_decl);

      if ((TYPE_ARG_TYPES (fntype) == 0
           || (TREE_VALUE (tree_last (TYPE_ARG_TYPES (fntype)))
             == void_type_node))
          && ! current_function_varargs)
        {
          error ("`va_start' used in function with fixed args");
          return const0_rtx;
        }

      if (arglist)
        {
          tree last_parm = tree_last (DECL_ARGUMENTS (current_function_decl));
          tree arg = TREE_VALUE (arglist);

          /* Strip off all nops for the sake of the comparison.  This
             is not quite the same as STRIP_NOPS.  It does more.  
             We must also strip off INDIRECT_EXPR for C++ reference
             parameters.  */
          while (TREE_CODE (arg) == NOP_EXPR
               || TREE_CODE (arg) == CONVERT_EXPR
               || TREE_CODE (arg) == NON_LVALUE_EXPR
               || TREE_CODE (arg) == INDIRECT_REF)
            arg = TREE_OPERAND (arg, 0);
          if (arg != last_parm)
            warning ("second parameter of `va_start' not last named argument");
        }
      else if (! current_function_varargs)
        /* Evidently an out of date version of <stdarg.h>; can't validate
           va_start's second argument, but can still work as intended.  */
        warning ("`__builtin_next_arg' called without an argument");
      }

      return expand_binop (Pmode, add_optab,
                     current_function_internal_arg_pointer,
                     current_function_arg_offset_rtx,
                     NULL_RTX, 0, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);

    case BUILT_IN_CLASSIFY_TYPE:
      if (arglist != 0)
      {
        tree type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist));
        enum tree_code code = TREE_CODE (type);
        if (code == VOID_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (void_type_class);
        if (code == INTEGER_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (integer_type_class);
        if (code == CHAR_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (char_type_class);
        if (code == ENUMERAL_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (enumeral_type_class);
        if (code == BOOLEAN_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (boolean_type_class);
        if (code == POINTER_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (pointer_type_class);
        if (code == REFERENCE_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (reference_type_class);
        if (code == OFFSET_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (offset_type_class);
        if (code == REAL_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (real_type_class);
        if (code == COMPLEX_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (complex_type_class);
        if (code == FUNCTION_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (function_type_class);
        if (code == METHOD_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (method_type_class);
        if (code == RECORD_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (record_type_class);
        if (code == UNION_TYPE || code == QUAL_UNION_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (union_type_class);
        if (code == ARRAY_TYPE)
          {
            if (TYPE_STRING_FLAG (type))
            return GEN_INT (string_type_class);
            else
            return GEN_INT (array_type_class);
          }
        if (code == SET_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (set_type_class);
        if (code == FILE_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (file_type_class);
        if (code == LANG_TYPE)
          return GEN_INT (lang_type_class);
      }
      return GEN_INT (no_type_class);

    case BUILT_IN_CONSTANT_P:
      if (arglist == 0)
      return const0_rtx;
      else
      {
        tree arg = TREE_VALUE (arglist);

        STRIP_NOPS (arg);
        if (really_constant_p (arg)
            || (TREE_CODE (arg) == ADDR_EXPR
              && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (arg, 0)) == STRING_CST))
          return const1_rtx;

        /* Only emit CONSTANT_P_RTX if CSE will be run. 
           Moreover, we don't want to expand trees that have side effects,
           as the original __builtin_constant_p did not evaluate its      
           argument at all, and we would break existing usage by changing 
           this.  This quirk was generally useful, eliminating a bit of hair
           in the writing of the macros that use this function.  Now the    
           same thing can be better accomplished in an inline function.  */

        if (! cse_not_expected && ! TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (arg))
          {
            /* Lazy fixup of old code: issue a warning and fail the test.  */
            if (! can_handle_constant_p)
            {
              warning ("Delayed evaluation of __builtin_constant_p not supported on this target.");
              warning ("Please report this as a bug to egcs-bugs@egcs.cygnus.com.");
              return const0_rtx;
            }
            return gen_rtx_CONSTANT_P_RTX (TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node),
                                     expand_expr (arg, NULL_RTX,
                                            VOIDmode, 0));
          }

        return const0_rtx;
      }

    case BUILT_IN_FRAME_ADDRESS:
      /* The argument must be a nonnegative integer constant.
       It counts the number of frames to scan up the stack.
       The value is the address of that frame.  */
    case BUILT_IN_RETURN_ADDRESS:
      /* The argument must be a nonnegative integer constant.
       It counts the number of frames to scan up the stack.
       The value is the return address saved in that frame.  */
      if (arglist == 0)
      /* Warning about missing arg was already issued.  */
      return const0_rtx;
      else if (TREE_CODE (TREE_VALUE (arglist)) != INTEGER_CST
             || tree_int_cst_sgn (TREE_VALUE (arglist)) < 0)
      {
        if (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl) == BUILT_IN_FRAME_ADDRESS)
          error ("invalid arg to `__builtin_frame_address'");
        else
          error ("invalid arg to `__builtin_return_address'");
        return const0_rtx;
      }
      else
      {
        rtx tem = expand_builtin_return_addr (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl),
                                    TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_VALUE (arglist)),
                                    hard_frame_pointer_rtx);

        /* Some ports cannot access arbitrary stack frames.  */
        if (tem == NULL)
          {
            if (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl) == BUILT_IN_FRAME_ADDRESS)
            warning ("unsupported arg to `__builtin_frame_address'");
            else
            warning ("unsupported arg to `__builtin_return_address'");
            return const0_rtx;
          }

        /* For __builtin_frame_address, return what we've got.  */
        if (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl) == BUILT_IN_FRAME_ADDRESS)
          return tem;

        if (GET_CODE (tem) != REG)
          tem = copy_to_reg (tem);
        return tem;
      }

    /* Returns the address of the area where the structure is returned.
       0 otherwise.  */
    case BUILT_IN_AGGREGATE_INCOMING_ADDRESS:
      if (arglist != 0
          || ! AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (current_function_decl)))
          || GET_CODE (DECL_RTL (DECL_RESULT (current_function_decl))) != MEM)
        return const0_rtx;
      else
        return XEXP (DECL_RTL (DECL_RESULT (current_function_decl)), 0);

    case BUILT_IN_ALLOCA:
      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-integer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != INTEGER_TYPE)
      break;

      /* Compute the argument.  */
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (arglist), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

      /* Allocate the desired space.  */
      return allocate_dynamic_stack_space (op0, target, BITS_PER_UNIT);

    case BUILT_IN_FFS:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (!optimize && ! CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN (fndecl))
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-integer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != INTEGER_TYPE)
      break;

      /* Compute the argument.  */
      op0 = expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (arglist), subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
      /* Compute ffs, into TARGET if possible.
       Set TARGET to wherever the result comes back.  */
      target = expand_unop (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))),
                      ffs_optab, op0, target, 1);
      if (target == 0)
      abort ();
      return target;

    case BUILT_IN_STRLEN:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (!optimize && ! CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN (fndecl))
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE)
      break;
      else
      {
        tree src = TREE_VALUE (arglist);
        tree len = c_strlen (src);

        int align
          = get_pointer_alignment (src, BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT) / BITS_PER_UNIT;

        rtx result, src_rtx, char_rtx;
        enum machine_mode insn_mode = value_mode, char_mode;
        enum insn_code icode;

        /* If the length is known, just return it.  */
        if (len != 0)
          return expand_expr (len, target, mode, EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_BAD);

        /* If SRC is not a pointer type, don't do this operation inline.  */
        if (align == 0)
          break;

        /* Call a function if we can't compute strlen in the right mode.  */

        while (insn_mode != VOIDmode)
          {
            icode = strlen_optab->handlers[(int) insn_mode].insn_code;
            if (icode != CODE_FOR_nothing)
            break;

            insn_mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (insn_mode);
          }
        if (insn_mode == VOIDmode)
          break;

        /* Make a place to write the result of the instruction.  */
        result = target;
        if (! (result != 0
             && GET_CODE (result) == REG
             && GET_MODE (result) == insn_mode
             && REGNO (result) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER))
          result = gen_reg_rtx (insn_mode);

        /* Make sure the operands are acceptable to the predicates.  */

        if (! (*insn_operand_predicate[(int)icode][0]) (result, insn_mode))
          result = gen_reg_rtx (insn_mode);
        src_rtx = memory_address (BLKmode,
                            expand_expr (src, NULL_RTX, ptr_mode,
                                     EXPAND_NORMAL));

        if (! (*insn_operand_predicate[(int)icode][1]) (src_rtx, Pmode))
          src_rtx = copy_to_mode_reg (Pmode, src_rtx);

        /* Check the string is readable and has an end.  */
        if (flag_check_memory_usage)
          emit_library_call (chkr_check_str_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 2,
                         src_rtx, ptr_mode,
                         GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_RO),
                         TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));

        char_rtx = const0_rtx;
        char_mode = insn_operand_mode[(int)icode][2];
        if (! (*insn_operand_predicate[(int)icode][2]) (char_rtx, char_mode))
          char_rtx = copy_to_mode_reg (char_mode, char_rtx);

        emit_insn (GEN_FCN (icode) (result,
                              gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, src_rtx),
                              char_rtx, GEN_INT (align)));

        /* Return the value in the proper mode for this function.  */
        if (GET_MODE (result) == value_mode)
          return result;
        else if (target != 0)
          {
            convert_move (target, result, 0);
            return target;
          }
        else
          return convert_to_mode (value_mode, result, 0);
      }

    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (!optimize && ! CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN (fndecl))
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE
        || TREE_CHAIN (arglist) == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)))) != POINTER_TYPE)
      break;
      else
      {
        tree len = c_strlen (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)));

        if (len == 0)
          break;

        len = size_binop (PLUS_EXPR, len, integer_one_node);

        chainon (arglist, build_tree_list (NULL_TREE, len));
      }

      /* Drops in.  */
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (!optimize && ! CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN (fndecl))
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE
        || TREE_CHAIN (arglist) == 0
        || (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist))))
            != POINTER_TYPE)
        || TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)) == 0
        || (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE
                            (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)))))
            != INTEGER_TYPE))
      break;
      else
      {
        tree dest = TREE_VALUE (arglist);
        tree src = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist));
        tree len = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)));

        int src_align
          = get_pointer_alignment (src, BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
        int dest_align
          = get_pointer_alignment (dest, BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
        rtx dest_mem, src_mem, dest_addr, len_rtx;

        /* If either SRC or DEST is not a pointer type, don't do
           this operation in-line.  */
        if (src_align == 0 || dest_align == 0)
          {
            if (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl) == BUILT_IN_STRCPY)
            TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)) = 0;
            break;
          }

        dest_mem = get_memory_rtx (dest);
        src_mem = get_memory_rtx (src);
        len_rtx = expand_expr (len, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

        /* Just copy the rights of SRC to the rights of DEST.  */
        if (flag_check_memory_usage)
          emit_library_call (chkr_copy_bitmap_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                         XEXP (dest_mem, 0), ptr_mode,
                         XEXP (src_mem, 0), ptr_mode,
                         len_rtx, TYPE_MODE (sizetype));

        /* Copy word part most expediently.  */
        dest_addr
          = emit_block_move (dest_mem, src_mem, len_rtx,
                         MIN (src_align, dest_align));

        if (dest_addr == 0)
          dest_addr = force_operand (XEXP (dest_mem, 0), NULL_RTX);

        return dest_addr;
      }

    case BUILT_IN_MEMSET:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (!optimize && ! CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN (fndecl))
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE
        || TREE_CHAIN (arglist) == 0
        || (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist))))
            != INTEGER_TYPE)
        || TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)) == 0
        || (INTEGER_TYPE
            != (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE
                       (TREE_VALUE
                        (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist))))))))
      break;
      else
      {
        tree dest = TREE_VALUE (arglist);
        tree val = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist));
        tree len = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)));

        int dest_align
          = get_pointer_alignment (dest, BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
        rtx dest_mem, dest_addr, len_rtx;

        /* If DEST is not a pointer type, don't do this 
           operation in-line.  */
        if (dest_align == 0)
          break;

        /* If the arguments have side-effects, then we can only evaluate
           them at most once.  The following code evaluates them twice if
           they are not constants because we break out to expand_call
           in that case.  They can't be constants if they have side-effects
           so we can check for that first.  Alternatively, we could call
           save_expr to make multiple evaluation safe.  */
        if (TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (val) || TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (len))
          break;

        /* If VAL is not 0, don't do this operation in-line. */
        if (expand_expr (val, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0) != const0_rtx)
          break;

        /* If LEN does not expand to a constant, don't do this
           operation in-line.  */
        len_rtx = expand_expr (len, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
        if (GET_CODE (len_rtx) != CONST_INT)
          break;

        dest_mem = get_memory_rtx (dest);
         
        /* Just check DST is writable and mark it as readable.  */
        if (flag_check_memory_usage)
          emit_library_call (chkr_check_addr_libfunc, 1, VOIDmode, 3,
                         XEXP (dest_mem, 0), ptr_mode,
                         len_rtx, TYPE_MODE (sizetype),
                         GEN_INT (MEMORY_USE_WO),
                         TYPE_MODE (integer_type_node));


        dest_addr = clear_storage (dest_mem, len_rtx, dest_align);

        if (dest_addr == 0)
          dest_addr = force_operand (XEXP (dest_mem, 0), NULL_RTX);

        return dest_addr;
      }

/* These comparison functions need an instruction that returns an actual
   index.  An ordinary compare that just sets the condition codes
   is not enough.  */
#ifdef HAVE_cmpstrsi
    case BUILT_IN_STRCMP:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (!optimize && ! CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN (fndecl))
      break;

      /* If we need to check memory accesses, call the library function.  */
      if (flag_check_memory_usage)
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE
        || TREE_CHAIN (arglist) == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)))) != POINTER_TYPE)
      break;
      else if (!HAVE_cmpstrsi)
      break;
      {
      tree arg1 = TREE_VALUE (arglist);
      tree arg2 = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist));
      tree len, len2;

      len = c_strlen (arg1);
      if (len)
        len = size_binop (PLUS_EXPR, integer_one_node, len);
      len2 = c_strlen (arg2);
      if (len2)
        len2 = size_binop (PLUS_EXPR, integer_one_node, len2);

      /* If we don't have a constant length for the first, use the length
         of the second, if we know it.  We don't require a constant for
         this case; some cost analysis could be done if both are available
         but neither is constant.  For now, assume they're equally cheap.

         If both strings have constant lengths, use the smaller.  This
         could arise if optimization results in strcpy being called with
         two fixed strings, or if the code was machine-generated.  We should
         add some code to the `memcmp' handler below to deal with such
         situations, someday.  */
      if (!len || TREE_CODE (len) != INTEGER_CST)
        {
          if (len2)
            len = len2;
          else if (len == 0)
            break;
        }
      else if (len2 && TREE_CODE (len2) == INTEGER_CST)
        {
          if (tree_int_cst_lt (len2, len))
            len = len2;
        }

      chainon (arglist, build_tree_list (NULL_TREE, len));
      }

      /* Drops in.  */
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCMP:
      /* If not optimizing, call the library function.  */
      if (!optimize && ! CALLED_AS_BUILT_IN (fndecl))
      break;

      /* If we need to check memory accesses, call the library function.  */
      if (flag_check_memory_usage)
      break;

      if (arglist == 0
        /* Arg could be non-pointer if user redeclared this fcn wrong.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE
        || TREE_CHAIN (arglist) == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)))) != POINTER_TYPE
        || TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)) == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist))))) != INTEGER_TYPE)
      break;
      else if (!HAVE_cmpstrsi)
      break;
      {
      tree arg1 = TREE_VALUE (arglist);
      tree arg2 = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist));
      tree len = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)));
      rtx result;

      int arg1_align
        = get_pointer_alignment (arg1, BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
      int arg2_align
        = get_pointer_alignment (arg2, BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
      enum machine_mode insn_mode
        = insn_operand_mode[(int) CODE_FOR_cmpstrsi][0];

      /* If we don't have POINTER_TYPE, call the function.  */
      if (arg1_align == 0 || arg2_align == 0)
        {
          if (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl) == BUILT_IN_STRCMP)
            TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)) = 0;
          break;
        }

      /* Make a place to write the result of the instruction.  */
      result = target;
      if (! (result != 0
             && GET_CODE (result) == REG && GET_MODE (result) == insn_mode
             && REGNO (result) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER))
        result = gen_reg_rtx (insn_mode);

      emit_insn (gen_cmpstrsi (result, get_memory_rtx (arg1),
                         get_memory_rtx (arg2),
                         expand_expr (len, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0),
                         GEN_INT (MIN (arg1_align, arg2_align))));

      /* Return the value in the proper mode for this function.  */
      mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp));
      if (GET_MODE (result) == mode)
        return result;
      else if (target != 0)
        {
          convert_move (target, result, 0);
          return target;
        }
      else
        return convert_to_mode (mode, result, 0);
      }     
#else
    case BUILT_IN_STRCMP:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCMP:
      break;
#endif

    case BUILT_IN_SETJMP:
      if (arglist == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE)
      break;
      else
      {
        rtx buf_addr = expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (arglist), subtarget,
                              VOIDmode, 0);
        rtx lab = gen_label_rtx ();
        rtx ret = expand_builtin_setjmp (buf_addr, target, lab, lab);
        emit_label (lab);
        return ret;
      }

      /* __builtin_longjmp is passed a pointer to an array of five words.
       It's similar to the C library longjmp function but works with
       __builtin_setjmp above.  */
    case BUILT_IN_LONGJMP:
      if (arglist == 0 || TREE_CHAIN (arglist) == 0
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (arglist))) != POINTER_TYPE)
      break;
      else
      {
        rtx buf_addr = expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (arglist), subtarget,
                              VOIDmode, 0);
        rtx value = expand_expr (TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)),
                           NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

        if (value != const1_rtx)
          {
            error ("__builtin_longjmp second argument must be 1");
            return const0_rtx;
          }

        expand_builtin_longjmp (buf_addr, value);
        return const0_rtx;
      }

    case BUILT_IN_TRAP:
#ifdef HAVE_trap
      if (HAVE_trap)
      emit_insn (gen_trap ());
      else
#endif
      error ("__builtin_trap not supported by this target");
      emit_barrier ();
      return const0_rtx;

      /* Various hooks for the DWARF 2 __throw routine.  */
    case BUILT_IN_UNWIND_INIT:
      expand_builtin_unwind_init ();
      return const0_rtx;
    case BUILT_IN_FP:
      return frame_pointer_rtx;
    case BUILT_IN_SP:
      return stack_pointer_rtx;
#ifdef DWARF2_UNWIND_INFO
    case BUILT_IN_DWARF_FP_REGNUM:
      return expand_builtin_dwarf_fp_regnum ();
    case BUILT_IN_DWARF_REG_SIZE:
      return expand_builtin_dwarf_reg_size (TREE_VALUE (arglist), target);
#endif
    case BUILT_IN_FROB_RETURN_ADDR:
      return expand_builtin_frob_return_addr (TREE_VALUE (arglist));
    case BUILT_IN_EXTRACT_RETURN_ADDR:
      return expand_builtin_extract_return_addr (TREE_VALUE (arglist));
    case BUILT_IN_SET_RETURN_ADDR_REG:
      expand_builtin_set_return_addr_reg (TREE_VALUE (arglist));
      return const0_rtx;
    case BUILT_IN_EH_STUB_OLD:
      return expand_builtin_eh_stub_old ();
    case BUILT_IN_EH_STUB:
      return expand_builtin_eh_stub ();
    case BUILT_IN_SET_EH_REGS:
      expand_builtin_set_eh_regs (TREE_VALUE (arglist),
                          TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (arglist)));
      return const0_rtx;

    default:                  /* just do library call, if unknown builtin */
      error ("built-in function `%s' not currently supported",
           IDENTIFIER_POINTER (DECL_NAME (fndecl)));
    }

  /* The switch statement above can drop through to cause the function
     to be called normally.  */

  return expand_call (exp, target, ignore);
}

/* Built-in functions to perform an untyped call and return.  */

/* For each register that may be used for calling a function, this
   gives a mode used to copy the register's value.  VOIDmode indicates
   the register is not used for calling a function.  If the machine
   has register windows, this gives only the outbound registers.
   INCOMING_REGNO gives the corresponding inbound register.  */
static enum machine_mode apply_args_mode[FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER];

/* For each register that may be used for returning values, this gives
   a mode used to copy the register's value.  VOIDmode indicates the
   register is not used for returning values.  If the machine has
   register windows, this gives only the outbound registers.
   INCOMING_REGNO gives the corresponding inbound register.  */
static enum machine_mode apply_result_mode[FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER];

/* For each register that may be used for calling a function, this
   gives the offset of that register into the block returned by
   __builtin_apply_args.  0 indicates that the register is not
   used for calling a function.  */
static int apply_args_reg_offset[FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER];

/* Return the offset of register REGNO into the block returned by 
   __builtin_apply_args.  This is not declared static, since it is
   needed in objc-act.c.  */

int 
apply_args_register_offset (regno)
     int regno;
{
  apply_args_size ();

  /* Arguments are always put in outgoing registers (in the argument
     block) if such make sense.  */
#ifdef OUTGOING_REGNO
  regno = OUTGOING_REGNO(regno);
#endif
  return apply_args_reg_offset[regno];
}

/* Return the size required for the block returned by __builtin_apply_args,
   and initialize apply_args_mode.  */

static int
apply_args_size ()
{
  static int size = -1;
  int align, regno;
  enum machine_mode mode;

  /* The values computed by this function never change.  */
  if (size < 0)
    {
      /* The first value is the incoming arg-pointer.  */
      size = GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);

      /* The second value is the structure value address unless this is
       passed as an "invisible" first argument.  */
      if (struct_value_rtx)
      size += GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);

      for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
      if (FUNCTION_ARG_REGNO_P (regno))
        {
          /* Search for the proper mode for copying this register's
             value.  I'm not sure this is right, but it works so far.  */
          enum machine_mode best_mode = VOIDmode;

          for (mode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT);
             mode != VOIDmode;
             mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (mode))
            if (HARD_REGNO_MODE_OK (regno, mode)
              && HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, mode) == 1)
            best_mode = mode;

          if (best_mode == VOIDmode)
            for (mode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_FLOAT);
               mode != VOIDmode;
               mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (mode))
            if (HARD_REGNO_MODE_OK (regno, mode)
                && (mov_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code
                  != CODE_FOR_nothing))
              best_mode = mode;

          mode = best_mode;
          if (mode == VOIDmode)
            abort ();

          align = GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
          if (size % align != 0)
            size = CEIL (size, align) * align;
          apply_args_reg_offset[regno] = size;
          size += GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
          apply_args_mode[regno] = mode;
        }
      else
        {
          apply_args_mode[regno] = VOIDmode;
          apply_args_reg_offset[regno] = 0;
        }
    }
  return size;
}

/* Return the size required for the block returned by __builtin_apply,
   and initialize apply_result_mode.  */

static int
apply_result_size ()
{
  static int size = -1;
  int align, regno;
  enum machine_mode mode;

  /* The values computed by this function never change.  */
  if (size < 0)
    {
      size = 0;

      for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
      if (FUNCTION_VALUE_REGNO_P (regno))
        {
          /* Search for the proper mode for copying this register's
             value.  I'm not sure this is right, but it works so far.  */
          enum machine_mode best_mode = VOIDmode;

          for (mode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_INT);
             mode != TImode;
             mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (mode))
            if (HARD_REGNO_MODE_OK (regno, mode))
            best_mode = mode;

          if (best_mode == VOIDmode)
            for (mode = GET_CLASS_NARROWEST_MODE (MODE_FLOAT);
               mode != VOIDmode;
               mode = GET_MODE_WIDER_MODE (mode))
            if (HARD_REGNO_MODE_OK (regno, mode)
                && (mov_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code
                  != CODE_FOR_nothing))
              best_mode = mode;

          mode = best_mode;
          if (mode == VOIDmode)
            abort ();

          align = GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
          if (size % align != 0)
            size = CEIL (size, align) * align;
          size += GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
          apply_result_mode[regno] = mode;
        }
      else
        apply_result_mode[regno] = VOIDmode;

      /* Allow targets that use untyped_call and untyped_return to override
       the size so that machine-specific information can be stored here.  */
#ifdef APPLY_RESULT_SIZE
      size = APPLY_RESULT_SIZE;
#endif
    }
  return size;
}

#if defined (HAVE_untyped_call) || defined (HAVE_untyped_return)
/* Create a vector describing the result block RESULT.  If SAVEP is true,
   the result block is used to save the values; otherwise it is used to
   restore the values.  */

static rtx
result_vector (savep, result)
     int savep;
     rtx result;
{
  int regno, size, align, nelts;
  enum machine_mode mode;
  rtx reg, mem;
  rtx *savevec = (rtx *) alloca (FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER * sizeof (rtx));
  
  size = nelts = 0;
  for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
    if ((mode = apply_result_mode[regno]) != VOIDmode)
      {
      align = GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
      if (size % align != 0)
        size = CEIL (size, align) * align;
      reg = gen_rtx_REG (mode, savep ? regno : INCOMING_REGNO (regno));
      mem = change_address (result, mode,
                        plus_constant (XEXP (result, 0), size));
      savevec[nelts++] = (savep
                      ? gen_rtx_SET (VOIDmode, mem, reg)
                      : gen_rtx_SET (VOIDmode, reg, mem));
      size += GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
      }
  return gen_rtx_PARALLEL (VOIDmode, gen_rtvec_v (nelts, savevec));
}
#endif /* HAVE_untyped_call or HAVE_untyped_return */

/* Save the state required to perform an untyped call with the same
   arguments as were passed to the current function.  */

static rtx
expand_builtin_apply_args ()
{
  rtx registers;
  int size, align, regno;
  enum machine_mode mode;

  /* Create a block where the arg-pointer, structure value address,
     and argument registers can be saved.  */
  registers = assign_stack_local (BLKmode, apply_args_size (), -1);

  /* Walk past the arg-pointer and structure value address.  */
  size = GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);
  if (struct_value_rtx)
    size += GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);

  /* Save each register used in calling a function to the block.  */
  for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
    if ((mode = apply_args_mode[regno]) != VOIDmode)
      {
      rtx tem;

      align = GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
      if (size % align != 0)
        size = CEIL (size, align) * align;

      tem = gen_rtx_REG (mode, INCOMING_REGNO (regno));

#ifdef STACK_REGS
        /* For reg-stack.c's stack register household.
         Compare with a similar piece of code in function.c.  */

        emit_insn (gen_rtx_USE (mode, tem));
#endif

      emit_move_insn (change_address (registers, mode,
                              plus_constant (XEXP (registers, 0),
                                           size)),
                  tem);
      size += GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
      }

  /* Save the arg pointer to the block.  */
  emit_move_insn (change_address (registers, Pmode, XEXP (registers, 0)),
              copy_to_reg (virtual_incoming_args_rtx));
  size = GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);

  /* Save the structure value address unless this is passed as an
     "invisible" first argument.  */
  if (struct_value_incoming_rtx)
    {
      emit_move_insn (change_address (registers, Pmode,
                              plus_constant (XEXP (registers, 0),
                                         size)),
                  copy_to_reg (struct_value_incoming_rtx));
      size += GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);
    }

  /* Return the address of the block.  */
  return copy_addr_to_reg (XEXP (registers, 0));
}

/* Perform an untyped call and save the state required to perform an
   untyped return of whatever value was returned by the given function.  */

static rtx
expand_builtin_apply (function, arguments, argsize)
     rtx function, arguments, argsize;
{
  int size, align, regno;
  enum machine_mode mode;
  rtx incoming_args, result, reg, dest, call_insn;
  rtx old_stack_level = 0;
  rtx call_fusage = 0;

  /* Create a block where the return registers can be saved.  */
  result = assign_stack_local (BLKmode, apply_result_size (), -1);

  /* ??? The argsize value should be adjusted here.  */

  /* Fetch the arg pointer from the ARGUMENTS block.  */
  incoming_args = gen_reg_rtx (Pmode);
  emit_move_insn (incoming_args,
              gen_rtx_MEM (Pmode, arguments));
#ifndef STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
  incoming_args = expand_binop (Pmode, sub_optab, incoming_args, argsize,
                        incoming_args, 0, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
#endif

  /* Perform postincrements before actually calling the function.  */
  emit_queue ();

  /* Push a new argument block and copy the arguments.  */
  do_pending_stack_adjust ();

  /* Save the stack with nonlocal if available */
#ifdef HAVE_save_stack_nonlocal
  if (HAVE_save_stack_nonlocal)
    emit_stack_save (SAVE_NONLOCAL, &old_stack_level, NULL_RTX);
  else
#endif
    emit_stack_save (SAVE_BLOCK, &old_stack_level, NULL_RTX);

  /* Push a block of memory onto the stack to store the memory arguments.
     Save the address in a register, and copy the memory arguments.  ??? I
     haven't figured out how the calling convention macros effect this,
     but it's likely that the source and/or destination addresses in
     the block copy will need updating in machine specific ways.  */
  dest = allocate_dynamic_stack_space (argsize, 0, 0);
  emit_block_move (gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, dest),
               gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, incoming_args),
               argsize,
               PARM_BOUNDARY / BITS_PER_UNIT);

  /* Refer to the argument block.  */
  apply_args_size ();
  arguments = gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, arguments);

  /* Walk past the arg-pointer and structure value address.  */
  size = GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);
  if (struct_value_rtx)
    size += GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);

  /* Restore each of the registers previously saved.  Make USE insns
     for each of these registers for use in making the call.  */
  for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
    if ((mode = apply_args_mode[regno]) != VOIDmode)
      {
      align = GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
      if (size % align != 0)
        size = CEIL (size, align) * align;
      reg = gen_rtx_REG (mode, regno);
      emit_move_insn (reg,
                  change_address (arguments, mode,
                              plus_constant (XEXP (arguments, 0),
                                           size)));

      use_reg (&call_fusage, reg);
      size += GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
      }

  /* Restore the structure value address unless this is passed as an
     "invisible" first argument.  */
  size = GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);
  if (struct_value_rtx)
    {
      rtx value = gen_reg_rtx (Pmode);
      emit_move_insn (value,
                  change_address (arguments, Pmode,
                              plus_constant (XEXP (arguments, 0),
                                         size)));
      emit_move_insn (struct_value_rtx, value);
      if (GET_CODE (struct_value_rtx) == REG)
        use_reg (&call_fusage, struct_value_rtx);
      size += GET_MODE_SIZE (Pmode);
    }

  /* All arguments and registers used for the call are set up by now!  */
  function = prepare_call_address (function, NULL_TREE, &call_fusage, 0);

  /* Ensure address is valid.  SYMBOL_REF is already valid, so no need,
     and we don't want to load it into a register as an optimization,
     because prepare_call_address already did it if it should be done.  */
  if (GET_CODE (function) != SYMBOL_REF)
    function = memory_address (FUNCTION_MODE, function);

  /* Generate the actual call instruction and save the return value.  */
#ifdef HAVE_untyped_call
  if (HAVE_untyped_call)
    emit_call_insn (gen_untyped_call (gen_rtx_MEM (FUNCTION_MODE, function),
                              result, result_vector (1, result)));
  else
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_call_value
  if (HAVE_call_value)
    {
      rtx valreg = 0;

      /* Locate the unique return register.  It is not possible to
       express a call that sets more than one return register using
       call_value; use untyped_call for that.  In fact, untyped_call
       only needs to save the return registers in the given block.  */
      for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
      if ((mode = apply_result_mode[regno]) != VOIDmode)
        {
          if (valreg)
            abort (); /* HAVE_untyped_call required.  */
          valreg = gen_rtx_REG (mode, regno);
        }

      emit_call_insn (gen_call_value (valreg,
                              gen_rtx_MEM (FUNCTION_MODE, function),
                              const0_rtx, NULL_RTX, const0_rtx));

      emit_move_insn (change_address (result, GET_MODE (valreg),
                              XEXP (result, 0)),
                  valreg);
    }
  else
#endif
    abort ();

  /* Find the CALL insn we just emitted.  */
  for (call_insn = get_last_insn ();
       call_insn && GET_CODE (call_insn) != CALL_INSN;
       call_insn = PREV_INSN (call_insn))
    ;

  if (! call_insn)
    abort ();

  /* Put the register usage information on the CALL.  If there is already
     some usage information, put ours at the end.  */
  if (CALL_INSN_FUNCTION_USAGE (call_insn))
    {
      rtx link;

      for (link = CALL_INSN_FUNCTION_USAGE (call_insn); XEXP (link, 1) != 0;
         link = XEXP (link, 1))
      ;

      XEXP (link, 1) = call_fusage;
    }
  else
    CALL_INSN_FUNCTION_USAGE (call_insn) = call_fusage;

  /* Restore the stack.  */
#ifdef HAVE_save_stack_nonlocal
  if (HAVE_save_stack_nonlocal)
    emit_stack_restore (SAVE_NONLOCAL, old_stack_level, NULL_RTX);
  else
#endif
    emit_stack_restore (SAVE_BLOCK, old_stack_level, NULL_RTX);

  /* Return the address of the result block.  */
  return copy_addr_to_reg (XEXP (result, 0));
}

/* Perform an untyped return.  */

static void
expand_builtin_return (result)
     rtx result;
{
  int size, align, regno;
  enum machine_mode mode;
  rtx reg;
  rtx call_fusage = 0;

  apply_result_size ();
  result = gen_rtx_MEM (BLKmode, result);

#ifdef HAVE_untyped_return
  if (HAVE_untyped_return)
    {
      emit_jump_insn (gen_untyped_return (result, result_vector (0, result)));
      emit_barrier ();
      return;
    }
#endif

  /* Restore the return value and note that each value is used.  */
  size = 0;
  for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
    if ((mode = apply_result_mode[regno]) != VOIDmode)
      {
      align = GET_MODE_ALIGNMENT (mode) / BITS_PER_UNIT;
      if (size % align != 0)
        size = CEIL (size, align) * align;
      reg = gen_rtx_REG (mode, INCOMING_REGNO (regno));
      emit_move_insn (reg,
                  change_address (result, mode,
                              plus_constant (XEXP (result, 0),
                                           size)));

      push_to_sequence (call_fusage);
      emit_insn (gen_rtx_USE (VOIDmode, reg));
      call_fusage = get_insns ();
      end_sequence ();
      size += GET_MODE_SIZE (mode);
      }

  /* Put the USE insns before the return.  */
  emit_insns (call_fusage);

  /* Return whatever values was restored by jumping directly to the end
     of the function.  */
  expand_null_return ();
}

/* Expand code for a post- or pre- increment or decrement
   and return the RTX for the result.
   POST is 1 for postinc/decrements and 0 for preinc/decrements.  */

static rtx
expand_increment (exp, post, ignore)
     register tree exp;
     int post, ignore;
{
  register rtx op0, op1;
  register rtx temp, value;
  register tree incremented = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
  optab this_optab = add_optab;
  int icode;
  enum machine_mode mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (exp));
  int op0_is_copy = 0;
  int single_insn = 0;
  /* 1 means we can't store into OP0 directly,
     because it is a subreg narrower than a word,
     and we don't dare clobber the rest of the word.  */
  int bad_subreg = 0;

  /* Stabilize any component ref that might need to be
     evaluated more than once below.  */
  if (!post
      || TREE_CODE (incremented) == BIT_FIELD_REF
      || (TREE_CODE (incremented) == COMPONENT_REF
        && (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (incremented, 0)) != INDIRECT_REF
            || DECL_BIT_FIELD (TREE_OPERAND (incremented, 1)))))
    incremented = stabilize_reference (incremented);
  /* Nested *INCREMENT_EXPRs can happen in C++.  We must force innermost
     ones into save exprs so that they don't accidentally get evaluated
     more than once by the code below.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (incremented) == PREINCREMENT_EXPR
      || TREE_CODE (incremented) == PREDECREMENT_EXPR)
    incremented = save_expr (incremented);

  /* Compute the operands as RTX.
     Note whether OP0 is the actual lvalue or a copy of it:
     I believe it is a copy iff it is a register or subreg
     and insns were generated in computing it.   */

  temp = get_last_insn ();
  op0 = expand_expr (incremented, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_RW);

  /* If OP0 is a SUBREG made for a promoted variable, we cannot increment
     in place but instead must do sign- or zero-extension during assignment,
     so we copy it into a new register and let the code below use it as
     a copy.

     Note that we can safely modify this SUBREG since it is know not to be
     shared (it was made by the expand_expr call above).  */

  if (GET_CODE (op0) == SUBREG && SUBREG_PROMOTED_VAR_P (op0))
    {
      if (post)
      SUBREG_REG (op0) = copy_to_reg (SUBREG_REG (op0));
      else
      bad_subreg = 1;
    }
  else if (GET_CODE (op0) == SUBREG
         && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (op0)) < BITS_PER_WORD)
    {
      /* We cannot increment this SUBREG in place.  If we are
       post-incrementing, get a copy of the old value.  Otherwise,
       just mark that we cannot increment in place.  */
      if (post)
      op0 = copy_to_reg (op0);
      else
      bad_subreg = 1;
    }

  op0_is_copy = ((GET_CODE (op0) == SUBREG || GET_CODE (op0) == REG)
             && temp != get_last_insn ());
  op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode,
                 EXPAND_MEMORY_USE_BAD);

  /* Decide whether incrementing or decrementing.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == POSTDECREMENT_EXPR
      || TREE_CODE (exp) == PREDECREMENT_EXPR)
    this_optab = sub_optab;

  /* Convert decrement by a constant into a negative increment.  */
  if (this_optab == sub_optab
      && GET_CODE (op1) == CONST_INT)
    {
      op1 = GEN_INT (- INTVAL (op1));
      this_optab = add_optab;
    }

  /* For a preincrement, see if we can do this with a single instruction.  */
  if (!post)
    {
      icode = (int) this_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code;
      if (icode != (int) CODE_FOR_nothing
        /* Make sure that OP0 is valid for operands 0 and 1
           of the insn we want to queue.  */
        && (*insn_operand_predicate[icode][0]) (op0, mode)
        && (*insn_operand_predicate[icode][1]) (op0, mode)
        && (*insn_operand_predicate[icode][2]) (op1, mode))
      single_insn = 1;
    }

  /* If OP0 is not the actual lvalue, but rather a copy in a register,
     then we cannot just increment OP0.  We must therefore contrive to
     increment the original value.  Then, for postincrement, we can return
     OP0 since it is a copy of the old value.  For preincrement, expand here
     unless we can do it with a single insn.

     Likewise if storing directly into OP0 would clobber high bits
     we need to preserve (bad_subreg).  */
  if (op0_is_copy || (!post && !single_insn) || bad_subreg)
    {
      /* This is the easiest way to increment the value wherever it is.
       Problems with multiple evaluation of INCREMENTED are prevented
       because either (1) it is a component_ref or preincrement,
       in which case it was stabilized above, or (2) it is an array_ref
       with constant index in an array in a register, which is
       safe to reevaluate.  */
      tree newexp = build (((TREE_CODE (exp) == POSTDECREMENT_EXPR
                       || TREE_CODE (exp) == PREDECREMENT_EXPR)
                      ? MINUS_EXPR : PLUS_EXPR),
                     TREE_TYPE (exp),
                     incremented,
                     TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1));

      while (TREE_CODE (incremented) == NOP_EXPR
           || TREE_CODE (incremented) == CONVERT_EXPR)
      {
        newexp = convert (TREE_TYPE (incremented), newexp);
        incremented = TREE_OPERAND (incremented, 0);
      }

      temp = expand_assignment (incremented, newexp, ! post && ! ignore , 0);
      return post ? op0 : temp;
    }

  if (post)
    {
      /* We have a true reference to the value in OP0.
       If there is an insn to add or subtract in this mode, queue it.
       Queueing the increment insn avoids the register shuffling
       that often results if we must increment now and first save
       the old value for subsequent use.  */

#if 0  /* Turned off to avoid making extra insn for indexed memref.  */
      op0 = stabilize (op0);
#endif

      icode = (int) this_optab->handlers[(int) mode].insn_code;
      if (icode != (int) CODE_FOR_nothing
        /* Make sure that OP0 is valid for operands 0 and 1
           of the insn we want to queue.  */
        && (*insn_operand_predicate[icode][0]) (op0, mode)
        && (*insn_operand_predicate[icode][1]) (op0, mode))
      {
        if (! (*insn_operand_predicate[icode][2]) (op1, mode))
          op1 = force_reg (mode, op1);

        return enqueue_insn (op0, GEN_FCN (icode) (op0, op0, op1));
      }
      if (icode != (int) CODE_FOR_nothing && GET_CODE (op0) == MEM)
      {
        rtx addr = (general_operand (XEXP (op0, 0), mode)
                  ? force_reg (Pmode, XEXP (op0, 0))
                  : copy_to_reg (XEXP (op0, 0)));
        rtx temp, result;

        op0 = change_address (op0, VOIDmode, addr);
        temp = force_reg (GET_MODE (op0), op0);
        if (! (*insn_operand_predicate[icode][2]) (op1, mode))
          op1 = force_reg (mode, op1);

        /* The increment queue is LIFO, thus we have to `queue'
           the instructions in reverse order.  */
        enqueue_insn (op0, gen_move_insn (op0, temp));
        result = enqueue_insn (temp, GEN_FCN (icode) (temp, temp, op1));
        return result;
      }
    }

  /* Preincrement, or we can't increment with one simple insn.  */
  if (post)
    /* Save a copy of the value before inc or dec, to return it later.  */
    temp = value = copy_to_reg (op0);
  else
    /* Arrange to return the incremented value.  */
    /* Copy the rtx because expand_binop will protect from the queue,
       and the results of that would be invalid for us to return
       if our caller does emit_queue before using our result.  */
    temp = copy_rtx (value = op0);

  /* Increment however we can.  */
  op1 = expand_binop (mode, this_optab, value, op1,
                  flag_check_memory_usage ? NULL_RTX : op0,
                  TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (exp)), OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
  /* Make sure the value is stored into OP0.  */
  if (op1 != op0)
    emit_move_insn (op0, op1);

  return temp;
}

/* Expand all function calls contained within EXP, innermost ones first.
   But don't look within expressions that have sequence points.
   For each CALL_EXPR, record the rtx for its value
   in the CALL_EXPR_RTL field.  */

static void
preexpand_calls (exp)
     tree exp;
{
  register int nops, i;
  int type = TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (exp));

  if (! do_preexpand_calls)
    return;

  /* Only expressions and references can contain calls.  */

  if (type != 'e' && type != '<' && type != '1' && type != '2' && type != 'r')
    return;

  switch (TREE_CODE (exp))
    {
    case CALL_EXPR:
      /* Do nothing if already expanded.  */
      if (CALL_EXPR_RTL (exp) != 0
        /* Do nothing if the call returns a variable-sized object.  */
        || TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE(exp))) != INTEGER_CST
        /* Do nothing to built-in functions.  */
        || (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == ADDR_EXPR
            && (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0))
              == FUNCTION_DECL)
            && DECL_BUILT_IN (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), 0))))
      return;

      CALL_EXPR_RTL (exp) = expand_call (exp, NULL_RTX, 0);
      return;

    case COMPOUND_EXPR:
    case COND_EXPR:
    case TRUTH_ANDIF_EXPR:
    case TRUTH_ORIF_EXPR:
      /* If we find one of these, then we can be sure
       the adjust will be done for it (since it makes jumps).
       Do it now, so that if this is inside an argument
       of a function, we don't get the stack adjustment
       after some other args have already been pushed.  */
      do_pending_stack_adjust ();
      return;

    case BLOCK:
    case RTL_EXPR:
    case WITH_CLEANUP_EXPR:
    case CLEANUP_POINT_EXPR:
    case TRY_CATCH_EXPR:
      return;

    case SAVE_EXPR:
      if (SAVE_EXPR_RTL (exp) != 0)
      return;
      
    default:
      break;
    }

  nops = tree_code_length[(int) TREE_CODE (exp)];
  for (i = 0; i < nops; i++)
    if (TREE_OPERAND (exp, i) != 0)
      {
      type = TREE_CODE_CLASS (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, i)));
      if (type == 'e' || type == '<' || type == '1' || type == '2'
          || type == 'r')
        preexpand_calls (TREE_OPERAND (exp, i));
      }
}

/* At the start of a function, record that we have no previously-pushed
   arguments waiting to be popped.  */

void
init_pending_stack_adjust ()
{
  pending_stack_adjust = 0;
}

/* When exiting from function, if safe, clear out any pending stack adjust
   so the adjustment won't get done.

   Note, if the current function calls alloca, then it must have a
   frame pointer regardless of the value of flag_omit_frame_pointer.  */

void
clear_pending_stack_adjust ()
{
#ifdef EXIT_IGNORE_STACK
  if (optimize > 0
      && (! flag_omit_frame_pointer || current_function_calls_alloca)
      && EXIT_IGNORE_STACK
      && ! (DECL_INLINE (current_function_decl) && ! flag_no_inline)
      && ! flag_inline_functions)
    pending_stack_adjust = 0;
#endif
}

/* Pop any previously-pushed arguments that have not been popped yet.  */

void
do_pending_stack_adjust ()
{
  if (inhibit_defer_pop == 0)
    {
      if (pending_stack_adjust != 0)
      adjust_stack (GEN_INT (pending_stack_adjust));
      pending_stack_adjust = 0;
    }
}

/* Expand conditional expressions.  */

/* Generate code to evaluate EXP and jump to LABEL if the value is zero.
   LABEL is an rtx of code CODE_LABEL, in this function and all the
   functions here.  */

void
jumpifnot (exp, label)
     tree exp;
     rtx label;
{
  do_jump (exp, label, NULL_RTX);
}

/* Generate code to evaluate EXP and jump to LABEL if the value is nonzero.  */

void
jumpif (exp, label)
     tree exp;
     rtx label;
{
  do_jump (exp, NULL_RTX, label);
}

/* Generate code to evaluate EXP and jump to IF_FALSE_LABEL if
   the result is zero, or IF_TRUE_LABEL if the result is one.
   Either of IF_FALSE_LABEL and IF_TRUE_LABEL may be zero,
   meaning fall through in that case.

   do_jump always does any pending stack adjust except when it does not
   actually perform a jump.  An example where there is no jump
   is when EXP is `(foo (), 0)' and IF_FALSE_LABEL is null.

   This function is responsible for optimizing cases such as
   &&, || and comparison operators in EXP.  */

void
do_jump (exp, if_false_label, if_true_label)
     tree exp;
     rtx if_false_label, if_true_label;
{
  register enum tree_code code = TREE_CODE (exp);
  /* Some cases need to create a label to jump to
     in order to properly fall through.
     These cases set DROP_THROUGH_LABEL nonzero.  */
  rtx drop_through_label = 0;
  rtx temp;
  rtx comparison = 0;
  int i;
  tree type;
  enum machine_mode mode;

#ifdef MAX_INTEGER_COMPUTATION_MODE
  check_max_integer_computation_mode (exp);
#endif

  emit_queue ();

  switch (code)
    {
    case ERROR_MARK:
      break;

    case INTEGER_CST:
      temp = integer_zerop (exp) ? if_false_label : if_true_label;
      if (temp)
      emit_jump (temp);
      break;

#if 0
      /* This is not true with #pragma weak  */
    case ADDR_EXPR:
      /* The address of something can never be zero.  */
      if (if_true_label)
      emit_jump (if_true_label);
      break;
#endif

    case NOP_EXPR:
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == COMPONENT_REF
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == BIT_FIELD_REF
        || TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) == ARRAY_REF)
      goto normal;
    case CONVERT_EXPR:
      /* If we are narrowing the operand, we have to do the compare in the
       narrower mode.  */
      if ((TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (exp))
         < TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))))
      goto normal;
    case NON_LVALUE_EXPR:
    case REFERENCE_EXPR:
    case ABS_EXPR:
    case NEGATE_EXPR:
    case LROTATE_EXPR:
    case RROTATE_EXPR:
      /* These cannot change zero->non-zero or vice versa.  */
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), if_false_label, if_true_label);
      break;

#if 0
      /* This is never less insns than evaluating the PLUS_EXPR followed by
       a test and can be longer if the test is eliminated.  */
    case PLUS_EXPR:
      /* Reduce to minus.  */
      exp = build (MINUS_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
               TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0),
               fold (build1 (NEGATE_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)),
                         TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))));
      /* Process as MINUS.  */
#endif

    case MINUS_EXPR:
      /* Non-zero iff operands of minus differ.  */
      comparison = compare (build (NE_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
                           TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0),
                           TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)),
                      NE, NE);
      break;

    case BIT_AND_EXPR:
      /* If we are AND'ing with a small constant, do this comparison in the
       smallest type that fits.  If the machine doesn't have comparisons
       that small, it will be converted back to the wider comparison.
       This helps if we are testing the sign bit of a narrower object.
       combine can't do this for us because it can't know whether a
       ZERO_EXTRACT or a compare in a smaller mode exists, but we do.  */

      if (! SLOW_BYTE_ACCESS
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)) == INTEGER_CST
        && TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (exp)) <= HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT
        && (i = floor_log2 (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))) >= 0
        && (mode = mode_for_size (i + 1, MODE_INT, 0)) != BLKmode
        && (type = type_for_mode (mode, 1)) != 0
        && TYPE_PRECISION (type) < TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (exp))
        && (cmp_optab->handlers[(int) TYPE_MODE (type)].insn_code
            != CODE_FOR_nothing))
      {
        do_jump (convert (type, exp), if_false_label, if_true_label);
        break;
      }
      goto normal;

    case TRUTH_NOT_EXPR:
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), if_true_label, if_false_label);
      break;

    case TRUTH_ANDIF_EXPR:
      if (if_false_label == 0)
      if_false_label = drop_through_label = gen_label_rtx ();
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), if_false_label, NULL_RTX);
      start_cleanup_deferral ();
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), if_false_label, if_true_label);
      end_cleanup_deferral ();
      break;

    case TRUTH_ORIF_EXPR:
      if (if_true_label == 0)
      if_true_label = drop_through_label = gen_label_rtx ();
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), NULL_RTX, if_true_label);
      start_cleanup_deferral ();
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), if_false_label, if_true_label);
      end_cleanup_deferral ();
      break;

    case COMPOUND_EXPR:
      push_temp_slots ();
      expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), const0_rtx, VOIDmode, 0);
      preserve_temp_slots (NULL_RTX);
      free_temp_slots ();
      pop_temp_slots ();
      emit_queue ();
      do_pending_stack_adjust ();
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), if_false_label, if_true_label);
      break;

    case COMPONENT_REF:
    case BIT_FIELD_REF:
    case ARRAY_REF:
      {
      int bitsize, bitpos, unsignedp;
      enum machine_mode mode;
      tree type;
      tree offset;
      int volatilep = 0;
      int alignment;

      /* Get description of this reference.  We don't actually care
         about the underlying object here.  */
      get_inner_reference (exp, &bitsize, &bitpos, &offset,
                       &mode, &unsignedp, &volatilep,
                       &alignment);

      type = type_for_size (bitsize, unsignedp);
      if (! SLOW_BYTE_ACCESS
          && type != 0 && bitsize >= 0
          && TYPE_PRECISION (type) < TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (exp))
          && (cmp_optab->handlers[(int) TYPE_MODE (type)].insn_code
            != CODE_FOR_nothing))
        {
          do_jump (convert (type, exp), if_false_label, if_true_label);
          break;
        }
      goto normal;
      }

    case COND_EXPR:
      /* Do (a ? 1 : 0) and (a ? 0 : 1) as special cases.  */
      if (integer_onep (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
        && integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2)))
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), if_false_label, if_true_label);

      else if (integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))
             && integer_onep (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2)))
      do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), if_true_label, if_false_label);

      else
      {
        register rtx label1 = gen_label_rtx ();
        drop_through_label = gen_label_rtx ();

        do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), label1, NULL_RTX);

        start_cleanup_deferral ();
        /* Now the THEN-expression.  */
        do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1),
               if_false_label ? if_false_label : drop_through_label,
               if_true_label ? if_true_label : drop_through_label);
        /* In case the do_jump just above never jumps.  */
        do_pending_stack_adjust ();
        emit_label (label1);

        /* Now the ELSE-expression.  */
        do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 2),
               if_false_label ? if_false_label : drop_through_label,
               if_true_label ? if_true_label : drop_through_label);
        end_cleanup_deferral ();
      }
      break;

    case EQ_EXPR:
      {
      tree inner_type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));

      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)) == MODE_COMPLEX_FLOAT
          || GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)) == MODE_COMPLEX_INT)
        {
          tree exp0 = save_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
          tree exp1 = save_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1));
          do_jump
            (fold
             (build (TRUTH_ANDIF_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
                   fold (build (EQ_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
                            fold (build1 (REALPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp0)),
                            fold (build1 (REALPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp1)))),
                   fold (build (EQ_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
                            fold (build1 (IMAGPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp0)),
                            fold (build1 (IMAGPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp1)))))),
             if_false_label, if_true_label);
        }

      else if (integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
        do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), if_true_label, if_false_label);

      else if (GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)) == MODE_INT
             && !can_compare_p (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)))
        do_jump_by_parts_equality (exp, if_false_label, if_true_label);
      else
        comparison = compare (exp, EQ, EQ);
      break;
      }

    case NE_EXPR:
      {
      tree inner_type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));

      if (GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)) == MODE_COMPLEX_FLOAT
          || GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)) == MODE_COMPLEX_INT)
        {
          tree exp0 = save_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
          tree exp1 = save_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1));
          do_jump
            (fold
             (build (TRUTH_ORIF_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
                   fold (build (NE_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
                            fold (build1 (REALPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp0)),
                            fold (build1 (REALPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp1)))),
                   fold (build (NE_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (exp),
                            fold (build1 (IMAGPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp0)),
                            fold (build1 (IMAGPART_EXPR,
                                      TREE_TYPE (inner_type),
                                      exp1)))))),
             if_false_label, if_true_label);
        }

      else if (integer_zerop (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1)))
        do_jump (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), if_false_label, if_true_label);

      else if (GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)) == MODE_INT
             && !can_compare_p (TYPE_MODE (inner_type)))
        do_jump_by_parts_equality (exp, if_true_label, if_false_label);
      else
        comparison = compare (exp, NE, NE);
      break;
      }

    case LT_EXPR:
      if ((GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
         == MODE_INT)
        && !can_compare_p (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))))
      do_jump_by_parts_greater (exp, 1, if_false_label, if_true_label);
      else
      comparison = compare (exp, LT, LTU);
      break;

    case LE_EXPR:
      if ((GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
         == MODE_INT)
        && !can_compare_p (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))))
      do_jump_by_parts_greater (exp, 0, if_true_label, if_false_label);
      else
      comparison = compare (exp, LE, LEU);
      break;

    case GT_EXPR:
      if ((GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
         == MODE_INT)
        && !can_compare_p (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))))
      do_jump_by_parts_greater (exp, 0, if_false_label, if_true_label);
      else
      comparison = compare (exp, GT, GTU);
      break;

    case GE_EXPR:
      if ((GET_MODE_CLASS (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
         == MODE_INT)
        && !can_compare_p (TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)))))
      do_jump_by_parts_greater (exp, 1, if_true_label, if_false_label);
      else
      comparison = compare (exp, GE, GEU);
      break;

    default:
    normal:
      temp = expand_expr (exp, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
#if 0
      /* This is not needed any more and causes poor code since it causes
       comparisons and tests from non-SI objects to have different code
       sequences.  */
      /* Copy to register to avoid generating bad insns by cse
       from (set (mem ...) (arithop))  (set (cc0) (mem ...)).  */
      if (!cse_not_expected && GET_CODE (temp) == MEM)
      temp = copy_to_reg (temp);
#endif
      do_pending_stack_adjust ();
      if (GET_CODE (temp) == CONST_INT)
      comparison = (temp == const0_rtx ? const0_rtx : const_true_rtx);
      else if (GET_CODE (temp) == LABEL_REF)
      comparison = const_true_rtx;
      else if (GET_MODE_CLASS (GET_MODE (temp)) == MODE_INT
             && !can_compare_p (GET_MODE (temp)))
      /* Note swapping the labels gives us not-equal.  */
      do_jump_by_parts_equality_rtx (temp, if_true_label, if_false_label);
      else if (GET_MODE (temp) != VOIDmode)
      comparison = compare_from_rtx (temp, CONST0_RTX (GET_MODE (temp)),
                               NE, TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (exp)),
                               GET_MODE (temp), NULL_RTX, 0);
      else
      abort ();
    }

  /* Do any postincrements in the expression that was tested.  */
  emit_queue ();

  /* If COMPARISON is nonzero here, it is an rtx that can be substituted
     straight into a conditional jump instruction as the jump condition.
     Otherwise, all the work has been done already.  */

  if (comparison == const_true_rtx)
    {
      if (if_true_label)
      emit_jump (if_true_label);
    }
  else if (comparison == const0_rtx)
    {
      if (if_false_label)
      emit_jump (if_false_label);
    }
  else if (comparison)
    do_jump_for_compare (comparison, if_false_label, if_true_label);

  if (drop_through_label)
    {
      /* If do_jump produces code that might be jumped around,
       do any stack adjusts from that code, before the place
       where control merges in.  */
      do_pending_stack_adjust ();
      emit_label (drop_through_label);
    }
}

/* Given a comparison expression EXP for values too wide to be compared
   with one insn, test the comparison and jump to the appropriate label.
   The code of EXP is ignored; we always test GT if SWAP is 0,
   and LT if SWAP is 1.  */

static void
do_jump_by_parts_greater (exp, swap, if_false_label, if_true_label)
     tree exp;
     int swap;
     rtx if_false_label, if_true_label;
{
  rtx op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, swap), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
  rtx op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, !swap), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
  enum machine_mode mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
  int nwords = (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) / UNITS_PER_WORD);
  rtx drop_through_label = 0;
  int unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
  int i;

  if (! if_true_label || ! if_false_label)
    drop_through_label = gen_label_rtx ();
  if (! if_true_label)
    if_true_label = drop_through_label;
  if (! if_false_label)
    if_false_label = drop_through_label;

  /* Compare a word at a time, high order first.  */
  for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
    {
      rtx comp;
      rtx op0_word, op1_word;

      if (WORDS_BIG_ENDIAN)
      {
        op0_word = operand_subword_force (op0, i, mode);
        op1_word = operand_subword_force (op1, i, mode);
      }
      else
      {
        op0_word = operand_subword_force (op0, nwords - 1 - i, mode);
        op1_word = operand_subword_force (op1, nwords - 1 - i, mode);
      }

      /* All but high-order word must be compared as unsigned.  */
      comp = compare_from_rtx (op0_word, op1_word,
                         (unsignedp || i > 0) ? GTU : GT,
                         unsignedp, word_mode, NULL_RTX, 0);
      if (comp == const_true_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_true_label);
      else if (comp != const0_rtx)
      do_jump_for_compare (comp, NULL_RTX, if_true_label);

      /* Consider lower words only if these are equal.  */
      comp = compare_from_rtx (op0_word, op1_word, NE, unsignedp, word_mode,
                         NULL_RTX, 0);
      if (comp == const_true_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_false_label);
      else if (comp != const0_rtx)
      do_jump_for_compare (comp, NULL_RTX, if_false_label);
    }

  if (if_false_label)
    emit_jump (if_false_label);
  if (drop_through_label)
    emit_label (drop_through_label);
}

/* Compare OP0 with OP1, word at a time, in mode MODE.
   UNSIGNEDP says to do unsigned comparison.
   Jump to IF_TRUE_LABEL if OP0 is greater, IF_FALSE_LABEL otherwise.  */

void
do_jump_by_parts_greater_rtx (mode, unsignedp, op0, op1, if_false_label, if_true_label)
     enum machine_mode mode;
     int unsignedp;
     rtx op0, op1;
     rtx if_false_label, if_true_label;
{
  int nwords = (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) / UNITS_PER_WORD);
  rtx drop_through_label = 0;
  int i;

  if (! if_true_label || ! if_false_label)
    drop_through_label = gen_label_rtx ();
  if (! if_true_label)
    if_true_label = drop_through_label;
  if (! if_false_label)
    if_false_label = drop_through_label;

  /* Compare a word at a time, high order first.  */
  for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
    {
      rtx comp;
      rtx op0_word, op1_word;

      if (WORDS_BIG_ENDIAN)
      {
        op0_word = operand_subword_force (op0, i, mode);
        op1_word = operand_subword_force (op1, i, mode);
      }
      else
      {
        op0_word = operand_subword_force (op0, nwords - 1 - i, mode);
        op1_word = operand_subword_force (op1, nwords - 1 - i, mode);
      }

      /* All but high-order word must be compared as unsigned.  */
      comp = compare_from_rtx (op0_word, op1_word,
                         (unsignedp || i > 0) ? GTU : GT,
                         unsignedp, word_mode, NULL_RTX, 0);
      if (comp == const_true_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_true_label);
      else if (comp != const0_rtx)
      do_jump_for_compare (comp, NULL_RTX, if_true_label);

      /* Consider lower words only if these are equal.  */
      comp = compare_from_rtx (op0_word, op1_word, NE, unsignedp, word_mode,
                         NULL_RTX, 0);
      if (comp == const_true_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_false_label);
      else if (comp != const0_rtx)
      do_jump_for_compare (comp, NULL_RTX, if_false_label);
    }

  if (if_false_label)
    emit_jump (if_false_label);
  if (drop_through_label)
    emit_label (drop_through_label);
}

/* Given an EQ_EXPR expression EXP for values too wide to be compared
   with one insn, test the comparison and jump to the appropriate label.  */

static void
do_jump_by_parts_equality (exp, if_false_label, if_true_label)
     tree exp;
     rtx if_false_label, if_true_label;
{
  rtx op0 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
  rtx op1 = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
  enum machine_mode mode = TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)));
  int nwords = (GET_MODE_SIZE (mode) / UNITS_PER_WORD);
  int i;
  rtx drop_through_label = 0;

  if (! if_false_label)
    drop_through_label = if_false_label = gen_label_rtx ();

  for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
    {
      rtx comp = compare_from_rtx (operand_subword_force (op0, i, mode),
                           operand_subword_force (op1, i, mode),
                           EQ, TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (exp)),
                           word_mode, NULL_RTX, 0);
      if (comp == const_true_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_false_label);
      else if (comp != const0_rtx)
      do_jump_for_compare (comp, if_false_label, NULL_RTX);
    }

  if (if_true_label)
    emit_jump (if_true_label);
  if (drop_through_label)
    emit_label (drop_through_label);
}

/* Jump according to whether OP0 is 0.
   We assume that OP0 has an integer mode that is too wide
   for the available compare insns.  */

void
do_jump_by_parts_equality_rtx (op0, if_false_label, if_true_label)
     rtx op0;
     rtx if_false_label, if_true_label;
{
  int nwords = GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (op0)) / UNITS_PER_WORD;
  rtx part;
  int i;
  rtx drop_through_label = 0;

  /* The fastest way of doing this comparison on almost any machine is to
     "or" all the words and compare the result.  If all have to be loaded
     from memory and this is a very wide item, it's possible this may
     be slower, but that's highly unlikely.  */

  part = gen_reg_rtx (word_mode);
  emit_move_insn (part, operand_subword_force (op0, 0, GET_MODE (op0)));
  for (i = 1; i < nwords && part != 0; i++)
    part = expand_binop (word_mode, ior_optab, part,
                   operand_subword_force (op0, i, GET_MODE (op0)),
                   part, 1, OPTAB_WIDEN);

  if (part != 0)
    {
      rtx comp = compare_from_rtx (part, const0_rtx, EQ, 1, word_mode,
                           NULL_RTX, 0);

      if (comp == const_true_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_false_label);
      else if (comp == const0_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_true_label);
      else
      do_jump_for_compare (comp, if_false_label, if_true_label);

      return;
    }

  /* If we couldn't do the "or" simply, do this with a series of compares.  */
  if (! if_false_label)
    drop_through_label = if_false_label = gen_label_rtx ();

  for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
    {
      rtx comp = compare_from_rtx (operand_subword_force (op0, i,
                                            GET_MODE (op0)),
                           const0_rtx, EQ, 1, word_mode, NULL_RTX, 0);
      if (comp == const_true_rtx)
      emit_jump (if_false_label);
      else if (comp != const0_rtx)
      do_jump_for_compare (comp, if_false_label, NULL_RTX);
    }

  if (if_true_label)
    emit_jump (if_true_label);

  if (drop_through_label)
    emit_label (drop_through_label);
}

/* Given a comparison expression in rtl form, output conditional branches to
   IF_TRUE_LABEL, IF_FALSE_LABEL, or both.  */

static void
do_jump_for_compare (comparison, if_false_label, if_true_label)
     rtx comparison, if_false_label, if_true_label;
{
  if (if_true_label)
    {
      if (bcc_gen_fctn[(int) GET_CODE (comparison)] != 0)
      emit_jump_insn ((*bcc_gen_fctn[(int) GET_CODE (comparison)]) (if_true_label));
      else
      abort ();

      if (if_false_label)
      emit_jump (if_false_label);
    }
  else if (if_false_label)
    {
      rtx insn;
      rtx prev = get_last_insn ();
      rtx branch = 0;

      /* Output the branch with the opposite condition.  Then try to invert
       what is generated.  If more than one insn is a branch, or if the
       branch is not the last insn written, abort. If we can't invert
       the branch, emit make a true label, redirect this jump to that,
       emit a jump to the false label and define the true label.  */

      if (bcc_gen_fctn[(int) GET_CODE (comparison)] != 0)
      emit_jump_insn ((*bcc_gen_fctn[(int) GET_CODE (comparison)])(if_false_label));
      else
      abort ();

      /* Here we get the first insn that was just emitted.  It used to be  the
       case that, on some machines, emitting the branch would discard
       the previous compare insn and emit a replacement.  This isn't
       done anymore, but abort if we see that PREV is deleted.  */

      if (prev == 0)
      insn = get_insns ();
      else if (INSN_DELETED_P (prev))
      abort ();
      else
      insn = NEXT_INSN (prev);

      for (; insn; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
      if (GET_CODE (insn) == JUMP_INSN)
        {
          if (branch)
            abort ();
          branch = insn;
        }

      if (branch != get_last_insn ())
      abort ();

      JUMP_LABEL (branch) = if_false_label;
      if (! invert_jump (branch, if_false_label))
      {
        if_true_label = gen_label_rtx ();
        redirect_jump (branch, if_true_label);
        emit_jump (if_false_label);
        emit_label (if_true_label);
      }
    }
}

/* Generate code for a comparison expression EXP
   (including code to compute the values to be compared)
   and set (CC0) according to the result.
   SIGNED_CODE should be the rtx operation for this comparison for
   signed data; UNSIGNED_CODE, likewise for use if data is unsigned.

   We force a stack adjustment unless there are currently
   things pushed on the stack that aren't yet used.  */

static rtx
compare (exp, signed_code, unsigned_code)
     register tree exp;
     enum rtx_code signed_code, unsigned_code;
{
  register rtx op0
    = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
  register rtx op1
    = expand_expr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1), NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);
  register tree type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
  register enum machine_mode mode = TYPE_MODE (type);
  int unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (type);
  enum rtx_code code = unsignedp ? unsigned_code : signed_code;

#ifdef HAVE_canonicalize_funcptr_for_compare
  /* If function pointers need to be "canonicalized" before they can
     be reliably compared, then canonicalize them.  */
  if (HAVE_canonicalize_funcptr_for_compare
      && TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) == POINTER_TYPE
      && (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
        == FUNCTION_TYPE))
    {
      rtx new_op0 = gen_reg_rtx (mode);

      emit_insn (gen_canonicalize_funcptr_for_compare (new_op0, op0));
      op0 = new_op0;
    }

  if (HAVE_canonicalize_funcptr_for_compare
      && TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))) == POINTER_TYPE
      && (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))))
        == FUNCTION_TYPE))
    {
      rtx new_op1 = gen_reg_rtx (mode);

      emit_insn (gen_canonicalize_funcptr_for_compare (new_op1, op1));
      op1 = new_op1;
    }
#endif

  return compare_from_rtx (op0, op1, code, unsignedp, mode,
                     ((mode == BLKmode)
                      ? expr_size (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0)) : NULL_RTX),
                     TYPE_ALIGN (TREE_TYPE (exp)) / BITS_PER_UNIT);
}

/* Like compare but expects the values to compare as two rtx's.
   The decision as to signed or unsigned comparison must be made by the caller.

   If MODE is BLKmode, SIZE is an RTX giving the size of the objects being
   compared.

   If ALIGN is non-zero, it is the alignment of this type; if zero, the
   size of MODE should be used.  */

rtx
compare_from_rtx (op0, op1, code, unsignedp, mode, size, align)
     register rtx op0, op1;
     enum rtx_code code;
     int unsignedp;
     enum machine_mode mode;
     rtx size;
     int align;
{
  rtx tem;

  /* If one operand is constant, make it the second one.  Only do this
     if the other operand is not constant as well.  */

  if ((CONSTANT_P (op0) && ! CONSTANT_P (op1))
      || (GET_CODE (op0) == CONST_INT && GET_CODE (op1) != CONST_INT))
    {
      tem = op0;
      op0 = op1;
      op1 = tem;
      code = swap_condition (code);
    }

  if (flag_force_mem)
    {
      op0 = force_not_mem (op0);
      op1 = force_not_mem (op1);
    }

  do_pending_stack_adjust ();

  if (GET_CODE (op0) == CONST_INT && GET_CODE (op1) == CONST_INT
      && (tem = simplify_relational_operation (code, mode, op0, op1)) != 0)
    return tem;

#if 0
  /* There's no need to do this now that combine.c can eliminate lots of
     sign extensions.  This can be less efficient in certain cases on other
     machines.  */

  /* If this is a signed equality comparison, we can do it as an
     unsigned comparison since zero-extension is cheaper than sign
     extension and comparisons with zero are done as unsigned.  This is
     the case even on machines that can do fast sign extension, since
     zero-extension is easier to combine with other operations than
     sign-extension is.  If we are comparing against a constant, we must
     convert it to what it would look like unsigned.  */
  if ((code == EQ || code == NE) && ! unsignedp
      && GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (op0)) <= HOST_BITS_PER_WIDE_INT)
    {
      if (GET_CODE (op1) == CONST_INT
        && (INTVAL (op1) & GET_MODE_MASK (GET_MODE (op0))) != INTVAL (op1))
      op1 = GEN_INT (INTVAL (op1) & GET_MODE_MASK (GET_MODE (op0)));
      unsignedp = 1;
    }
#endif
      
  emit_cmp_insn (op0, op1, code, size, mode, unsignedp, align);

  return gen_rtx_fmt_ee (code, VOIDmode, cc0_rtx, const0_rtx);
}

/* Generate code to calculate EXP using a store-flag instruction
   and return an rtx for the result.  EXP is either a comparison
   or a TRUTH_NOT_EXPR whose operand is a comparison.

   If TARGET is nonzero, store the result there if convenient.

   If ONLY_CHEAP is non-zero, only do this if it is likely to be very
   cheap.

   Return zero if there is no suitable set-flag instruction
   available on this machine.

   Once expand_expr has been called on the arguments of the comparison,
   we are committed to doing the store flag, since it is not safe to
   re-evaluate the expression.  We emit the store-flag insn by calling
   emit_store_flag, but only expand the arguments if we have a reason
   to believe that emit_store_flag will be successful.  If we think that
   it will, but it isn't, we have to simulate the store-flag with a
   set/jump/set sequence.  */

static rtx
do_store_flag (exp, target, mode, only_cheap)
     tree exp;
     rtx target;
     enum machine_mode mode;
     int only_cheap;
{
  enum rtx_code code;
  tree arg0, arg1, type;
  tree tem;
  enum machine_mode operand_mode;
  int invert = 0;
  int unsignedp;
  rtx op0, op1;
  enum insn_code icode;
  rtx subtarget = target;
  rtx result, label;

  /* If this is a TRUTH_NOT_EXPR, set a flag indicating we must invert the
     result at the end.  We can't simply invert the test since it would
     have already been inverted if it were valid.  This case occurs for
     some floating-point comparisons.  */

  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == TRUTH_NOT_EXPR)
    invert = 1, exp = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);

  arg0 = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0);
  arg1 = TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1);
  type = TREE_TYPE (arg0);
  operand_mode = TYPE_MODE (type);
  unsignedp = TREE_UNSIGNED (type);

  /* We won't bother with BLKmode store-flag operations because it would mean
     passing a lot of information to emit_store_flag.  */
  if (operand_mode == BLKmode)
    return 0;

  /* We won't bother with store-flag operations involving function pointers
     when function pointers must be canonicalized before comparisons.  */
#ifdef HAVE_canonicalize_funcptr_for_compare
  if (HAVE_canonicalize_funcptr_for_compare
      && ((TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))) == POINTER_TYPE
         && (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0))))
             == FUNCTION_TYPE))
        || (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))) == POINTER_TYPE
            && (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 1))))
              == FUNCTION_TYPE))))
    return 0;
#endif

  STRIP_NOPS (arg0);
  STRIP_NOPS (arg1);

  /* Get the rtx comparison code to use.  We know that EXP is a comparison
     operation of some type.  Some comparisons against 1 and -1 can be
     converted to comparisons with zero.  Do so here so that the tests
     below will be aware that we have a comparison with zero.   These
     tests will not catch constants in the first operand, but constants
     are rarely passed as the first operand.  */

  switch (TREE_CODE (exp))
    {
    case EQ_EXPR:
      code = EQ;
      break;
    case NE_EXPR:
      code = NE;
      break;
    case LT_EXPR:
      if (integer_onep (arg1))
      arg1 = integer_zero_node, code = unsignedp ? LEU : LE;
      else
      code = unsignedp ? LTU : LT;
      break;
    case LE_EXPR:
      if (! unsignedp && integer_all_onesp (arg1))
      arg1 = integer_zero_node, code = LT;
      else
      code = unsignedp ? LEU : LE;
      break;
    case GT_EXPR:
      if (! unsignedp && integer_all_onesp (arg1))
      arg1 = integer_zero_node, code = GE;
      else
      code = unsignedp ? GTU : GT;
      break;
    case GE_EXPR:
      if (integer_onep (arg1))
      arg1 = integer_zero_node, code = unsignedp ? GTU : GT;
      else
      code = unsignedp ? GEU : GE;
      break;
    default:
      abort ();
    }

  /* Put a constant second.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (arg0) == REAL_CST || TREE_CODE (arg0) == INTEGER_CST)
    {
      tem = arg0; arg0 = arg1; arg1 = tem;
      code = swap_condition (code);
    }

  /* If this is an equality or inequality test of a single bit, we can
     do this by shifting the bit being tested to the low-order bit and
     masking the result with the constant 1.  If the condition was EQ,
     we xor it with 1.  This does not require an scc insn and is faster
     than an scc insn even if we have it.  */

  if ((code == NE || code == EQ)
      && TREE_CODE (arg0) == BIT_AND_EXPR && integer_zerop (arg1)
      && integer_pow2p (TREE_OPERAND (arg0, 1)))
    {
      tree inner = TREE_OPERAND (arg0, 0);
      int bitnum = tree_log2 (TREE_OPERAND (arg0, 1));
      int ops_unsignedp;

      /* If INNER is a right shift of a constant and it plus BITNUM does
       not overflow, adjust BITNUM and INNER.  */

      if (TREE_CODE (inner) == RSHIFT_EXPR
        && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (inner, 1)) == INTEGER_CST
        && TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (TREE_OPERAND (inner, 1)) == 0
        && (bitnum + TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (inner, 1))
            < TYPE_PRECISION (type)))
      {
        bitnum += TREE_INT_CST_LOW (TREE_OPERAND (inner, 1));
        inner = TREE_OPERAND (inner, 0);
      }

      /* If we are going to be able to omit the AND below, we must do our
       operations as unsigned.  If we must use the AND, we have a choice.
       Normally unsigned is faster, but for some machines signed is.  */
      ops_unsignedp = (bitnum == TYPE_PRECISION (type) - 1 ? 1
#ifdef LOAD_EXTEND_OP
                   : (LOAD_EXTEND_OP (operand_mode) == SIGN_EXTEND ? 0 : 1)
#else
                   : 1
#endif
                   );

      if (subtarget == 0 || GET_CODE (subtarget) != REG
        || GET_MODE (subtarget) != operand_mode
        || ! safe_from_p (subtarget, inner, 1))
      subtarget = 0;

      op0 = expand_expr (inner, subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);

      if (bitnum != 0)
      op0 = expand_shift (RSHIFT_EXPR, GET_MODE (op0), op0,
                      size_int (bitnum), subtarget, ops_unsignedp);

      if (GET_MODE (op0) != mode)
      op0 = convert_to_mode (mode, op0, ops_unsignedp);

      if ((code == EQ && ! invert) || (code == NE && invert))
      op0 = expand_binop (mode, xor_optab, op0, const1_rtx, subtarget,
                      ops_unsignedp, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);

      /* Put the AND last so it can combine with more things.  */
      if (bitnum != TYPE_PRECISION (type) - 1)
      op0 = expand_and (op0, const1_rtx, subtarget);

      return op0;
    }

  /* Now see if we are likely to be able to do this.  Return if not.  */
  if (! can_compare_p (operand_mode))
    return 0;
  icode = setcc_gen_code[(int) code];
  if (icode == CODE_FOR_nothing
      || (only_cheap && insn_operand_mode[(int) icode][0] != mode))
    {
      /* We can only do this if it is one of the special cases that
       can be handled without an scc insn.  */
      if ((code == LT && integer_zerop (arg1))
        || (! only_cheap && code == GE && integer_zerop (arg1)))
      ;
      else if (BRANCH_COST >= 0
             && ! only_cheap && (code == NE || code == EQ)
             && TREE_CODE (type) != REAL_TYPE
             && ((abs_optab->handlers[(int) operand_mode].insn_code
                != CODE_FOR_nothing)
               || (ffs_optab->handlers[(int) operand_mode].insn_code
                   != CODE_FOR_nothing)))
      ;
      else
      return 0;
    }
      
  preexpand_calls (exp);
  if (subtarget == 0 || GET_CODE (subtarget) != REG
      || GET_MODE (subtarget) != operand_mode
      || ! safe_from_p (subtarget, arg1, 1))
    subtarget = 0;

  op0 = expand_expr (arg0, subtarget, VOIDmode, 0);
  op1 = expand_expr (arg1, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, 0);

  if (target == 0)
    target = gen_reg_rtx (mode);

  /* Pass copies of OP0 and OP1 in case they contain a QUEUED.  This is safe
     because, if the emit_store_flag does anything it will succeed and
     OP0 and OP1 will not be used subsequently.  */

  result = emit_store_flag (target, code,
                      queued_subexp_p (op0) ? copy_rtx (op0) : op0,
                      queued_subexp_p (op1) ? copy_rtx (op1) : op1,
                      operand_mode, unsignedp, 1);

  if (result)
    {
      if (invert)
      result = expand_binop (mode, xor_optab, result, const1_rtx,
                         result, 0, OPTAB_LIB_WIDEN);
      return result;
    }

  /* If this failed, we have to do this with set/compare/jump/set code.  */
  if (GET_CODE (target) != REG
      || reg_mentioned_p (target, op0) || reg_mentioned_p (target, op1))
    target = gen_reg_rtx (GET_MODE (target));

  emit_move_insn (target, invert ? const0_rtx : const1_rtx);
  result = compare_from_rtx (op0, op1, code, unsignedp,
                       operand_mode, NULL_RTX, 0);
  if (GET_CODE (result) == CONST_INT)
    return (((result == const0_rtx && ! invert)
           || (result != const0_rtx && invert))
          ? const0_rtx : const1_rtx);

  label = gen_label_rtx ();
  if (bcc_gen_fctn[(int) code] == 0)
    abort ();

  emit_jump_insn ((*bcc_gen_fctn[(int) code]) (label));
  emit_move_insn (target, invert ? const1_rtx : const0_rtx);
  emit_label (label);

  return target;
}

/* Generate a tablejump instruction (used for switch statements).  */

#ifdef HAVE_tablejump

/* INDEX is the value being switched on, with the lowest value
   in the table already subtracted.
   MODE is its expected mode (needed if INDEX is constant).
   RANGE is the length of the jump table.
   TABLE_LABEL is a CODE_LABEL rtx for the table itself.

   DEFAULT_LABEL is a CODE_LABEL rtx to jump to if the
   index value is out of range.  */

void
do_tablejump (index, mode, range, table_label, default_label)
     rtx index, range, table_label, default_label;
     enum machine_mode mode;
{
  register rtx temp, vector;

  /* Do an unsigned comparison (in the proper mode) between the index
     expression and the value which represents the length of the range.
     Since we just finished subtracting the lower bound of the range
     from the index expression, this comparison allows us to simultaneously
     check that the original index expression value is both greater than
     or equal to the minimum value of the range and less than or equal to
     the maximum value of the range.  */

  emit_cmp_insn (index, range, GTU, NULL_RTX, mode, 1, 0);
  emit_jump_insn (gen_bgtu (default_label));

  /* If index is in range, it must fit in Pmode.
     Convert to Pmode so we can index with it.  */
  if (mode != Pmode)
    index = convert_to_mode (Pmode, index, 1);

  /* Don't let a MEM slip thru, because then INDEX that comes
     out of PIC_CASE_VECTOR_ADDRESS won't be a valid address,
     and break_out_memory_refs will go to work on it and mess it up.  */
#ifdef PIC_CASE_VECTOR_ADDRESS
  if (flag_pic && GET_CODE (index) != REG)
    index = copy_to_mode_reg (Pmode, index);
#endif

  /* If flag_force_addr were to affect this address
     it could interfere with the tricky assumptions made
     about addresses that contain label-refs,
     which may be valid only very near the tablejump itself.  */
  /* ??? The only correct use of CASE_VECTOR_MODE is the one inside the
     GET_MODE_SIZE, because this indicates how large insns are.  The other
     uses should all be Pmode, because they are addresses.  This code
     could fail if addresses and insns are not the same size.  */
  index = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode,
                  gen_rtx_MULT (Pmode, index,
                              GEN_INT (GET_MODE_SIZE (CASE_VECTOR_MODE))),
                  gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (Pmode, table_label));
#ifdef PIC_CASE_VECTOR_ADDRESS
  if (flag_pic)
    index = PIC_CASE_VECTOR_ADDRESS (index);
  else
#endif
    index = memory_address_noforce (CASE_VECTOR_MODE, index);
  temp = gen_reg_rtx (CASE_VECTOR_MODE);
  vector = gen_rtx_MEM (CASE_VECTOR_MODE, index);
  RTX_UNCHANGING_P (vector) = 1;
  convert_move (temp, vector, 0);

  emit_jump_insn (gen_tablejump (temp, table_label));

  /* If we are generating PIC code or if the table is PC-relative, the
     table and JUMP_INSN must be adjacent, so don't output a BARRIER.  */
  if (! CASE_VECTOR_PC_RELATIVE && ! flag_pic)
    emit_barrier ();
}

#endif /* HAVE_tablejump */

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index