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flow.c

/* Data flow analysis for GNU compiler.
   Copyright (C) 1987, 88, 92-97, 1998 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GNU CC.

GNU CC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.

GNU CC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU CC; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */


/* This file contains the data flow analysis pass of the compiler.
   It computes data flow information
   which tells combine_instructions which insns to consider combining
   and controls register allocation.

   Additional data flow information that is too bulky to record
   is generated during the analysis, and is used at that time to
   create autoincrement and autodecrement addressing.

   The first step is dividing the function into basic blocks.
   find_basic_blocks does this.  Then life_analysis determines
   where each register is live and where it is dead.

   ** find_basic_blocks **

   find_basic_blocks divides the current function's rtl
   into basic blocks.  It records the beginnings and ends of the
   basic blocks in the vectors basic_block_head and basic_block_end,
   and the number of blocks in n_basic_blocks.

   find_basic_blocks also finds any unreachable loops
   and deletes them.

   ** life_analysis **

   life_analysis is called immediately after find_basic_blocks.
   It uses the basic block information to determine where each
   hard or pseudo register is live.

   ** live-register info **

   The information about where each register is live is in two parts:
   the REG_NOTES of insns, and the vector basic_block_live_at_start.

   basic_block_live_at_start has an element for each basic block,
   and the element is a bit-vector with a bit for each hard or pseudo
   register.  The bit is 1 if the register is live at the beginning
   of the basic block.

   Two types of elements can be added to an insn's REG_NOTES.  
   A REG_DEAD note is added to an insn's REG_NOTES for any register
   that meets both of two conditions:  The value in the register is not
   needed in subsequent insns and the insn does not replace the value in
   the register (in the case of multi-word hard registers, the value in
   each register must be replaced by the insn to avoid a REG_DEAD note).

   In the vast majority of cases, an object in a REG_DEAD note will be
   used somewhere in the insn.  The (rare) exception to this is if an
   insn uses a multi-word hard register and only some of the registers are
   needed in subsequent insns.  In that case, REG_DEAD notes will be
   provided for those hard registers that are not subsequently needed.
   Partial REG_DEAD notes of this type do not occur when an insn sets
   only some of the hard registers used in such a multi-word operand;
   omitting REG_DEAD notes for objects stored in an insn is optional and
   the desire to do so does not justify the complexity of the partial
   REG_DEAD notes.

   REG_UNUSED notes are added for each register that is set by the insn
   but is unused subsequently (if every register set by the insn is unused
   and the insn does not reference memory or have some other side-effect,
   the insn is deleted instead).  If only part of a multi-word hard
   register is used in a subsequent insn, REG_UNUSED notes are made for
   the parts that will not be used.

   To determine which registers are live after any insn, one can
   start from the beginning of the basic block and scan insns, noting
   which registers are set by each insn and which die there.

   ** Other actions of life_analysis **

   life_analysis sets up the LOG_LINKS fields of insns because the
   information needed to do so is readily available.

   life_analysis deletes insns whose only effect is to store a value
   that is never used.

   life_analysis notices cases where a reference to a register as
   a memory address can be combined with a preceding or following
   incrementation or decrementation of the register.  The separate
   instruction to increment or decrement is deleted and the address
   is changed to a POST_INC or similar rtx.

   Each time an incrementing or decrementing address is created,
   a REG_INC element is added to the insn's REG_NOTES list.

   life_analysis fills in certain vectors containing information about
   register usage: reg_n_refs, reg_n_deaths, reg_n_sets, reg_live_length,
   reg_n_calls_crosses and reg_basic_block.  */

#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "basic-block.h"
#include "insn-config.h"
#include "regs.h"
#include "hard-reg-set.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "except.h"
#include "toplev.h"

#include "obstack.h"
#define obstack_chunk_alloc xmalloc
#define obstack_chunk_free free

/* The contents of the current function definition are allocated
   in this obstack, and all are freed at the end of the function.
   For top-level functions, this is temporary_obstack.
   Separate obstacks are made for nested functions.  */

extern struct obstack *function_obstack;

/* List of labels that must never be deleted.  */
extern rtx forced_labels;

/* Get the basic block number of an insn.
   This info should not be expected to remain available
   after the end of life_analysis.  */

/* This is the limit of the allocated space in the following two arrays.  */

static int max_uid_for_flow;

#define BLOCK_NUM(INSN)  uid_block_number[INSN_UID (INSN)]

/* This is where the BLOCK_NUM values are really stored.
   This is set up by find_basic_blocks and used there and in life_analysis,
   and then freed.  */

int *uid_block_number;

/* INSN_VOLATILE (insn) is 1 if the insn refers to anything volatile.  */

#define INSN_VOLATILE(INSN) uid_volatile[INSN_UID (INSN)]
static char *uid_volatile;

/* Number of basic blocks in the current function.  */

int n_basic_blocks;

/* Maximum register number used in this function, plus one.  */

int max_regno;

/* Maximum number of SCRATCH rtx's used in any basic block of this
   function.  */

int max_scratch;

/* Number of SCRATCH rtx's in the current block.  */

static int num_scratch;

/* Indexed by n, giving various register information */

varray_type reg_n_info;

/* Size of the reg_n_info table.  */

unsigned int reg_n_max;

/* Element N is the next insn that uses (hard or pseudo) register number N
   within the current basic block; or zero, if there is no such insn.
   This is valid only during the final backward scan in propagate_block.  */

static rtx *reg_next_use;

/* Size of a regset for the current function,
   in (1) bytes and (2) elements.  */

int regset_bytes;
int regset_size;

/* Element N is first insn in basic block N.
   This info lasts until we finish compiling the function.  */

rtx *basic_block_head;

/* Element N is last insn in basic block N.
   This info lasts until we finish compiling the function.  */

rtx *basic_block_end;

/* Element N indicates whether basic block N can be reached through a
   computed jump.  */

char *basic_block_computed_jump_target;

/* Element N is a regset describing the registers live
   at the start of basic block N.
   This info lasts until we finish compiling the function.  */

regset *basic_block_live_at_start;

/* Regset of regs live when calls to `setjmp'-like functions happen.  */

regset regs_live_at_setjmp;

/* List made of EXPR_LIST rtx's which gives pairs of pseudo registers
   that have to go in the same hard reg.
   The first two regs in the list are a pair, and the next two
   are another pair, etc.  */
rtx regs_may_share;

/* Element N is nonzero if control can drop into basic block N
   from the preceding basic block.  Freed after life_analysis.  */

static char *basic_block_drops_in;

/* Element N is depth within loops of the last insn in basic block number N.
   Freed after life_analysis.  */

static short *basic_block_loop_depth;

/* Element N nonzero if basic block N can actually be reached.
   Vector exists only during find_basic_blocks.  */

static char *block_live_static;

/* Depth within loops of basic block being scanned for lifetime analysis,
   plus one.  This is the weight attached to references to registers.  */

static int loop_depth;

/* During propagate_block, this is non-zero if the value of CC0 is live.  */

static int cc0_live;

/* During propagate_block, this contains the last MEM stored into.  It
   is used to eliminate consecutive stores to the same location.  */

static rtx last_mem_set;

/* Set of registers that may be eliminable.  These are handled specially
   in updating regs_ever_live.  */

static HARD_REG_SET elim_reg_set;

/* Forward declarations */
static void find_basic_blocks_1           PROTO((rtx, rtx, int));
static void mark_label_ref          PROTO((rtx, rtx, int));
static void life_analysis_1         PROTO((rtx, int));
static void propagate_block         PROTO((regset, rtx, rtx, int, 
                                     regset, int));
static rtx flow_delete_insn         PROTO((rtx));
static int insn_dead_p              PROTO((rtx, regset, int));
static int libcall_dead_p           PROTO((rtx, regset, rtx, rtx));
static void mark_set_regs           PROTO((regset, regset, rtx,
                                     rtx, regset));
static void mark_set_1              PROTO((regset, regset, rtx,
                                     rtx, regset));
#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC
static void find_auto_inc           PROTO((regset, rtx, rtx));
static int try_pre_increment_1            PROTO((rtx));
static int try_pre_increment        PROTO((rtx, rtx, HOST_WIDE_INT));
#endif
static void mark_used_regs          PROTO((regset, regset, rtx, int, rtx));
void dump_flow_info                 PROTO((FILE *));
static void add_pred_succ           PROTO ((int, int, int_list_ptr *,
                                    int_list_ptr *, int *, int *));
static int_list_ptr alloc_int_list_node PROTO ((int_list_block **));
static int_list_ptr add_int_list_node   PROTO ((int_list_block **,
                                    int_list **, int));
static void init_regset_vector            PROTO ((regset *, int,
                                    struct obstack *));
static void count_reg_sets_1        PROTO ((rtx));
static void count_reg_sets          PROTO ((rtx));
static void count_reg_references    PROTO ((rtx));

/* Find basic blocks of the current function.
   F is the first insn of the function and NREGS the number of register numbers
   in use.
   LIVE_REACHABLE_P is non-zero if the caller needs all live blocks to
   be reachable.  This turns on a kludge that causes the control flow
   information to be inaccurate and not suitable for passes like GCSE.  */

void
find_basic_blocks (f, nregs, file, live_reachable_p)
     rtx f;
     int nregs;
     FILE *file;
     int live_reachable_p;
{
  register rtx insn;
  register int i;
  rtx nonlocal_label_list = nonlocal_label_rtx_list ();
  int in_libcall_block = 0;

  /* Count the basic blocks.  Also find maximum insn uid value used.  */

  {
    register RTX_CODE prev_code = JUMP_INSN;
    register RTX_CODE code;
    int eh_region = 0;

    max_uid_for_flow = 0;

    for (insn = f, i = 0; insn; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
      {

      /* Track when we are inside in LIBCALL block.  */
      if (GET_RTX_CLASS (GET_CODE (insn)) == 'i'
          && find_reg_note (insn, REG_LIBCALL, NULL_RTX))
        in_libcall_block = 1;

      code = GET_CODE (insn);
      if (INSN_UID (insn) > max_uid_for_flow)
        max_uid_for_flow = INSN_UID (insn);
      if (code == CODE_LABEL
          || (GET_RTX_CLASS (code) == 'i'
            && (prev_code == JUMP_INSN
                || (prev_code == CALL_INSN
                  && (nonlocal_label_list != 0 || eh_region)
                  && ! in_libcall_block)
                || prev_code == BARRIER)))
        i++;

      if (code == CALL_INSN && find_reg_note (insn, REG_RETVAL, NULL_RTX))
        code = INSN;

      if (code != NOTE)
        prev_code = code;
      else if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_EH_REGION_BEG)
        ++eh_region;
      else if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_EH_REGION_END)
        --eh_region;

      if (GET_RTX_CLASS (GET_CODE (insn)) == 'i'
          && find_reg_note (insn, REG_RETVAL, NULL_RTX))
        in_libcall_block = 0;
      }
  }

  n_basic_blocks = i;

#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC
  /* Leave space for insns life_analysis makes in some cases for auto-inc.
     These cases are rare, so we don't need too much space.  */
  max_uid_for_flow += max_uid_for_flow / 10;
#endif

  /* Allocate some tables that last till end of compiling this function
     and some needed only in find_basic_blocks and life_analysis.  */

  basic_block_head = (rtx *) xmalloc (n_basic_blocks * sizeof (rtx));
  basic_block_end = (rtx *) xmalloc (n_basic_blocks * sizeof (rtx));
  basic_block_drops_in = (char *) xmalloc (n_basic_blocks);
  basic_block_computed_jump_target = (char *) oballoc (n_basic_blocks);
  basic_block_loop_depth = (short *) xmalloc (n_basic_blocks * sizeof (short));
  uid_block_number
    = (int *) xmalloc ((max_uid_for_flow + 1) * sizeof (int));
  uid_volatile = (char *) xmalloc (max_uid_for_flow + 1);
  bzero (uid_volatile, max_uid_for_flow + 1);

  find_basic_blocks_1 (f, nonlocal_label_list, live_reachable_p);
}

/* Find all basic blocks of the function whose first insn is F.
   Store the correct data in the tables that describe the basic blocks,
   set up the chains of references for each CODE_LABEL, and
   delete any entire basic blocks that cannot be reached.

   NONLOCAL_LABEL_LIST is a list of non-local labels in the function.
   Blocks that are otherwise unreachable may be reachable with a non-local
   goto.
   LIVE_REACHABLE_P is non-zero if the caller needs all live blocks to
   be reachable.  This turns on a kludge that causes the control flow
   information to be inaccurate and not suitable for passes like GCSE.  */

static void
find_basic_blocks_1 (f, nonlocal_label_list, live_reachable_p)
     rtx f, nonlocal_label_list;
     int live_reachable_p;
{
  register rtx insn;
  register int i;
  register char *block_live = (char *) alloca (n_basic_blocks);
  register char *block_marked = (char *) alloca (n_basic_blocks);
  /* An array of CODE_LABELs, indexed by UID for the start of the active
     EH handler for each insn in F.  */
  int *active_eh_region;
  int *nested_eh_region;
  /* List of label_refs to all labels whose addresses are taken
     and used as data.  */
  rtx label_value_list;
  rtx x, note, eh_note;
  enum rtx_code prev_code, code;
  int depth, pass;
  int in_libcall_block = 0;
  int deleted_handler = 0;

  pass = 1;
  active_eh_region = (int *) alloca ((max_uid_for_flow + 1) * sizeof (int));
  nested_eh_region = (int *) alloca ((max_label_num () + 1) * sizeof (int));
 restart:

  label_value_list = 0;
  block_live_static = block_live;
  bzero (block_live, n_basic_blocks);
  bzero (block_marked, n_basic_blocks);
  bzero (basic_block_computed_jump_target, n_basic_blocks);
  bzero ((char *) active_eh_region, (max_uid_for_flow + 1) * sizeof (int));
  bzero ((char *) nested_eh_region, (max_label_num () + 1) * sizeof (int));
  current_function_has_computed_jump = 0;

  /* Initialize with just block 0 reachable and no blocks marked.  */
  if (n_basic_blocks > 0)
    block_live[0] = 1;

  /* Initialize the ref chain of each label to 0.  Record where all the
     blocks start and end and their depth in loops.  For each insn, record
     the block it is in.   Also mark as reachable any blocks headed by labels
     that must not be deleted.  */

  for (eh_note = NULL_RTX, insn = f, i = -1, prev_code = JUMP_INSN, depth = 1;
       insn; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
    {

      /* Track when we are inside in LIBCALL block.  */
      if (GET_RTX_CLASS (GET_CODE (insn)) == 'i'
        && find_reg_note (insn, REG_LIBCALL, NULL_RTX))
      in_libcall_block = 1;

      code = GET_CODE (insn);
      if (code == NOTE)
      {
        if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_BEG)
          depth++;
        else if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_END)
          depth--;
      }

      /* A basic block starts at label, or after something that can jump.  */
      else if (code == CODE_LABEL
             || (GET_RTX_CLASS (code) == 'i'
               && (prev_code == JUMP_INSN
                   || (prev_code == CALL_INSN
                     && (nonlocal_label_list != 0 || eh_note)
                     && ! in_libcall_block)
                   || prev_code == BARRIER)))
      {
        basic_block_head[++i] = insn;
        basic_block_end[i] = insn;
        basic_block_loop_depth[i] = depth;

        if (code == CODE_LABEL)
          {
            LABEL_REFS (insn) = insn;
            /* Any label that cannot be deleted
               is considered to start a reachable block.  */
            if (LABEL_PRESERVE_P (insn))
              block_live[i] = 1;
            }
      }

      else if (GET_RTX_CLASS (code) == 'i')
      {
        basic_block_end[i] = insn;
        basic_block_loop_depth[i] = depth;
      }

      if (GET_RTX_CLASS (code) == 'i')
      {
        /* Make a list of all labels referred to other than by jumps.  */
        for (note = REG_NOTES (insn); note; note = XEXP (note, 1))
          if (REG_NOTE_KIND (note) == REG_LABEL)
            label_value_list = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode, XEXP (note, 0),
                                        label_value_list);
      }

      /* Keep a lifo list of the currently active exception notes.  */
      if (GET_CODE (insn) == NOTE)
      {
        if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_EH_REGION_BEG)
          {
              if (eh_note)
                nested_eh_region [NOTE_BLOCK_NUMBER (insn)] = 
                                     NOTE_BLOCK_NUMBER (XEXP (eh_note, 0));
              else
                nested_eh_region [NOTE_BLOCK_NUMBER (insn)] = 0;
            eh_note = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode,
                                     insn, eh_note);
          }
        else if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_EH_REGION_END)
          eh_note = XEXP (eh_note, 1);
      }
      /* If we encounter a CALL_INSN, note which exception handler it
       might pass control to.

       If doing asynchronous exceptions, record the active EH handler
       for every insn, since most insns can throw.  */
      else if (eh_note
             && (asynchronous_exceptions
               || (GET_CODE (insn) == CALL_INSN
                   && ! in_libcall_block)))
      active_eh_region[INSN_UID (insn)] = 
                                        NOTE_BLOCK_NUMBER (XEXP (eh_note, 0));
      BLOCK_NUM (insn) = i;

      if (code != NOTE)
      prev_code = code;

      if (GET_RTX_CLASS (GET_CODE (insn)) == 'i'
        && find_reg_note (insn, REG_RETVAL, NULL_RTX))
      in_libcall_block = 0;
    }

  /* During the second pass, `n_basic_blocks' is only an upper bound.
     Only perform the sanity check for the first pass, and on the second
     pass ensure `n_basic_blocks' is set to the correct value.  */
  if (pass == 1 && i + 1 != n_basic_blocks)
    abort ();
  n_basic_blocks = i + 1;

  /* Record which basic blocks control can drop in to.  */

  for (i = 0; i < n_basic_blocks; i++)
    {
      for (insn = PREV_INSN (basic_block_head[i]);
         insn && GET_CODE (insn) == NOTE; insn = PREV_INSN (insn))
      ;

      basic_block_drops_in[i] = insn && GET_CODE (insn) != BARRIER;
    }

  /* Now find which basic blocks can actually be reached
     and put all jump insns' LABEL_REFS onto the ref-chains
     of their target labels.  */

  if (n_basic_blocks > 0)
    {
      int something_marked = 1;
      int deleted;

      /* Pass over all blocks, marking each block that is reachable
       and has not yet been marked.
       Keep doing this until, in one pass, no blocks have been marked.
       Then blocks_live and blocks_marked are identical and correct.
       In addition, all jumps actually reachable have been marked.  */

      while (something_marked)
      {
        something_marked = 0;
        for (i = 0; i < n_basic_blocks; i++)
          if (block_live[i] && !block_marked[i])
            {
            block_marked[i] = 1;
            something_marked = 1;
            if (i + 1 < n_basic_blocks && basic_block_drops_in[i + 1])
              block_live[i + 1] = 1;
            insn = basic_block_end[i];
            if (GET_CODE (insn) == JUMP_INSN)
              mark_label_ref (PATTERN (insn), insn, 0);

            /* If we have any forced labels, mark them as potentially
               reachable from this block.  */
            for (x = forced_labels; x; x = XEXP (x, 1))
              if (! LABEL_REF_NONLOCAL_P (x))
                mark_label_ref (gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (VOIDmode, XEXP (x, 0)),
                            insn, 0);

            /* Now scan the insns for this block, we may need to make
               edges for some of them to various non-obvious locations
               (exception handlers, nonlocal labels, etc).  */
            for (insn = basic_block_head[i];
                 insn != NEXT_INSN (basic_block_end[i]);
                 insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
              {
                if (GET_RTX_CLASS (GET_CODE (insn)) == 'i')
                  {
                  
                  /* References to labels in non-jumping insns have
                     REG_LABEL notes attached to them.

                     This can happen for computed gotos; we don't care
                     about them here since the values are also on the
                     label_value_list and will be marked live if we find
                     a live computed goto.

                     This can also happen when we take the address of
                     a label to pass as an argument to __throw.  Note
                     throw only uses the value to determine what handler
                     should be called -- ie the label is not used as
                     a jump target, it just marks regions in the code.

                     In theory we should be able to ignore the REG_LABEL
                     notes, but we have to make sure that the label and
                     associated insns aren't marked dead, so we make
                     the block in question live and create an edge from
                     this insn to the label.  This is not strictly
                     correct, but it is close enough for now.  */
                  for (note = REG_NOTES (insn);
                       note;
                       note = XEXP (note, 1))
                    {
                      if (REG_NOTE_KIND (note) == REG_LABEL)
                        {
                        x = XEXP (note, 0);
                        block_live[BLOCK_NUM (x)] = 1;
                        mark_label_ref (gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (VOIDmode, x),
                                    insn, 0);
                        }
                    }

                  /* If this is a computed jump, then mark it as
                     reaching everything on the label_value_list
                     and forced_labels list.  */
                  if (computed_jump_p (insn))
                    {
                      current_function_has_computed_jump = 1;
                      for (x = label_value_list; x; x = XEXP (x, 1))
                        {
                        int b = BLOCK_NUM (XEXP (x, 0));
                        basic_block_computed_jump_target[b] = 1;
                        mark_label_ref (gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (VOIDmode,
                                                   XEXP (x, 0)),
                                    insn, 0);
                        }

                      for (x = forced_labels; x; x = XEXP (x, 1))
                        {
                        int b = BLOCK_NUM (XEXP (x, 0));
                        basic_block_computed_jump_target[b] = 1;
                        mark_label_ref (gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (VOIDmode,
                                                   XEXP (x, 0)),
                                    insn, 0);
                        }
                    }

                  /* If this is a CALL_INSN, then mark it as reaching
                     the active EH handler for this CALL_INSN.  If
                     we're handling asynchronous exceptions mark every
                     insn as reaching the active EH handler.

                     Also mark the CALL_INSN as reaching any nonlocal
                     goto sites.  */
                  else if (asynchronous_exceptions
                         || (GET_CODE (insn) == CALL_INSN
                             && ! find_reg_note (insn, REG_RETVAL,
                                           NULL_RTX)))
                    {
                      if (active_eh_region[INSN_UID (insn)]) 
                              {
                                int region;
                                handler_info *ptr;
                                region = active_eh_region[INSN_UID (insn)];
                                for ( ; region; 
                                             region = nested_eh_region[region]) 
                                  {
                                    ptr = get_first_handler (region);
                                    for ( ; ptr ; ptr = ptr->next)
                                      mark_label_ref (gen_rtx_LABEL_REF 
                                       (VOIDmode, ptr->handler_label), insn, 0);
                                  }
                              }
                      if (!asynchronous_exceptions)
                        {
                        for (x = nonlocal_label_list;
                             x;
                             x = XEXP (x, 1))
                          mark_label_ref (gen_rtx_LABEL_REF (VOIDmode,
                                                     XEXP (x, 0)),
                                      insn, 0);
                        }
                      /* ??? This could be made smarter:
                         in some cases it's possible to tell that
                         certain calls will not do a nonlocal goto.

                         For example, if the nested functions that
                         do the nonlocal gotos do not have their
                         addresses taken, then only calls to those
                         functions or to other nested functions that
                         use them could possibly do nonlocal gotos.  */
                    }
                  }
              }
            }
      }

      /* This should never happen.  If it does that means we've computed an
       incorrect flow graph, which can lead to aborts/crashes later in the
       compiler or incorrect code generation.

       We used to try and continue here, but that's just asking for trouble
       later during the compile or at runtime.  It's easier to debug the
       problem here than later!  */
      for (i = 1; i < n_basic_blocks; i++)
      if (block_live[i] && ! basic_block_drops_in[i]
          && GET_CODE (basic_block_head[i]) == CODE_LABEL
          && LABEL_REFS (basic_block_head[i]) == basic_block_head[i])
        abort ();

      /* Now delete the code for any basic blocks that can't be reached.
       They can occur because jump_optimize does not recognize
       unreachable loops as unreachable.  */

      deleted = 0;
      for (i = 0; i < n_basic_blocks; i++)
      if (!block_live[i])
        {
          deleted++;

          /* Delete the insns in a (non-live) block.  We physically delete
             every non-note insn except the start and end (so
             basic_block_head/end needn't be updated), we turn the latter
             into NOTE_INSN_DELETED notes.
             We use to "delete" the insns by turning them into notes, but
             we may be deleting lots of insns that subsequent passes would
             otherwise have to process.  Secondly, lots of deleted blocks in
             a row can really slow down propagate_block since it will
             otherwise process insn-turned-notes multiple times when it
             looks for loop begin/end notes.  */
          if (basic_block_head[i] != basic_block_end[i])
            {
            /* It would be quicker to delete all of these with a single
               unchaining, rather than one at a time, but we need to keep
               the NOTE's.  */
            insn = NEXT_INSN (basic_block_head[i]);
            while (insn != basic_block_end[i])
              {
                if (GET_CODE (insn) == BARRIER)
                  abort ();
                else if (GET_CODE (insn) != NOTE)
                  insn = flow_delete_insn (insn);
                else
                  insn = NEXT_INSN (insn);
              }
            }
          insn = basic_block_head[i];
          if (GET_CODE (insn) != NOTE)
            {
            /* Turn the head into a deleted insn note.  */
            if (GET_CODE (insn) == BARRIER)
              abort ();

            /* If the head of this block is a CODE_LABEL, then it might
               be the label for an exception handler which can't be
               reached.

               We need to remove the label from the exception_handler_label
               list and remove the associated NOTE_EH_REGION_BEG and
               NOTE_EH_REGION_END notes.  */
            if (GET_CODE (insn) == CODE_LABEL)
              {
                rtx x, *prev = &exception_handler_labels;

                for (x = exception_handler_labels; x; x = XEXP (x, 1))
                  {
                  if (XEXP (x, 0) == insn)
                    {
                      /* Found a match, splice this label out of the
                         EH label list.  */
                      *prev = XEXP (x, 1);
                      XEXP (x, 1) = NULL_RTX;
                      XEXP (x, 0) = NULL_RTX;

                            /* Remove the handler from all regions */
                            remove_handler (insn);
                            deleted_handler = 1;
                      break;
                    }
                  prev = &XEXP (x, 1);
                  }
              }
             
            PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
            NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
            NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
            }
          insn = basic_block_end[i];
          if (GET_CODE (insn) != NOTE)
            {
            /* Turn the tail into a deleted insn note.  */
            if (GET_CODE (insn) == BARRIER)
              abort ();
            PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
            NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
            NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
            }
          /* BARRIERs are between basic blocks, not part of one.
             Delete a BARRIER if the preceding jump is deleted.
             We cannot alter a BARRIER into a NOTE
             because it is too short; but we can really delete
             it because it is not part of a basic block.  */
          if (NEXT_INSN (insn) != 0
            && GET_CODE (NEXT_INSN (insn)) == BARRIER)
            delete_insn (NEXT_INSN (insn));

          /* Each time we delete some basic blocks,
             see if there is a jump around them that is
             being turned into a no-op.  If so, delete it.  */

          if (block_live[i - 1])
            {
            register int j;
            for (j = i + 1; j < n_basic_blocks; j++)
              if (block_live[j])
                {
                  rtx label;
                  insn = basic_block_end[i - 1];
                  if (GET_CODE (insn) == JUMP_INSN
                    /* An unconditional jump is the only possibility
                       we must check for, since a conditional one
                       would make these blocks live.  */
                    && simplejump_p (insn)
                    && (label = XEXP (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn)), 0), 1)
                    && INSN_UID (label) != 0
                    && BLOCK_NUM (label) == j)
                  {
                    int k;

                    /* The deleted blocks still show up in the cfg,
                       so we must set basic_block_drops_in for blocks
                       I to J inclusive to keep the cfg accurate.  */
                    for (k = i; k <= j; k++)
                      basic_block_drops_in[k] = 1;

                    PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
                    NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
                    NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
                    if (GET_CODE (NEXT_INSN (insn)) != BARRIER)
                      abort ();
                    delete_insn (NEXT_INSN (insn));
                  }
                  break;
                }
            }
        }
      /* If we deleted an exception handler, we may have EH region
         begin/end blocks to remove as well. */
      if (deleted_handler)
        for (insn = get_insns (); insn; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
          if (GET_CODE (insn) == NOTE)
            {
              if ((NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_EH_REGION_BEG) ||
                  (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_EH_REGION_END)) 
                {
                  int num = CODE_LABEL_NUMBER (insn);
                  /* A NULL handler indicates a region is no longer needed */
                  if (get_first_handler (num) == NULL)
                    {
                      NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
                      NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
                    }
                }
            }

      /* There are pathological cases where one function calling hundreds of
       nested inline functions can generate lots and lots of unreachable
       blocks that jump can't delete.  Since we don't use sparse matrices
       a lot of memory will be needed to compile such functions.
       Implementing sparse matrices is a fair bit of work and it is not
       clear that they win more than they lose (we don't want to
       unnecessarily slow down compilation of normal code).  By making
       another pass for the pathological case, we can greatly speed up
       their compilation without hurting normal code.  This works because
       all the insns in the unreachable blocks have either been deleted or
       turned into notes.
       Note that we're talking about reducing memory usage by 10's of
       megabytes and reducing compilation time by several minutes.  */
      /* ??? The choice of when to make another pass is a bit arbitrary,
       and was derived from empirical data.  */
      if (pass == 1
        && deleted > 200)
      {
        pass++;
        n_basic_blocks -= deleted;
        /* `n_basic_blocks' may not be correct at this point: two previously
           separate blocks may now be merged.  That's ok though as we
           recalculate it during the second pass.  It certainly can't be
           any larger than the current value.  */
        goto restart;
      }
    }
}

/* Record INSN's block number as BB.  */

void
set_block_num (insn, bb)
     rtx insn;
     int bb;
{
  if (INSN_UID (insn) >= max_uid_for_flow)
    {
      /* Add one-eighth the size so we don't keep calling xrealloc.  */
      max_uid_for_flow = INSN_UID (insn) + (INSN_UID (insn) + 7) / 8;
      uid_block_number = (int *)
      xrealloc (uid_block_number, (max_uid_for_flow + 1) * sizeof (int));
    }
  BLOCK_NUM (insn) = bb;
}


/* Subroutines of find_basic_blocks.  */

/* Check expression X for label references;
   if one is found, add INSN to the label's chain of references.

   CHECKDUP means check for and avoid creating duplicate references
   from the same insn.  Such duplicates do no serious harm but
   can slow life analysis.  CHECKDUP is set only when duplicates
   are likely.  */

static void
mark_label_ref (x, insn, checkdup)
     rtx x, insn;
     int checkdup;
{
  register RTX_CODE code;
  register int i;
  register char *fmt;

  /* We can be called with NULL when scanning label_value_list.  */
  if (x == 0)
    return;

  code = GET_CODE (x);
  if (code == LABEL_REF)
    {
      register rtx label = XEXP (x, 0);
      register rtx y;
      if (GET_CODE (label) != CODE_LABEL)
      abort ();
      /* If the label was never emitted, this insn is junk,
       but avoid a crash trying to refer to BLOCK_NUM (label).
       This can happen as a result of a syntax error
       and a diagnostic has already been printed.  */
      if (INSN_UID (label) == 0)
      return;
      CONTAINING_INSN (x) = insn;
      /* if CHECKDUP is set, check for duplicate ref from same insn
       and don't insert.  */
      if (checkdup)
      for (y = LABEL_REFS (label); y != label; y = LABEL_NEXTREF (y))
        if (CONTAINING_INSN (y) == insn)
          return;
      LABEL_NEXTREF (x) = LABEL_REFS (label);
      LABEL_REFS (label) = x;
      block_live_static[BLOCK_NUM (label)] = 1;
      return;
    }

  fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code);
  for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
      if (fmt[i] == 'e')
      mark_label_ref (XEXP (x, i), insn, 0);
      if (fmt[i] == 'E')
      {
        register int j;
        for (j = 0; j < XVECLEN (x, i); j++)
          mark_label_ref (XVECEXP (x, i, j), insn, 1);
      }
    }
}

/* Delete INSN by patching it out.
   Return the next insn.  */

static rtx
flow_delete_insn (insn)
     rtx insn;
{
  /* ??? For the moment we assume we don't have to watch for NULLs here
     since the start/end of basic blocks aren't deleted like this.  */
  NEXT_INSN (PREV_INSN (insn)) = NEXT_INSN (insn);
  PREV_INSN (NEXT_INSN (insn)) = PREV_INSN (insn);
  return NEXT_INSN (insn);
}

/* Perform data flow analysis.
   F is the first insn of the function and NREGS the number of register numbers
   in use.  */

void
life_analysis (f, nregs, file)
     rtx f;
     int nregs;
     FILE *file;
{
#ifdef ELIMINABLE_REGS
  register size_t i;
  static struct {int from, to; } eliminables[] = ELIMINABLE_REGS;
#endif

  /* Record which registers will be eliminated.  We use this in
     mark_used_regs.  */

  CLEAR_HARD_REG_SET (elim_reg_set);

#ifdef ELIMINABLE_REGS
  for (i = 0; i < sizeof eliminables / sizeof eliminables[0]; i++)
    SET_HARD_REG_BIT (elim_reg_set, eliminables[i].from);
#else
  SET_HARD_REG_BIT (elim_reg_set, FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM);
#endif

  life_analysis_1 (f, nregs);
  if (file)
    dump_flow_info (file);

  free_basic_block_vars (1);
}

/* Free the variables allocated by find_basic_blocks.

   KEEP_HEAD_END_P is non-zero if basic_block_head and basic_block_end
   are not to be freed.  */

void
free_basic_block_vars (keep_head_end_p)
     int keep_head_end_p;
{
  if (basic_block_drops_in)
    {
      free (basic_block_drops_in);
      /* Tell dump_flow_info this isn't available anymore.  */
      basic_block_drops_in = 0;
    }
  if (basic_block_loop_depth)
    {
      free (basic_block_loop_depth);
      basic_block_loop_depth = 0;
    }
  if (uid_block_number)
    {
      free (uid_block_number);
      uid_block_number = 0;
    }
  if (uid_volatile)
    {
      free (uid_volatile);
      uid_volatile = 0;
    }

  if (! keep_head_end_p && basic_block_head)
    {
      free (basic_block_head);
      basic_block_head = 0;
      free (basic_block_end);
      basic_block_end = 0;
    }
}

/* Determine which registers are live at the start of each
   basic block of the function whose first insn is F.
   NREGS is the number of registers used in F.
   We allocate the vector basic_block_live_at_start
   and the regsets that it points to, and fill them with the data.
   regset_size and regset_bytes are also set here.  */

static void
life_analysis_1 (f, nregs)
     rtx f;
     int nregs;
{
  int first_pass;
  int changed;
  /* For each basic block, a bitmask of regs
     live on exit from the block.  */
  regset *basic_block_live_at_end;
  /* For each basic block, a bitmask of regs
     live on entry to a successor-block of this block.
     If this does not match basic_block_live_at_end,
     that must be updated, and the block must be rescanned.  */
  regset *basic_block_new_live_at_end;
  /* For each basic block, a bitmask of regs
     whose liveness at the end of the basic block
     can make a difference in which regs are live on entry to the block.
     These are the regs that are set within the basic block,
     possibly excluding those that are used after they are set.  */
  regset *basic_block_significant;
  register int i;
  rtx insn;

  struct obstack flow_obstack;

  gcc_obstack_init (&flow_obstack);

  max_regno = nregs;

  bzero (regs_ever_live, sizeof regs_ever_live);

  /* Allocate and zero out many data structures
     that will record the data from lifetime analysis.  */

  allocate_for_life_analysis ();

  reg_next_use = (rtx *) alloca (nregs * sizeof (rtx));
  bzero ((char *) reg_next_use, nregs * sizeof (rtx));

  /* Set up several regset-vectors used internally within this function.
     Their meanings are documented above, with their declarations.  */

  basic_block_live_at_end
    = (regset *) alloca (n_basic_blocks * sizeof (regset));

  /* Don't use alloca since that leads to a crash rather than an error message
     if there isn't enough space.
     Don't use oballoc since we may need to allocate other things during
     this function on the temporary obstack.  */
  init_regset_vector (basic_block_live_at_end, n_basic_blocks, &flow_obstack);

  basic_block_new_live_at_end
    = (regset *) alloca (n_basic_blocks * sizeof (regset));
  init_regset_vector (basic_block_new_live_at_end, n_basic_blocks,
                  &flow_obstack);

  basic_block_significant
    = (regset *) alloca (n_basic_blocks * sizeof (regset));
  init_regset_vector (basic_block_significant, n_basic_blocks, &flow_obstack);

  /* Record which insns refer to any volatile memory
     or for any reason can't be deleted just because they are dead stores.
     Also, delete any insns that copy a register to itself.  */

  for (insn = f; insn; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
    {
      enum rtx_code code1 = GET_CODE (insn);
      if (code1 == CALL_INSN)
      INSN_VOLATILE (insn) = 1;
      else if (code1 == INSN || code1 == JUMP_INSN)
      {
        /* Delete (in effect) any obvious no-op moves.  */
        if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == SET
            && GET_CODE (SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn))) == REG
            && GET_CODE (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn))) == REG
            && (REGNO (SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn)))
              == REGNO (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn))))
            /* Insns carrying these notes are useful later on.  */
            && ! find_reg_note (insn, REG_EQUAL, NULL_RTX))
          {
            PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
            NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
            NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
          }
        /* Delete (in effect) any obvious no-op moves.  */
        else if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == SET
            && GET_CODE (SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn))) == SUBREG
            && GET_CODE (SUBREG_REG (SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn)))) == REG
            && GET_CODE (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn))) == SUBREG
            && GET_CODE (SUBREG_REG (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn)))) == REG
            && (REGNO (SUBREG_REG (SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn))))
              == REGNO (SUBREG_REG (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn)))))
            && SUBREG_WORD (SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn))) ==
                        SUBREG_WORD (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn)))
            /* Insns carrying these notes are useful later on.  */
            && ! find_reg_note (insn, REG_EQUAL, NULL_RTX))
          {
            PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
            NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
            NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
          }
        else if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == PARALLEL)
          {
            /* If nothing but SETs of registers to themselves,
             this insn can also be deleted.  */
            for (i = 0; i < XVECLEN (PATTERN (insn), 0); i++)
            {
              rtx tem = XVECEXP (PATTERN (insn), 0, i);

              if (GET_CODE (tem) == USE
                  || GET_CODE (tem) == CLOBBER)
                continue;
                
              if (GET_CODE (tem) != SET
                  || GET_CODE (SET_DEST (tem)) != REG
                  || GET_CODE (SET_SRC (tem)) != REG
                  || REGNO (SET_DEST (tem)) != REGNO (SET_SRC (tem)))
                break;
            }
            
            if (i == XVECLEN (PATTERN (insn), 0)
              /* Insns carrying these notes are useful later on.  */
              && ! find_reg_note (insn, REG_EQUAL, NULL_RTX))
            {
              PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
              NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
              NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
            }
            else
            INSN_VOLATILE (insn) = volatile_refs_p (PATTERN (insn));
          }
        else if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) != USE)
          INSN_VOLATILE (insn) = volatile_refs_p (PATTERN (insn));
        /* A SET that makes space on the stack cannot be dead.
           (Such SETs occur only for allocating variable-size data,
           so they will always have a PLUS or MINUS according to the
           direction of stack growth.)
           Even if this function never uses this stack pointer value,
           signal handlers do!  */
        else if (code1 == INSN && GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == SET
               && SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn)) == stack_pointer_rtx
#ifdef STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
               && GET_CODE (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn))) == MINUS
#else
               && GET_CODE (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn))) == PLUS
#endif
               && XEXP (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn)), 0) == stack_pointer_rtx)
          INSN_VOLATILE (insn) = 1;
      }
    }

  if (n_basic_blocks > 0)
#ifdef EXIT_IGNORE_STACK
    if (! EXIT_IGNORE_STACK
      || (! FRAME_POINTER_REQUIRED
          && ! current_function_calls_alloca
          && flag_omit_frame_pointer))
#endif
      {
      /* If exiting needs the right stack value,
         consider the stack pointer live at the end of the function.  */
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1],
                     STACK_POINTER_REGNUM);
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_new_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1],
                     STACK_POINTER_REGNUM);
      }

  /* Mark the frame pointer is needed at the end of the function.  If
     we end up eliminating it, it will be removed from the live list
     of each basic block by reload.  */

  if (n_basic_blocks > 0)
    {
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1],
                   FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM);
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_new_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1],
                   FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM);
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
      /* If they are different, also mark the hard frame pointer as live */
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1],
                   HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM);
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_new_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1],
                   HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM);
#endif      
      }

  /* Mark all global registers and all registers used by the epilogue
     as being live at the end of the function since they may be
     referenced by our caller.  */

  if (n_basic_blocks > 0)
    for (i = 0; i < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; i++)
      if (global_regs[i]
#ifdef EPILOGUE_USES
        || EPILOGUE_USES (i)
#endif
        )
      {
        SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1], i);
        SET_REGNO_REG_SET (basic_block_new_live_at_end[n_basic_blocks - 1], i);
      }

  /* Propagate life info through the basic blocks
     around the graph of basic blocks.

     This is a relaxation process: each time a new register
     is live at the end of the basic block, we must scan the block
     to determine which registers are, as a consequence, live at the beginning
     of that block.  These registers must then be marked live at the ends
     of all the blocks that can transfer control to that block.
     The process continues until it reaches a fixed point.  */

  first_pass = 1;
  changed = 1;
  while (changed)
    {
      changed = 0;
      for (i = n_basic_blocks - 1; i >= 0; i--)
      {
        int consider = first_pass;
        int must_rescan = first_pass;
        register int j;

        if (!first_pass)
          {
            /* Set CONSIDER if this block needs thinking about at all
             (that is, if the regs live now at the end of it
             are not the same as were live at the end of it when
             we last thought about it).
             Set must_rescan if it needs to be thought about
             instruction by instruction (that is, if any additional
             reg that is live at the end now but was not live there before
             is one of the significant regs of this basic block).  */

            EXECUTE_IF_AND_COMPL_IN_REG_SET
            (basic_block_new_live_at_end[i],
             basic_block_live_at_end[i], 0, j,
             {
               consider = 1;
               if (REGNO_REG_SET_P (basic_block_significant[i], j))
                 {
                   must_rescan = 1;
                   goto done;
                 }
             });
          done:
            if (! consider)
            continue;
          }

        /* The live_at_start of this block may be changing,
           so another pass will be required after this one.  */
        changed = 1;

        if (! must_rescan)
          {
            /* No complete rescan needed;
             just record those variables newly known live at end
             as live at start as well.  */
            IOR_AND_COMPL_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_start[i],
                             basic_block_new_live_at_end[i],
                             basic_block_live_at_end[i]);

            IOR_AND_COMPL_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_end[i],
                             basic_block_new_live_at_end[i],
                             basic_block_live_at_end[i]);
          }
        else
          {
            /* Update the basic_block_live_at_start
             by propagation backwards through the block.  */
            COPY_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_end[i],
                      basic_block_new_live_at_end[i]);
            COPY_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_start[i],
                      basic_block_live_at_end[i]);
            propagate_block (basic_block_live_at_start[i],
                         basic_block_head[i], basic_block_end[i], 0,
                         first_pass ? basic_block_significant[i]
                         : (regset) 0,
                         i);
          }

        {
          register rtx jump, head;

          /* Update the basic_block_new_live_at_end's of the block
             that falls through into this one (if any).  */
          head = basic_block_head[i];
          if (basic_block_drops_in[i])
            IOR_REG_SET (basic_block_new_live_at_end[i-1],
                     basic_block_live_at_start[i]);

          /* Update the basic_block_new_live_at_end's of
             all the blocks that jump to this one.  */
          if (GET_CODE (head) == CODE_LABEL)
            for (jump = LABEL_REFS (head);
               jump != head;
               jump = LABEL_NEXTREF (jump))
            {
              register int from_block = BLOCK_NUM (CONTAINING_INSN (jump));
              IOR_REG_SET (basic_block_new_live_at_end[from_block],
                         basic_block_live_at_start[i]);
            }
        }
#ifdef USE_C_ALLOCA
        alloca (0);
#endif
      }
      first_pass = 0;
    }

  /* The only pseudos that are live at the beginning of the function are
     those that were not set anywhere in the function.  local-alloc doesn't
     know how to handle these correctly, so mark them as not local to any
     one basic block.  */

  if (n_basic_blocks > 0)
    EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_start[0],
                         FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER, i,
                         {
                         REG_BASIC_BLOCK (i) = REG_BLOCK_GLOBAL;
                         });

  /* Now the life information is accurate.
     Make one more pass over each basic block
     to delete dead stores, create autoincrement addressing
     and record how many times each register is used, is set, or dies.

     To save time, we operate directly in basic_block_live_at_end[i],
     thus destroying it (in fact, converting it into a copy of
     basic_block_live_at_start[i]).  This is ok now because
     basic_block_live_at_end[i] is no longer used past this point.  */

  max_scratch = 0;

  for (i = 0; i < n_basic_blocks; i++)
    {
      propagate_block (basic_block_live_at_end[i],
                   basic_block_head[i], basic_block_end[i], 1,
                   (regset) 0, i);
#ifdef USE_C_ALLOCA
      alloca (0);
#endif
    }

#if 0
  /* Something live during a setjmp should not be put in a register
     on certain machines which restore regs from stack frames
     rather than from the jmpbuf.
     But we don't need to do this for the user's variables, since
     ANSI says only volatile variables need this.  */
#ifdef LONGJMP_RESTORE_FROM_STACK
  EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_REG_SET (regs_live_at_setjmp,
                       FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER, i,
                       {
                         if (regno_reg_rtx[i] != 0
                           && ! REG_USERVAR_P (regno_reg_rtx[i]))
                         {
                           REG_LIVE_LENGTH (i) = -1;
                           REG_BASIC_BLOCK (i) = -1;
                         }
                       });
#endif
#endif

  /* We have a problem with any pseudoreg that
     lives across the setjmp.  ANSI says that if a
     user variable does not change in value
     between the setjmp and the longjmp, then the longjmp preserves it.
     This includes longjmp from a place where the pseudo appears dead.
     (In principle, the value still exists if it is in scope.)
     If the pseudo goes in a hard reg, some other value may occupy
     that hard reg where this pseudo is dead, thus clobbering the pseudo.
     Conclusion: such a pseudo must not go in a hard reg.  */
  EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_REG_SET (regs_live_at_setjmp,
                       FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER, i,
                       {
                         if (regno_reg_rtx[i] != 0)
                         {
                           REG_LIVE_LENGTH (i) = -1;
                           REG_BASIC_BLOCK (i) = -1;
                         }
                       });


  free_regset_vector (basic_block_live_at_end, n_basic_blocks);
  free_regset_vector (basic_block_new_live_at_end, n_basic_blocks);
  free_regset_vector (basic_block_significant, n_basic_blocks);
  basic_block_live_at_end = (regset *)0;
  basic_block_new_live_at_end = (regset *)0;
  basic_block_significant = (regset *)0;

  obstack_free (&flow_obstack, NULL_PTR);
}

/* Subroutines of life analysis.  */

/* Allocate the permanent data structures that represent the results
   of life analysis.  Not static since used also for stupid life analysis.  */

void
allocate_for_life_analysis ()
{
  register int i;

  /* Recalculate the register space, in case it has grown.  Old style
     vector oriented regsets would set regset_{size,bytes} here also.  */
  allocate_reg_info (max_regno, FALSE, FALSE);

  /* Because both reg_scan and flow_analysis want to set up the REG_N_SETS
     information, explicitly reset it here.  The allocation should have
     already happened on the previous reg_scan pass.  Make sure in case
     some more registers were allocated.  */
  for (i = 0; i < max_regno; i++)
    REG_N_SETS (i) = 0;

  basic_block_live_at_start
    = (regset *) oballoc (n_basic_blocks * sizeof (regset));
  init_regset_vector (basic_block_live_at_start, n_basic_blocks,
                  function_obstack);

  regs_live_at_setjmp = OBSTACK_ALLOC_REG_SET (function_obstack);
  CLEAR_REG_SET (regs_live_at_setjmp);
}

/* Make each element of VECTOR point at a regset.  The vector has
   NELTS elements, and space is allocated from the ALLOC_OBSTACK
   obstack.  */

static void
init_regset_vector (vector, nelts, alloc_obstack)
     regset *vector;
     int nelts;
     struct obstack *alloc_obstack;
{
  register int i;

  for (i = 0; i < nelts; i++)
    {
      vector[i] = OBSTACK_ALLOC_REG_SET (alloc_obstack);
      CLEAR_REG_SET (vector[i]);
    }
}

/* Release any additional space allocated for each element of VECTOR point
   other than the regset header itself.  The vector has NELTS elements.  */

void
free_regset_vector (vector, nelts)
     regset *vector;
     int nelts;
{
  register int i;

  for (i = 0; i < nelts; i++)
    FREE_REG_SET (vector[i]);
}

/* Compute the registers live at the beginning of a basic block
   from those live at the end.

   When called, OLD contains those live at the end.
   On return, it contains those live at the beginning.
   FIRST and LAST are the first and last insns of the basic block.

   FINAL is nonzero if we are doing the final pass which is not
   for computing the life info (since that has already been done)
   but for acting on it.  On this pass, we delete dead stores,
   set up the logical links and dead-variables lists of instructions,
   and merge instructions for autoincrement and autodecrement addresses.

   SIGNIFICANT is nonzero only the first time for each basic block.
   If it is nonzero, it points to a regset in which we store
   a 1 for each register that is set within the block.

   BNUM is the number of the basic block.  */

static void
propagate_block (old, first, last, final, significant, bnum)
     register regset old;
     rtx first;
     rtx last;
     int final;
     regset significant;
     int bnum;
{
  register rtx insn;
  rtx prev;
  regset live;
  regset dead;

  /* The following variables are used only if FINAL is nonzero.  */
  /* This vector gets one element for each reg that has been live
     at any point in the basic block that has been scanned so far.
     SOMETIMES_MAX says how many elements are in use so far.  */
  register int *regs_sometimes_live;
  int sometimes_max = 0;
  /* This regset has 1 for each reg that we have seen live so far.
     It and REGS_SOMETIMES_LIVE are updated together.  */
  regset maxlive;

  /* The loop depth may change in the middle of a basic block.  Since we
     scan from end to beginning, we start with the depth at the end of the
     current basic block, and adjust as we pass ends and starts of loops.  */
  loop_depth = basic_block_loop_depth[bnum];

  dead = ALLOCA_REG_SET ();
  live = ALLOCA_REG_SET ();

  cc0_live = 0;
  last_mem_set = 0;

  /* Include any notes at the end of the block in the scan.
     This is in case the block ends with a call to setjmp.  */

  while (NEXT_INSN (last) != 0 && GET_CODE (NEXT_INSN (last)) == NOTE)
    {
      /* Look for loop boundaries, we are going forward here.  */
      last = NEXT_INSN (last);
      if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (last) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_BEG)
      loop_depth++;
      else if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (last) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_END)
      loop_depth--;
    }

  if (final)
    {
      register int i;

      num_scratch = 0;
      maxlive = ALLOCA_REG_SET ();
      COPY_REG_SET (maxlive, old);
      regs_sometimes_live = (int *) alloca (max_regno * sizeof (int));

      /* Process the regs live at the end of the block.
       Enter them in MAXLIVE and REGS_SOMETIMES_LIVE.
       Also mark them as not local to any one basic block. */
      EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_REG_SET (old, 0, i,
                         {
                           REG_BASIC_BLOCK (i) = REG_BLOCK_GLOBAL;
                           regs_sometimes_live[sometimes_max] = i;
                           sometimes_max++;
                         });
    }

  /* Scan the block an insn at a time from end to beginning.  */

  for (insn = last; ; insn = prev)
    {
      prev = PREV_INSN (insn);

      if (GET_CODE (insn) == NOTE)
      {
        /* Look for loop boundaries, remembering that we are going
           backwards.  */
        if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_END)
          loop_depth++;
        else if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_BEG)
          loop_depth--;

        /* If we have LOOP_DEPTH == 0, there has been a bookkeeping error. 
           Abort now rather than setting register status incorrectly.  */
        if (loop_depth == 0)
          abort ();

        /* If this is a call to `setjmp' et al,
           warn if any non-volatile datum is live.  */

        if (final && NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_SETJMP)
          IOR_REG_SET (regs_live_at_setjmp, old);
      }

      /* Update the life-status of regs for this insn.
       First DEAD gets which regs are set in this insn
       then LIVE gets which regs are used in this insn.
       Then the regs live before the insn
       are those live after, with DEAD regs turned off,
       and then LIVE regs turned on.  */

      else if (GET_RTX_CLASS (GET_CODE (insn)) == 'i')
      {
        register int i;
        rtx note = find_reg_note (insn, REG_RETVAL, NULL_RTX);
        int insn_is_dead
          = (insn_dead_p (PATTERN (insn), old, 0)
             /* Don't delete something that refers to volatile storage!  */
             && ! INSN_VOLATILE (insn));
        int libcall_is_dead 
          = (insn_is_dead && note != 0
             && libcall_dead_p (PATTERN (insn), old, note, insn));

        /* If an instruction consists of just dead store(s) on final pass,
           "delete" it by turning it into a NOTE of type NOTE_INSN_DELETED.
           We could really delete it with delete_insn, but that
           can cause trouble for first or last insn in a basic block.  */
        if (final && insn_is_dead)
          {
            PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
            NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
            NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;

            /* CC0 is now known to be dead.  Either this insn used it,
             in which case it doesn't anymore, or clobbered it,
             so the next insn can't use it.  */
            cc0_live = 0;

            /* If this insn is copying the return value from a library call,
             delete the entire library call.  */
            if (libcall_is_dead)
            {
              rtx first = XEXP (note, 0);
              rtx p = insn;
              while (INSN_DELETED_P (first))
                first = NEXT_INSN (first);
              while (p != first)
                {
                  p = PREV_INSN (p);
                  PUT_CODE (p, NOTE);
                  NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (p) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
                  NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (p) = 0;
                }
            }
            goto flushed;
          }

        CLEAR_REG_SET (dead);
        CLEAR_REG_SET (live);

        /* See if this is an increment or decrement that can be
           merged into a following memory address.  */
#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC
        {
          register rtx x = single_set (insn);

          /* Does this instruction increment or decrement a register?  */
          if (final && x != 0
            && GET_CODE (SET_DEST (x)) == REG
            && (GET_CODE (SET_SRC (x)) == PLUS
                || GET_CODE (SET_SRC (x)) == MINUS)
            && XEXP (SET_SRC (x), 0) == SET_DEST (x)
            && GET_CODE (XEXP (SET_SRC (x), 1)) == CONST_INT
            /* Ok, look for a following memory ref we can combine with.
               If one is found, change the memory ref to a PRE_INC
               or PRE_DEC, cancel this insn, and return 1.
               Return 0 if nothing has been done.  */
            && try_pre_increment_1 (insn))
            goto flushed;
        }
#endif /* AUTO_INC_DEC */

        /* If this is not the final pass, and this insn is copying the
           value of a library call and it's dead, don't scan the
           insns that perform the library call, so that the call's
           arguments are not marked live.  */
        if (libcall_is_dead)
          {
            /* Mark the dest reg as `significant'.  */
            mark_set_regs (old, dead, PATTERN (insn), NULL_RTX, significant);

            insn = XEXP (note, 0);
            prev = PREV_INSN (insn);
          }
        else if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == SET
               && SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn)) == stack_pointer_rtx
               && GET_CODE (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn))) == PLUS
               && XEXP (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn)), 0) == stack_pointer_rtx
               && GET_CODE (XEXP (SET_SRC (PATTERN (insn)), 1)) == CONST_INT)
          /* We have an insn to pop a constant amount off the stack.
             (Such insns use PLUS regardless of the direction of the stack,
             and any insn to adjust the stack by a constant is always a pop.)
             These insns, if not dead stores, have no effect on life.  */
          ;
        else
          {
            /* LIVE gets the regs used in INSN;
             DEAD gets those set by it.  Dead insns don't make anything
             live.  */

            mark_set_regs (old, dead, PATTERN (insn),
                       final ? insn : NULL_RTX, significant);

            /* If an insn doesn't use CC0, it becomes dead since we 
             assume that every insn clobbers it.  So show it dead here;
             mark_used_regs will set it live if it is referenced.  */
            cc0_live = 0;

            if (! insn_is_dead)
            mark_used_regs (old, live, PATTERN (insn), final, insn);

            /* Sometimes we may have inserted something before INSN (such as
             a move) when we make an auto-inc.  So ensure we will scan
             those insns.  */
#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC
            prev = PREV_INSN (insn);
#endif

            if (! insn_is_dead && GET_CODE (insn) == CALL_INSN)
            {
              register int i;

              rtx note;

                for (note = CALL_INSN_FUNCTION_USAGE (insn);
                   note;
                   note = XEXP (note, 1))
                if (GET_CODE (XEXP (note, 0)) == USE)
                  mark_used_regs (old, live, SET_DEST (XEXP (note, 0)),
                              final, insn);

              /* Each call clobbers all call-clobbered regs that are not
                 global or fixed.  Note that the function-value reg is a
                 call-clobbered reg, and mark_set_regs has already had
                 a chance to handle it.  */

              for (i = 0; i < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; i++)
                if (call_used_regs[i] && ! global_regs[i]
                  && ! fixed_regs[i])
                  SET_REGNO_REG_SET (dead, i);

              /* The stack ptr is used (honorarily) by a CALL insn.  */
              SET_REGNO_REG_SET (live, STACK_POINTER_REGNUM);

              /* Calls may also reference any of the global registers,
                 so they are made live.  */
              for (i = 0; i < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; i++)
                if (global_regs[i])
                  mark_used_regs (old, live,
                              gen_rtx_REG (reg_raw_mode[i], i),
                              final, insn);

              /* Calls also clobber memory.  */
              last_mem_set = 0;
            }

            /* Update OLD for the registers used or set.  */
            AND_COMPL_REG_SET (old, dead);
            IOR_REG_SET (old, live);

            if (GET_CODE (insn) == CALL_INSN && final)
            {
              /* Any regs live at the time of a call instruction
                 must not go in a register clobbered by calls.
                 Find all regs now live and record this for them.  */

              register int *p = regs_sometimes_live;

              for (i = 0; i < sometimes_max; i++, p++)
                if (REGNO_REG_SET_P (old, *p))
                  REG_N_CALLS_CROSSED (*p)++;
            }
          }

        /* On final pass, add any additional sometimes-live regs
           into MAXLIVE and REGS_SOMETIMES_LIVE.
           Also update counts of how many insns each reg is live at.  */

        if (final)
          {
            register int regno;
            register int *p;

            EXECUTE_IF_AND_COMPL_IN_REG_SET
            (live, maxlive, 0, regno,
             {
               regs_sometimes_live[sometimes_max++] = regno;
               SET_REGNO_REG_SET (maxlive, regno);
             });

            p = regs_sometimes_live;
            for (i = 0; i < sometimes_max; i++)
            {
              regno = *p++;
              if (REGNO_REG_SET_P (old, regno))
                REG_LIVE_LENGTH (regno)++;
            }
          }
      }
    flushed: ;
      if (insn == first)
      break;
    }

  FREE_REG_SET (dead);
  FREE_REG_SET (live);
  if (final)
    FREE_REG_SET (maxlive);

  if (num_scratch > max_scratch)
    max_scratch = num_scratch;
}

/* Return 1 if X (the body of an insn, or part of it) is just dead stores
   (SET expressions whose destinations are registers dead after the insn).
   NEEDED is the regset that says which regs are alive after the insn.

   Unless CALL_OK is non-zero, an insn is needed if it contains a CALL.  */

static int
insn_dead_p (x, needed, call_ok)
     rtx x;
     regset needed;
     int call_ok;
{
  enum rtx_code code = GET_CODE (x);

  /* If setting something that's a reg or part of one,
     see if that register's altered value will be live.  */

  if (code == SET)
    {
      rtx r = SET_DEST (x);

      /* A SET that is a subroutine call cannot be dead.  */
      if (! call_ok && GET_CODE (SET_SRC (x)) == CALL)
      return 0;

#ifdef HAVE_cc0
      if (GET_CODE (r) == CC0)
      return ! cc0_live;
#endif
      
      if (GET_CODE (r) == MEM && last_mem_set && ! MEM_VOLATILE_P (r)
        && rtx_equal_p (r, last_mem_set))
      return 1;

      while (GET_CODE (r) == SUBREG || GET_CODE (r) == STRICT_LOW_PART
           || GET_CODE (r) == ZERO_EXTRACT)
      r = SUBREG_REG (r);

      if (GET_CODE (r) == REG)
      {
        int regno = REGNO (r);

        /* Don't delete insns to set global regs.  */
        if ((regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER && global_regs[regno])
            /* Make sure insns to set frame pointer aren't deleted.  */
            || regno == FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
            || regno == HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
#endif
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != ARG_POINTER_REGNUM
            /* Make sure insns to set arg pointer are never deleted
             (if the arg pointer isn't fixed, there will be a USE for
             it, so we can treat it normally).  */
            || (regno == ARG_POINTER_REGNUM && fixed_regs[regno])
#endif
            || REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno))
          return 0;

        /* If this is a hard register, verify that subsequent words are
           not needed.  */
        if (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
          {
            int n = HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (r));

            while (--n > 0)
            if (REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno+n))
              return 0;
          }

        return 1;
      }
    }

  /* If performing several activities,
     insn is dead if each activity is individually dead.
     Also, CLOBBERs and USEs can be ignored; a CLOBBER or USE
     that's inside a PARALLEL doesn't make the insn worth keeping.  */
  else if (code == PARALLEL)
    {
      int i = XVECLEN (x, 0);

      for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
      if (GET_CODE (XVECEXP (x, 0, i)) != CLOBBER
          && GET_CODE (XVECEXP (x, 0, i)) != USE
          && ! insn_dead_p (XVECEXP (x, 0, i), needed, call_ok))
        return 0;

      return 1;
    }

  /* A CLOBBER of a pseudo-register that is dead serves no purpose.  That
     is not necessarily true for hard registers.  */
  else if (code == CLOBBER && GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == REG
         && REGNO (XEXP (x, 0)) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
         && ! REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, REGNO (XEXP (x, 0))))
    return 1;

  /* We do not check other CLOBBER or USE here.  An insn consisting of just
     a CLOBBER or just a USE should not be deleted.  */
  return 0;
}

/* If X is the pattern of the last insn in a libcall, and assuming X is dead,
   return 1 if the entire library call is dead.
   This is true if X copies a register (hard or pseudo)
   and if the hard return  reg of the call insn is dead.
   (The caller should have tested the destination of X already for death.)

   If this insn doesn't just copy a register, then we don't
   have an ordinary libcall.  In that case, cse could not have
   managed to substitute the source for the dest later on,
   so we can assume the libcall is dead.

   NEEDED is the bit vector of pseudoregs live before this insn.
   NOTE is the REG_RETVAL note of the insn.  INSN is the insn itself.  */

static int
libcall_dead_p (x, needed, note, insn)
     rtx x;
     regset needed;
     rtx note;
     rtx insn;
{
  register RTX_CODE code = GET_CODE (x);

  if (code == SET)
    {
      register rtx r = SET_SRC (x);
      if (GET_CODE (r) == REG)
      {
        rtx call = XEXP (note, 0);
        register int i;

        /* Find the call insn.  */
        while (call != insn && GET_CODE (call) != CALL_INSN)
          call = NEXT_INSN (call);

        /* If there is none, do nothing special,
           since ordinary death handling can understand these insns.  */
        if (call == insn)
          return 0;

        /* See if the hard reg holding the value is dead.
           If this is a PARALLEL, find the call within it.  */
        call = PATTERN (call);
        if (GET_CODE (call) == PARALLEL)
          {
            for (i = XVECLEN (call, 0) - 1; i >= 0; i--)
            if (GET_CODE (XVECEXP (call, 0, i)) == SET
                && GET_CODE (SET_SRC (XVECEXP (call, 0, i))) == CALL)
              break;

            /* This may be a library call that is returning a value
             via invisible pointer.  Do nothing special, since
             ordinary death handling can understand these insns.  */
            if (i < 0)
            return 0;

            call = XVECEXP (call, 0, i);
          }

        return insn_dead_p (call, needed, 1);
      }
    }
  return 1;
}

/* Return 1 if register REGNO was used before it was set.
   In other words, if it is live at function entry.
   Don't count global register variables or variables in registers
   that can be used for function arg passing, though.  */

int
regno_uninitialized (regno)
     int regno;
{
  if (n_basic_blocks == 0
      || (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
        && (global_regs[regno] || FUNCTION_ARG_REGNO_P (regno))))
    return 0;

  return REGNO_REG_SET_P (basic_block_live_at_start[0], regno);
}

/* 1 if register REGNO was alive at a place where `setjmp' was called
   and was set more than once or is an argument.
   Such regs may be clobbered by `longjmp'.  */

int
regno_clobbered_at_setjmp (regno)
     int regno;
{
  if (n_basic_blocks == 0)
    return 0;

  return ((REG_N_SETS (regno) > 1
         || REGNO_REG_SET_P (basic_block_live_at_start[0], regno))
        && REGNO_REG_SET_P (regs_live_at_setjmp, regno));
}

/* Process the registers that are set within X.
   Their bits are set to 1 in the regset DEAD,
   because they are dead prior to this insn.

   If INSN is nonzero, it is the insn being processed
   and the fact that it is nonzero implies this is the FINAL pass
   in propagate_block.  In this case, various info about register
   usage is stored, LOG_LINKS fields of insns are set up.  */

static void
mark_set_regs (needed, dead, x, insn, significant)
     regset needed;
     regset dead;
     rtx x;
     rtx insn;
     regset significant;
{
  register RTX_CODE code = GET_CODE (x);

  if (code == SET || code == CLOBBER)
    mark_set_1 (needed, dead, x, insn, significant);
  else if (code == PARALLEL)
    {
      register int i;
      for (i = XVECLEN (x, 0) - 1; i >= 0; i--)
      {
        code = GET_CODE (XVECEXP (x, 0, i));
        if (code == SET || code == CLOBBER)
          mark_set_1 (needed, dead, XVECEXP (x, 0, i), insn, significant);
      }
    }
}

/* Process a single SET rtx, X.  */

static void
mark_set_1 (needed, dead, x, insn, significant)
     regset needed;
     regset dead;
     rtx x;
     rtx insn;
     regset significant;
{
  register int regno;
  register rtx reg = SET_DEST (x);

  /* Modifying just one hardware register of a multi-reg value
     or just a byte field of a register
     does not mean the value from before this insn is now dead.
     But it does mean liveness of that register at the end of the block
     is significant.

     Within mark_set_1, however, we treat it as if the register is
     indeed modified.  mark_used_regs will, however, also treat this
     register as being used.  Thus, we treat these insns as setting a
     new value for the register as a function of its old value.  This
     cases LOG_LINKS to be made appropriately and this will help combine.  */

  while (GET_CODE (reg) == SUBREG || GET_CODE (reg) == ZERO_EXTRACT
       || GET_CODE (reg) == SIGN_EXTRACT
       || GET_CODE (reg) == STRICT_LOW_PART)
    reg = XEXP (reg, 0);

  /* If we are writing into memory or into a register mentioned in the
     address of the last thing stored into memory, show we don't know
     what the last store was.  If we are writing memory, save the address
     unless it is volatile.  */
  if (GET_CODE (reg) == MEM
      || (GET_CODE (reg) == REG
        && last_mem_set != 0 && reg_overlap_mentioned_p (reg, last_mem_set)))
    last_mem_set = 0;
    
  if (GET_CODE (reg) == MEM && ! side_effects_p (reg)
      /* There are no REG_INC notes for SP, so we can't assume we'll see 
       everything that invalidates it.  To be safe, don't eliminate any
       stores though SP; none of them should be redundant anyway.  */
      && ! reg_mentioned_p (stack_pointer_rtx, reg))
    last_mem_set = reg;

  if (GET_CODE (reg) == REG
      && (regno = REGNO (reg), regno != FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM)
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
      && regno != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
#endif
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != ARG_POINTER_REGNUM
      && ! (regno == ARG_POINTER_REGNUM && fixed_regs[regno])
#endif
      && ! (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER && global_regs[regno]))
    /* && regno != STACK_POINTER_REGNUM) -- let's try without this.  */
    {
      int some_needed = REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno);
      int some_not_needed = ! some_needed;

      /* Mark it as a significant register for this basic block.  */
      if (significant)
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (significant, regno);

      /* Mark it as dead before this insn.  */
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (dead, regno);

      /* A hard reg in a wide mode may really be multiple registers.
       If so, mark all of them just like the first.  */
      if (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
      {
        int n;

        /* Nothing below is needed for the stack pointer; get out asap.
           Eg, log links aren't needed, since combine won't use them.  */
        if (regno == STACK_POINTER_REGNUM)
          return;

        n = HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (reg));
        while (--n > 0)
          {
            int regno_n = regno + n;
            int needed_regno = REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno_n);
            if (significant)
            SET_REGNO_REG_SET (significant, regno_n);

            SET_REGNO_REG_SET (dead, regno_n);
            some_needed |= needed_regno;
            some_not_needed |= ! needed_regno;
          }
      }
      /* Additional data to record if this is the final pass.  */
      if (insn)
      {
        register rtx y = reg_next_use[regno];
        register int blocknum = BLOCK_NUM (insn);

        /* If this is a hard reg, record this function uses the reg.  */

        if (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
          {
            register int i;
            int endregno = regno + HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (reg));

            for (i = regno; i < endregno; i++)
            {
              /* The next use is no longer "next", since a store
                 intervenes.  */
              reg_next_use[i] = 0;

              regs_ever_live[i] = 1;
              REG_N_SETS (i)++;
            }
          }
        else
          {
            /* The next use is no longer "next", since a store
             intervenes.  */
            reg_next_use[regno] = 0;

            /* Keep track of which basic blocks each reg appears in.  */

            if (REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) == REG_BLOCK_UNKNOWN)
            REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) = blocknum;
            else if (REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) != blocknum)
            REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) = REG_BLOCK_GLOBAL;

            /* Count (weighted) references, stores, etc.  This counts a
             register twice if it is modified, but that is correct.  */
            REG_N_SETS (regno)++;

            REG_N_REFS (regno) += loop_depth;
              
            /* The insns where a reg is live are normally counted
             elsewhere, but we want the count to include the insn
             where the reg is set, and the normal counting mechanism
             would not count it.  */
            REG_LIVE_LENGTH (regno)++;
          }

        if (! some_not_needed)
          {
            /* Make a logical link from the next following insn
             that uses this register, back to this insn.
             The following insns have already been processed.

             We don't build a LOG_LINK for hard registers containing
             in ASM_OPERANDs.  If these registers get replaced,
             we might wind up changing the semantics of the insn,
             even if reload can make what appear to be valid assignments
             later.  */
            if (y && (BLOCK_NUM (y) == blocknum)
              && (regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
                  || asm_noperands (PATTERN (y)) < 0))
            LOG_LINKS (y)
              = gen_rtx_INSN_LIST (VOIDmode, insn, LOG_LINKS (y));
          }
        else if (! some_needed)
          {
            /* Note that dead stores have already been deleted when possible
             If we get here, we have found a dead store that cannot
             be eliminated (because the same insn does something useful).
             Indicate this by marking the reg being set as dying here.  */
            REG_NOTES (insn)
            = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (REG_UNUSED, reg, REG_NOTES (insn));
            REG_N_DEATHS (REGNO (reg))++;
          }
        else
          {
            /* This is a case where we have a multi-word hard register
             and some, but not all, of the words of the register are
             needed in subsequent insns.  Write REG_UNUSED notes
             for those parts that were not needed.  This case should
             be rare.  */

            int i;

            for (i = HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (reg)) - 1;
               i >= 0; i--)
            if (!REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno + i))
              REG_NOTES (insn)
                = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (REG_UNUSED,
                               gen_rtx_REG (reg_raw_mode[regno + i],
                                          regno + i),
                               REG_NOTES (insn));
          }
      }
    }
  else if (GET_CODE (reg) == REG)
    reg_next_use[regno] = 0;

  /* If this is the last pass and this is a SCRATCH, show it will be dying
     here and count it.  */
  else if (GET_CODE (reg) == SCRATCH && insn != 0)
    {
      REG_NOTES (insn)
      = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (REG_UNUSED, reg, REG_NOTES (insn));
      num_scratch++;
    }
}

#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC

/* X is a MEM found in INSN.  See if we can convert it into an auto-increment
   reference.  */

static void
find_auto_inc (needed, x, insn)
     regset needed;
     rtx x;
     rtx insn;
{
  rtx addr = XEXP (x, 0);
  HOST_WIDE_INT offset = 0;
  rtx set;

  /* Here we detect use of an index register which might be good for
     postincrement, postdecrement, preincrement, or predecrement.  */

  if (GET_CODE (addr) == PLUS && GET_CODE (XEXP (addr, 1)) == CONST_INT)
    offset = INTVAL (XEXP (addr, 1)), addr = XEXP (addr, 0);

  if (GET_CODE (addr) == REG)
    {
      register rtx y;
      register int size = GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (x));
      rtx use;
      rtx incr;
      int regno = REGNO (addr);

      /* Is the next use an increment that might make auto-increment? */
      if ((incr = reg_next_use[regno]) != 0
        && (set = single_set (incr)) != 0
        && GET_CODE (set) == SET
        && BLOCK_NUM (incr) == BLOCK_NUM (insn)
        /* Can't add side effects to jumps; if reg is spilled and
           reloaded, there's no way to store back the altered value.  */
        && GET_CODE (insn) != JUMP_INSN
        && (y = SET_SRC (set), GET_CODE (y) == PLUS)
        && XEXP (y, 0) == addr
        && GET_CODE (XEXP (y, 1)) == CONST_INT
        && (0
#ifdef HAVE_POST_INCREMENT
            || (INTVAL (XEXP (y, 1)) == size && offset == 0)
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_POST_DECREMENT
            || (INTVAL (XEXP (y, 1)) == - size && offset == 0)
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PRE_INCREMENT
            || (INTVAL (XEXP (y, 1)) == size && offset == size)
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PRE_DECREMENT
            || (INTVAL (XEXP (y, 1)) == - size && offset == - size)
#endif
            )
        /* Make sure this reg appears only once in this insn.  */
        && (use = find_use_as_address (PATTERN (insn), addr, offset),
            use != 0 && use != (rtx) 1))
      {
        rtx q = SET_DEST (set);
        enum rtx_code inc_code = (INTVAL (XEXP (y, 1)) == size
                            ? (offset ? PRE_INC : POST_INC)
                            : (offset ? PRE_DEC : POST_DEC));

        if (dead_or_set_p (incr, addr))
          {
            /* This is the simple case.  Try to make the auto-inc.  If
             we can't, we are done.  Otherwise, we will do any
             needed updates below.  */
            if (! validate_change (insn, &XEXP (x, 0),
                             gen_rtx_fmt_e (inc_code, Pmode, addr),
                             0))
            return;
          }
        else if (GET_CODE (q) == REG
               /* PREV_INSN used here to check the semi-open interval
                  [insn,incr).  */
               && ! reg_used_between_p (q,  PREV_INSN (insn), incr)
               /* We must also check for sets of q as q may be
                  a call clobbered hard register and there may
                  be a call between PREV_INSN (insn) and incr.  */
               && ! reg_set_between_p (q,  PREV_INSN (insn), incr))
          {
            /* We have *p followed sometime later by q = p+size.
             Both p and q must be live afterward,
             and q is not used between INSN and its assignment.
             Change it to q = p, ...*q..., q = q+size.
             Then fall into the usual case.  */
            rtx insns, temp;

            start_sequence ();
            emit_move_insn (q, addr);
            insns = get_insns ();
            end_sequence ();

            /* If anything in INSNS have UID's that don't fit within the
             extra space we allocate earlier, we can't make this auto-inc.
             This should never happen.  */
            for (temp = insns; temp; temp = NEXT_INSN (temp))
            {
              if (INSN_UID (temp) > max_uid_for_flow)
                return;
              BLOCK_NUM (temp) = BLOCK_NUM (insn);
            }

            /* If we can't make the auto-inc, or can't make the
             replacement into Y, exit.  There's no point in making
             the change below if we can't do the auto-inc and doing
             so is not correct in the pre-inc case.  */

            validate_change (insn, &XEXP (x, 0),
                         gen_rtx_fmt_e (inc_code, Pmode, q),
                         1);
            validate_change (incr, &XEXP (y, 0), q, 1);
            if (! apply_change_group ())
            return;

            /* We now know we'll be doing this change, so emit the
             new insn(s) and do the updates.  */
            emit_insns_before (insns, insn);

            if (basic_block_head[BLOCK_NUM (insn)] == insn)
            basic_block_head[BLOCK_NUM (insn)] = insns;

            /* INCR will become a NOTE and INSN won't contain a
             use of ADDR.  If a use of ADDR was just placed in
             the insn before INSN, make that the next use. 
             Otherwise, invalidate it.  */
            if (GET_CODE (PREV_INSN (insn)) == INSN
              && GET_CODE (PATTERN (PREV_INSN (insn))) == SET
              && SET_SRC (PATTERN (PREV_INSN (insn))) == addr)
            reg_next_use[regno] = PREV_INSN (insn);
            else
            reg_next_use[regno] = 0;

            addr = q;
            regno = REGNO (q);

            /* REGNO is now used in INCR which is below INSN, but
             it previously wasn't live here.  If we don't mark
             it as needed, we'll put a REG_DEAD note for it
             on this insn, which is incorrect.  */
            SET_REGNO_REG_SET (needed, regno);

            /* If there are any calls between INSN and INCR, show
             that REGNO now crosses them.  */
            for (temp = insn; temp != incr; temp = NEXT_INSN (temp))
            if (GET_CODE (temp) == CALL_INSN)
              REG_N_CALLS_CROSSED (regno)++;
          }
        else
          return;

        /* If we haven't returned, it means we were able to make the
           auto-inc, so update the status.  First, record that this insn
           has an implicit side effect.  */

        REG_NOTES (insn)
          = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (REG_INC, addr, REG_NOTES (insn));

        /* Modify the old increment-insn to simply copy
           the already-incremented value of our register.  */
        if (! validate_change (incr, &SET_SRC (set), addr, 0))
          abort ();

        /* If that makes it a no-op (copying the register into itself) delete
           it so it won't appear to be a "use" and a "set" of this
           register.  */
        if (SET_DEST (set) == addr)
          {
            PUT_CODE (incr, NOTE);
            NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (incr) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
            NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (incr) = 0;
          }

        if (regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
          {
            /* Count an extra reference to the reg.  When a reg is
             incremented, spilling it is worse, so we want to make
             that less likely.  */
            REG_N_REFS (regno) += loop_depth;

            /* Count the increment as a setting of the register,
             even though it isn't a SET in rtl.  */
            REG_N_SETS (regno)++;
          }
      }
    }
}
#endif /* AUTO_INC_DEC */

/* Scan expression X and store a 1-bit in LIVE for each reg it uses.
   This is done assuming the registers needed from X
   are those that have 1-bits in NEEDED.

   On the final pass, FINAL is 1.  This means try for autoincrement
   and count the uses and deaths of each pseudo-reg.

   INSN is the containing instruction.  If INSN is dead, this function is not
   called.  */

static void
mark_used_regs (needed, live, x, final, insn)
     regset needed;
     regset live;
     rtx x;
     int final;
     rtx insn;
{
  register RTX_CODE code;
  register int regno;
  int i;

 retry:
  code = GET_CODE (x);
  switch (code)
    {
    case LABEL_REF:
    case SYMBOL_REF:
    case CONST_INT:
    case CONST:
    case CONST_DOUBLE:
    case PC:
    case ADDR_VEC:
    case ADDR_DIFF_VEC:
    case ASM_INPUT:
      return;

#ifdef HAVE_cc0
    case CC0:
      cc0_live = 1;
      return;
#endif

    case CLOBBER:
      /* If we are clobbering a MEM, mark any registers inside the address
       as being used.  */
      if (GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == MEM)
      mark_used_regs (needed, live, XEXP (XEXP (x, 0), 0), final, insn);
      return;

    case MEM:
      /* Invalidate the data for the last MEM stored, but only if MEM is
       something that can be stored into.  */
      if (GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == SYMBOL_REF
        && CONSTANT_POOL_ADDRESS_P (XEXP (x, 0)))
      ; /* needn't clear last_mem_set */
      else
      last_mem_set = 0;

#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC
      if (final)
      find_auto_inc (needed, x, insn);
#endif
      break;

    case SUBREG:
      if (GET_CODE (SUBREG_REG (x)) == REG
        && REGNO (SUBREG_REG (x)) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
        && (GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (x))
            != GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (SUBREG_REG (x)))))
      REG_CHANGES_SIZE (REGNO (SUBREG_REG (x))) = 1;

      /* While we're here, optimize this case.  */
      x = SUBREG_REG (x);

      /* In case the SUBREG is not of a register, don't optimize */
      if (GET_CODE (x) != REG)
      {
        mark_used_regs (needed, live, x, final, insn);
        return;
      }

      /* ... fall through ...  */

    case REG:
      /* See a register other than being set
       => mark it as needed.  */

      regno = REGNO (x);
      {
      int some_needed = REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno);
      int some_not_needed = ! some_needed;

      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (live, regno);

      /* A hard reg in a wide mode may really be multiple registers.
         If so, mark all of them just like the first.  */
      if (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
        {
          int n;

          /* For stack ptr or fixed arg pointer,
             nothing below can be necessary, so waste no more time.  */
          if (regno == STACK_POINTER_REGNUM
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
            || regno == HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
#endif
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != ARG_POINTER_REGNUM
            || (regno == ARG_POINTER_REGNUM && fixed_regs[regno])
#endif
            || regno == FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM)
            {
            /* If this is a register we are going to try to eliminate,
               don't mark it live here.  If we are successful in
               eliminating it, it need not be live unless it is used for
               pseudos, in which case it will have been set live when
               it was allocated to the pseudos.  If the register will not
               be eliminated, reload will set it live at that point.  */

            if (! TEST_HARD_REG_BIT (elim_reg_set, regno))
              regs_ever_live[regno] = 1;
            return;
            }
          /* No death notes for global register variables;
             their values are live after this function exits.  */
          if (global_regs[regno])
            {
            if (final)
              reg_next_use[regno] = insn;
            return;
            }

          n = HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (x));
          while (--n > 0)
            {
            int regno_n = regno + n;
            int needed_regno = REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno_n);

            SET_REGNO_REG_SET (live, regno_n);
            some_needed |= needed_regno;
            some_not_needed |= ! needed_regno;
            }
        }
      if (final)
        {
          /* Record where each reg is used, so when the reg
             is set we know the next insn that uses it.  */

          reg_next_use[regno] = insn;

          if (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
            {
            /* If a hard reg is being used,
               record that this function does use it.  */

            i = HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (x));
            if (i == 0)
              i = 1;
            do
              regs_ever_live[regno + --i] = 1;
            while (i > 0);
            }
          else
            {
            /* Keep track of which basic block each reg appears in.  */

            register int blocknum = BLOCK_NUM (insn);

            if (REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) == REG_BLOCK_UNKNOWN)
              REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) = blocknum;
            else if (REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) != blocknum)
              REG_BASIC_BLOCK (regno) = REG_BLOCK_GLOBAL;

            /* Count (weighted) number of uses of each reg.  */

            REG_N_REFS (regno) += loop_depth;
            }

          /* Record and count the insns in which a reg dies.
             If it is used in this insn and was dead below the insn
             then it dies in this insn.  If it was set in this insn,
             we do not make a REG_DEAD note; likewise if we already
             made such a note.  */

          if (some_not_needed
            && ! dead_or_set_p (insn, x)
#if 0
            && (regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER || ! fixed_regs[regno])
#endif
            )
            {
            /* Check for the case where the register dying partially
               overlaps the register set by this insn.  */
            if (regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
                && HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (x)) > 1)
              {
                int n = HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (x));
                while (--n >= 0)
                  some_needed |= dead_or_set_regno_p (insn, regno + n);
              }

            /* If none of the words in X is needed, make a REG_DEAD
               note.  Otherwise, we must make partial REG_DEAD notes.  */
            if (! some_needed)
              {
                REG_NOTES (insn)
                  = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (REG_DEAD, x, REG_NOTES (insn));
                REG_N_DEATHS (regno)++;
              }
            else
              {
                int i;

                /* Don't make a REG_DEAD note for a part of a register
                   that is set in the insn.  */

                for (i = HARD_REGNO_NREGS (regno, GET_MODE (x)) - 1;
                   i >= 0; i--)
                  if (!REGNO_REG_SET_P (needed, regno + i)
                    && ! dead_or_set_regno_p (insn, regno + i))
                  REG_NOTES (insn)
                    = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (REG_DEAD,
                                     gen_rtx_REG (reg_raw_mode[regno + i],
                                              regno + i),
                                     REG_NOTES (insn));
              }
            }
        }
      }
      return;

    case SET:
      {
      register rtx testreg = SET_DEST (x);
      int mark_dest = 0;

      /* If storing into MEM, don't show it as being used.  But do
         show the address as being used.  */
      if (GET_CODE (testreg) == MEM)
        {
#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC
          if (final)
            find_auto_inc (needed, testreg, insn);
#endif
          mark_used_regs (needed, live, XEXP (testreg, 0), final, insn);
          mark_used_regs (needed, live, SET_SRC (x), final, insn);
          return;
        }
          
      /* Storing in STRICT_LOW_PART is like storing in a reg
         in that this SET might be dead, so ignore it in TESTREG.
         but in some other ways it is like using the reg.

         Storing in a SUBREG or a bit field is like storing the entire
         register in that if the register's value is not used
         then this SET is not needed.  */
      while (GET_CODE (testreg) == STRICT_LOW_PART
             || GET_CODE (testreg) == ZERO_EXTRACT
             || GET_CODE (testreg) == SIGN_EXTRACT
             || GET_CODE (testreg) == SUBREG)
        {
          if (GET_CODE (testreg) == SUBREG
            && GET_CODE (SUBREG_REG (testreg)) == REG
            && REGNO (SUBREG_REG (testreg)) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
            && (GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (testreg))
                != GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (SUBREG_REG (testreg)))))
            REG_CHANGES_SIZE (REGNO (SUBREG_REG (testreg))) = 1;

          /* Modifying a single register in an alternate mode
             does not use any of the old value.  But these other
             ways of storing in a register do use the old value.  */
          if (GET_CODE (testreg) == SUBREG
            && !(REG_SIZE (SUBREG_REG (testreg)) > REG_SIZE (testreg)))
            ;
          else
            mark_dest = 1;

          testreg = XEXP (testreg, 0);
        }

      /* If this is a store into a register,
         recursively scan the value being stored.  */

      if (GET_CODE (testreg) == REG
          && (regno = REGNO (testreg), regno != FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM)
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
          && regno != HARD_FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM
#endif
#if FRAME_POINTER_REGNUM != ARG_POINTER_REGNUM
          && ! (regno == ARG_POINTER_REGNUM && fixed_regs[regno])
#endif
          )
        /* We used to exclude global_regs here, but that seems wrong.
           Storing in them is like storing in mem.  */
        {
          mark_used_regs (needed, live, SET_SRC (x), final, insn);
          if (mark_dest)
            mark_used_regs (needed, live, SET_DEST (x), final, insn);
          return;
        }
      }
      break;

    case RETURN:
      /* If exiting needs the right stack value, consider this insn as
       using the stack pointer.  In any event, consider it as using
       all global registers and all registers used by return.  */

#ifdef EXIT_IGNORE_STACK
      if (! EXIT_IGNORE_STACK
        || (! FRAME_POINTER_REQUIRED
            && ! current_function_calls_alloca
            && flag_omit_frame_pointer))
#endif
      SET_REGNO_REG_SET (live, STACK_POINTER_REGNUM);

      for (i = 0; i < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; i++)
      if (global_regs[i]
#ifdef EPILOGUE_USES
          || EPILOGUE_USES (i)
#endif
          )
        SET_REGNO_REG_SET (live, i);
      break;

    default:
      break;
    }

  /* Recursively scan the operands of this expression.  */

  {
    register char *fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code);
    register int i;
    
    for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1; i >= 0; i--)
      {
      if (fmt[i] == 'e')
        {
          /* Tail recursive case: save a function call level.  */
          if (i == 0)
            {
            x = XEXP (x, 0);
            goto retry;
            }
          mark_used_regs (needed, live, XEXP (x, i), final, insn);
        }
      else if (fmt[i] == 'E')
        {
          register int j;
          for (j = 0; j < XVECLEN (x, i); j++)
            mark_used_regs (needed, live, XVECEXP (x, i, j), final, insn);
        }
      }
  }
}

#ifdef AUTO_INC_DEC

static int
try_pre_increment_1 (insn)
     rtx insn;
{
  /* Find the next use of this reg.  If in same basic block,
     make it do pre-increment or pre-decrement if appropriate.  */
  rtx x = single_set (insn);
  HOST_WIDE_INT amount = ((GET_CODE (SET_SRC (x)) == PLUS ? 1 : -1)
            * INTVAL (XEXP (SET_SRC (x), 1)));
  int regno = REGNO (SET_DEST (x));
  rtx y = reg_next_use[regno];
  if (y != 0
      && BLOCK_NUM (y) == BLOCK_NUM (insn)
      /* Don't do this if the reg dies, or gets set in y; a standard addressing
       mode would be better.  */
      && ! dead_or_set_p (y, SET_DEST (x))
      && try_pre_increment (y, SET_DEST (x), amount))
    {
      /* We have found a suitable auto-increment
       and already changed insn Y to do it.
       So flush this increment-instruction.  */
      PUT_CODE (insn, NOTE);
      NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) = NOTE_INSN_DELETED;
      NOTE_SOURCE_FILE (insn) = 0;
      /* Count a reference to this reg for the increment
       insn we are deleting.  When a reg is incremented.
       spilling it is worse, so we want to make that
       less likely.  */
      if (regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
      {
        REG_N_REFS (regno) += loop_depth;
        REG_N_SETS (regno)++;
      }
      return 1;
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Try to change INSN so that it does pre-increment or pre-decrement
   addressing on register REG in order to add AMOUNT to REG.
   AMOUNT is negative for pre-decrement.
   Returns 1 if the change could be made.
   This checks all about the validity of the result of modifying INSN.  */

static int
try_pre_increment (insn, reg, amount)
     rtx insn, reg;
     HOST_WIDE_INT amount;
{
  register rtx use;

  /* Nonzero if we can try to make a pre-increment or pre-decrement.
     For example, addl $4,r1; movl (r1),... can become movl +(r1),...  */
  int pre_ok = 0;
  /* Nonzero if we can try to make a post-increment or post-decrement.
     For example, addl $4,r1; movl -4(r1),... can become movl (r1)+,...
     It is possible for both PRE_OK and POST_OK to be nonzero if the machine
     supports both pre-inc and post-inc, or both pre-dec and post-dec.  */
  int post_ok = 0;

  /* Nonzero if the opportunity actually requires post-inc or post-dec.  */
  int do_post = 0;

  /* From the sign of increment, see which possibilities are conceivable
     on this target machine.  */
#ifdef HAVE_PRE_INCREMENT
  if (amount > 0)
    pre_ok = 1;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_POST_INCREMENT
  if (amount > 0)
    post_ok = 1;
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_PRE_DECREMENT
  if (amount < 0)
    pre_ok = 1;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_POST_DECREMENT
  if (amount < 0)
    post_ok = 1;
#endif

  if (! (pre_ok || post_ok))
    return 0;

  /* It is not safe to add a side effect to a jump insn
     because if the incremented register is spilled and must be reloaded
     there would be no way to store the incremented value back in memory.  */

  if (GET_CODE (insn) == JUMP_INSN)
    return 0;

  use = 0;
  if (pre_ok)
    use = find_use_as_address (PATTERN (insn), reg, 0);
  if (post_ok && (use == 0 || use == (rtx) 1))
    {
      use = find_use_as_address (PATTERN (insn), reg, -amount);
      do_post = 1;
    }

  if (use == 0 || use == (rtx) 1)
    return 0;

  if (GET_MODE_SIZE (GET_MODE (use)) != (amount > 0 ? amount : - amount))
    return 0;

  /* See if this combination of instruction and addressing mode exists.  */
  if (! validate_change (insn, &XEXP (use, 0),
                   gen_rtx_fmt_e (amount > 0
                              ? (do_post ? POST_INC : PRE_INC)
                              : (do_post ? POST_DEC : PRE_DEC),
                              Pmode, reg), 0))
    return 0;

  /* Record that this insn now has an implicit side effect on X.  */
  REG_NOTES (insn) = gen_rtx_EXPR_LIST (REG_INC, reg, REG_NOTES (insn));
  return 1;
}

#endif /* AUTO_INC_DEC */

/* Find the place in the rtx X where REG is used as a memory address.
   Return the MEM rtx that so uses it.
   If PLUSCONST is nonzero, search instead for a memory address equivalent to
   (plus REG (const_int PLUSCONST)).

   If such an address does not appear, return 0.
   If REG appears more than once, or is used other than in such an address,
   return (rtx)1.  */

rtx
find_use_as_address (x, reg, plusconst)
     register rtx x;
     rtx reg;
     HOST_WIDE_INT plusconst;
{
  enum rtx_code code = GET_CODE (x);
  char *fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code);
  register int i;
  register rtx value = 0;
  register rtx tem;

  if (code == MEM && XEXP (x, 0) == reg && plusconst == 0)
    return x;

  if (code == MEM && GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == PLUS
      && XEXP (XEXP (x, 0), 0) == reg
      && GET_CODE (XEXP (XEXP (x, 0), 1)) == CONST_INT
      && INTVAL (XEXP (XEXP (x, 0), 1)) == plusconst)
    return x;

  if (code == SIGN_EXTRACT || code == ZERO_EXTRACT)
    {
      /* If REG occurs inside a MEM used in a bit-field reference,
       that is unacceptable.  */
      if (find_use_as_address (XEXP (x, 0), reg, 0) != 0)
      return (rtx) (HOST_WIDE_INT) 1;
    }

  if (x == reg)
    return (rtx) (HOST_WIDE_INT) 1;

  for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
      if (fmt[i] == 'e')
      {
        tem = find_use_as_address (XEXP (x, i), reg, plusconst);
        if (value == 0)
          value = tem;
        else if (tem != 0)
          return (rtx) (HOST_WIDE_INT) 1;
      }
      if (fmt[i] == 'E')
      {
        register int j;
        for (j = XVECLEN (x, i) - 1; j >= 0; j--)
          {
            tem = find_use_as_address (XVECEXP (x, i, j), reg, plusconst);
            if (value == 0)
            value = tem;
            else if (tem != 0)
            return (rtx) (HOST_WIDE_INT) 1;
          }
      }
    }

  return value;
}

/* Write information about registers and basic blocks into FILE.
   This is part of making a debugging dump.  */

void
dump_flow_info (file)
     FILE *file;
{
  register int i;
  static char *reg_class_names[] = REG_CLASS_NAMES;

  fprintf (file, "%d registers.\n", max_regno);

  for (i = FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; i < max_regno; i++)
    if (REG_N_REFS (i))
      {
      enum reg_class class, altclass;
      fprintf (file, "\nRegister %d used %d times across %d insns",
             i, REG_N_REFS (i), REG_LIVE_LENGTH (i));
      if (REG_BASIC_BLOCK (i) >= 0)
        fprintf (file, " in block %d", REG_BASIC_BLOCK (i));
      if (REG_N_SETS (i))
        fprintf (file, "; set %d time%s", REG_N_SETS (i),
               (REG_N_SETS (i) == 1) ? "" : "s");
      if (REG_USERVAR_P (regno_reg_rtx[i]))
        fprintf (file, "; user var");
      if (REG_N_DEATHS (i) != 1)
        fprintf (file, "; dies in %d places", REG_N_DEATHS (i));
      if (REG_N_CALLS_CROSSED (i) == 1)
        fprintf (file, "; crosses 1 call");
      else if (REG_N_CALLS_CROSSED (i))
        fprintf (file, "; crosses %d calls", REG_N_CALLS_CROSSED (i));
      if (PSEUDO_REGNO_BYTES (i) != UNITS_PER_WORD)
        fprintf (file, "; %d bytes", PSEUDO_REGNO_BYTES (i));
      class = reg_preferred_class (i);
      altclass = reg_alternate_class (i);
      if (class != GENERAL_REGS || altclass != ALL_REGS)
        {
          if (altclass == ALL_REGS || class == ALL_REGS)
            fprintf (file, "; pref %s", reg_class_names[(int) class]);
          else if (altclass == NO_REGS)
            fprintf (file, "; %s or none", reg_class_names[(int) class]);
          else
            fprintf (file, "; pref %s, else %s",
                   reg_class_names[(int) class],
                   reg_class_names[(int) altclass]);
        }
      if (REGNO_POINTER_FLAG (i))
        fprintf (file, "; pointer");
      fprintf (file, ".\n");
      }
  fprintf (file, "\n%d basic blocks.\n", n_basic_blocks);
  for (i = 0; i < n_basic_blocks; i++)
    {
      register rtx head, jump;
      register int regno;
      fprintf (file, "\nBasic block %d: first insn %d, last %d.\n",
             i,
             INSN_UID (basic_block_head[i]),
             INSN_UID (basic_block_end[i]));
      /* The control flow graph's storage is freed
       now when flow_analysis returns.
       Don't try to print it if it is gone.  */
      if (basic_block_drops_in)
      {
        fprintf (file, "Reached from blocks: ");
        head = basic_block_head[i];
        if (GET_CODE (head) == CODE_LABEL)
          for (jump = LABEL_REFS (head);
             jump != head;
             jump = LABEL_NEXTREF (jump))
            {
            register int from_block = BLOCK_NUM (CONTAINING_INSN (jump));
            fprintf (file, " %d", from_block);
            }
        if (basic_block_drops_in[i])
          fprintf (file, " previous");
      }
      fprintf (file, "\nRegisters live at start:");
      for (regno = 0; regno < max_regno; regno++)
      if (REGNO_REG_SET_P (basic_block_live_at_start[i], regno))
        fprintf (file, " %d", regno);
      fprintf (file, "\n");
    }
  fprintf (file, "\n");
}


/* Like print_rtl, but also print out live information for the start of each
   basic block.  */

void
print_rtl_with_bb (outf, rtx_first)
     FILE *outf;
     rtx rtx_first;
{
  extern int flag_dump_unnumbered;
  register rtx tmp_rtx;

  if (rtx_first == 0)
    fprintf (outf, "(nil)\n");

  else
    {
      int i, bb;
      enum bb_state { NOT_IN_BB, IN_ONE_BB, IN_MULTIPLE_BB };
      int max_uid = get_max_uid ();
      int *start = (int *) alloca (max_uid * sizeof (int));
      int *end = (int *) alloca (max_uid * sizeof (int));
      char *in_bb_p = (char *) alloca (max_uid * sizeof (enum bb_state));

      for (i = 0; i < max_uid; i++)
      {
        start[i] = end[i] = -1;
        in_bb_p[i] = NOT_IN_BB;
      }

      for (i = n_basic_blocks-1; i >= 0; i--)
      {
        rtx x;
        start[INSN_UID (basic_block_head[i])] = i;
        end[INSN_UID (basic_block_end[i])] = i;
        for (x = basic_block_head[i]; x != NULL_RTX; x = NEXT_INSN (x))
          {
            in_bb_p[ INSN_UID(x)]
            = (in_bb_p[ INSN_UID(x)] == NOT_IN_BB)
             ? IN_ONE_BB : IN_MULTIPLE_BB;
            if (x == basic_block_end[i])
            break;
          }
      }

      for (tmp_rtx = rtx_first; NULL != tmp_rtx; tmp_rtx = NEXT_INSN (tmp_rtx))
      {
        if ((bb = start[INSN_UID (tmp_rtx)]) >= 0)
          {
            fprintf (outf, ";; Start of basic block %d, registers live:",
                   bb);

            EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_REG_SET (basic_block_live_at_start[bb], 0, i,
                               {
                                 fprintf (outf, " %d", i);
                                 if (i < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
                                   fprintf (outf, " [%s]",
                                          reg_names[i]);
                               });
            putc ('\n', outf);
          }

        if (in_bb_p[ INSN_UID(tmp_rtx)] == NOT_IN_BB
            && GET_CODE (tmp_rtx) != NOTE
            && GET_CODE (tmp_rtx) != BARRIER)
          fprintf (outf, ";; Insn is not within a basic block\n");
        else if (in_bb_p[ INSN_UID(tmp_rtx)] == IN_MULTIPLE_BB)
          fprintf (outf, ";; Insn is in multiple basic blocks\n");

        print_rtl_single (outf, tmp_rtx);

        if ((bb = end[INSN_UID (tmp_rtx)]) >= 0)
          fprintf (outf, ";; End of basic block %d\n", bb);

        if (! flag_dump_unnumbered
            || GET_CODE (tmp_rtx) != NOTE || NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (tmp_rtx) < 0)
          putc ('\n', outf);
      }
    }
}


/* Integer list support.  */

/* Allocate a node from list *HEAD_PTR.  */

static int_list_ptr
alloc_int_list_node (head_ptr)
     int_list_block **head_ptr;
{
  struct int_list_block *first_blk = *head_ptr;

  if (first_blk == NULL || first_blk->nodes_left <= 0)
    {
      first_blk = (struct int_list_block *) xmalloc (sizeof (struct int_list_block));
      first_blk->nodes_left = INT_LIST_NODES_IN_BLK;
      first_blk->next = *head_ptr;
      *head_ptr = first_blk;
    }

  first_blk->nodes_left--;
  return &first_blk->nodes[first_blk->nodes_left];
}

/* Pointer to head of predecessor/successor block list.  */
static int_list_block *pred_int_list_blocks;

/* Add a new node to integer list LIST with value VAL.
   LIST is a pointer to a list object to allow for different implementations.
   If *LIST is initially NULL, the list is empty.
   The caller must not care whether the element is added to the front or
   to the end of the list (to allow for different implementations).  */

static int_list_ptr
add_int_list_node (blk_list, list, val)
     int_list_block **blk_list;
     int_list **list;
     int val;
{
  int_list_ptr p = alloc_int_list_node (blk_list);

  p->val = val;
  p->next = *list;
  *list = p;
  return p;
}

/* Free the blocks of lists at BLK_LIST.  */

void
free_int_list (blk_list)
     int_list_block **blk_list;
{
  int_list_block *p, *next;

  for (p = *blk_list; p != NULL; p = next)
    {
      next = p->next;
      free (p);
    }

  /* Mark list as empty for the next function we compile.  */
  *blk_list = NULL;
}

/* Predecessor/successor computation.  */

/* Mark PRED_BB a precessor of SUCC_BB,
   and conversely SUCC_BB a successor of PRED_BB.  */

static void
add_pred_succ (pred_bb, succ_bb, s_preds, s_succs, num_preds, num_succs)
     int pred_bb;
     int succ_bb;
     int_list_ptr *s_preds;
     int_list_ptr *s_succs;
     int *num_preds;
     int *num_succs;
{
  if (succ_bb != EXIT_BLOCK)
    {
      add_int_list_node (&pred_int_list_blocks, &s_preds[succ_bb], pred_bb);
      num_preds[succ_bb]++;
    }
  if (pred_bb != ENTRY_BLOCK)
    {
      add_int_list_node (&pred_int_list_blocks, &s_succs[pred_bb], succ_bb);
      num_succs[pred_bb]++;
    }
}

/* Compute the predecessors and successors for each block.  */
void
compute_preds_succs (s_preds, s_succs, num_preds, num_succs)
     int_list_ptr *s_preds;
     int_list_ptr *s_succs;
     int *num_preds;
     int *num_succs;
{
  int bb, clear_local_bb_vars = 0;

  bzero ((char *) s_preds, n_basic_blocks * sizeof (int_list_ptr));
  bzero ((char *) s_succs, n_basic_blocks * sizeof (int_list_ptr));
  bzero ((char *) num_preds, n_basic_blocks * sizeof (int));
  bzero ((char *) num_succs, n_basic_blocks * sizeof (int));

  /* This routine can be called after life analysis; in that case
     basic_block_drops_in and uid_block_number will not be available
     and we must recompute their values.  */
  if (basic_block_drops_in == NULL || uid_block_number == NULL)
    {
      clear_local_bb_vars = 1;
      basic_block_drops_in = (char *) alloca (n_basic_blocks);
      uid_block_number = (int *) alloca ((get_max_uid () + 1) * sizeof (int));

      bzero ((char *) basic_block_drops_in, n_basic_blocks * sizeof (char));
      bzero ((char *) uid_block_number, n_basic_blocks * sizeof (int));

      /* Scan each basic block setting basic_block_drops_in and
       uid_block_number as needed.  */
      for (bb = 0; bb < n_basic_blocks; bb++)
      {
        rtx insn, stop_insn;

        if (bb == 0)
          stop_insn = NULL_RTX;
        else
          stop_insn = basic_block_end[bb-1];

        /* Look backwards from the start of this block.  Stop if we
           hit the start of the function or the end of a previous
           block.  Don't walk backwards through blocks that are just
           deleted insns!  */
        for (insn = PREV_INSN (basic_block_head[bb]);
             insn && insn != stop_insn && GET_CODE (insn) == NOTE;
             insn = PREV_INSN (insn))
          ;

        /* Never set basic_block_drops_in for the first block.  It is
           implicit.

           If we stopped on anything other than a BARRIER, then this
           block drops in.  */
        if (bb != 0)
          basic_block_drops_in[bb] = (insn ? GET_CODE (insn) != BARRIER : 1);

        insn = basic_block_head[bb];
        while (insn)
          {
            BLOCK_NUM (insn) = bb;
            if (insn == basic_block_end[bb])
            break;
            insn = NEXT_INSN (insn);
          }
      }
    }
      
  for (bb = 0; bb < n_basic_blocks; bb++)
    {
      rtx head;
      rtx jump;

      head = BLOCK_HEAD (bb);

      if (GET_CODE (head) == CODE_LABEL)
      for (jump = LABEL_REFS (head);
           jump != head;
           jump = LABEL_NEXTREF (jump))
        {
          if (! INSN_DELETED_P (CONTAINING_INSN (jump))
            && (GET_CODE (CONTAINING_INSN (jump)) != NOTE
                || (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (CONTAINING_INSN (jump))
                  != NOTE_INSN_DELETED)))
            add_pred_succ (BLOCK_NUM (CONTAINING_INSN (jump)), bb,
                       s_preds, s_succs, num_preds, num_succs);
        }

      jump = BLOCK_END (bb);
      /* If this is a RETURN insn or a conditional jump in the last
       basic block, or a non-jump insn in the last basic block, then
       this block reaches the exit block.  */
      if ((GET_CODE (jump) == JUMP_INSN && GET_CODE (PATTERN (jump)) == RETURN)
        || (((GET_CODE (jump) == JUMP_INSN
              && condjump_p (jump) && !simplejump_p (jump))
             || GET_CODE (jump) != JUMP_INSN)
            && (bb == n_basic_blocks - 1)))
      add_pred_succ (bb, EXIT_BLOCK, s_preds, s_succs, num_preds, num_succs);

      if (basic_block_drops_in[bb])
      add_pred_succ (bb - 1, bb, s_preds, s_succs, num_preds, num_succs);
    }

  add_pred_succ (ENTRY_BLOCK, 0, s_preds, s_succs, num_preds, num_succs);


  /* If we allocated any variables in temporary storage, clear out the
     pointer to the local storage to avoid dangling pointers.  */
  if (clear_local_bb_vars)
    {
      basic_block_drops_in = NULL;
      uid_block_number = NULL;
    
    }
}

void
dump_bb_data (file, preds, succs)
     FILE *file;
     int_list_ptr *preds;
     int_list_ptr *succs;
{
  int bb;
  int_list_ptr p;

  fprintf (file, "BB data\n\n");
  for (bb = 0; bb < n_basic_blocks; bb++)
    {
      fprintf (file, "BB %d, start %d, end %d\n", bb,
             INSN_UID (BLOCK_HEAD (bb)), INSN_UID (BLOCK_END (bb)));
      fprintf (file, "  preds:");
      for (p = preds[bb]; p != NULL; p = p->next)
      {
        int pred_bb = INT_LIST_VAL (p);
        if (pred_bb == ENTRY_BLOCK)
          fprintf (file, " entry");
        else
          fprintf (file, " %d", pred_bb);
      }
      fprintf (file, "\n");
      fprintf (file, "  succs:");
      for (p = succs[bb]; p != NULL; p = p->next)
      {
        int succ_bb = INT_LIST_VAL (p);
        if (succ_bb == EXIT_BLOCK)
          fprintf (file, " exit");
        else
          fprintf (file, " %d", succ_bb);
      }
      fprintf (file, "\n");
    }
  fprintf (file, "\n");
}

void
dump_sbitmap (file, bmap)
     FILE *file;
     sbitmap bmap;
{
  int i,j,n;
  int set_size = bmap->size;
  int total_bits = bmap->n_bits;

  fprintf (file, "  ");
  for (i = n = 0; i < set_size && n < total_bits; i++)
    {
      for (j = 0; j < SBITMAP_ELT_BITS && n < total_bits; j++, n++)
      {
        if (n != 0 && n % 10 == 0)
          fprintf (file, " ");
        fprintf (file, "%d", (bmap->elms[i] & (1L << j)) != 0);
      }
    }
  fprintf (file, "\n");
}

void
dump_sbitmap_vector (file, title, subtitle, bmaps, n_maps)
     FILE *file;
     char *title, *subtitle;
     sbitmap *bmaps;
     int n_maps;
{
  int bb;

  fprintf (file, "%s\n", title);
  for (bb = 0; bb < n_maps; bb++)
    {
      fprintf (file, "%s %d\n", subtitle, bb);
      dump_sbitmap (file, bmaps[bb]);
    }
  fprintf (file, "\n");
}

/* Free basic block data storage.  */

void
free_bb_mem ()
{
  free_int_list (&pred_int_list_blocks);
}

/* Bitmap manipulation routines.  */

/* Allocate a simple bitmap of N_ELMS bits.  */

sbitmap
sbitmap_alloc (n_elms)
     int n_elms;
{
  int bytes, size, amt;
  sbitmap bmap;

  size = SBITMAP_SET_SIZE (n_elms);
  bytes = size * sizeof (SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE);
  amt = (sizeof (struct simple_bitmap_def)
       + bytes - sizeof (SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE));
  bmap = (sbitmap) xmalloc (amt);
  bmap->n_bits = n_elms;
  bmap->size = size;
  bmap->bytes = bytes;
  return bmap;
}

/* Allocate a vector of N_VECS bitmaps of N_ELMS bits.  */

sbitmap *
sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_vecs, n_elms)
     int n_vecs, n_elms;
{
  int i, bytes, offset, elm_bytes, size, amt, vector_bytes;
  sbitmap *bitmap_vector;

  size = SBITMAP_SET_SIZE (n_elms);
  bytes = size * sizeof (SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE);
  elm_bytes = (sizeof (struct simple_bitmap_def)
             + bytes - sizeof (SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE));
  vector_bytes = n_vecs * sizeof (sbitmap *);

  /* Round up `vector_bytes' to account for the alignment requirements
     of an sbitmap.  One could allocate the vector-table and set of sbitmaps
     separately, but that requires maintaining two pointers or creating
     a cover struct to hold both pointers (so our result is still just
     one pointer).  Neither is a bad idea, but this is simpler for now.  */
  {
    /* Based on DEFAULT_ALIGNMENT computation in obstack.c.  */
    struct { char x; SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE y; } align;
    int alignment = (char *) & align.y - & align.x;
    vector_bytes = (vector_bytes + alignment - 1) & ~ (alignment - 1);
  }

  amt = vector_bytes + (n_vecs * elm_bytes);
  bitmap_vector = (sbitmap *) xmalloc (amt);

  for (i = 0, offset = vector_bytes;
       i < n_vecs;
       i++, offset += elm_bytes)
    {
      sbitmap b = (sbitmap) ((char *) bitmap_vector + offset);
      bitmap_vector[i] = b;
      b->n_bits = n_elms;
      b->size = size;
      b->bytes = bytes;
    }

  return bitmap_vector;
}

/* Copy sbitmap SRC to DST.  */

void
sbitmap_copy (dst, src)
     sbitmap dst, src;
{
  int i;
  sbitmap_ptr d,s;

  s = src->elms;
  d = dst->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    *d++ = *s++;
}

/* Zero all elements in a bitmap.  */

void
sbitmap_zero (bmap)
     sbitmap bmap;
{
  bzero ((char *) bmap->elms, bmap->bytes);
}

/* Set to ones all elements in a bitmap.  */

void
sbitmap_ones (bmap)
     sbitmap bmap;
{
  memset (bmap->elms, -1, bmap->bytes);
}

/* Zero a vector of N_VECS bitmaps.  */

void
sbitmap_vector_zero (bmap, n_vecs)
     sbitmap *bmap;
     int n_vecs;
{
  int i;

  for (i = 0; i < n_vecs; i++)
    sbitmap_zero (bmap[i]);
}

/* Set to ones a vector of N_VECS bitmaps.  */

void
sbitmap_vector_ones (bmap, n_vecs)
     sbitmap *bmap;
     int n_vecs;
{
  int i;

  for (i = 0; i < n_vecs; i++)
    sbitmap_ones (bmap[i]);
}

/* Set DST to be A union (B - C).
   DST = A | (B & ~C).
   Return non-zero if any change is made.  */

int
sbitmap_union_of_diff (dst, a, b, c)
     sbitmap dst, a, b, c;
{
  int i,changed;
  sbitmap_ptr dstp, ap, bp, cp;

  changed = 0;
  dstp = dst->elms;
  ap = a->elms;
  bp = b->elms;
  cp = c->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    {
      SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE tmp = *ap | (*bp & ~*cp);
      if (*dstp != tmp)
      changed = 1;
      *dstp = tmp;
      dstp++; ap++; bp++; cp++;
    }
  return changed;
}

/* Set bitmap DST to the bitwise negation of the bitmap SRC.  */

void
sbitmap_not (dst, src)
     sbitmap dst, src;
{
  int i;
  sbitmap_ptr dstp, ap;

  dstp = dst->elms;
  ap = src->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    {
      SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE tmp = ~(*ap);
      *dstp = tmp;
      dstp++; ap++;
    }
}

/* Set the bits in DST to be the difference between the bits
   in A and the bits in B. i.e. dst = a - b.
   The - operator is implemented as a & (~b).  */

void
sbitmap_difference (dst, a, b)
     sbitmap dst, a, b;
{
  int i;
  sbitmap_ptr dstp, ap, bp;

  dstp = dst->elms;
  ap = a->elms;
  bp = b->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    *dstp++ = *ap++ & (~*bp++);
}

/* Set DST to be (A and B)).
   Return non-zero if any change is made.  */

int
sbitmap_a_and_b (dst, a, b)
     sbitmap dst, a, b;
{
  int i,changed;
  sbitmap_ptr dstp, ap, bp;

  changed = 0;
  dstp = dst->elms;
  ap = a->elms;
  bp = b->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    {
      SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE tmp = *ap & *bp;
      if (*dstp != tmp)
      changed = 1;
      *dstp = tmp;
      dstp++; ap++; bp++;
    }
  return changed;
}
/* Set DST to be (A or B)).
   Return non-zero if any change is made.  */

int
sbitmap_a_or_b (dst, a, b)
     sbitmap dst, a, b;
{
  int i,changed;
  sbitmap_ptr dstp, ap, bp;

  changed = 0;
  dstp = dst->elms;
  ap = a->elms;
  bp = b->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    {
      SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE tmp = *ap | *bp;
      if (*dstp != tmp)
      changed = 1;
      *dstp = tmp;
      dstp++; ap++; bp++;
    }
  return changed;
}

/* Set DST to be (A or (B and C)).
   Return non-zero if any change is made.  */

int
sbitmap_a_or_b_and_c (dst, a, b, c)
     sbitmap dst, a, b, c;
{
  int i,changed;
  sbitmap_ptr dstp, ap, bp, cp;

  changed = 0;
  dstp = dst->elms;
  ap = a->elms;
  bp = b->elms;
  cp = c->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    {
      SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE tmp = *ap | (*bp & *cp);
      if (*dstp != tmp)
      changed = 1;
      *dstp = tmp;
      dstp++; ap++; bp++; cp++;
    }
  return changed;
}

/* Set DST to be (A ann (B or C)).
   Return non-zero if any change is made.  */

int
sbitmap_a_and_b_or_c (dst, a, b, c)
     sbitmap dst, a, b, c;
{
  int i,changed;
  sbitmap_ptr dstp, ap, bp, cp;

  changed = 0;
  dstp = dst->elms;
  ap = a->elms;
  bp = b->elms;
  cp = c->elms;
  for (i = 0; i < dst->size; i++)
    {
      SBITMAP_ELT_TYPE tmp = *ap & (*bp | *cp);
      if (*dstp != tmp)
      changed = 1;
      *dstp = tmp;
      dstp++; ap++; bp++; cp++;
    }
  return changed;
}

/* Set the bitmap DST to the intersection of SRC of all predecessors or
   successors of block number BB (PRED_SUCC says which).  */

void
sbitmap_intersect_of_predsucc (dst, src, bb, pred_succ)
     sbitmap dst;
     sbitmap *src;
     int bb;
     int_list_ptr *pred_succ;
{
  int_list_ptr ps;
  int ps_bb;
  int set_size = dst->size;

  ps = pred_succ[bb];

  /* It is possible that there are no predecessors(/successors).
     This can happen for example in unreachable code.  */

  if (ps == NULL)
    {
      /* In APL-speak this is the `and' reduction of the empty set and thus
       the result is the identity for `and'.  */
      sbitmap_ones (dst);
      return;
    }

  /* Set result to first predecessor/successor.  */

  for ( ; ps != NULL; ps = ps->next)
    {
      ps_bb = INT_LIST_VAL (ps);
      if (ps_bb == ENTRY_BLOCK || ps_bb == EXIT_BLOCK)
      continue;
      sbitmap_copy (dst, src[ps_bb]);
      /* Break out since we're only doing first predecessor.  */
      break;
    }
  if (ps == NULL)
    return;

  /* Now do the remaining predecessors/successors.  */

  for (ps = ps->next; ps != NULL; ps = ps->next)
    {
      int i;
      sbitmap_ptr p,r;

      ps_bb = INT_LIST_VAL (ps);
      if (ps_bb == ENTRY_BLOCK || ps_bb == EXIT_BLOCK)
      continue;

      p = src[ps_bb]->elms;
      r = dst->elms;

      for (i = 0; i < set_size; i++)
      *r++ &= *p++;
    }
}

/* Set the bitmap DST to the intersection of SRC of all predecessors
   of block number BB.  */

void
sbitmap_intersect_of_predecessors (dst, src, bb, s_preds)
     sbitmap dst;
     sbitmap *src;
     int bb;
     int_list_ptr *s_preds;
{
  sbitmap_intersect_of_predsucc (dst, src, bb, s_preds);
}

/* Set the bitmap DST to the intersection of SRC of all successors
   of block number BB.  */

void
sbitmap_intersect_of_successors (dst, src, bb, s_succs)
     sbitmap dst;
     sbitmap *src;
     int bb;
     int_list_ptr *s_succs;
{
  sbitmap_intersect_of_predsucc (dst, src, bb, s_succs);
}

/* Set the bitmap DST to the union of SRC of all predecessors/successors of
   block number BB.  */

void
sbitmap_union_of_predsucc (dst, src, bb, pred_succ)
     sbitmap dst;
     sbitmap *src;
     int bb;
     int_list_ptr *pred_succ;
{
  int_list_ptr ps;
  int ps_bb;
  int set_size = dst->size;

  ps = pred_succ[bb];

  /* It is possible that there are no predecessors(/successors).
     This can happen for example in unreachable code.  */

  if (ps == NULL)
    {
      /* In APL-speak this is the `or' reduction of the empty set and thus
       the result is the identity for `or'.  */
      sbitmap_zero (dst);
      return;
    }

  /* Set result to first predecessor/successor.  */

  for ( ; ps != NULL; ps = ps->next)
    {
      ps_bb = INT_LIST_VAL (ps);
      if (ps_bb == ENTRY_BLOCK || ps_bb == EXIT_BLOCK)
      continue;
      sbitmap_copy (dst, src[ps_bb]);
      /* Break out since we're only doing first predecessor.  */
      break;
    }
  if (ps == NULL)
    return;

  /* Now do the remaining predecessors/successors.  */

  for (ps = ps->next; ps != NULL; ps = ps->next)
    {
      int i;
      sbitmap_ptr p,r;

      ps_bb = INT_LIST_VAL (ps);
      if (ps_bb == ENTRY_BLOCK || ps_bb == EXIT_BLOCK)
      continue;

      p = src[ps_bb]->elms;
      r = dst->elms;

      for (i = 0; i < set_size; i++)
      *r++ |= *p++;
    }
}

/* Set the bitmap DST to the union of SRC of all predecessors of
   block number BB.  */

void
sbitmap_union_of_predecessors (dst, src, bb, s_preds)
     sbitmap dst;
     sbitmap *src;
     int bb;
     int_list_ptr *s_preds;
{
  sbitmap_union_of_predsucc (dst, src, bb, s_preds);
}

/* Set the bitmap DST to the union of SRC of all predecessors of
   block number BB.  */

void
sbitmap_union_of_successors (dst, src, bb, s_succ)
     sbitmap dst;
     sbitmap *src;
     int bb;
     int_list_ptr *s_succ;
{
  sbitmap_union_of_predsucc (dst, src, bb, s_succ);
}

/* Compute dominator relationships.  */
void
compute_dominators (dominators, post_dominators, s_preds, s_succs)
     sbitmap *dominators;
     sbitmap *post_dominators;
     int_list_ptr *s_preds;
     int_list_ptr *s_succs;
{
  int bb, changed, passes;
  sbitmap *temp_bitmap;

  temp_bitmap = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_basic_blocks, n_basic_blocks);
  sbitmap_vector_ones (dominators, n_basic_blocks);
  sbitmap_vector_ones (post_dominators, n_basic_blocks);
  sbitmap_vector_zero (temp_bitmap, n_basic_blocks);

  sbitmap_zero (dominators[0]);
  SET_BIT (dominators[0], 0);

  sbitmap_zero (post_dominators[n_basic_blocks-1]);
  SET_BIT (post_dominators[n_basic_blocks-1], 0);

  passes = 0;
  changed = 1;
  while (changed)
    {
      changed = 0;
      for (bb = 1; bb < n_basic_blocks; bb++)
      {
        sbitmap_intersect_of_predecessors (temp_bitmap[bb], dominators,
                                   bb, s_preds);
        SET_BIT (temp_bitmap[bb], bb);
        changed |= sbitmap_a_and_b (dominators[bb],
                              dominators[bb],
                              temp_bitmap[bb]);
        sbitmap_intersect_of_successors (temp_bitmap[bb], post_dominators,
                                 bb, s_succs);
        SET_BIT (temp_bitmap[bb], bb);
        changed |= sbitmap_a_and_b (post_dominators[bb],
                              post_dominators[bb],
                              temp_bitmap[bb]);
      }
      passes++;
    }

  free (temp_bitmap);
}

/* Count for a single SET rtx, X.  */

static void
count_reg_sets_1 (x)
     rtx x;
{
  register int regno;
  register rtx reg = SET_DEST (x);

  /* Find the register that's set/clobbered.  */
  while (GET_CODE (reg) == SUBREG || GET_CODE (reg) == ZERO_EXTRACT
       || GET_CODE (reg) == SIGN_EXTRACT
       || GET_CODE (reg) == STRICT_LOW_PART)
    reg = XEXP (reg, 0);

  if (GET_CODE (reg) == REG)
    {
      regno = REGNO (reg);
      if (regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
      {
        /* Count (weighted) references, stores, etc.  This counts a
           register twice if it is modified, but that is correct.  */
        REG_N_SETS (regno)++;

        REG_N_REFS (regno) += loop_depth;
      }
    }
}

/* Increment REG_N_SETS for each SET or CLOBBER found in X; also increment
   REG_N_REFS by the current loop depth for each SET or CLOBBER found.  */

static void
count_reg_sets  (x)
     rtx x;
{
  register RTX_CODE code = GET_CODE (x);

  if (code == SET || code == CLOBBER)
    count_reg_sets_1 (x);
  else if (code == PARALLEL)
    {
      register int i;
      for (i = XVECLEN (x, 0) - 1; i >= 0; i--)
      {
        code = GET_CODE (XVECEXP (x, 0, i));
        if (code == SET || code == CLOBBER)
          count_reg_sets_1 (XVECEXP (x, 0, i));
      }
    }
}

/* Increment REG_N_REFS by the current loop depth each register reference
   found in X.  */

static void
count_reg_references (x)
     rtx x;
{
  register RTX_CODE code;
  register int regno;
  int i;

 retry:
  code = GET_CODE (x);
  switch (code)
    {
    case LABEL_REF:
    case SYMBOL_REF:
    case CONST_INT:
    case CONST:
    case CONST_DOUBLE:
    case PC:
    case ADDR_VEC:
    case ADDR_DIFF_VEC:
    case ASM_INPUT:
      return;

#ifdef HAVE_cc0
    case CC0:
      return;
#endif

    case CLOBBER:
      /* If we are clobbering a MEM, mark any registers inside the address
       as being used.  */
      if (GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == MEM)
      count_reg_references (XEXP (XEXP (x, 0), 0));
      return;

    case SUBREG:
      /* While we're here, optimize this case.  */
      x = SUBREG_REG (x);

      /* In case the SUBREG is not of a register, don't optimize */
      if (GET_CODE (x) != REG)
      {
        count_reg_references (x);
        return;
      }

      /* ... fall through ...  */

    case REG:
      if (REGNO (x) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
      REG_N_REFS (REGNO (x)) += loop_depth;
      return;

    case SET:
      {
      register rtx testreg = SET_DEST (x);
      int mark_dest = 0;

      /* If storing into MEM, don't show it as being used.  But do
         show the address as being used.  */
      if (GET_CODE (testreg) == MEM)
        {
          count_reg_references (XEXP (testreg, 0));
          count_reg_references (SET_SRC (x));
          return;
        }
          
      /* Storing in STRICT_LOW_PART is like storing in a reg
         in that this SET might be dead, so ignore it in TESTREG.
         but in some other ways it is like using the reg.

         Storing in a SUBREG or a bit field is like storing the entire
         register in that if the register's value is not used
         then this SET is not needed.  */
      while (GET_CODE (testreg) == STRICT_LOW_PART
             || GET_CODE (testreg) == ZERO_EXTRACT
             || GET_CODE (testreg) == SIGN_EXTRACT
             || GET_CODE (testreg) == SUBREG)
        {
          /* Modifying a single register in an alternate mode
             does not use any of the old value.  But these other
             ways of storing in a register do use the old value.  */
          if (GET_CODE (testreg) == SUBREG
            && !(REG_SIZE (SUBREG_REG (testreg)) > REG_SIZE (testreg)))
            ;
          else
            mark_dest = 1;

          testreg = XEXP (testreg, 0);
        }

      /* If this is a store into a register,
         recursively scan the value being stored.  */

      if (GET_CODE (testreg) == REG)
        {
          count_reg_references (SET_SRC (x));
          if (mark_dest)
            count_reg_references (SET_DEST (x));
          return;
        }
      }
      break;

    default:
      break;
    }

  /* Recursively scan the operands of this expression.  */

  {
    register char *fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code);
    register int i;
    
    for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1; i >= 0; i--)
      {
      if (fmt[i] == 'e')
        {
          /* Tail recursive case: save a function call level.  */
          if (i == 0)
            {
            x = XEXP (x, 0);
            goto retry;
            }
          count_reg_references (XEXP (x, i));
        }
      else if (fmt[i] == 'E')
        {
          register int j;
          for (j = 0; j < XVECLEN (x, i); j++)
            count_reg_references (XVECEXP (x, i, j));
        }
      }
  }
}

/* Recompute register set/reference counts immediately prior to register
   allocation.

   This avoids problems with set/reference counts changing to/from values
   which have special meanings to the register allocators.

   Additionally, the reference counts are the primary component used by the
   register allocators to prioritize pseudos for allocation to hard regs.
   More accurate reference counts generally lead to better register allocation.

   It might be worthwhile to update REG_LIVE_LENGTH, REG_BASIC_BLOCK and
   possibly other information which is used by the register allocators.  */

void
recompute_reg_usage (f)
     rtx f;
{
  rtx insn;
  int i, max_reg;

  /* Clear out the old data.  */
  max_reg = max_reg_num ();
  for (i = FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; i < max_reg; i++)
    {
      REG_N_SETS (i) = 0;
      REG_N_REFS (i) = 0;
    }

  /* Scan each insn in the chain and count how many times each register is
     set/used.  */
  loop_depth = 1;
  for (insn = f; insn; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
    {
      /* Keep track of loop depth.  */
      if (GET_CODE (insn) == NOTE)
      {
        /* Look for loop boundaries.  */
        if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_END)
          loop_depth--;
        else if (NOTE_LINE_NUMBER (insn) == NOTE_INSN_LOOP_BEG)
          loop_depth++;

        /* If we have LOOP_DEPTH == 0, there has been a bookkeeping error. 
           Abort now rather than setting register status incorrectly.  */
        if (loop_depth == 0)
          abort ();
      }
      else if (GET_RTX_CLASS (GET_CODE (insn)) == 'i')
      {
        rtx links;

        /* This call will increment REG_N_SETS for each SET or CLOBBER
           of a register in INSN.  It will also increment REG_N_REFS
           by the loop depth for each set of a register in INSN.  */
        count_reg_sets (PATTERN (insn));

        /* count_reg_sets does not detect autoincrement address modes, so
           detect them here by looking at the notes attached to INSN.  */
        for (links = REG_NOTES (insn); links; links = XEXP (links, 1))
          {
            if (REG_NOTE_KIND (links) == REG_INC)
            /* Count (weighted) references, stores, etc.  This counts a
               register twice if it is modified, but that is correct.  */
            REG_N_SETS (REGNO (XEXP (links, 0)))++;
          }

        /* This call will increment REG_N_REFS by the current loop depth for
           each reference to a register in INSN.  */
        count_reg_references (PATTERN (insn));

        /* count_reg_references will not include counts for arguments to
           function calls, so detect them here by examining the
           CALL_INSN_FUNCTION_USAGE data.  */
        if (GET_CODE (insn) == CALL_INSN)
          {
            rtx note;

            for (note = CALL_INSN_FUNCTION_USAGE (insn);
               note;
               note = XEXP (note, 1))
            if (GET_CODE (XEXP (note, 0)) == USE)
              count_reg_references (SET_DEST (XEXP (note, 0)));
          }
      }
    }
}

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